With the announcement of the government 's position on the mediation plan for the investigation authority of the prosecution and police in 2018, with regard to investigation authority, discussions about changes in the prosecution and the police are lively. The government has included a report on the operation of the autonomous police system in the mediation plan for the investigation authority. When looking for the historical flow of the police system in Korea, the National Police System was implemented under the influence of the Continental Law System. However, in 2006, the autonomous police system was operated in Jeju island with consideration of its regional characteristics. In previous governments, with the decentralization system, the discussion on the autonomous police system continued, but the introduction of the system was not easy. By distributing the authority and power of the police administration, which has been concentrated in the central government so far, to reflect the position of local governments and local residents as much as possible, and to provide community service and public service appropriate to the local community, the operation of autonomous police system is predicted. Therefore, it is not the opposition between police rights and citizenship, but the advantage of the Anglo-American law police system. The police rights and citizenship are partnership and maintains close relationship with citizens, emphasizing the role of security and public service rather than command and enforcement.
As of 2019, the autonomous police system has been in operation in several cities, mainly in Seoul and Sejong City, including Jeju Island, which is already in operation. In 2020, it is preparing to be implemented nationwide. The problem is that there are some issues to be addressed regarding the operation of the autonomous police system.
In order to operate an efficient autonomous police system, below issues will be solved. such as the issue of the construction of the new police education system that matches the characteristics of the autonomous police system, standard of autonomous police system introduction unit, scope of office work distribution of national police and autonomous police, financial burden for the administration of autonomous police system, in connection with the granting of investigation authority, the responsibility of the national police and the autonomous police, and the problem of political neutrality by local indigenous forces