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pISSN : 2508-8300 / eISSN : 2671-5694

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.44
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2020, Vol.4, No.5

  • 1.

    A Study on Local Employment Policy by Job Change and Labor Movement in the Labor Market : Focusing on the Daejeon and Chungcheong areas

    Kim Hyeong Geun | Youngeon Yim | ILTAE KIM | 2020, 4(5) | pp.5~32 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes the dynamic characteristics of job creation and extinction in the whole country and region using panel-type data associated with job change and labor force change, and provides implications for local employment policy. In December 2018, the number of job creation, extinction, recruitment, and change in job in the region was 6,315, 7,053, 29,743, and 30,587 respectively and the net increase of jobs was -844. The areas and numbers with high job creation in the metropolitan cities were Gyeongbuk(9,961), Gyeongnam(9,961) and Jeonnam(9,430) and the areas and numbers with low job extinction were Jeju Island(2,323), Jeonbuk(2,988) and Chungbuk(4,237). The paper shows that in the analysis of job changes in Daejeon government offices, first, in the correlation analysis between job variables, when the correlation between the increase in net jobs and the change in labor force is high, the more jobs are hired, the more net jobs increase, and the more changes in labor force are high, the more excess labor changes are high. Second, this paper reveals that the net increase of over-work in local is very high in Daejeon, Seo-gu, Cheongju, Heungduk-gu, Cheonan, and Asan-si, where the amount of over-work is high. It confirms that the net increase of jobs due to the over excess labor change is due to the excess labor change, suggesting that problems such as industrial safety due to excessive labor force of workers and the balance of work family of workers should be checked. Finally, this paper shows that in Jeongpyeong-gun, Chungcheong-do, Cheongyang-gun, and Gyeryong-si of Chungbuk, low employment and turnover is small due to low labor changes, and implies that local job creation policy is required.
  • 2.

    Background Study on Generational Differences in Foreigners' Perceptions of Korea : Focused on the technical lag experiences of foreign YouTubers

    Jung Geun Ha | 2020, 4(5) | pp.33~64 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Despite the enhancement of global positioning for South Korea, older generations of the East and the West have not considered how the Korean society has evolved and still recognize South Korea as a nation that is under the threat of war and separation. On the contrary, young generation learn about South Korea in real-time through internet based platforms rather than acquiring information from the mass media, so they have completely different opinions from the older generation. The media that both generations watch has a significant influence on the background of differences in the perception of both generations. Foreigners with experiences of travelling to or residing in South Korea are experiencing 'technological lag' due to the inconvenience that they face because their public transportation system, card culture, internet, 24-hour convenience store, and public order are inferior to South Korea once they return to their home country. They claim, "South Korea is a developed country" and make us surprised. This study will reveal the factors of perception differences between the older and young generation and the technological lag that foreigners experience after they return to their home country through cases of YouTube video clips.
  • 3.

    Local Governments' Support Ordinance Enactment for Returned Overseas Koreans : Focusing on CIS Goryoin and Sakhalin Koreans

    Ji, Choong-Nam | 2020, 4(5) | pp.65~94 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the conditions of support ordinance enactment by local governments for CIS Goryeoin and Sakhalin Koreans who are considered returned overseas Koreans. Excluding 17, 226 local governments out of the 243 were not equipped with legal or institutional mechanisms to support returnees. Only Sakhalin Koreans, who acquired Korean citizenship, had ordinances enacted by 10 local governments to induce a stable life with individual or group support. On the other hand, CIS Goryeoin, who have foreign citizenship, are considered as foreigners and are subject to multicultural laws in the region, and 7 local governments have enacted ordinances to provide group-oriented support. The policy implications are as followings. First, local governments need to make efforts to recognize the returning Koreans' issues as local affairs rather than state affairs. Second, the local government's policy for returning Koreans requires an attitude to resolve problems in real life rather than focusing on exchanges and cooperation. Third, as local governments perceived returning Koreans with foreign citizenship as multicultural targets and foreigners, policy considerations toward compatriots were low. Returned Koreans should be recognized as policy targets from the perspective of residents, and emphasis should be placed on support for settlement and capacity building. Fourth, institutional discrimination based on whether returned Koreans acquire nationality or not should be corrected. Fifth, it is necessary to strengthen the responsibility of local governments to promote the welfare of returnees.
  • 4.

    Analysis on “the Reports of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child” : Focused on the Welfare Articles of the Fifth and Sixth Periodic Reports

    Chulsoo Lee | 2020, 4(5) | pp.95~143 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to track the reporting behavior of the DPRK by examining the child welfare-related articles of the fifth and sixth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, submitted by the DPRK to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. The study looked into the welfare-related articles of ① North Korea's reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, ② the list of issues requested by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, ③ North Korea's replies to the list of issues, and ④ the concluding observations by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. This study adopted qualitative research method used for literature analysis. The findings of the study are as follows: First, in terms of the format and contents of the reports, North Korea failed to adopt a consistent and grouped format as well as to contain quality contents, despite its previous reporting experience of the same matters three times. Second, with regard to the writing style of the reports and the concreteness of its explanations, North Korea lacked concrete statements while largely using assertive expressions, which, in turn, raised a question about its credibility. Third, in terms of description, the reports lacked presenting ①metered quantitative reporting, ②specific outcomes and cases, and ③the contextual information on the various projects stated in the reports. Fourth, at a cognitive level, the reports failed to report on some basic and essential information. Fifth, the reports revealed North Korea lacked an accurate perception of its child rights situations and the future-oriented objectives and contents. In conclusion, the study found the reports had “errors in reporting focus”, “illogical responses”, and “lack of practical solutions”.
  • 5.

    International Cooperation Plan to Support North Korea's Power Infrastructure Development : Focusing on the case of international cooperation in Vietnam

    Kim, Hyung Ju | 2020, 4(5) | pp.145~182 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to present international cooperation measures for the establishment of electric power infrastructure after North Korea's opening of the regime through implications from the case of international cooperation in Vietnam, a country in transition. Vietnam recognized electricity as the most important infrastructure of Vietnam's economy, and implemented radical reform and opening measures to build electricity infrastructure through international cooperation. In order to finance infrastructure construction, it actively accepted the demands of the international community, which is a condition for attracting foreign capital, and expanded the power infrastructure by utilizing the official development assistance (ODA) of international financial institutions. In addition, a market-oriented system was established for foreign investment attraction (FDI), and a free economic zone was created to promote investment attraction. Through the implications of these cases in Vietnam, the international cooperation plan to be asserted in this study is as follows. First, in order to establish the North Korean power infrastructure, the use of international cooperation funds is essential, and for this, North Korea's own efforts to gain trust from the international community are essential. Second, considering the insufficient North Korean administrative capabilities, a model for establishing a power infrastructure that promotes international cooperation while supporting North Korean administrative capabilities is needed. Considering that North Korea has a special relationship with South Korea, it can be viewed as a more favorable situation than Vietnam in terms of international cooperation. Third, due to the nature of power development, the scale of support is insufficient compared to the enormous resources required to build the North Korean power infrastructure, so it is necessary to first review projects and private investment methods (BOT) that have a high cost-effectiveness. In the case of Vietnam, it was also possible to build a power infrastructure suitable for the scale of supply through private investment. Considering North Korea's international position and national capabilities, North Korea's strategic support will be necessary for North Korea's international cooperation, and such support can be used as a useful tool for realizing inter-Korean cooperation.
  • 6.

    Food Security Impact and Prospects from COVID-19 Pandemic

    Park, Jaewan | 2020, 4(5) | pp.183~202 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to present the impact, prospects, implications, and countermeasures on food security among various crises caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations defines the concept of food security as when everyone has physical, social and economic access to food that is sufficient, safe and nutritious for a healthy and active life at all times. COVID-19 poses a threat to this food security, and the risk is high because Korea has a low food self-sufficiency rate and relies on imports for most of its major grains. In order to improve food security, the current 46.7% food self-sufficiency rate should be improved. In addition, policy development such as legislation of food self-sufficiency, diversification of import sources, and establishment of an early food warning system is also necessary. In addition, the grain stockpiling system should be expanded, and diversified efforts for overseas farmland development and operation should also be carried out. It can be said that this is the time when multi-functional efforts for food security at the national level are urgently needed.
  • 7.

    An empirical study on the jobs impact of the 4th Industrial Revolution : Analysis on the Increase and Decrease of Employees in U.S. Listed Companies

    Kim Seyoon | 2020, 4(5) | pp.203~230 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigates the effects on jobs of innovative technologies related to the 4th Industrial Revolution. For this aim, first of all, this paper conducted a literature review on the concept and origin of the 4th Industrial Revolution, and the technological revolution's impact on jobs. And then, this paper expands its verification target to three groups. The first is 29 companies included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average(DJIA), which is one of the leading U.S. listed companies. The second is other 5 leading IT companies among these 29 companies, included in NASDAQ100 Index. The third is the leading IT companies FANG(Facebook・Amazon・Netflix・Google). The paper compared and analyzed the rate of increase and decrease in the number of employees over the last four years among these three groups. The analysis showed a difference of +1.01% for 29 Dow Jones industrial average companies, +1.03 for 5 of these 29 companies which is included in NASDAQ100 Index, and +1.29 for 4 NASDAQ100 index's 4 leading companies 'FANG'. Thus, regarding not only the gap between individual wages, but also in employment between companies, this research has a meaning in providing a clue of empirical survey for employment impact by the 4th Industrial Revolution in the future.
  • 8.

    LDP's Predominance under Abe Government : Abe-LDP's voter-mobilizing strategies

    HAN EUI SUOK | 2020, 4(5) | pp.231~256 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since the collapse of ‘55 political party system’ in 1993, Japanese party system had shown a shift to 2.5 party system with the Liberal Democratic Party(LDP) and the Democratic Party of Japan(DPJ) as two main parties. However, after the defeat of the DPJ in 2012, it is witnessed that reconstruction of the LDP’s predominance started under the Abe government, as observed in national elections. There are several factors to explain the LDP’s electoral victories under Abe’s stewardship such as prime minister Abe’s leadership, economic performance, splits of opposition party etc. Among those factors, this study focus on the LDP’s voter-mobilization strategies, showing that the LDP has made efforts to recovering a clientelistic linkage, educating youth and women using party-education institutes, and increasing party membership.
  • 9.

    The Historical Transition of Regionalism in East Asia

    Jiyoung Kim | 2020, 4(5) | pp.257~288 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempts to examine transitional history for understanding the relationship between regionalism and hegemonic competition of core states in East Asia. Globalization has provided opportunities for a new economy with growing states in East Asia since the 1970s. The emergence of new regionalism in East Asia has risen with the competition of hegemony between core states from the end of the 1980s. The economic liberal strategy of APEC that was initiated by the US and Australia contrasts the EAEC that supports developmental strategy in East Asian developing states. Since the Asian financial crisis, the emergence of China, based on structural market power and independent political sovereignty, has reshaped the Asian regionalism. In addition, the APT has brought competition between China and Japan. This study argues that regional organizations in East Asia have been instruments to intensify regional hegemony in strong states and to maintain state sovereignty in weak states.
  • 10.

    Three-dimensional Analysis of Populism in Pakistan Under the Background of the "Belt and Road"

    Tu Bo | 2020, 4(5) | pp.289~310 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Bilateral profound friendship between China and Pakistan and the "all-weather strategic partnership" have given great support to mutual cooperation. China and Pakistan are moving forward to the goal of "economic corridor construction as the center, Gwadar port, transport infrastructure, energy and industrial cooperation as the points to form the ‘1+4’ economic cooperation and common development". However, the relationship between the two countries is also facing some challenges in the process of sustainable development, among which the populist in Pakistan is gradually emerging. If left unchecked, it may lead to a great threat to CPEC and other cooperation. Therefore, strengthening basic research on populism in Pakistan is of great significance for enhancing the all-weather strategic cooperative partnership and ensuring the smooth implementation of the CPEC. After reviewing the current research status and deficiencies of populism theory, this paper analyzes populism from the dimensions of social classes, religions and regions, so as to deeply understand the breeding source of populism. From the perspective of class, populism in Pakistan has distinct characteristics of class antagonism. From a religious perspective, there is a deeply rooted political psychology among the Pakistani people. From a regional perspective, the traditional social structure of Islam in Pakistan determines that the loyalty of individuals to religion, family and a smaller region is greater than the loyalty to the nation state.