The main purpose of this study is to explore the possibility of exchange and cooperation in the inter-Korean border area by analyzing the situation of the border region in North Korea in more detail. As a result of checking the administration such as population, area, scope and traffic, climate and disasters to examine the status of the border region with North Korea, it was possible to explain the border region characteristically by classifying it into western, central, and eastern regions. At the First, it is the western border area. In the western border region, light industry based on the Kaesong Industrial District, tourism such as Wang Geonneung, agriculture in Baecheon-gun, and fishery in Yeonbaek-gun developed. In the western border region, industrial development in various fields was progressed due to the level of transportation infrastructure more developed than other border regions and its proximity to Pyongyang. Second, it is the central border area. In the central border region, the development of livestock farming policies in the Sepho district, which has been intensively underway since the Kim Jong-un era, was remarkable. The livestock industry and the livestock industry leading from Sephogun-Icheongun -Pyeongganggun are continuously developing under the direction of the Supreme Leader. Third, it is the eastern border area. In the eastern border region, with Mt. Geumgang as the center, tourism and fisheries were activated in the coastal region, and ecological and mining industries were developed in the inland region. Future plans for inter-Korean exchange and cooperation using the inter-Korean border are as follows. Firstly, in the western border region, it is necessary to present exchange and cooperation in light industry and tourism and sports industry by resuming the existing Kaesong Industrial Complex. Secondly, in the central border region, the livestock industry was more developed in both North and South Korea than in other regions, and in North Korea, livestock farming and livestock farming are systematized as a policy. Third, inter-Korean tourism cooperation is possible through the resumption of the existing Mt. Kumgang tourism cooperation in the eastern border region. In reality, the Mt. Kumgang tourism project can only be activated when tourism cooperation projects between South and North Korea are resumed. Therefore, it is necessary for the government to persuade the United States and the UN Security Council.