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2019, Vol.3, No.1

  • 1.

    A Critical Review of Korean Politics Before and After by Three Kim’s Politics: Political Effects and Distortions

    Chung, Tae-il | 2019, 3(1) | pp.5~38 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    After the democratization movement in 1987, korean politics was transformed into three kim’s politics by y Kim Yeong-sam, Kim Dae-jung and Kim Jong-pil. Before the time of three kim’s politics, korean politics lasted for one long term, but three kim’s politics made possible the peaceful regime change through political party integration and party coalition. The evaluation of three kim’s politics coexist both positive and negative. The Positive political effects are diversification of political party composition and stabilization of regime change. Three kim’s politics transformed the political party composition of Korea from a two-party system to a multi-party system, made possible a peaceful regime change through the unification of three parties and the DJP coalition. However, the negative political distortions of three kim’s politics are the shortening of political parties and the concentration of political ideology. In three kim’s politics, political party in Korea has a very short life due to the creation of political parties, the dissolution of political parties, the reorganization of political parties and the integration of political parties. Conservatism and progressive tendencies related three kim’s politics were stabilized through Yeongnam region and Honam region. Therefore, three kim’s politics means that the proportion of Korean politics is very high. Political effects and distortions derived from three kim’s politics have become a challenge for Korean politics to overcome.
  • 2.

    The Trend and Implications of the Publication of China's Defense and Security White Papers

    Kang-nyeong Kim | 2019, 3(1) | pp.39~76 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is to analyze the trend and implications of the publication of China's defense and security white papers. To this end the paper is composed of 5 chapters titled instruction; publication details and composition of China's defense and security white paper; the gist of the white paper on national defense and security during the Chinese president Xi Jinping era; the implications of Chinese white paper on national defense and security during the Chinese president Xi Jinping era; and conclusion. The Chinese Ministry of National Defense had published seven books every two years since 1998 to 2010. In 1995, the ministry published a white paper titled‘China's arms control and disarmament’ for the first time. In 2013, it published a white paper titled ‘The Diversified Employment of China's Armed Forces’ and‘China's Military Strategy’ in 2015. All have the common characteristic of being a propaganda policy reflecting China's strategic calculations. It seems that China has began to publish defense white papers in a proactive manner, due to the following factors: ①pressure on China to demand military transparency from neighboring countries such as the United States; ②the erosion of the‘China threat.’ and ③confidence in the achievement of China's military modernization. The‘active defensive strategy’ and the‘strong defense strategy’ of Si Jinping are implied in the words“China’s dream is a dream of a powerful country and dream of a strong nation is essential to construct a strong nation.”His these strategies have raised security concerns for neighboring countries. We need to maintain and reinforce strong ROK-US security cooperation, and hedging strategies to harmoniously promote ROK-China economic cooperation.
  • 3.

    Strategy for Countermeasures the NK's Nuclear Issue Using Offset Strategy and the 4th Industrial Revolution Technologies

    Park, Jaewan | 2019, 3(1) | pp.77~106 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to propose measures to respond to NK's nuclear threat by applying the concept of offset strategy in the US and the fourth industrial revolution technology innovation. Through this study, the concept, technology, and organization were examined to find measures to counter the NK's nuclear threat. The concept was to review the US offset strategy and consider the strategy of paralyzing the enemy's center as an operational concept. And the technologies that can support the 4th Industrial revolution and the 3rd US offset strategy. The organization analyzed the implications for the reform of the National Defense Reform 2.0 and the reorganization of the acquisition of the US DoD. Through the US offset strategy review, it is necessary to reconcile the strategic concepts of Korea and the US, and the interoperability of technologies and the cooperation fields of the ROK-US alliance. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the capability of responding to NK's nuclear threat in connection with the 4th Industrial Revolution and the National Defense Reform 2.0 promotion. It is necessary to develop the concept of operational performance applying the new paradigm for the NK's nuclear issue and to apply advanced science and technology. And that it is necessary to organize effectively in conjunction with the National Defense Reform 2.0.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Personality and Character of the 4 members of the British rock group Queen

    정주신 | 2019, 3(1) | pp.107~150 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The article is intended to examine the four main vocalists, including Freddie Mercury, of the legendary rock group Queen, whose movie <The Bohemian Rhapsody> has generated a󰡒Queen Syndrome󰡓all over the world, and is widely shared by nearly 10 million viewers in Korea. In today's era of cultural content, this paper studied the relationship between their personality and character in the sense of storytelling for the four Queen members who left charismatic voices and beautiful pop music harmonies. As a theoretical background, I will focus our research on the members' psychological and human factors for the popularization of rock music, but I will apply the environmental factors that each member has been born and lived in, as well as the factors of family relations, such as parents. Queen is a band that has performed throughout the world for about 20 years, from the early 1970s to the birth and disappearance of a rock group. In sum, the four members of Queen, who have strong personalities, showed various musical possibilities by combining completely different genres such as acafella, ballad, opera and hard rock, depending on their taste and imagination, and achieved legendary fame that transcended generations by displaying excellent skills in communicating with the public. The four personality and characters, the rock group Queen and its main vocal Freddie Mercury, were the feet of association calculated by correlation from internal to external influences.
  • 5.

    China and U.S. in Africa: A Case of Exaggerated Rivalry

    Sammy Mwangi Waweru | 2019, 3(1) | pp.151~182 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Rise of China has correspondingly seen increased Chinese involvement at global stage and regional levels in different parts of the world. This has attracted claims of strategic competition and rivalry between China and U.S., as China is said to be working towards replacing hitherto U.S. influence. Consequently there have been calls for U.S. to counter increased Chinese involvement to safeguard U.S. influences and interests. This study aims to contribute to this debate by examining the extent to which increased Chinese involvement in Africa has, if any, supplanted U.S. strategic interests in the continent. The study contends that, Chinese involvement in Africa has entailed China creating own niche that does not necessary threaten U.S. interests in the continent as widely portrayed and imagined. This is premised on the fact that, U.S. has historically had relatively minimal strategic interests in Africa as compared to other more strategic parts of the world that China could significantly threaten. Seen in this way, increased Chinese penetration in Africa has not had immediate threats to U.S. core strategic interests, thus explaining U.S. measured response to counter Chinese presence in Africa.
  • 6.

    The Egyptian Foreign Policy Orientations and Its Relations with Russia after June 30th Revolution

    BASSEM ELMAGHRABY | 2019, 3(1) | pp.183~220 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Bearing in mind the strategic and pivotal importance of Egypt over the Arab, African, Middle Eastern, Islamic and even global level; this paper aimed to figure out how and why the Egyptian foreign policy has been changed over time; and whether the flourishing of Egyptian-Russian relations represent a shift from West to East; and show how the historical experiences affecting the relations between Egypt and Russia; moreover, explains why Russia supported June 30th revolution while it opposed January 25th revolution only two years earlier and other Arab Spring revolutions from one side; and why Egypt accepted to further develop its relations with Russia from the other side.
  • 7.

    Response of the International Community to the Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria

    Isaac Owusu Frimpong | 2019, 3(1) | pp.221~244 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper attempts to analyze the role of Nigeria's current President Major (Rtd) Mahammudu Buhari and the immediate past President Goodluck Jonathan in dealing with the Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria. Nigeria has not been without its fair share of conflict. In fact, no decade of post-Independent Nigeria has been conflict free. With several coups, general strikes and a civil war, Nigerians have had to experience some of the most sordid tragedies arising from difference of opinions and distrust. It is interesting to mention that the conflict in Nigeria has not received the needed attention as it were. The leadership of Goodluck Jonathan did not receive the same effort and cooperation as compared to Muhammadu Buhari who came into office in May 2015. This paper argues the important roles played by the two Nigerian leaders which either aided or prevented collaboration. Goodluck Jonathan was perceived as a weak and indecisive leader whose leadership failed to effectively handle the Boko Haram insurgency. Muhammadu Buhari assumed office with a lot of high hopes and expectations from the Nigerian population and the international community to tackle the Boko Haram insurgency.