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pISSN : 2508-8300 / eISSN : 2671-5694

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2021, Vol.5, No.4

  • 1.

    The Moderating Effect of Hope in the Related that between the Future-Time Perspective and Subjective Well-Being of Baby Boomer

    KIL,TAEYOUNG | 2021, 5(4) | pp.5~28 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aims of this study is to investigate the moderating effect of hope in the relationship between the future-time perspective and subjective well-being for baby boomers. For this purpose, a survey was performed on baby boomers (1955–1963) in D city by face to face and a total of 380 questionnaires were used for analysis. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS 19.0 and PROCESS macro 3.3 statistical program to analyze descriptive statistics, correlation analysis between each variable, and regression analysis to find out the moderating effect of hope. The main results of this study are as follows: First, the future-time perspective has a significant effect on subjective well-being. Second, the moderating effect of hope was statistically significant in the relationship between future-time perspective and subjective well-being. These results indicated that the subjective well-being can be enhanced by expanding the future-time perspective of baby boomers, and subjective well-being can be enhanced if hope is utilized in various routes even if the level of future time perspective expansion is low. Based on this integrated path confirmation, various methods were sought to enhance the subjective well-being of baby boomers.
  • 2.

    US Forces Korea and Northeast Asian Situation

    Park, Bonggyu | 2021, 5(4) | pp.29~55 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The situation in Northeast Asia is inextricably linked to the U.S. Forces Korea(USFK). Although the USFK was established and survived due to the situation in Northeast Asia, the situation in Northeast Asia is now likely to maintain stability and peace due to the USFK. That can be seen from the fact that the USFK continues through the Cold War and the post-Cold War, despite repeated withdrawal decisions, reversal, and reduction. In particular, the fact that the USFK, the product of the Cold War, survives in the midst of the post-Cold War suggests that the USFK is adapting to the changing security environment, or the situation in Northeast Asia. The USFK has been establishing and institutionalizing its identity to suit the new security environment in critical junctions. It is clear that the change in the identity of the USFK and the possibility of institutionalization will play an important role in the future of the USFK and affect the situation in Northeast Asia. They say that if the role and function of the USFK are properly established and functioned in Northeast Asia, which is unstable amid the North Korean nuclear issue and the U.S.-China hegemony competition, it can contribute significantly to peace and stability in the region.
  • 3.

    The Process, Meaning, and Tasks of Lifting the ROK-U.S. Missile Guidelines

    Kang-nyeong Kim | 2021, 5(4) | pp.57~100 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper to analyze the process, meaning, and tasks of lifting the ROK-U.S. Missile Guidelines. To this end, this paper consists of an introduction; a review of prior studies and theories on the Korea-U.S. Missile Guidelines; the history of evolution of the ROK-U.S. Missile Guidelines and the background, meaning, and results of the lifting of the guidelines; the ROK's future tasks after lifting the South Korea-U.S. missile guidelines; and conclusion. The ROK and the U.S. agreed to lift and end the South Korea-U.S. missile guidelines on May 21, 2021, following four revisions in 2001, 2012, 2017 and 2020. The strategic background of the U.S. acceptance of the lifting of the ROK-U.S. missile guidelines is that it is advantageous for the U.S. to pursue the India-Pacific strategy, respond to North Korea's nuclear missiles and transfer of wartime operational control. The significance of lifting the South Korea-U.S. missile guidelines can be summarized as ①securing South Korea's missile sovereignty, ②improving South Korea's security capabilities, and ③increasing industrial and economic ripple effects. The results of lifting the South Korea-U.S. missile guidelines are summarized as ①diplomatic achievements, ②military alliance achievements, and ③space industry achievements. The ROK should do its best to strengthen missile power also promote the development of the defense and space industries by ①resolving unnecessary mis- understandings and concerns, ②developing related technologies to secure practical deterrence, and ③operating missile power.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Operation of the Reserve Forces and the International Cooperation in Disasters : Focusing on Local Governments and Regional Reserve Forces

    Jeong, Ill Seong | 2021, 5(4) | pp.101~125 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study proposes, in the event of a national disaster, a legal and institutional improvement plan necessary for local governments(LGs) to actively mobilize and utilize the Regional Reserve Forces(RRF) to respond to disasters. And this suggests the direction of international cooperation for Disaster Risk Reduction(DRR) by sharing Local Collaborative Governance (LCG) model between less developed countries and Korea. When a local disaster occurs, LGs should actively mobilize and utilize RRF. To this end, the system of RRF should be reorganized, such as command and control, organization, formation, compensation, etc. should be reorganized so that they can respond to the LG's request for disaster assistance. LGs would need more military's support in the Disaster management of the future. Therefore, LGs should put policy priority on disaster management and strive to establish LCG including RRF. If Korea can advance cooperation with regional countries through LG-centered Disaster-RCG of Korea, it will be able to contribute to Regional DRR and seek Cooperative Security.
  • 5.

    Analysis on “the Reports of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women” : Focused on the Health Infrastructure Articles of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Periodic Reports

    Chulsoo Lee | 2021, 5(4) | pp.127~150 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze and evaluate the health infrastructure-related articles of the DPRK's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which was submitted by North Korea to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on May 3, 2016. The main subjects of this analysis are the health infrastructure-related articles in ① North Korea's combined second, third, and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, ② list of issues by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, ③ North Korea's replies to the list of issues, and ④ concluding observations by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. This study adopted qualitative research method, which is mainly used for literature research. The results of the analysis are as follows: First, in the combined periodic reports, North Korea partly made quantitative reporting on its health infrastructure, but most of the reporting was qualitative. This reporting behavior is almost the same with North Korea's previous reporting pattern. Second, in the list of issues, the Committee requested data on the reality of women's health in North Korea, which is an essential requirement for monitoring the implementation of the convention. Above all, the Committee's additional request is attributable to North Korea's poor reporting behavior. Third, in terms of the contents of North Korea's replies to the list of issues, the country omitted reporting on some issues and its replies were largely abstract and off the point. This kind of reporting manner of North Korea is a serious error, and it can be said that North Korea consequently lost its last chance to make a case for itself. Fourth, in concluding observations, the Committee raised an issue about the health care reality in North Korea, rather than making comments or advice on North Korea's health infrastructure. In other words, the Committee raised a question over the fundamental issues that should be addressed before the monitoring and evaluation, and these issues are the ones that North Korea is facing now and that should be resolved first for women's health of the country.
  • 6.

    A Study on the "Specific Functions" of Japan's Immigration Policy as a New System for Receiving Foreign Labors

    Youngeon Yim | Myoung Dong-Ho | 2021, 5(4) | pp.151~170 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the change in immigration policy and its meaning in accordance with the increase in the number of foreigners in Japan. In particular, the purpose of this study is to analyze the background and characteristics of the introduction of 'specific functions' as a new system of the Japanese government, and to provide implications for foreign immigration policy in Korea. The research results are as follows. First, in the background of foreign policy transition in Japan, the economic cycle from growth to distribution develops in the process of improvement of the Japanese economy following the Abe administration's promotion of Abenomics, and it appears in a situation where the labor shortage of companies rises to the level after the bubble economy. Second, in the face of the shortage of foreign labor force, the Japanese government revised the basic policy on the operation of the system related to the status of residence for specific skills in 2019 in order to promote the proper operation of the system related to the status of residence for specific skills. Third, the nursing care industry accounted for the largest number of foreign talent recipients following the establishment of specific skills by the Japanese government, followed by restaurant industry, construction industry, building cleaning industry, agriculture, and food and beverage manufacturing industry. Fourth, the Japanese government is actively accepting foreign talents through the introduction of a new system for ‘specific skills’, and at the same time actively implementing support projects for them. In conclusion, the introduction of the new system of the Japanese government's policy for accepting foreigners was introduced at a time when the introduction of a long-term stable settlement system for foreign workers brought in an era of population decline and the realization of a symbiotic society became important. In the future, it is expected that it will be able to provide important implications for setting the policy direction for returning Koreans during the transition process of immigration policy in the era of population decline in Korea.
  • 7.

    Current Status and Strategies of Korea Preparing for Artificial Intelligence-Based Society

    Kim, Songjuk | 2021, 5(4) | pp.171~202 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article analyzes the current situation and national strategy of Korea in preparation for an artificial intelligence (AI)-based society. Artificial intelligence emerged as the core driving force of the 4th industrial revolution in the 21st century since AI beat humans in the game of Go between Sedol Lee and AlphaGo with ‘Deep Learning’ technology in 2016 in Seoul Korea. Since then, Countries have recently started to come up with artificial intelligence strategies and policies at the national level. In Korea, the Park Geun-hye administration laid the foundation for fostering human-centered artificial intelligence in 2016. ” Then at the end of 2019, the Moon Jae-in government presented national nine strategies in three fields developed by AI within the year of 2030 with the vision of “Going from an IT powerhouse to an AI powerhouse: AI for Everyone, AI of Everything!” Therefore, this paper provides it’s implications by systematically analyzing the contents and strategies of artificial intelligence in Korea.
  • 8.

    US AI Strategies and Policies for an AI-Based Society : Focusing on AI R&D

    Sukhoon Hong | 2021, 5(4) | pp.203~224 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the political aspect, AI technology acts as a new driving force for hegemony change. The technological shock of AI is shaking not only the global economy but also international politics. The United States and China are at the center of it, occupying the apex of the data value chain. The conflict between the United States and China over the hegemony of AI technology is also leading to competition in the data value chain led by AI, and the emerging China is clearly revealing its colors in both quantitative and qualitative terms. The Biden administration, launched this year, has launched AI.gov based on the artificial intelligence policy promoted by the Trump administration, suggesting the direction of the national AI policy. Therefore, this thesis analyzes the US AI policy trend with a focus on R&D, and intends to discuss our AI policy in the future.
  • 9.

    Current Status and Strategies of Japan Preparing for Artificial Intelligence-Based Society

    Lee, ki-wan | 2021, 5(4) | pp.225~254 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    After the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011, Japan re-examines the strategies for the 4th industrial revolution and artificial intelligence-based society. The background of this implies the necessity to develop the artificial intelligence technology, and also the policy-level interest in the solution of various social problems such as aging. This also shows the government’s will to seek for the measures for reducing the gap between development speed of artificial intelligence technology and establishment of the foundation preparing for artificial intelligence society. Based on the awareness of such problems, this study systematically analyzes the contents and strategies of artificial intelligence shown in the artificial intelligence guidelines and social principles of human-centric AI in Japan.
  • 10.

    EU's Strategy and Policy for an AI-Based Society : Focused on EU's AI Regulations

    KIM HYUNJUNG | 2021, 5(4) | pp.255~277 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzed the EU's AI regulation, which was enacted for the first time in the world. The EU, which consists of 27 member states, takes the movement of personal information across borders very seriously in the digital realm. Accordingly, the EU has focused on securing preemptive regulations in the evolving technological field. The European Commission presented the first relevant legal framework to prepare for AI technology risks and enable Europe to play a leading role in the regulatory sector globally. The EU's first AI regulation will provide regulatory implications for other countries.