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pISSN : 1598-0324

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2014, Vol.15, No.1

  • 1.

    Some Considerations on the Registry System of Stem Cell Lines in Korea

    Hyeon Cheol Kim | 2014, 15(1) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, I point out some mistakes of arguments that Seoul High Court mentioned and suggest new alternatives. Arguments of Seoul High Court have many problems, which fail to pick out the intent of the registry system of stem cell lines and don’t understand the special relation between bioethics and “Bioethics and Safety Act” in korea. I suggest that the essential intent of the registry system of stem cell lines is to give public confidence to korean stem cell lines to be registered and through this system stem cell researchers have many conveniences to reduce some burdens to prove the quality and ethicality of the stem cell that they have used. Therefore, government don’t have the duty to register all stem cell lines to be submitted because maintaining the public confidence is the important request of public interests even though the documents submitted meet the formal standards of korean laws.
  • 2.

    Two Interpretations of the Doctrine of Double Effect: Four-part Principle or Two-part Principle

    Chul Kang | 2014, 15(1) | pp.15~38 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This paper will provide the most convincing argument in favor of the Doctrine of Double Effect. For this purpose, it will distinguish the two-part principle and the four-part principle and compare them. In addition, it will concentrate on the function of moral reasoning in DDE which has been ignored in moral philosophy and suggest a new way of constituting DDE. And it will test the explaining power of DDE concerning to Trolley Cases.
  • 3.

    Evolution of Ethical Issues on Genetic Information

    Cho, Eun Hee | 2014, 15(1) | pp.39~55 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Understanding the proper concepts of the gene and genetic information plays a key role in rational decision making processes for policy-makers and public in an age of biotechnology. Although gene has been a focal point in the history of genetics in the 20th century, researchers have not yet reached a consensus on its definition. The concepts of the gene and genetic information are still evolving. The addition of new knowledge to the gene and genetic information often raises novel ethical issues on genetic privacy, genetic discrimination, and public uses of genetic information. This article highlights the rise and fall of ethical issues on genetic information in the context of recent development of genetics and genomics.
  • 4.

    H. Jonas’ Philosophy of Life and ‘Ethics of Life’

    KIM MoonJeong | 2014, 15(1) | pp.57~71 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Due to a great breakthrough in biotechnology, the new problem situations not to be solved by traditional ethics theory and norm frequently occur. Therefore, new ethics for this era is requested. For this reason, H. Jonas establishes his own philosophical biology or Biological philosophy through philosophical reflections on life. Besides, he emphasizes ‘responsibility ethics’ through philosophical reflection on modern scientific technology and thorough consideration on the future of global life including human beings. H. Jonas identifies the absolute value of life through their own goals; original goals with life, being willing to be active and trying to do their best to survive. He also realizes durability of life by establishing the responsibility ethics. At this time, human beings should preserve the original value of life and take over obligation to sustain life. He draws the responsibilities for lives; not past-oriented but future-oriented one. It is like the collective, continuous, and future-oriented parental responsibility for their babies. In short, H. Jonas insists that the order that human beings must exist and Life must be sustainable should be our greatest obligation. Plus he also regard the order as the most fundamental situation human beings should take the responsibility.
  • 5.

    A Perspective on Research and Approach to Solitary Death of the Elderly: Human Rights

    Kwon, Hyeok-Nam | 2014, 15(1) | pp.73~83 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    To date, the issue of solitary death has been mostly considered as an issue related to the elderly’s poverty or that should be burdened by communities or an issue of support for which their family members should be responsible. Moreover, there have been continued opinions that solitary death was caused by a specific event or situation in the elderly’s life, a problem of the individual’s introverted disposition, a lack of the will to live isolated from family or a lack of sufficient financial power. In addition, it has been regarded as an inevitable phenomenon in gradually changing Korean society and a kind of a side effect occurring as the people’s lifestyle has gradually been individualized. Yet, it is judged that now, the issue of solitary death of the elderly should be approached focusing on the seniors’ human rights with the topics such as human being as a social being, attitude toward securing human life and maintenance and protection of the right to life apart from a position to approach it as a simple social phenomenon appearing due to some faults of the individual and the society to which he or she belongs. Thus, this study brought the issue of human rights of the elderly, connected the issue of human dignity and their right to life, viewed the issue of solitary death at the level of securing the right to live like a decent person and the inherent right that should be neither infringed by anyone nor given away to anyone and insisted that actions for it should be prepared.