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2010, Vol., No.22

  • 1.

    Teaching Korean Premodern Literature as a General Education in University

    Kim, Jongcheol | 2010, (22) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 29
    Abstract PDF
    Teaching Korean premodern literature as a general education in university has several tasks as follows :1. To select classics and canons from Korean premodern works. There are lots of premodern literary works but only several works are recognized as classics or canons. 2. To provide topics and develop them to the universal level. Research into Korean literature has been oriented toward nationalism, so teaching Korean premodern literature as a general education should go beyond the horizon of nationalism and reach the universal sphere. 3. To contribute toward the formation of the cultured circles. Eighty percent of high school students go on to college, so teaching classics can make contribution to form well-educated classes to lead the culture of civil society. 4. To write in Korean the results of analysis, comparison, assessment,and argument on the topics from the classics or canons. Writing in Korean in the Korean academic circles has the historical task to develop Korean as an academic language. If students could derive ideas from works written in everyday language and conceptualize them, then students can contribute to develop Korean as an academic language.
  • 2.

    Education of Chinese Characters as University's Liberal Arts and Chinese Characters's Cultural Area of East Asia

    신상필 | 2010, (22) | pp.31~54 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This article was made public with the theme of <Classical Literature and university's liberal arts education: Focusing on development of classical literature's liberal arts courses> sponsored by the Korea Society of Classical Studies and was paid attention to the Chinese literature field among them. The history of liberal arts education of universities gets together with the acceptance of Modern Western learning systems and the classical literature also became to settle down as a liberal arts course of Korean literature. In this point, although it is regarded that Chinese literature would go through a similar process in a viewpoint of literature, the reality is not like that. First, Chinese literature with the history of two thousand years was disposed due to strengthening of a phase of its own language for establishment of a modern national state, but while the department of Chinese characters education was established at universities in the early half of 1970s with the interest of Chinese literature's heritage in the latter half of 1960s, the education of a Sino-Korean subject was carried out and could be also settled down as university's liberal arts. In addition, Chinese literature has characteristics keeping a phase of humanities called as “literature․history․philosophy” without stopping as literature that simply used Chinese characters as notation means. It means that characteristics of Chinese literature like this should together consider a semantic network called Chinese characters's cultural area of East Asia matured with the sentence of statecraft. In addition, the education of Chinese characters as university's liberal arts didn't properly get an opportunity capable of considering these characteristics and a semantic network while going through a process of colony, the Korean War, Juntas, democratization and neoliberalism. At this time, people have a new understanding that liberal arts capable of being defined as communication means for mutual understanding of human beings are Chinese literature as humanities of East Asia including “literature․history․philosophy” and need to devote ourselves to frank worries and efforts on classical literature as university's liberal arts in addition to Chinese literature from now on.
  • 3.

    The Contemporary Value of Classical Novels in the General Education Program

    Cho, Hyun Woo | 2010, (22) | pp.55~82 | number of Cited : 33
    Abstract PDF
    This study is based on the view that the Korean classical novels have to be regarded as one of the important resources in the general education program of university. The education of the classic has been covered by a university since the medieval of the West, and remained the core of general education in it. Cultivating a critical intellects, the effects of general education using the classics had been already proved for a long time. But there is as ever the problem which is emphasized on the curriculum of general education between the knowledge and the interest of the classics. In terms of contemporary value it is needless to say that the latter must be stressed more than the former. I asserted that the most important thing in the general education program should make students have interest in and be sure of the contemporary value of the classics. When the students in the courses of general education intend to get courage in the face of adversity by reading and learning the classics,the purpose of general education can be accomplish at last.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Use of Classical Korean Novels as Course Materials to Teach About Ancient Korean Women's Living Culture

    Jeung Sun Hee | 2010, (22) | pp.83~121 | number of Cited : 26
    Abstract PDF
    First of all, the present study attempts to shed light on the need for classical Korean novels to be widely read and appreciated by college students. Accordingly, the study suggests that classical novels should be taught in university liberal arts courses, so that students can have glimpses of the lifestyle of the past days as well as values and desires pursued by the contemporary women readers through the depictions of various aspects of human life in these works. Secondly, this study recommends some topics to be taught in these courses concerning the living culture in which women in classical Korean novels existed. The topics derived are: 1) women's domestic duties and lifestyle in general; 2) their relationships with other family members;and 3) their entertainments and leisure activities. Learning about details of everyday life that Korean women led in the past, students can gain insight on the lifestyle and values treasured at that time by the community the students belong to now. In addition, they will be able to empathize with the ancient women as members of the same race, and this insight will lead them to reflect on their positions in their own families. In terms of literary appreciation as well, they will be able to enjoy the narrative charm of classical novels, in which heightened conflict or tension is resolved or lessened by ensuing episodes of merrymaking and entertainments.
  • 5.

    Example of the Classical Poetry Curriculum as Liberal arts

    Yi Su Gon | 2010, (22) | pp.123~161 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed at Liberal arts curriculum development through the classical poetry. This is part of the purpose to reinforce of the classical poetry communication skills. For achieve desired objectives, the view of Thematics is theoretical framework. Specifically, Thematic unit is ‘The Double Self’ and ‘Forbidden love, Infidelity’. Example of curriculum is presented. Liberal arts is currently living our problem. But, our problem is also problem of ancient. Therefore, ‘The Double Self’ and ‘Forbidden love, Infidelity’ was determined appropriate literacy motif.
  • 6.

    A Current State of the Class on the Oral Literature and the Oral Literature as a liberal Arts

    Sungsook Kang | 2010, (22) | pp.163~201 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this thesis is to find a way that manage the cultural study subject in relation to the oral literature in the university. For the research about the current state of the class in relation to the oral Literature I investigated the classes on the oral literature in the 123universities. Upon this investigation I found that the 70 universities give the 330 subjects of special study, and the 56 universities give the 110cultural study subjects in relation to the oral Literature. In the case of the special study, the number of the culture or culture contents class is increasing by comparison with the study in 1998. In the case of the cultural study the number of folk or culture class is increasing by comparison with the study in 1998. The problems of cultural study class in relation to the oral Literature are that 1) the curriculum is just listing the fragments of informations 2)there is no specific method of education that make students understand the character of oral literature 3) the curriculum lacks the recognition on the main agents of the oral literature, 4) there is no specific course of study for the expressions in the oral literature. In order to solve the problems of the liberal arts on the oral literature, I propose to take the standpoint of locality or minority.
  • 7.

    Psychic background of the ‘wicked wife’ in Korean Family Novel

    Hyunjoo Kim | 2010, (22) | pp.203~231 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this thesis is to quest the psychic background of ‘wicked wife’ in Korean Family Novel. The wicked wife is depicted as an incarnation of the evil and is exaggerated as the most capable woman negatively which can wreck home and family, and nation. There seems to be particular psychic problems on this point. The readers at that period at the spot of goodness execute psychological transference by seeing the wicked wife as the most disgusting person of the society, and as the person that must be banished from the society. It would be psychic mechanism similar to witch hunting and scapegoat. The wicked wife is an imaginative being produced by mass psychology. On the other hand,readers see the most hatred character in inner themselves. It is similar to shadow, inner darkness companion. The readers are surprised at themselves' image through the psychological turnover toward wicked wife. And they self-examine themselves' true image. They experience psychological double-sideness through collective psychic mechanism and individual unconsciousness mechanism. Thereby they examine group consciousness demanded by the society and evoke individual ethics hidden in their inner side. This psychological process seem to be the background of the reading interests of the readers at that period. This point is the reason why many stereotyped wicked wifes exist in Family Novel, and the reason why lots of feminine readers participate at the reading of Family Novel.
  • 8.

    The Meaning of the Liquor Used in Sijo Related with Love

    Yim, Jaewook | 2010, (22) | pp.233~257 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The liquor is used as various meanings in Sijo related with love. It is sometimes used as simple meanings such as ‘the way of taste for the arts’and ‘the way of consolation for the grief from love’, and sometimes used as complex meanings comparing ‘the meeting of lovers’ or ‘the various feelings from loving relationship’. The liquor shows different meanings according to the sex of the poetic narrator. The liquor mostly means ‘the way of taste for the arts’ when the poetic narrator is man. But it implies various metaphorical and symbolic meanings concerning love when the poetic narrator is woman. These various meanings implied in liquor can be hardly found in common works of Sijo in which the liquor is used as comparatively simple meanings. Through these discussions, we can know that the net of the meaning of liquor is enlarged in Sijo related with love.
  • 9.

    A Study on Ungok Won Cheonseok's Merrymaking Game of Poetry

    Dong-jun Kim | 2010, (22) | pp.259~287 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper selected, and drew an overall picture of, works of merrymaking game of poetry from Ungoksisa (i.e., Historical Poetry by Ungok), and analyzed them, focusing on the 28 poems written for Heojungwon. These poems take the unique form of playful literary works, which need to be paid careful attention in the history of Sino-Korean poetry. In Chapter 2, cases of merrymaking game of poetry that can be summarized from Ungoksisa were organized and their general characteristics were explained. In Chapter 3, the 28 poems written for Heojungwon became a focus of analysis, which showed that these poems have important significance in terms of the history of poetry. These poems are one of the interesting achievements of the 14th century Sino-Korean poetry and in particular can be evaluated as a unique and experimental work of poetry in the history of playful Sino-Korean poetry. Merrymaking game of poetry originated from an intention to take the pleasure of composing poems. But it can also be a window into understanding the culture of enjoying poetry. In this context, the works of Won Cheonseok can be said to be important that explain the cultural function of Sino-Korean poetry of the late Koryo period.
  • 10.

    Myeon Woo's Thought and His Recognition of Social Phenomenon

    Lee, Taek-dong | 2010, (22) | pp.289~317 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Myeon Woo Kwak Chong-suk was a representative scholar in the 20th century of Jo-seon Korea. It is thought that a study of Myeon Woo's literature is needed for discovering general history of Sion-Korean literature in the 20th century. This view point affected on the development of this essay. By the survey of Myeon Woo's literary collection, it was found that he was introspective and thoughtful. I think that the study's purpose of that period has been concentrated in people who struggled with an Japanese imperialism. Myeon Woo did not fight aggressively with Japanese imperialism. On the other side, he regarded his cognition and thinking in the same light as traditional cognition and thinking. In the end, based on the study of Myeon Woo Kwak Chong-suk, general characteristics of literary phenomenon by traditional highbrow in the 19th and 20th century also could be examined.
  • 11.

    A Study on the King's Poetry by King Sejo

    Hyunjee Lee | 2010, (22) | pp.319~356 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    50 works of King Sejo's poems are recorded in Yeolseong Eoje(列聖御製) but any examination of the King Sejo's literature hasn't been performed. This study analyzed his recognition and view of poetry. King Sejo often conferred King's poems as a symbol of special blessing for the formation of close relationship with worthy retainers as well as pursue for a method to reinforce the sovereignty in the relationship with the worthy retainers. He realized that the core assignment of the ruling reason was to prevent unexpected upheaval so that he put his efforts for the military government. During the course, the Joseon Dynasty found the identity of the descendent of Dangun, a son of Heaven and had a worldview focused on Joseon to dream Ho Wolilga(胡越一家). King Sejo as a conqueror king as well as a king who likes Buddhism in order to enlighten the people concentrated on the Buddhism propagation and emphasized the Book of Changes for the purpose of enlightenment of the bureaucrats as Confucians. He acknowledged not only Buddhism but also Confucianism for enlightenment of the governing class and the ruled class.
  • 12.

    The Painter's Poems about his own Pictures and the Direction of Reproducing the Poetic Image from the Pictorial Image(1) - With reference to “Chil Tan Pavilion sixteen Poems” which were composed by Kang, Se-hwang -

    Choi,Kyung-Hwan | 2010, (22) | pp.357~390 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is intended to look at why the poetic image is reproduced from the pictorial image in what directions, by the poet who has composed poems about his own pictures. As the result, this paper will examine how the aspects, which are related to the direction of reproducing the poetic images from the pictorial images, vary with the main factors of writing poems about pictures, such as the type of the poet, the painting, and the verse form. Then, “Chil Tan Pavilion sixteen poems(七灘亭十六景詩)”, which were composed by Kang, Se-hwang, are contrasted with his own “Chil Tan Pavilion sixteen pictures(七灘亭十六景圖)”. In this paper, it is confirmed that the poetic images, the poetic sceneries in six poems, are reproduced in the direction of emphasizing the pictorial images and each is based on the pictorial sceneries in six pictures.
  • 13.

    A study on the Gi-mong serial works written by Yuk Young-jeong

    Ha Ji Young | 2010, (22) | pp.391~424 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This article approaches the Gi-mong serial works written by Yuk Young-jeong which shows new written style in 19 century. This serial works are composed of nine short compositions. While borrowing from traditional Chinese writing, these experiment with deviations and variations in various ways. These are rare works in Chinese classical prose, because all of work has one theme and is intimately connected to one another, and one episode is reconstructed of a variety of styles. In Gi-mong serial works, the dream should be discussed in two ways. In <Seol-mong> constant changing image of dream in strongly emphasize,that can be understood as a metaphor for those fast-paced times. In others, by building fictional character-‘Whan-jin’ and ‘Goek-Hum’-that can be understood as deep desire of the writter for discovering self and deconstructing suppression mechanism. It is interesting the exploration of the deepest reaches of the human mind appeared in those times. Gi-mong serial works can be discussed in an extension of changing in literature from 18 century. Also changing circumstances of the Late 19th-Century stimulates the desire for deviation.
  • 14.

    Women’s Voice Sounding through Men

    강소영 | 2010, (22) | pp.425~456 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study was to find metaphoric expressions related to women in <Sinyeoseong>, to classify them by male and female writers,and to examine whether sexist consciousness is reflected in the metaphoric expressions. With socio-cultural changes in the early 20th century, women’s voice for freedom was lifted and inspired women stood up and went out into the society. For the women who attended school,had a job and experienced a life totally different from the past, the society gave the title ‘new women’but its evaluation of such women was double-sided. Their names were enlisted as leaders who would lead the future of Korea, but at some moment, they were undervalued as a group of useless vanity. This study reviewed these views using the texts of <Sinyeoseong>, which led discourses on new women in those days. We first restructured the social situation in those days based on vocabulary system ‘male + X’ and ‘female + X’ and found that various terms were coined with women’s participation in social activities but women could not enjoy a secure social position as evidenced by their remaining in the a biased ‘female+X’ form. This phenomenon was also found in theresult of analyzing women-related metaphoric expressions collected from women writers’ articles in <Sinyeoseong>. That is, from metaphors such as [Women are servants], [Women are dolls] and [Women are playthings],we can infer that women in those were still under the old system of feudalistic order. Of course, these views had to be shared with male intellects who led modern discourses in those days, and for this reason,the same metaphoric expressions were also observed in some maleintellects’ writings. As shown by the fact that male intellects clamored for women’s economic independence only in word but were not active in establishing social systems, however, there was a difference, though insignificant, between male and female writers. This study believes that the difference reflects their sexual difference and it explains why women showed more advanced thoughts than men.
  • 15.

    The Formation and Dissemination of Research Methodology on Korean Classical Literature through Analyzing the Academic Journals and Reading Classes Organized in the Department of Korean Language and Literature of Universities during 1950's - focusing on the Text research and the formation of Canon

    Keysook Choe | 2010, (22) | pp.457~493 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Korean universities were reorganized during 1950's as a modernistic system. Then the department of Korean Language and Literature were divided into three parts; Korean classical(pre-modern) literature, Korean modern literature, and Korean language. Especially the part of premodern literature began to make its own identity with a series of reading class regarding classical texts and also began to demand the unique academic ability of literacy on the classical texts. The most basic step to approach the research on the classical literature was the analysis on the text; What is the original text or authentic text? Which text is the prior text? and What is the canon most of all? Such process implied some problematic academic issues; selecting the text, possibility of approaching and using on the research materials, literacy regarding such classical text, expertise on the reading methodology regarding translation and interpretation and final decision on the canon, etc. The Korean old-type printed novels were the items which were red in reading class and also were researched to discern which was the original version prior text or canon. At that time such novels were reading amongst the public as a interesting popular books. However such genre of old-type printed novels regarded as classics according to being regarded as textbooks in the university classes. They were endowed an academic position related a sort of change of cultural position. Originally the old-type printed novels had been considered as a vulgar popular genre, a sort of sub-culture or peripheral genre until 1950's. However such text began to treated as research objects in the university class by the professors and lecturers. Through such process, Korean old-type printed novels were regarded as classical genre, different from the peripheral popular ones. Finally, they got to be called as the classics. A lot of professors and researchers contributed some classical texts in the academic journals, literature magazines and the other periodicals as form of photoprints and original texts with notes and annotations. The public readers began to considered such texts tributed in the contemporary periodicals. In short, the research on the premodern texts began to bring the power which made them to be considered as classics amongst the university students and public readers through the professors's lecture of reading class and contributions for the periodicals. The public could such text as a sort of classical novels with translation versions or with annotations. Finally the such text began to be considered canon with literary-historical orthodoxy.