Objective : This study was used to develop a new model in establishing a standard for Korean ADL training rooms required at occupational therapy sites.
Methods : Using the Delphi technique, we questioned related experts on their opinions on three different occasions. The group of experts was composed of ten professors of occupational therapy and twenty occupational therapists with more than 3 years of experience. Through a frequency analysis, the results of this survey show items in the upper quartile.
Results : According to the hospital size, the units required for an ADL training room are as follows. For a general hospital, a living room, bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, and dining room are required. In university hospitals, a bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, and dining room are needed. It was shown that in the case of private hospitals, the installation of a bathroom, kitchen, and dining room is a high priority, while for medical practitioner’s offices, the response rates for bathrooms, kitchens, and dining rooms were similar. For the installation of an ADL training room, the furniture and equipment that should be installed in each unit are as follows: in each living room, six items including a chair and television; for the bedroom, seven items including a clothes chest and bed; for the bathroom, nine items including a toilet and toilet safety bar; for the kitchen and dining room, nine items including a sink and kitchen table; and for the corridor, six items including a safety bar for slide prevention. The installation standard for each piece of furniture and equipment was either almost the same as the evaluation standard suggested, or had an enhanced item other than that suggested in the evaluation standard.
Conclusion : The results of this study can be used as reference materials in order to promote the efficiency of occupational therapy by intervention in a proper occupational environment and to install a reasonable ADL training room.