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2019, Vol.26, No.3

  • 1.

    How do we value care work?: Based on the experiences of Seoul Idolbom care workers

    Miyang Jun | Hyock-Su Lee | 2019, 26(3) | pp.3~28 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The study explores social value assigned for care work in our society through intersubjective experiences of care workers and managers working for a public childcare service called ‘Idolbom service’. The study shares an assumption with social institutionalism which argues that social and political institutions both embody and shape power relationships in a given society and therefore impact on the values and norms of individuals. Based on such assumption, the paper argues that the current working conditions of care-workers in Idolbom service reflect the social values assigned for care work in our society. In addressing the findings, the research conducted in-depth interviews with five care workers and two focused group interviews with seven managers. The findings suggest that there is a great room for improving social values assigned for care work and this is clearly reflected in the experiences of the respondents.
  • 2.

    Post-migration identity reconstruction: Patterns and policy implications from the experience of Korean Australians

    Yong Moon, Jung | 2019, 26(3) | pp.29~54 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In response to and as part of a proactive discursive strategy for addressing increased public concern about social cohesion and national security, current policy narratives of Australia require immigrants to accelerate the process of change or loss of original ethnic identity. This study was conceived and designed to seek answers about the actual identity strategy of migrants and the determinants of integrative identity development. This study used Korean Australians’ experience to provide insights about the dynamic process of identity change of migrants. This research identified that active adoption of a new identity was not a dominant identify strategy, and the extent of inclusive experience with the host society was a significant predictor of identity integration. The findings suggested that the current top-down approach through discursive coercion should be replaced with the promotion of transnational identity. The provision of inclusive policy supports based on the concept of community cohesion for progressive transition of identity was proposed as an effective identity reconstruction strategy.
  • 3.

    A study on policies for homeless with respect of enhancement of national welfare

    Soon-il Bark | Tae-gin Lee | 2019, 26(3) | pp.55~91 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The magnitude and poor life of homeless people that have surged since the 1998 economic crisis in Korea has not changed much. Even though the basic human living rights are specified in the Constitution and distribution justice and human rights are emphasized, the homeless phenomenon of poor and miserable life has not much changed. The proportion of the homeless population is less than 1% in most developed countries, and less than 1 / 10,000 in Korea with GDP per capita exceeding $ 30,000, so the problem of the homeless in affluent society must be eradicated. The homeless phenomenon is more structural than personal problem. The rapid changes of economy and society, such as the rapid development and change of technology and industrial structure, the aging society, the rapid increase of single-family households and family dismantling, are continuously releasing the homeless to the society. On the other hand, the government, which is a provider of services, fails to take systematic measures to cope with street homelessness, and private organizations are not able to provide effective services for homelessness because they tend to approach human rights rather than the existing homeless. The problem of homelessness is not only in the blind spot of the market but also a typical example of government failure. In this paper, the problem of homelessness is approached from the model of national welfare based taking into account the security of the homeless person and the social cost to the society together. And then effective policy measures and their priorities are searched based on this model. If the problem of homelessness became chronical and solidified, it became difficult to believe the ability of the government to solve the market, and the role of the private sector as the subject of the third national welfare is emphasized.
  • 4.

    Comparison of caregiving burdens among family members by the type of benefits in long-term care

    han eun-jeong | Hwang rah-il | Seyoung Park and 1other persons | 2019, 26(3) | pp.93~116 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to investigate and compare differences in caregiving burdens among family members with the disabled elderly according to the utilization of long-term care. We obtained the data from the project ‘2016 Survey on Family Caregivers’ Burden with Long-term Care Beneficiaries’, studied by the Institute for National Health Insurance. This survey was conducted from June 13 to July 17 2016, and the questionnaires included items of family caregivers’ characteristics and caregiving burdens. Total 2,603 family caregivers completed questionnaires. They were classified into 4 groups according to their utilization of long-term care(home care, institutional care, family care, and long-term care hospital services). As a result, more than half of respondents received help from other families. The group of home care reported relatively smaller help from other families. The groups of family care and long-term care hospital services reported statistically significant higher economic burden. The groups of home care and family care suffered from lack of healthy behaviors such as diet, exercise, and sleeping rest, and their subjective health level were low. And they also reported the higher levels of caregiving stress, depression, and caregiving burden, compared with the groups of institutional care and long-term care hospital services. Our findings suggest that it is needed to consider differences in caregiving burdens among family members by the type of benefits to develop family caregiver support programs.
  • 5.

    A study on the specification characteristics and values of care work for the elderly

    Mi-Kyung Han | Kim, Chan-Woo | 2019, 26(3) | pp.117~147 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study was initiated by the problematic consciousness about the reasons why care work was still trapped within the framework of unstable low-wage labor. Trying to find the answers, the investigator reviewed related literature, defined the nature of care around the care culture and the key elements of the long-term care insurance system, and examined the care values that the society should be oriented toward reassessing the values of care work. The findings show that care work had the following nature in the long-term care insurance system: commercialized social care, gendered care “considered to be feasible by anyone”, and professional care "like a immediate family”. The study proposed the following plans for the values of care: socialized care through the mainstream of care, recognition of a care receiver’s individuality and care provider’s professional discretionary power, and values of care work as public good based on the “characteristics of care.” In conclusion this research attempts to spread the discussion about the nature of care in care work at the institutional level and at the care culture level for enhancing low social valuation of the care work.
  • 6.

    Effects of community child center performance evaluation system and policy recommendation for the system improvement

    Hosung Sohn | 강지원 | Kwang Bin Bae | 2019, 26(3) | pp.149~170 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is twofold. First, this study tests whether the evaluation system currently adopted for the community child center (a type of social service offered in South Korea) affects the subsequent behavior of the center. The existing evaluation system does not accompany any positive or negative consequences. The critical issue with respect to the system is that it may not incentivize the center. In this study, we statistically test the null hypothesis that the system does not incentivize the behavior of the center. The test results show that the system positively affects the behavior of the center with low evaluation scores, but the effect is relatively smaller for the center with high evaluation scores. Lastly, we identify issues inherent in the current evaluation system and provide policy recommendations on how to improve the current system.
  • 7.

    Research trends analysis on North Korean refugees’ integration into the Korean society

    Kim, Anna | Eunmi Lee | 2019, 26(3) | pp.171~194 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine research trends of studies dealing with the integration of North Korean Refugees. At present nearly 33,000 North Korean Refugees live in Korea. With such a substantial number of North Korean Refugees, who settle and live in our society, our social interest on their sincere integration into South Korea as well as academic interest on this topic are steadily increasing, and more papers are continuously published. However, it was uncommon to analyze the general research trends on this topic. Therefore, we examined such research trends, using Scoping Review Method. A total of 190 papers were analyzed via the Korean academic information systems. One finding points out that the number of studies rapidly increased in 2011. The most of papers was published in social science, and more than half of such studies were conducted by literature review. According to topics, papers were classified in five major categories(object, political・institutional approach, social・cultural approach, related subjects on reunification and research trend analysis). Most of papers appeared in social・cultural approach. Based on these results we suggested studies on which North Korean Refugees participate, studies about diverse empowerment approaches, academic elaboration about integration on the basis of full systematic reviews, and others.
  • 8.

    Analysis on the formation of the family planning policy in Korea: Focused on the perspective of policy diffusion

    Oh Youngran | 2019, 26(3) | pp.195~223 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine how family planning policy in Korea are introduced. Specifically, it examines the introduction of family planning policy from the perspective of policy diffusion. The policy diffusion has mainly described the process in which similar policies between countries are introduced into the country through the process of imitation and learning of policy actors, and in addition to the domestic situation, international factors serve as an explanatory element for the introduction of major policies. In the results of analysis, first, it is birth control that is based on the view and recognition of the rapid population growth of Asian countries in the international society as an external factor of policy introduction. In other words, the security crisis of the East‐west Cold War, deepened in the reorganization of the world order after the Second World War, and the growing population of Asian developing countries and poverty caused by this, were recognized as connected problems. As a solution to these problems, the necessity of childbirth suppression emerged and it spread to Asian countries through various ways and paths, which also affected the adoption of family planning policy in Korea. Second, as for how policy models have influenced the adoption of family planning policies in Korea, above all, the birth control model for economic development was diffused and introduced as a policy, not for guaranteeing maternal health and social role of women. In addition, in terms of the way of spreading, it was carried out by becoming the subject of global networks, for specialists in the field of health care and public administration, with the means such as research and support for learning such as training and education in other countries, and providing a place for exchange through this. The policy impact of this pattern is transferred to the establishment of the domestic organization of the global network and to the policy actors of the global network, and goes through a process of policy making. Domestically in Korea, the policy goals of economic development to secure legitimacy of authoritarian government, and the strong policy enforcement power of the political system at the time were also a background to promote policy adoption. In conclusion, it promoted the spread of the pattern of abortion policy through the way of policy making and exchange of experts and research support which the international society showed to the Asian countries, this method and route are accepted through the process of imitation and learning of domestic population problems and major actors related to childbirth, and through the process of policy proposals based on this, Korea's family planning could manage to become a policy.
  • 9.

    An analysis of the types of employment policy instruments for the persons with disabilities

    Kim Youngae | 2019, 26(3) | pp.225~249 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to lead some implication for applying policy instruments which are important to accomplish policy goal with analyzing its characteristics in employment Policy for the persons with disabilities. For these purpose, the 5th master plan for employment promotion and rehabilitation of people with disabilities(2018-2022) which is consist of 46 specific programs, under 16 projects and 4 mains is reviewed. As a results, Type 1 with high forcedness and directness is 11 programs, Type 2 with high forcedness but low directness is zero, Type 3 with low forcedness but high directness is 25 programs, and Type 4 with low forcedness and directness is 10 programs. Although it is not high forcedness, it can be seen that the policy instruments with high directness are widely used. Since the quato system is the main contents of the employment policy for the persons with disabilities, it seems that the legal obligation imposed and the support policy means are appropriately utilized. It also confirmed that it has a high directness as a field requiring governmental responsibility. And it was suggested that indirect policy measures considering governance with private institutions should be further complemented in order to expand the outcome of employment of persons with disabilities.
  • 10.

    A comparative study on the changes of pension systems and outcomes for poverty alleviation in major European countries: Focusing on the combination of labour market structure

    LEE DAH MI | 2019, 26(3) | pp.251~285 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to explore the combination of the changes in the pension systems and the labour market structure (i.e. labour market flexibility and dualisation), and its outcomes for poverty alleviation of the elderly in major European countries using Fs/QCA. The results are as follows. First, elderly poverty is managed not only by the pension system but also by how it is combined with the labour market environment at the time of work. Second, the outcome for poverty alleviation of the elderly depends on how countries manage the labour market flexibility. Third, while the generous public pension alone does not prevent elderly poverty, limited minimum income protection for the elderly causes elderly poverty; adequate minimum income protection for the elderly manages the adverse outcome such as labour market dualisation. On the basis of these findings, this paper suggests the labour market policy - which can improve the quality of secondary labour market – to be accompanied by adequate minimum income protection for the elderly. Further, it is necessary to clarify the role between income-related pension and basic income security system.
  • 11.

    The change in quality of life after housing support of children's housing poverty households

    LIM SEHEE | Heejoo Kim | 2019, 26(3) | pp.287~319 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined experiences of households with children after their poor housing conditions had been improved by house refurbishment support or financial support for a deposit by using qualitative research method. The results are as follows: First, before the improvement of housing, participants had to live in homes that were extremely poor and threatened their safety and healthy life. Second, while parents suffered from severe housing deprivation, they actively tried to contact community center official and social workers to ask for help. Third, as a result of improved housing, children could get their own room for the first time, and their physical health has been improved such as disappearance of atopy. Also, children who had been depressed or violent could have more relaxed and stable psychological conditions. Family relations has improved as irritations and conflicts among family members decreased, and children also became more positive and active to build friendships, such as inviting friends to their own houses. Last, despite improvements in the residential environment, participants still had unresolved poverty problems, and unmet needs for housing support services. These results support the need of housing support particularly for families with children In the conclusion, this study proposed more effective housing welfare policies for households with children in housing deprivation.