Comparative Study on Welfare-state Formation of Western Countries
― Focused on Democratization and Market Economy Development Process ―
Song, Tae Soo*
In compliance with the democratization process the ‘liberalistic’ capitalism was reformed, and this reformed 'organized capitalism' developed to diverse 'organized capitalisms' in the age of globalization. The deregulation process of 'organized capitalism' on earth is diversified in continent-european model of neo-cooperative 'organized capitalism' on one side and in anglo-saxon model of liberalistic 'organized capitalism' on the other side.
This article finds out historical grounds for 'varieties of capitalism' from the diversities of tensive and often discordant relationships between the democratization process and the development of market economy. The democratization process and the development process of capitalistic market economy advanced parallel and complementary, but often with restrictive and diversionary relationships.
This article tries to explore the contents of diverse relationships between the market economy development process, French Great Revolution, and the project of Enlightenment Movement. Based on the viewpoint that democracy can not be classed with liberalism, it compares the diverse routes of welfare-state development process in Europe, namely the French or continent-european model different from anglo-saxon model. The latter is fractionated again : The route of Great Britain and the United States respectively have diverse characteristics driven from the different processes of incarnating 'freedom' as social value. In this article is explored that the very diverse incarnation processes of freedom in G.B. and USA resulted from different routes of reforming process of reproduction regime, esp. political ideological backgrounds of welfare state formation and democratization process.