Housing policy of Participatory Government
for low-income family
Park, Shin Young*
In this paper we examine housing problems recognized by participatory government and evaluates housing policy for low-income family. In 2003 when participatory government was inaugurated, housing supply ratio exceeded 100 percent. But, low-income family who did not own house suffered from rapid increase of rent. To solve this problem the Participatory government introduced public rental multi-household housing by purchasing and established 500,000 national rental housing supply plan for 5 years, and legislated national minimum housing standard into law.
For 4 years from 2003 to 2006, 10,971 public rental multi-household housing by purchasing and 474,991 national rental housing have been supplied for low-income family. The residents of public rental housing are satisfied with their housing and rent. However, there is still problem that the lowest-income family cannot afford to pay rent because the rent of national rental housing is determined by construction cost excluded government subsidy. In the case of national minimum housing standard, government did not act positively to lessen the number of low-income family lives under national minimum housing standard. Nevertheless, the number of household under national minimum housing standard decreased by supplying new modern type of housing and by redeveloping deteriorated housing.
It could be said that Participatory government put special emphasis on housing policy for low-income family, compared with ex-governments of Korea.