How to minimize damage in the event of a disaster is a very important task and responsibility for local governments in charge of the safety and reassurance of local residents. In Korea, where natural disasters such as wildfires, droughts, earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons and floods are frequent, historically, how to face them, how to deal with them, and how to protect precious lives and households has become a major regional challenge.
In neighboring Japan, in the Great East Japan Earthquake (March 11, 2011) and the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (January 17, 1995), the help and cooperation of the victims were greatly moved and highly evaluated abroad, despite the many noble sacrifices. In the case of the Taean oil tanker oil spill incident in Korea, the dedicated efforts of local residents and local governments have been deeply moved. It also leaves a lesson in that when an area suffers devastating damage and the administrative functions or emergency aid functions are paralyzed, the power of local residents who can respond immediately on the spot or the help of neighbors exerts great power. On the other hand, it has been learned from many experiences so far that not only help after a disaster, but also preparation, instruction, and help from the local area are effective ways to reduce damage. This study is one suggestion to solve these problems.
This paper summarizes the roles and contents of the Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) for local disaster prevention in the United States. The author conducted a survey of the City of Los Angeles, California Self-Employed Disaster Prevention Organization (CERT). In the event of a large-scale disaster, each local resident systematically collects and delivers disaster information, secures communication means, initiates firefighting, evacuates, rescues victims and provides first aid, water supply, etc. activity needs to be done. In each stage of ‘self-help’, ‘collaboration’, and ‘collaboration’ necessary for disaster response, this thesis also describes the significance and role of ‘collaboration’, that is, help from nearby residents and autonomous disaster prevention organizations. have. It is expected that it will be useful as a reference for thinking about cooperation between Korea’s autonomous disaster prevention organization and local residents.