Since the United States and China established diplomatic relations in 1979, the two countries have had many ups and downs in their rollercoaster-like relationship, with repeated conflict, competition, and cooperation. However, due to the Trump administration’s consistently coercive strategy toward China, the cycle of tension and stability has been broken, leaving conflict at its peak. Notably, the United States will try to curb the rise of China, as it has defined its relationship with China in ideological terms as a competition with a state that opposes U.S. values, rather than as a mere strategic competition. This is in conflict with President Joe Biden’s proposed foreign policy of cooperation based on liberal internationalism. Against this backdrop, this study has identified changes and continuity in the Biden administration’s policy toward China.