As cultural heritage has great historical, artistic, academic, and landscaping values as national heritage, its preservation, management, and use basically requires safe maintenance of its original form.
Realistically, however, there are various problems with the cultural heritage administration systems. First, there is the issue of cultural heritage preservation/ management policies. There have been many problems with the government’s cultural heritage policies and administration due to passive attitude and lack of consistency. Second, there are problems with the cultural heritage protection plan. In other words, there have been social conflicts as cultural heritage planning takes much time, labor, and cost or ignores the input of citizens. Also, there are too many cultural heritage restriction plans. Third, there have been problems with the limitation of public property rights and compensations in regards to the designation of cultural heritage. Fourth, there is the issue of cultural heritage committee. The issue of irrationality and lack of professionalism has been pointed out with the organization and roles of cultural heritage committee. Fifth, there is the issue of functions and supervision that do not correspond to the objectives of the Cultural Heritage Foundation.
This study suggests the following solutions for the aforementioned problems: first, it is necessary to enact laws and regulations to secure the budget for the preservation/management of cultural heritage, increase manpower, and ensure site-based cultural heritage administration. Second, reasonable cultural heritage administration is required with preliminary planning for cultural heritage administration and active public participation in execution or evaluation. Third, it is necessary to alleviate the various restrictions that apply to cultural heritage for the preservation/management of cultural heritage and provide sufficient compensations and fair rescue for the losses of the public whose property rights have been invaded. Fourth, Cultural Heritage Committee should guarantee professionalism for reasonable decision-making in regards to cultural heritage. Fifth, the Cultural Heritage Foundation should ensure active preservation/management of cultural heritage and financial support along with the administrative office’s support and supervision.