In order to respond to complex legal disputes caused by social development, the The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc. publishes the journal “LEGAL THEORY & PRACTICE REVIEW” (hereinafter “Journal”). The journal selects and publishes research papers that help legal professionals with expertise in related fields not only academically but also practically to solve problems efficiently with sound professional ethics. The journal is responding to the various expectations and requests of the public by selecting specific research tasks related to legal practice as well as legal theory and presenting alternatives. Accordingly, the journal studies legal education, the paralegal system, and judicial administration, and presents alternatives through joint academic conferences and research with related institutions in practice. The journal aims to contribute to the establishment of legislative and judicial policies of legal institutions, and responds to the expectations and requests of various legal services from the public. Therefore, compared with other general law journals, the papers contained in this journal can be said to have high professionalism and academic value, and its quality does not degrade even when compared to international journals.
In modern society, new laws continue to be enacted due to the development of science and technology and rapid changes in the way of life. And the spread of citizenship is bringing about the expansion of the role of the state. Accordingly, the state should focus on policy development that can guarantee activities for the active protection of the rights of the people. The “private investigation system” is an appropriate system in the context of such limitations in state administrative power and increasing demands for guaranteeing the rights of the people.
In our society, social discussions have been continued on the introduction of the “Private Investigation System”. In addition, related legislation has been steadily proposed in the National Assembly. However, it was discarded every time due to concerns that the expected increase in privacy, personal information, and other illegal acts expected by the passage of the legislation would increase. However, there is no evidence that it is possible to block illegal activities just by recognizing the detective business. Rather, various damages can be relieved and prevented when the state officials and manages the detective business.
With the recent amendment of the 「Act on the Use and Protection of Credit Information, from August 5, 2020, the use of the name 'Detective' and the detective business became possible. However, the amendment does not contain the standards and scope of work related to the detective business. In order to implement and settle the detective business, it is necessary to investigate foreign legislation that has already successfully operated the “private investigation system”. In addition, it is necessary to promote the detective business that reflects the improvement of the relevant legislation.
Korea has enacted and enforced the Act on Punishment of Domestic Violence based on the measures against offenders and the Act on Prevention of Domestic Violence based on the protection/support for victim, to cope with domestic violence. Since such acts on domestic violence are separated, however, both acts are weakly interconnected. They primarily intend to discipline/punish the offenders, but to ultimately protect the victims and facilitate the peace, stability and recovery of homes. The measures against offenders and the protection for victims are not separate issues, but are eventually methods for achieving a common goal, though they approach domestic violence from different perspective.
This paper, therefore, proposed that a comprehensive law should be enacted in embodying a new legal system about domestic violence. In other words, it is necessary to enact the 'Domestic Violence Prevention Act', by integrating to two acts, and not only the discipline against domestic violence offenders but also the protection/support for victims should be contained in it. The existing acts should be adjusted to rationally cover both the discipline against offenders and the protection for victims through police officers' initial responses, probation and the victim protection order system, under a single legal system, while the system of cooperation with related agencies should be also established.
The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative analysis between the fire prevention system of domestic educational facilities and the fire prevention system of overseas educational facilities such as the United States and Japan to derive implications from the results. What can be seen through the analysis of fire prevention systems in educational facilities in the United States, United Kingdom and Japan is as follows.
First, it is a detailed fire safety standard suitable for the special purpose of buildings such as educational facilities.
Second, detailed guidance in cooperation with local fire departments.
Third, regular fire drills and compliance with fire safety construction laws in school buildings are mandatory.
Finally, it is the disclosure of the website of fire safety standards and guidelines for educational facilities, and so on. In order to effectively improve the fire prevention system of educational facilities in Korea, it is necessary to prepare fire safety guidelines for schools suitable for local characteristics.
As explained in the case of overseas education, it is necessary for the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology or the educational autonomous district to cooperate with local fire departments to prepare detailed guidelines in all areas such as construction management, supervision, and inspection of buildings. And when such detailed guidelines are prepared, it is possible to prepare fire safety guidelines tailored to the characteristics of the region.