A Study on the Implementation and Development of the Autonomous Police System
In recent years, from the position of the government on the adjustment of the prosecution's and police's investigative powers, contents on the operation of the autonomous police system was included together. The autonomous police system has been debated since the past. However, achievements of efforts to reflect the position of local residents by distributing the police administration authority, which had been concentrated in the central government to the provinces, and to provide security services and public services tailored to the circumstances of the local community were not appeared readily.
Along with the inauguration of the current government, a wind of reform for power institutions began to blow, and as part of the reform of the power of prosecutors, which has left scars of unfair cases and abuse of authority, adjustment of the power of investigation has been carried out, and the discussions on the introduction of the autonomous police system began in earnest. Eventually, as of December 31, 2020, 「Police Act」 was abolished, and it was completely revised to 「Act on the Organization and Operation of the National Police and Autonomous Police」 and has been in force from January 1, 2021.
However, there are still many voices of criticism and concern about the autonomous police system. In particular, the issue of how to secure political neutrality against local native forces such as governor, members of the National Assembly, and local politicians is being discussed the most. In addition, issues of various types of human rights violations against citizens that may occur in the early stages, affairs distribution of national and autonomous polices, responsibility for incidents, and financial burdens for the operation of the autonomous police system have been raised.
In this study, the researcher looked at various alternatives mentioned in previous studies and sought solutions to establish an autonomous police system that can be trusted by the public. In relation to the autonomous police system to be operated in the future, efforts should be made to minimize the confusion that may occur due to the introduction of new systems, and the process of communicating with local residents and understanding each other should be continued.