Responsibilities of nurses and nursing students
According to the Medical Act, two types of work can be established as a nurse’s work: ‘care in convalescence’ and ‘assistance for treatment.’ Regarding “medical care”, it is called “Nurse’s original duties”, which include observation of patients’ symptoms, environmental maintenance, meal assistance, wiping and excretion care, and life guidance. In contrast, what is referred to as “assistance for treatment” requires a doctor’s instruction.
‘For relatively minor medical practices involving physical invasiveness, nurses’ medical practices are partially permitted under the doctor’s instructions. The specific content has changed with the times. At the present time, it is said that these include blood collection, intravenous injection, Ringer, manipulation of medical devices, and treatment. Nursing students are not nurses. In principle, the duties of a nurse cannot be performed by anyone other than a nurse. This is for the purpose of preventing health and hygiene risks by monopolizing the work of professional nurses. Therefore, it is not permissible to provide medical assistance even if there is a doctor's order. This is a logical conclusion. On the one hand, sitting alone or watching a video is not enough to understand nursing work. This is a worrisome point.
If the purpose of the law is to be “risks for health and hygiene,” it is to strengthen the guidance and supervision of senior nurses and doctors. The need to practice nursing students is also clearly evident in tomorrow’s medical sector. In this regard, the understanding of the patient is a very important factor. In many medical institutions and facilities, when requesting practice for nursing students, consent is obtained rather than the patient. If not an agreement, ‘nursing student enters, I’m begging you.’ It is a phenomenon which is explained, the agreement made verbally, such as ‘recommended.’ For a limited time, but some general information, and explain the circumstances surrounding the medical field or corresponding points on the medical dispute. I hope that you understand a bit of the lawyer’s point of view and that it will be helpful in treating patients.