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pISSN : 2508-8300 / eISSN : 2671-5694

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.44
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2020, Vol.4, No.2

  • 1.

    Gender Gap in Political Orientations and Issue Evaluations : The Case of the 7th Local Election

    Joohyun Kang | 2020, 4(2) | pp.5~40 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the gender gap in political orientations and issue evaluations. To examine main hypotheses, the survey data of the 7th local election in South Korea has analyzed by descriptive statistics and ordered logit regression. The results of political orientations are somewhat mixed. While the gender gap in political efficacy and ideology has disappeared, the traditional gender gap in political interest and knowledge still exists. Another finding is that there is only gender gap in the evaluation of gender-related issue like Me Too movement.
  • 2.

    The 12·12 Coup d'état of the New Military Faction in Korea and the U.S. Government's 'Wait-and-See' Policy in 1979

    Shin Hyun-ick | Oh Young-dahl | 2020, 4(2) | pp.41~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Right after the coup took place in Seoul on Dec. 12, 1979, the Carter administration of the United States was alleged to maintain a policy of "non-intervention," contrary to the American public opinion, for fear of possible resistance from the chauvinistic Korean military and of a possible second Iranization of the Korean people. In this context, nobody was certain whether the United States was ready to pay the cost for its attempt to turn the tables here or whether the political leaders in Washington found it worthwhile to pay attention to the power struggle within the Korean military. This assumption leads naturally to the conclusion that the U.S. leaders apparently did not want to intervene in the political upheaval in Korea to such an extent as to further affect the reality. Satisfied with the status quo, the United States’ leadership seemed to have recognized the new Korean military leadership as the de facto power holders. It is evident that Washington took a "wait-and-see" approach to carefully watch the new military group in Korea, regarding it as a highly organized powerful group with the ability to take care of state affairs on its own, as a pro-Washington organization, and as a group with potential to safeguard and protect security and economic interests of the United States in Northeast Asia. Washington's decision to adopt a "non-intervention" policy, or a careful "wait-and-see" approach, turned out to be decisively conducive to the new military group in Korea putting an end to the upheaval without remarkable resistance and pulling off a successful coup in the end. Washington's "wait-and-see" approach resulted in supporting the stronger side in a situation where the new military leadership had no rival to compete with. Besides, it also seems that Washington sought to achieve the "largest effect with the minimum cost" based on the logic of "jumping on the bandwagon by rooting for the top dog." As it turned out, the United States toed the line for security and stability not to cause trouble by intervening in the upheaval in Korea.
  • 3.

    Chile’s Electoral Reform and Election Results 2017

    Lim Su Jin | 2020, 4(2) | pp.81~112 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Chile's two-seat electoral system, designed by the military government of Pinochet, is a proportional representation system, but the distribution of seats is very unique. The election system, which was created to maintain the right wing's influence after democratization, has been criticized for its problems of non- democratization, non-proportionality, regional representation, and difficulty for minority parties to enter parliament. In 2014, the Michelle Bachelet government abolished the two-seat electoral system and introduced a new election law. It adjusted electoral districts, expanded the number of assembly members, and changed the way of allocation for assembly seats. As a result of the 2017 election, excessive representation in rural areas has been converted to excessive representation in urban areas, and the introduction of a multi-member district has led to a slight increase in minority parties' advance into parliament. Although the way of seat distribution resolved the non-democratization of the two-seat district system, it did not improve compared to the two-seat system in its imbalance.
  • 4.

    The Study on the Fairness of University Admission Systems

    RIM YANG | 2020, 4(2) | pp.113~138 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the fairness of university admission systems and to suggest the policy implication. The university admission system have been changed circularly with the turnover of political power, but the problem of fairness is not resolved. Recently, the various accidents triggered the problem of fairness with regard to the high school comprehensive report admission type and scholastic ability test admission type. The research findings of this study in the equal opportunity are 1) any admission systems advantageous relation to high socioeconomic status, 2) high school location and class has an effect on equal opportunity. And high school comprehensive report admission type is somewhat problematic in transparency of assessment. Such analysis suggests that university admission systems are requisite to various admission types and transparency of the high school report admission type must be necessary strengthen. In addition, it is necessary to objective ‘public admission officer’ who take charge in high school comprehensive report admission type.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Employment Policy Plan based on Social Job Mismatch and Gender Wage Gap : Case of Women with Career Breaks in Daejeon

    Kim, Hyeong-Geun | Youngeon Yim | ILTAE KIM | 2020, 4(2) | pp.139~160 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper presents the structure and characteristics of local labor market in Daejeon and analyzes the mismatch and wage gap between men and women to suggest implications for job creation and regional employment policy. The unemployment rate in Daejeon was increased by 2.0% in 2013, 2.5% in 2014, 2.9% in 2016 and 3.3% in 2017, showing structural labor supply and demand discrepancies. In particular, in the case of the metal processing product industry, the average monthly wage for men is 4.39 million won and the average monthly wage for women is 2.83 million won, representing wage gap of 1.56 million won between men and women. According to the results of the gender wage gap analysis, marriage(MAR), education(EDU), employment contract(CONTRACT), age(), householder (HOUSEHOLD), and working period(TERM) were followed. The higher the value of marriage (MAR) in the human capital factor, the higher the value of wages compared to long-term skilled workers when re-employed after leaving the labor market temporarily due to marriage, childbirth, and childcare. This paper suggests that it is necessary to support continuous career training and development for women.
  • 6.

    A Study on Building Social Networks in Old Age : Focused on Cases in Japan

    Jung Geun Ha | 2020, 4(2) | pp.161~186 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Stable settlement type of leisure activity and another type were roughly influenced by “the presence of immersed experience of leisure activities during school life or prior to retirement.” Those who immersed into leisure activities organized techniques and movements and became members when they restart to participate in activities after they were retired from works, while beginners were typically considered as unhelpful as they are trained from scratch. Given the fact that members are willing to participate in clubs, leisure clubs are social networks with high familiarity and reliability. If members join leisure activities from childhood and experience in taking care of each other, they can form social networks through leisure activities after retirement and join in improving the administration service. Unless the Korean society removes the rule of “entering top-notch university is an ultimate success in life,” negative attitudes toward educational programs directly irrelevant with test score will not be changed. In particular, unless attitudes toward education for leisure considerably affecting the quality of life in old age, leisure abilities of our descendents will not be improved. If this leisure ability such as playing smartphone game alone continues, they will see cold-hearted and solitary senile lives than current senior people.
  • 7.

    A Comparative Study on the Scope of the Use of Dormant Deposits between Korea and Japan : Focusing on the SDGs Perspective

    Nemoto Masatsugu | Chung, Tae-il | 2020, 4(2) | pp.187~210 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korea has faced the task of economic recovery of creditors due to the IMF economic crisis and credit card crisis. This situation occurred that new system of using dormant deposits was introduced in 2007, ten years before Japan in 2016. This study intends to compare and analyze the system of using dormant deposits in Korea and Japan from perspective of SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). In Korea, dormant deposits are mainly utilized to credit loans for low-income individuals, while Japan is focused on supporting private public interest organizations which engaged in public interest activities for local residents, including vulnerable groups. From the viewpoint of SDGs, which emphasize the vulnerabilities are not only due to economic problem, but also due to social problems, it means a lot to Korea, which is using dormant deposits mainly to credit loans for low-income individuals, partially for social enterprise and cooperative which provides social support.
  • 8.

    Direction of Arms Control for WMD on the Korean Peninsula : Focusing on the Theory and Case Analysis, CBMs

    Park, Jaewan | 2020, 4(2) | pp.211~234 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to suggest the direction of arms control of WMD in the Korean Peninsula. The two Koreas also carried out the improvement of inter-Korean relations and rudimentary arms control. However, North Korea declared itself as a nuclear power state, and with a large amount of chemical and biological weapons, North Korea has declared a new path and is facing a new phase in security on the Korean Peninsula. For this purpose, the adequacy of the arms control theory was examined, and the propulsion plan and the method for confidence building that applied the essential difference between conventional arms control and weapons of mass destruction weapons were proposed. The way to confidence building is to actively identify means that can be used as sanctions and leverage in building, guaranteeing, verifying. And in order to control WMD, it is necessary to promote WMD using international regimes.
  • 9.

    A Study on Critical Geographical Consideration of 'One belt, one road' : Overcoming Territoriality by Actors-Network Theory(ANT)’s Perspective

    Kim Seyoon | 2020, 4(2) | pp.235~260 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    China which faced with "Thucydides Trap" and "Middle Incoming Trap" has presented "One belt, one road" strategy based on geopolitics to break through these. In response, the international community is expecting a newly added era, advancement, and reform as the cooperation space on traditional Silk Road is expanded and deepened, while others are concerned about the possibility of geopolitical tensions. This study looked at how "One belt, one road" emerged and changed in the context of changes in China's national external strategy, and analyzed based on the theories of traditional geopolitics, geoeconomics and critical geopolitics. Meanwhile, with regard to dichotomic perspective to "One belt, one road" due to the fundamental limitations of nationalism the territorialism of traditional geopolitics, take note of the desertionism and denationalism that have been emphasized by critical geopolitics, at the same time, it deals with the concept of actor-network theory (ANT) that has recently been studied in various areas as well as sociology. According to the Actor-Network Theory (ANT), which deals with interactions between humans and non-human (nature) actors, it suggests that ‘One belt, one road’ will evolve into 'One belt, one road version 3.0' that could be expanded to technical standards that will be interconnected 'in three dimensions' core technologies in the 4th Industrial Revolution era. This is expected to reduce the risk of geopolitical conflicts, while shifting 'One belt, one road' to an advanced platform for good-will competition to preempt high-tech hegemony and the rapid development of human technology in the era of the fourth industrial revolution.
  • 10.

    Analysis on “the Reports of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women” : Focused on the Employment-Welfare Articles of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Periodic Reports

    Chulsoo Lee | 2020, 4(2) | pp.261~308 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze and evaluate the employment welfare articles of the DPRK's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which was submitted by North Korea to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on April 16, 2016. The main subjects of this analysis are the employment-related articles in ① North Korea's combined second, third, and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, ② the Committee's list of issues, ③ North Korea's replies to the list of issues, and ④ the Committee's concluding observations. The study adopted qualitative research method to analyze the aforementioned documents. The findings of the study are as follows: First, with regard to legislation and employment support, North Korea received the largest number of comments and a number of recommendations from the Committee. Second, in terms of employment (rates), the DPRK was recommended by the Committee to ensure women's access to managerial positions. Third, as for wages and allowances, the Committee pointed out the absence of statistics on equal labor and equal pay for men and women, and recommended North Korea to review related laws and policies and to make statistics on equal pay regularly available. Fourth, in terms of labor protection, North Korea raised an issue of forced labor of North Korean women in the Committee's additional replies. However, the Committee did not make a direct recommendation on protecting the labor rights of female workers. Fifth, as for social security, the Committee recommended North Korea to guarantee the equal retirement age and equal pension benefits for men and women. However, since the issue of guaranteeing the retirement age had been already addressed, it was not a matter that the Committee could make a final recommendation on. Sixth, with regard to upbringing of children and maintaining the family unit, the committee made comments on these issues in the section of Stereotypes, rather than making a direct recommendation on them in the concluding observations. These issues are overlapped with North Korea's awareness and institutions sectors in the same manner as the issues of legislation and employment support that the Committee made detailed comments about.
  • 11.

    The Importance of Emotional Expression in College Learning : A Quantitative Assessment of Emotional Intelligence in First Year Students in a Korean University

    Jared McKee | Jiin Kang | 2020, 4(2) | pp.309~334 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Emotional intelligence (EQ) is a topic that has become important for modern psychology. Having been researched in professional and school environments, it is an issue that addresses the whole person and informs the overall success of people in school. The topic has become an important concern for Korean educational research, as evidenced by several recent studies on emotional intelligence in the workplace and on the university campus. To build on studies in this topic in educational research and provide a new insight on emotional intelligence in Korea, a study was conducted at a Korean university. In 2019, a simple quantitative test with sections based on five different aspects of emotional intelligence, emotional perception, emotional regulation, empathy, emotional expression, and emotional utilization, with 47 multiple choice questions was administered to 101 freshmen university students from a Korean university. The EQ test was based on a 1996 test first developed by Seoul National University for elementary and middle school students and was adapted for university students. The results of this simple quantitative test showed differences between gender and major among the various university students. Furthermore, the males were shown to have a higher level of emotional intelligence than females. Additionally, compared to the 1996 study that tested elementary and middle school students, freshmen university students from this sample of 101 were shown to have a very similar level of emotional intelligence to the elementary students who had been tested in 1996. However, they demonstrated a higher level of emotional regulation and a lower level of emotional expression. The findings of this test have important implications for the field of education in Korea, as they reveal a need to implement educational practices that will encourage and support students and enable them to have a positive and meaningful experience in school and boost their emotional learning.