The purpose of this study is to examine the change in immigration policy and its meaning in accordance with the increase in the number of foreigners in Japan. In particular, the purpose of this study is to analyze the background and characteristics of the introduction of 'specific functions' as a new system of the Japanese government, and to provide implications for foreign immigration policy in Korea. The research results are as follows. First, in the background of foreign policy transition in Japan, the economic cycle from growth to distribution develops in the process of improvement of the Japanese economy following the Abe administration's promotion of Abenomics, and it appears in a situation where the labor shortage of companies rises to the level after the bubble economy. Second, in the face of the shortage of foreign labor force, the Japanese government revised the basic policy on the operation of the system related to the status of residence for specific skills in 2019 in order to promote the proper operation of the system related to the status of residence for specific skills. Third, the nursing care industry accounted for the largest number of foreign talent recipients following the establishment of specific skills by the Japanese government, followed by restaurant industry, construction industry, building cleaning industry, agriculture, and food and beverage manufacturing industry. Fourth, the Japanese government is actively accepting foreign talents through the introduction of a new system for ‘specific skills’, and at the same time actively implementing support projects for them. In conclusion, the introduction of the new system of the Japanese government's policy for accepting foreigners was introduced at a time when the introduction of a long-term stable settlement system for foreign workers brought in an era of population decline and the realization of a symbiotic society became important. In the future, it is expected that it will be able to provide important implications for setting the policy direction for returning Koreans during the transition process of immigration policy in the era of population decline in Korea.