Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an interactive metronome on the memory,attention, and social interaction skills of patients with mild dementia.
Methods : This study was enforced through the ABA design of single－subject experimental research for three persons diagnosed with mild dementia and cognitive functional damage for a total of eight weeks, 25 times from August to October, 2012. This study enforced a baseline of 5 with and intervention-line of 15 and a re-baseline of 5. IM training continued 30 minutes per session for 15 sessions in total. The memory and attention of each subject was assessed using a Computerized Neurocognitive Function Test (CNT), and their social interaction skills were assessed using the Evaluation of Social Interaction (ESI). A Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment-Geriatric (LOTCA-G) assessment was applied to each subject for an evaluation of their cognitive function, which took place during the initial and second baseline phases.
Results : The memory, attention, and social interaction skills of all subjects were improved by the application of an interactive metronome, and effects continued even after ending its application. Subjects 1, 2, and 3revealed significant improvements in their memory, attention, and social interaction skills. All subjects revealed improvements in their memory and attention, based on the results of the LOTCA-G.
Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that an interactive metronome has an effect in improving the memory, attention, and social interaction skills of patients with mild dementia.