This paper points out the phenomenon that modern society is trying to confirm a safe and secure society by mutual monitoring with a surveillance camera named a crime prevention from potential factors (criminals). Anyone must identify all the potential risk factors that can be roughly thought of and remove them in advance. Surveillance cameras or health check-ups are typical, but rather than surveillance cameras, they are called crime prevention cameras such as disappearance prevention, and they are called monitors. Today, regardless of the number of crimes in reality or the number of perceptions, the impression that security is deteriorating due to unusual events is spreading, which promotes the installation of crime cameras such as monitoring and disappearance in streets, stores, houses, and parking lots.
Specifically, in the UK, CCTVs generally followed the accumulated common rules. They are stipulated in the Data Protection Act 1998, the Human Rights Act 1998, the Regulation of Investigation Rights Act 2000, and the Freedom of Information Act 2000. And it would be safe to say that the 2012 Freedom Protection Act was newly added. In addition, with respect to road traffic, regulatory legislation on road traffic relations has been added. In the UK, there were no comprehensive regulations on surveillance cameras (systems) by public and private institutions. It is said that with the introduction of the guidelines of the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1984, the visualization of surveillance devices such as surveillance cameras used by the police was uniformly promoted. As such, there are prior studies that have been strongly inclined due to legal regulations on the system and operation of crime prevention cameras, such as monitoring and prevention of disappearance in the UK, but they are facing a new phase today. In 2012, Code of Practice was proposed under the Protection of Freedom Act (hereinafter referred to as the Free Protection Act) for proper operation of surveillance cameras, and the new Surveillance Camera Commissioner (SCC).) was placed.
As seen in the UK, it was found that the surveillance camera system caused privacy infringement by advances in science and technology against the backdrop of information collection and management society in ubiquitous society. In the UK, what should be called the model surveillance camera rules (working norms) has been raised amid the flooding and proliferation of surveillance cameras, and has been established amid the trend of reorganization of laws related to human rights of nearby citizens. When asked what needs to be specified to defend democracy in surveillance (camera system), there is an opinion that control (control) is indispensable for social regulation, but it has the same purpose and is correct.