Korean | English

pISSN : 2508-8300 / eISSN : 2671-5694

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.44
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2021, Vol.5, No.3

  • 1.

    Analysis of the National Assembly System in the Rhee Syngman Administration through Historical Institutionalism

    Kim, Yean-Hoy | Chung, Tae-il | 2021, 5(3) | pp.5~40 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is based on the recognition that the Rhee Syngman administration’s national assembly election system is the foundation of the korean national assembly election system. This study examined the Rhee Syngman administration’s national assembly election system as the process of creation, continuation, adjustment, and change through historical institutionalism. First, the creation process lacked awareness of political parties due to the absence of political forces that could directly affect the national assembly election act, resulting in more independent elections than political parties. Second, the continuation process had minor changes in the national assembly election act, but it did not have any effect on the election results. Third, the adjustment process established an absolute advantage of the liberal party with the founding of a political party and the introduction of party recommendation system by President Rhee Syngman rather than a change in the national assembly election act. Fourth, the change process not only the number of independent candidates decreased sharply due to the shorter registration period of candidates and the introduction of the deposit system, but the elected were mostly affiliated with political parties, and a two-party system was established to check the ruling party. The Rhee Syngman administration’s national assembly election system has a positive effect that it laid the foundation for the korean national assembly election system, it also had a negative effect of distorting the national assembly election system for stabilizing and extending the political power.
  • 2.

    US-China Relations in the Biden-Era : Change and continuity

    Kim, Jin-Yong | 2021, 5(3) | pp.41~69 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since the United States and China established diplomatic relations in 1979, the two countries have had many ups and downs in their rollercoaster-like relationship, with repeated conflict, competition, and cooperation. However, due to the Trump administration’s consistently coercive strategy toward China, the cycle of tension and stability has been broken, leaving conflict at its peak. Notably, the United States will try to curb the rise of China, as it has defined its relationship with China in ideological terms as a competition with a state that opposes U.S. values, rather than as a mere strategic competition. This is in conflict with President Joe Biden’s proposed foreign policy of cooperation based on liberal internationalism. Against this backdrop, this study has identified changes and continuity in the Biden administration’s policy toward China.
  • 3.

    The Biden Administration's Policy on the Korean Peninsula and Our Responses

    Sukhoon Hong | 2021, 5(3) | pp.71~100 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The inauguration of the new administration of US early this year, led by Joe Biden, has important implications for changes in the situation on the Korean Peninsula. This is because amid the intensifying strategic conflict between the US and China, the direction of the US new administration's policy toward the public and North Korea can bring about various changes in the policy of East Asia and the Korean Peninsula. After the 8th party congress in North Korea held in January, the second period of Kim Jong-un's foreign policy is in effect. It is expected that the development of North Korea's strategy toward US and the progress of the North Korea's denuclearization negotiation as well as South Korea will act as a very big variable in the direction of the situation on the Korean Peninsula. Therefore, this article would like to analyze the changes in the situation on the Korean Peninsula in the future, focusing on the prospects of the Biden administration’s foreign policies.
  • 4.

    Japan's Foreign Policy and Diplomatic Relations since the Biden Administration : Persistence and Limitations

    Lee, ki-wan | hyun chul, Yeo | 2021, 5(3) | pp.101~127 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Joe Biden's administration that launched on January 20, 2021 converted the diplomatic and security policy from American First policy promoted by the Trump administration to policy enforcing cooperation with allies. Such policy of Biden administration corresponds to the national benefit of Japan which is to prevent the instability of regional situation that could be caused by China or North Korea in advance. From this point of view, Suga administration will proactively take advantage of the U.S. government's policy of containment toward China and solving North Korean nuclear issue. Recognizing such issue, this study suggests that the Japan's foreign policy is expressed consistently regardless of the change of government in the U.S based on the distinct characteristics of Japan and the institutional definition of the U.S-Japan security system.
  • 5.

    Restoration of the EU-US Trans-Atlantic Alliance and Future Prospects in the Biden Period : Focusing on the EU Multilateral Strategy

    KIM HYUNJUNG | 2021, 5(3) | pp.129~153 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper reviews the existing EU multilateral cooperation diplomacy and analyzes the strategies of the EU and major European countries participating in the recently emphasized Indo-Pacific strategy. The EU and the US are trying to form a multilateral structure by cooperatively responding to the real threats of both sides, Russia and China. Based on this, this paper attempts to understand the prospect of restoring the EU-US Atlantic Alliance from a complex perspective through strengthening the alliance through NATO and the EU-US countermeasures against Russia and China. Through NATO, the traditional security system in Europe, it reaffirmed existing security threats such as Russia, and adjusted the priority of threats according to the new era and situation. In addition, the EU is pursuing an interaction between EU-US cooperation in cross-issue areas such as technology covering the security sector through the Trans-Atlantic Alliance. It is believed that strengthening the confirmation of the Trans-Atlantic alliance will narrow China's options and broaden the EU's diplomatic activities and role in strong rivalry between the US and China.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Sahel Security Policy of Algeria

    LEE Han-Kyu | 2021, 5(3) | pp.155~190 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was started from a hypothesis in which the geostrategy of Algeria would be a major variable on the establishment of security in Sahel-Sahara. As the most barren land in the center of the Sahara Desert in Africa, Sahel is complexly interrelated with many issues like anti-government armed group, terrorism by Islamic extremists like AQMI, illegal immigration/refugee, and human/drug trafficking through many countries. As an oil producer and military power, Algeria is facing the border(total 4,279km) with countries like Mali, Libya, Niger, Tunisia. It is also the geopolitical center that not only connects Europe and Africa across the Mediterranean, but also draws the conversion between Islamic culture of Maghreb and Christian culture of sub-Saharan region. Thus, the Sahel security policy of Algeria is closely related to the regional integration and the establishment of sustainable security of West Africa. However, Algeria’s security policy towards Sahel failed overall, which is even jeopardizing the traditional relationships with surrounding countries except for Morocco. Without any clear geostrategic vision to establish such realistic diplomatic policies, Algeria’s diplomacy towards Sahel issues was not ‘national diplomacy’, but ‘regime diplomacy’. For this reason, Algeria that is not attending the G5 Sahel which could be the core of Sahel security, is isolated by Sahel neighboring countries. Thus, the constitutional amendment and national consensus in the new government by Abdelmadjid Tebboune would become a crucial turning-point of policies towards Sahel.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of the Role of East and West German Residents in the German Reunification Process : The Implications for the Unification of the two Koreas

    정주신 | 2021, 5(3) | pp.191~228 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the people of East and West Germany who have played a driving role in the unification process of Germany and to come up with ways to unify the Korean Peninsula that can be taken from them. In other words, as the role of East and West Germans sets a simple precedent for achieving a unified Germany, it is important to consider what the role theory of South and North Koreans is in a unified Korea. The role theory played by East and West Germans in the German reunification process cannot help but be benchmarked for the unification process on the Korean Peninsula by South and North Koreans. To this end, research methods on the popular behavior and socio-cultural aspects of non-political fields are used. In particular, the role analysis of East and West German residents is to be considered separately before/after the fall of the Berlin Wall during the development process. On the other hand, the implication of reunification between the two Koreas is to link the symbolism of the collapse of the Berlin Wall to the DMZ on the Korean Peninsula, which is still in a state of confrontation. In conclusion, the reunification of East and West Germany can be said to have been achieved not by the cost of the summit but by the voluntary and non-political integration of East and West German residents.
  • 8.

    China 3.0 Version Foreign Policy's Practical Use Towards India

    Tu Bo | 2021, 5(3) | pp.229~250 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    After entering the era of Xi Jinping administration, China's 3.0 version foreign policy has been continuously developing in practice. Especially since 2017, China's 3.0 version foreign policy continued to have new changes as follows: First, it emphasized the “Foreign Policy of Neighboring Countries” and put the “Belt and Road Initiative” into the Communist Party Constitution. Second, added “Adhering to the Path of Peaceful Development”, “Adhering to the Win-Win Strategy of Opening up” and “Promoting the Building of a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind” to China Constitution. Other than that, “New Concept of Asia Security” and “Bottom-line Thinking” also gradually are implemented in China's diplomatic practice. In the volatile international society, there have been upstreams against globalization and regional integration, of which Modi administration is one example. Modi pushed for Hindu nationalism, which not only set off drastically religious nationalism trend in the domestic, but also led to spillover into the international community. The Indian military respectively crossed the border into China and caused the Dong Lang Issue and the Galvan Valley Conflict. These issues seriously affected the relations between the two countries and challenged the implementation of China 3.0 version foreign policy. This paper focuses on how the important concepts in the 3.0 foreign policy were applied to the diplomatic practice against India, and how China avoided the escalation of the situation. From the paper, we can find that China maintained a high degree of restraint and insisted on solving the problem through negotiation and consultation in the Dong Lang Issue. In the interlude between the two issues, China actively promoted the interaction between two leaders and sought to build a momentum of peace and mutual benefit. In the Galvan Valley Conflict period, China stuck to the “Bottom-line Thinking” at well as adhered to the “Path of Peaceful Development”. China in the future will still need to adhere to these 3.0 version foreign concepts-- “the Great Power Relations”, “Bottom-line Thinking” and “Amity, Sincerity, Mutual Benefit and Inclusiveness in China's Neighborhood Diplomacy”. China will safeguard its core interests and maintain a good foreign environment in order to contribute to peace and development of the international society.
  • 9.

    A Study of Factors Influencing International Student Satisfaction toward Korean University

    WU QITAO | 2021, 5(3) | pp.251~273 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Based on analysis of connotation and measurement scales of international student satisfaction, dimensions of international student satisfaction toward Korean university and impact of each dimension on total satisfaction were discussed in this study. First, through literature review on measurement of international student satisfaction and depth interview with 12 Chinese students, a four-factor model reflecting dimensions of international student satisfaction was constructed. Second, through regression analysis of 224 data collected by questionnaire survey, influences of four dimensions of international student satisfaction on total satisfaction were revealed. The results showed that international student satisfaction can be divided into four dimensions, including education service satisfaction, administration service satisfaction, facility service satisfaction and support service satisfaction. Education service satisfaction is the most influential variable on total satisfaction, followed by support service satisfaction, facility service satisfaction and administration service satisfaction.