Objection: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on the interventions and treatment for children andadolescents with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) through a systematic literature review.
Methods: PubMed, Medline, RISS, and KISS were used to search for papers published between 2008 and 2019. Thekey words were [ID OR mental retardation] AND [Activity of Daily Living (ADL)] OR participation OR relationshipOR social] AND intervention. A total of 9 papers were used in this analysis.
Results: Various kinds of interventions showed a significant effect on improving the ADL or participation. Skills suchas communication, occupational performance, meal activity, visual perception, social behavior, andtime-management showed significant effects in the field of ADL. The skills of communication, selection, andschool-related participation were improved in the area of participation.
Conclusion: This study presented significant interventions related with ADL and the participation of children andadolescents with ID. However, further studies when considering the research quality and diversity will benecessary to target children and adolescents with ID.