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2010, Vol.11, No.2

  • 1.

    A philosophical approach to the possibility of understanding of death

    In-Hoe Ku | 2010, 11(2) | pp.9~22 | number of Cited : 7
    In this paper, I reviewed the works of some philosophers, who expressed their thoughts on the death, from the perspective of today. The purpose of this paper is to answer the question, what happens during death, and how we can understand death. Such an action expands our view of death as well as our understanding of life. Through this study, I attempt to find a way to see death from a new perspective beyond a simple philosophical approach. Humans have difficulties to overcome death, which is one of the biggest problems. On the basis of the efforts of philosophers to overcome death, in other words, the efforts of philosophers to find a way dealing with death I propose a strategy for overcoming the end of life, i. e. a way of life. If, however, and how we will be able to find the way of life is still a problem, which we have to solve.
  • 2.

    The Ethical Status of Vegetative State Patients : A Neuroethical Perspective

    김효은 | 2010, 11(2) | pp.23~39 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper critically examines criteria of the existence of consciousness for people who is in a persistent vegetative states(PVS). Whether people who is in PVS is concerned with ethical and social questions regarding how to treat them. Whereas the received criterion of consciousness is behavioristic, the brain imaging study today offers a new perspective. On one hand, I interpret the brain imaging study of PVS as not necessarily suggesting that VS patients are conscious. On the other hand, the result from brain imaging study pose a significant question to the traditional criterion of being conscious. Peter Singer considers behaviour showing pain as the bottom line for ethical status for a creature. But it is conceivable that we attribute the ethical status to mental states beyond behavioristic criterion. For this claim I argue that sentience is not necessary for being conscious, and that we should confer ethical status to creatures who have phenomenal states without sentience. If my claim is plausible, ethical issues surrounding embryos, fetus, non-human animals which is closely related with philosophical problems of mind and cognitive science can be reexamined.
  • 3.

    A Study on Peter Singer's Bioethics - Focused on the notions of 'Preference' and 'Person' -

    김광태 | 2010, 11(2) | pp.39~58 | number of Cited : 3
    I propose the driving force behind Peter Singer's ethical theory is the question "how are we to live?". Such a question leads to the issue of ultimate values. I suggest that when developing his moral argument Singer has three basic goals. As an activist, deeply committed to having a positive impact on the world, he wants to develop a theory of right action. As an analytical philosopher, Singer also wants to establish a foundation for his moral theory, in order to argue against the intuitionists' approach to ethics. And Singer also hopes to go beyond the theory of universal prescriptivism, to be able to claim that the ethical life applies to all human beings, not just to those who embrace the moral point of view. Peter Singer, known as 'dangerous philosopher', proposes a "Copernican Revolution" in moral philosophy which challenges the basic precepts and code of ethics that have previously governed life and death. He rejects the traditional ethics, which is based upon the sanctity of human life. Singer recommends a new system built around the valuation of the 'person' and the principle of preference utilitarianism. Utilizing this new framework, he advocates the normalization and legalization of abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, and assisted suicide.
  • 4.

    To Offer a Basis for Expansion of Bioethics Research Area and Public Policy Making : Ethical issues Analysis and Regulation Policy Recommendation in Nanomedicine

    서정임 | 2010, 11(2) | pp.59~75 | number of Cited : 1
    The topics in bioethics have been expanded widely and deeply by the development of science technology. In 21C, bioethics meets new subject, nanomedicine, which is the emerging technology converged with nanotechnology and medicine. As a result of competitive investments of many countries, some of the outcomes are coming to the stage of clinical trials or even to the market, beyond the R&D. However it has been rarely discussed about ethical, legal, and societal implications(ELSI) brought about from the development of nanomedicine, unlike making efforts to the technical development. The purposes of this paper are to verify whether we can deal with the ELSI of nanomedicine with a view of bioethics and to suggest how we can regulate such issues by our policy. As a methode, I conducted literature analysis and extracted 14 ethical issues and 23 social issues in nanomedicine. The conclusions of this paper are such as following. Although we can investigate ELSI in nanomedicine with the aspect of bioethics due to the similarity of issues, we also should consider concept changes and safety problems that will be given rise to by the particularity of 'nano' materials and their functions. And we should begin to discuss about preparing proper regulations depending on the life cycle of nanomedicine product, from R&D and clinical trials to the market.
  • 5.

    Bioethics from the standpoint of Medicine

    SON YOUNG SOO | 2010, 11(2) | pp.77~84 | number of Cited : 10
    Considering the origin and process of academic development of biomedical ethics, bioethics which is reflected from the standpoint of medicine seems much like biomedical ethics which is on the backbone of medical ethics. Of many a theme on bioethics from the standpoint of medicine, topics on principle of medical ethics, human dignity, and life justice could be regarded as exemplary ones. Nowadays, the fundamental principles of medical ethics have been the principle of respect for autonomy, the principle of nonmaleficence, the principle of beneficence, and the principle of justice which was presented by T. L. Beauchamp and J. F. Childress in 1970's. Additionally, from the standpoint of life justice, natural basic value of life is second to none of every other social basic value and makes a basic constituent of the equality of human rights. Every human life should be protected from the very beginning and guaranteed to be concepted in the midst of human relationships and born in the complete and genial family relations. Also, every privacy which could be laid in the process of conception and birth should be protected lest it should be invaded. Medicine is, by nature, a moral profession. Even though, these days, the events on the beginning and the end of life would not be wrapped in a awe of mystery, the time of life should be received as the most significant and precious thing in the whole world.