In last year, with regard to death with dignity, there were some meaningful deaths- Cardinal Kim Soo-Hwan refusing life-sustaining care through ‘Advance Directives’, former president Kim Dae-Joong wanting life-sustaining care through ‘Advance Directives’ and old woman Mrs. Kim leading approval of death with dignity from Supreme Court for the first time. Their death was meaningful since their death led discussions on death with dignity by coming to death in each other way. However, in discourse on death by the medium of their death, a lot of philosophical and bioethical problems are included. Especially, in the case of Supreme Court which approved death with dignity for the first time, the result may be accepted. However, in the process of arguing approval of death with dignity, there were logical problems difficult to get people’s approval. For, the Supreme Court regarded self-actualization as a ground to approve death with dignity. However, it neglected philosophical/ethical reflection in self-actualization itself. In addition, the viewpoint of public interest and underlying formal utilitarianism exposed only logical weak points of the party supporting death with dignity.
Therefore, the study approached the existing death discourse and Supreme Court’s case treating old woman Mrs. Kim, Cardinal Kim Soo-Hwan and former president Kim Dae-Joong in a critical way. Through such works, the study attempted to make a firm theoretical foundation of death discourse including death with dignity and euthanasia. In addition, as a ground to support death with dignity, the study suggested a new viewpoint which was death with dignity as decision of existential human.