A Study on Gilles Deleuze's 'Minor' Meaning
Sa, Kong Il(Pusan University of Foreign Studies)
Gilles Deleuze is a neologizer and inventor of concepts. His concepts have various and complex meanings, and his arguments are often dense and always entail a thought that proceeds by means of paradox. Accordingly, it is necessary to understand Deleuze's thought perfectly in order to translate and interpret his concepts completely. In this sense, this paper analyzes his minor concepts, such as minority, minor writer, minor language, and minor literature. The opposition between minority and majority is not simply quantitative. While the meaning of majority implies a constant serving as a standard measure by which to evaluate it, that of minority is characterized by the puissance in variation. So the major is a constant and homogeneous system, and the minor is a potential, creative becoming.Through the criticism of this major language, Deleuze emphasizes the autonomous becoming and creation of the minor language, finding a strategic position of the minor language. In the autonomous becoming-minor, writers become authors who don't have future and past, but only becoming and middle. Deleuze considers these writers as minor writers. They lead to the way to stutter major language itself by creating the becoming and variation of language as continuous variation or variable continuum. As far as used in minor mode, the continuous variation can explain the most implicit and creative characteristics in a language and become the language of theater. In this process, minor writers can create minor literature.