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2014, Vol.56, No.56

  • 1.

    Opacity of Vowel Harmony in Adverbial Ending ‘- a’

    Kwon,Pyong-Ro , 박종희 | 2014, 56(56) | pp.5~31 | number of Cited : 1
    The various component of OT-CC had the types of constraints separately. The markedness constraint would evaluate the output and the faithfulness constraint the correlation of input-output. The evaluation of rLUMSeq would operate under the jurisdiction of a PREC constraint and also this constraint had advantages over a specific precedence relation. In this theoretical background the candidate chains of ‘싸우-아’ would be established as follows;a. (/싸우-아/, 싸우아, ∅, ∅) b. (/싸우-아/, 싸우어, {ID(low)@4}, ∅)c. (/싸우-아/, 싸와, {MAX(μ)@3}, ∅)d. (/싸우-아/, 싸우어, 싸워, {ID(low)@4, MAX(μ)@3}, {<ID(low)@4, MAX(μ)@3>}) √The candidate (d) would informally be decided as the winner and the transparent candidate (c) the most challenging competitioner. These two candidates would be differentiated by the PREC(ID(low), MAX(μ)) constraint. The activity of this PREC would happen the VH opacity of ‘싸워’ because the constraint ranking was as follows; ONSET≫MAX(μ)≫PREC(ID(low), MAX(μ))≫AGREE F≫ID(low).
  • 2.

    Analysis about the honorific “sir”in Korean era -Taking the honorific “sir”of “the memoir about North Korean Dynasty” for example

    LIdan | 2014, 56(56) | pp.33~49 | number of Cited : 0
    In the process of Cross-cultural contact in China and South Korea, a lot of Chinese characters word was borrowed into korean. Taking the honorific "sir" in Korean words for example. a word "Sir" which borrowed over from Chinese, in the process of categorization of vocabulary, with the change of the social system, political system, There are many differences in semantics and pragmatics between the korean and chinese. Due to the effect of the internal and external factors, the honorific meaning of "sir" has been maintained.
  • 3.

    The Meaning of death in <Hyang-rang Jeon>

    Kim Sera | 2014, 56(56) | pp.51~76 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation aspect in Hyang-rang jeon. In understanding Hyang-rang jeon, to find out the meaning of Hyangrang's death is the key factor. This paper focuses on Hyang-rang's figure that we have missed, not a virtuous woman noblemen respected her strong will but a scared and lonely woman who couldn't help choosing the death after failing to live happily as a ordinary woman. Hyang-rang hesitated in front of death and it was far away from keeping her chastity for her to refuse the remarrige people asked for. This paper find out the various meaning of death represented in Hyang-rang jeon through the writer's viewpoint on Hyang-rang's attitude toward death and explain the reason of death she chose. This paper researches the reason of her death by looking on the side of 'isolation from a world of common people' and 'inernalized Yeol(烈) ideology '. Therefor Hyang-rang's death can be different from virtuous woman's one on the viewpoint of social custums. The writers of Hyang-rang jeon glorified and admired Hyang-rang's death because of Keeping her chastity, this is why they're all men and noblemen. They distorted the stories of Hyang-rang who was a woman and common person.
  • 4.

    Contemplation On Lee Ok's Travel Essay - Pivot around the aesthetic concept revealed through the method of description -

    안은주 | 2014, 56(56) | pp.77~102 | number of Cited : 0
    The primary travel essays for the analysis in this article are Samyuhongbodonggi, Deunghambyukrugi and Kwanhapdukpigi which have been negligent compared to the other works of Lee Ok. The argument was made by paying attention to a type of method Lee Ok used to project his subjective emotions on his essays, and to the method of description that was applied in order to reveal his thoughts on aesthetic. Lee Ok has used listing and repetition as the propping method of description. This article, on the other hand, focuses on the contrast. He does not allude the Neo-Confucianism to the nature and natural scenery. Therefore, the focus is on capturing the beauty of the moment instead of interpreting the logic of the Neo-Confucianism. The beauty of the moment is being emphasized greatly by the contrast, which can be subdivided into the contrast between the past and the present, the reality and the fantasy and the contrast in emotions. In each of his works, he expresses his personal emotions at the scene of the nature, and permeates his yearning and melancholy at the conclusion feeling that the beauty is just a moment, not eternal. The absoluteness of the moment is endowed as Lee Ok implies his regret and shocks on the unrepeatable moment by the contrast. The contrast highlights the concept of the beauty of the moment and definitizes its non-everlasting quality. This acknowledges that nothing is eternal, and authorizes the absoluteness to the moment. This is Lee Ok's literature aesthetic based on the concept of the beauty.
  • 5.

    A Study for Identity of Goryeo Sockyo 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」

    Jeong Hangi | 2014, 56(56) | pp.103~128 | number of Cited : 1
    In this thesis, I aim at investigating the Identity of Goryeo Sockyo 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 by comparing 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 and 「A miller's song」. The result is as follows. The issue in making interpretation of 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 : One interpretation of 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 is that the poetic narrator in 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 has the negative emotion with the present situation. Other interpretation of 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 is that the poetic narrator in 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 has the positive emotion with the present situation. After all the poetic narrator in 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 has mixed emotion of negative and positive. The contrast 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 with 「A miller's song」 and the identity of 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 : The 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 is similar in mixed emotion of negative and positive to 「A miller's song」. The 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 is different from 「A miller's song」 in the object of positive emotion and negative emotion. The 「Sangjeoga(相杵歌)」 is based on the 「A miller's song」 of parallel composition and is transformed into the 「A miller's song」 of causal composition and is transformed into the universal words in the working folk song.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Critical Awareness of a Reality in Jeong Eui-Hong's Poetry

    KyoShik Kim | 2014, 56(56) | pp.129~156 | number of Cited : 2
    Jeong Eui-Hong has written poetry for 30 years since his starting literary career in 1967, until his death in 1996. Those days were an upheaval period on politics, economics, society, and culture. Jeong Eui-Hong puts criticism into his work. His poetry includes experience of reality; however, it is different with engagement poetry of those days. This study is to search the literature characteristic of Chung’s poetry which can be divided into next three characteristics. The first characteristic is that the sexual images are used frequently to express the Critical Cognition. It is because he thought literal artistry importantly that his poetry not only have criticism on the reality also create various image. Especially the sexual images appear remarkable and most of images are not affirmative or productive but pessimistic and immoral. It is because the sexual images used for the poetic filtration equipment which criticizes irrational reality. The second, there are a lot of poetic works that parody the classical literatures with the modern meaning. It shows the desire on ascent of status, the greed on wealth and power, and the explanation on freedom and love with a voice of poetic narrator by the motive of classical literature. The poet offers a satire, a wit and a catharsis by this technique of parody. The third characteristic is that the poetry of Jeong searches the injury of neglected class with modernization and industrialization in the absence of the traditional consciousness. The past time of Jeong, is appeared traditional consciousness that he experienced in youth. The traditional consciousness in the poetry of Jeong Eui-Hong, starts from reminding memory of youth. In his poetry, the reality of rural district is described not as the warmhearted hometown which has been experienced on youth, but as the ruined space with modernization and industrialization.
  • 7.

    Korean Traditional narration in Contemporary Novel - focused on “Hon-Bul” -

    Yongjae Kim | 2014, 56(56) | pp.157~176 | number of Cited : 2
    This is a follow-up study of 'The feature of discourse and the structure of 『혼불』'. The original story has three distinctive Korean narrative methods. First, it was applied to unfold the plot through oral statement and it affected the character and its plot. Second, it transformed the colloquial narrative method centering on the reality and direct communication by borrowing the 'compilation' of sentences. Third, the explanation of the writer and the description attracted the readers. This study analyzed two transformations of traditional narrative methods. First, the narrator emphasized the immediacy of communication by constructing its own storyboard. Second, the story attracted many readers using appropriate figures of speech and the character description. The former specified the methods of rhythmic sense of prose using the comparison and contrast, the insertion of the voice of narrator by realizing the conversation, and the methods of rhythmic sense of prose using the word similarity and sound. The latter lessened the gap between the reader and the character by comparing sensuous and traditional words to the background of the story and the mental state of the characters.
  • 8.

    A study on the Situation and Sustainability of the Rituals for the Village Guardians in Geomun-do

    KIMJUNOK | 2014, 56(56) | pp.177~198 | number of Cited : 2
    This research is prepared wondering whether the rituals for the village guardians of Geomun-do could remain as guardian spirits of the residents facing a rapid change of culture and lifestyle. Geomun-do is a remote island located intermediately between Yeosu and Jeju thrived until recently as a port for fish, commerce or retreat. Geomun-do has been carrying the relics since the Neolithic and Bronze Ages and had once played a major role for marine trades among Korea, China and Japan. Among 8 sorts of rituals respective for the guardians of 6 Geomun-do towns, ritual services are being carried out these days only superficially in no more than 2 towns and the rituals of the other 4 towns have been combined as a ‘Geomun-do one mind fishing village traditional culture revival event’ which is analyzed due to the shallow piety, lack of popularity or insufficient entertainment factors. Thus the rituals for the village guardians in Geomun-do are diagnosed to be unsustainable with function. It must be, however, premature to conclude that the rituals have been completely forgotten as the ancient ritual services are conducted yet in some areas for the local festivity. This research is expected to be utilized for the examination of the sustainability of rituals in almost all islands.
  • 9.

    Gender Subalterns Phase in the Son Chang-seop’s Novels

    Kim Hongjin | 2014, 56(56) | pp.199~228 | number of Cited : 6
    Son Chang-seop’s novel pathological marginalized lives hitters eyes. However, the wounds of war in his novel is the role of the male. This paper is based on awareness of is sues such as the phase of the female Gender Subaltern subject. To this end, this paper is the first dual repression as an object of desire, repression and the fallen woman looked aspects of the reproduction of the subject child. Second, the forced silence and 'speaking' frustrating aspects of the analysis. Third, women of child actors for the male characters 'words hang' looked the failure of the process. Son Chang-seop male figures in the novel and the dominant ideology of the women are forced to by the silence. In addition, the repressive myths of space taken away by the fire of sub-subjects. That's why you gave up speaking silent. Deprived of the right to fire women as sub ordinate actors marginalized batter has a dual nature of oppression. They can not tell people. In addition, the principal male figuresforthefemalechildisfailingand ends with the end of dialing. Male figures are subject to the appropriation of women and also represent the child. Male characters are present in women should be sub ordinate to the principal aware of salvation. Also pray thatifthissalvagetheirbelongings.Theydid not deviate from the patriarchal ideology. For this reason, the principal female sub breaks down into silence again. Son Chan-gseop subject of fictional female sub forced tosilenceaftertheconventionsof society and the patriarchal ideology, and eventually talk to the outside, but again due to force one million of the speak able existential meaning.
  • 10.

    Baek Seok's Poetry and His Topophilia

    Yongmoo Noh | 2014, 56(56) | pp.229~260 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    This paper considers the aspects of topophilia reflected in Baek Seok's poetry. Namely, the way his consciousness of place is realized and the relation with his poetic consciousness are mainly considered. This paper explains that the imagery of several sites and places showed in Baek Seok's poems is closely linked to the poet's consciousness as following. If Baek Seok's poems might be roughly divided into Deer and other works after Deer, the former tells the childhood in his hometown Jeongju under the folksy point of view through the imagery of places in his memory, and in the latter, poetic objects are transferred from the past to the present, from the places in his memory to those in his reality. The gaze of traveller takes the forms like wandering or travelling and shows the feeling of places reinforcing modern awareness about hometown. Baek Seok's Manchuria poems reveals the estrangement of place like the sense of loss of places or placelessness. The poet desires veritable feeling of places rooted from the inside of them, but he is not free from the placelessness not having the intimacy or existential feeling of distance. But the placelessness of Manchuria juxtaposes places of 'now and here' and those of past memory, as a result, functions as an important medium which leads the introspection of problems in reality.
  • 11.

    Plan for Utilizing Garam Literature Museum as City Brand

    PARK YOUNG WOO | 2014, 56(56) | pp.261~288 | number of Cited : 5
    Iksan, Jeonbuk held '2013 Garam Literary Festival' at Wonkwang University and Garam's birthplace, 'Su-U-Jae' on September 6 to 7 in order to commemorate Garam Lee Byeong-Gi's(1891-1968) achievements. This Festival attracted much more attention and meanings than any other time since it was the first time after the confirmation of constructing Garam Literature Museum. It was a good opportunity that all the concerned officials, agency, construction personnel, survivor representative, writers and citizens could join the festival. The fact that one of the long-cherished projects, the construction of Garam Literature Museum had started could have a significant meaning. For the successful construction and operation of Literature Museum, following plans and practices should be backed up. - Building Iksan cultural infrastructure through holding Iksan cultural events and Garam-related events. - Creating Iksan cultural landmark through operating Garam birthplace and developing humanity programs. - Using Literature Museum as core bases for one-off events and Iksan's various cultural events. - Operating educational programs through linking Garam literature society, Garam commemorating conference and regional writers' association. - Utilizing Literature Museum as a creative production space by building humanity infrastructure and linking experience and imagination. In executing plans mentioned above, IKsan should do its best in order to realize City Brand through developing tourism contents related with culture. Garam Literature Museum business should not be confined to simply-building a literature museum. Instead, Iksan should make a plan in order to make sure that Garam Literature Museum plays its great role as Iksan's symbolic landmark.
  • 12.

    A Study on Frames of Poems in South Korea Published in 『Joseon Literature』

    PARK JI HAK | 2014, 56(56) | pp.289~315 | number of Cited : 0
    When it comes to a general characteristic of poems written in North Korea in the 1990’s, how the poems metaphorically recognized the country as a father was the prominent feature of all. In the 1990’s, North Korea published poems written in South Korea, and the purpose of this act was considered a way to express a particular frame which the North Korean system was pursuing back then. A frame would be described in a form of metaphor which would understand and experience one individual object from an angle of another individual object, and because of that, all those frames developed from one single frame would have to go through a process of metaphor. In that regard, in terms of poems written in North Korea in the 1990’s, a frame of ‘suppression’ produced by a process of metaphor was regarded to create another frame of ‘liberation’. A total of 19 poems were included in 『Joseon Literature』 under a name of <South Joseon>, and all those poems were using the same frame, ‘suppression’. The poems, written in South Korea but included in 『Joseon Literature』 in the 1990’s, criticized the imperialism, which was working as a politically external pressure in North Korea, and found a cause of the division from the imperialism. The critical review on the imperialism and the frame of suppression internalized in the awareness of division produced frames of suppressed individuals, pains and liberation from pains as well as other frames of freedom, hope and will. In the poems speaking of contradictions of the society in South Korea, such will to liberation implicitly described a frame of how necessary it is to have a leader. The security of the justice of the system was found collectively in songs for KIM Jeong-il after the death of KIM Il-sung. While presenting the songs for KIM Jeong-il in a frame of <South Joseon>, this led people in North Korea to form a bond of ideological sympathy. The poems written in South Korea but included in 『Joseon Literature』 in the 1990’s spoke for domestic and foreign political issues even though they were based on the self-reliance. This feature of the poems written in South Korea but included in 『Joseon Literature』, therefore, acted as a way for North Korea to make its people understand the appropriateness of the presence of a leader during the transfer of power.
  • 13.

    The New Woman's of Love and Freedom of Divorce - Focus on Kim Myeong-sun's 「I Love」-

    Song, Myunghee | 2014, 56(56) | pp.317~341 | number of Cited : 5
    In this dissertation analyzed through 「I Love」 of Kim Myeong-sun a modern Korean female writer, the new woman's freedom of love and freedom of divorce「I Love」(1926) have a common point that a new woman who insists a right to make their own decisions on her bodies out of an exclusive ideology of marriage has a trouble with her husband. An inquiry of extramarital sexuality is an old issue, but it has been led by men traditionally. Yeong-ok, a heroine of 「I Love」, married other man although she felt love from Choi Jong-il who went to study abroad before marriage. By the way, after 7 years, as she met Choi Jong-il again, she asked for a divorce with "A married life without love is prostitution". At the work's ending, because of a fire estimated by the husband's arson, Yeong-ok and Choi Jong-il only cried 'I love you' while a tenant was burning. In this work, the fire symbolizes the husband's revenge. Kim Myeong-sun has expressed subjects that attach greater importance to love than to marriage. 「I Love」 shows this consciousness the most remarkably.
  • 14.

    A Study on the perception of reality of Kim jong-sam's poetry in Cognitive Poetics

    신현미 | 2014, 56(56) | pp.343~362 | number of Cited : 6
    In this study, I consider the perception of reality that is displayed in the Kim jong-sam's poetry. And, there is a purpose that take a look at the poetic consciousness of ego and its corresponding Through the methodology of cognitive poetics. In particular, I have noted that there is a close relationship to the formation of meaning and to the technical aspects of language form in Kim jong-sam's poetry. The trend of research of existing Kim jong-sam's poetry had been separated by the aesthetic achievement and centered on the meaning. In studies using cognitive poetics can be integrated to it. Reality that appeared in poetry of Kim jong-sam are those tragic. Ego has been recognized as a tragic reality and it is possible to know that he have the sense of alienation From poetry, "The Gardener" and "landscape" in particular. The formation of this recognition are involved techniques characteristic as conceptual metaphor and image-scheme. It has been extended to the spatial features of ego consciousness alienation that peripheral directivity. On the other hand, I focus on the poetry that was material to the weak. I analyze the meaning to this reality and recognition of poetic ego. Here, the language formal feature of poetry is formed on the basis of concept of a figure/ground. In particular, to explore the focus on poetry two have the form of language that is abstinence attitude of self that corresponds to reality is similar. Reality which appeared in the "civilian" is something inhuman. On the surface of the poetry, and the incident space is located when the special concrete. However, in the other side, ethnographic tragic are figuration conceptually. Then, it is possible to understand that the tragedy is ongoing. The "The ink painting" is figuration to life of alienation hierarchy. It presents a humanism attitude to keep the life.
  • 15.

    A Study of the novel 「CORN AND I 옥수수와 나」 by Young-Ha, Kim

    Sangwoo Lee | 2014, 56(56) | pp.363~382 | number of Cited : 0
    「CORN AND I 옥수수와 나」 by Young-Ha, Kim is a novel with an embodiment about the famous 'joke' of the fool in the book of Zizek which philosophy is interpreted as a cultural aspect. These days, a cultural understanding becomes understanding of Zizek. This novel is an easy guide of Zizek's philosophy and it embody his philosophy in the novel. Young-Ha, Kim says that a person who has an objective belief is the Symbolic person. He is the one who acts like the Other and knows very well about producing and reproducing the power. Moreover, he is a owner of the publishing company which suppresses the pure subject. Like an organized and detailed plot, he is a person who has actualized well about properties of modern capitalism under a thorough consideration of input and output. He criticized the realities of the writer which were suppressed by the condition and an ideological fantasy of the capitalism. So, society has to have a fantasy for limiting the reality of society to maintain the world. For that, it becomes a factor for the suppression on entering the Real and the Imaginary. If a belief remains as psychical and subjective one, he will be regulated and might be endangered on an irrational world. However, this kind of an irrational world can appear a selective subject by opposing and stirring up the power of the Other. It comes out as a vital factor of the life with a choice of the subject who is free from the custom and restriction. An irrational world is the Real. Moreover, it is not possible when the world is registered by the Other who shows the symbolical force of the law. This is a criticism from Young-Ha, Kim about the reality stated below. The reality of the Other which is maximized with a symbolical effect is considering one capital ideology. Moreover, it is possible when father's law and language is identified while bringing in that place. The writer in psychical and subjective condition of belief could be played on reality. And the Third World, which can be a surrounding or outskirts country, is on the situation that could be used and exploited by the middle, and main capitalism where a capital power is produced and consumed.
  • 16.

    A Study on Blending Space of 'Moutian' and 'Bird' in Shin Seok Jeong's the early part Poetry

    정유미 | 2014, 56(56) | pp.383~400 | number of Cited : 3
    When we read the two poetical works 『Candlelight』 and 『Sad pastoral song』, we can find the vocabulary which are very frequently used, among them, 'mountain' and 'bird' can be said to be the key poetic words. The poet personifies the two objects, personification is interpreted as the most clear ontological metaphor in the Cognitive Poetics. This manuscript contemplates metaphor structure which 'mountain' and 'bird' form and blending space which is formed by that. 'Bird' forms blending space by metaphor structure as follows, which is established as the poet's objective correlative. “Forest is mother's knee, I am small and commendable being, I am brilliant, green and dream an endlessly deep dream. Birds can fly freely. They can go to anywhere they want, I'm not free, I'm not satisfied with present situation, The space which poetic narrator wishes is the forest, Forest is like the mother, It can embrace everything, Forest is the ideal world, Poetic narrator wants to fly freely to the ideal world, ······.”Blending space of 'mountain' is as follows. “I go to search the mountain, Warm moonlight infiltrates into the mountain, Mountain is a generous and great being. Mountain embraces, brings up, and protects. Mountain is the mother. Mountain is fine, calm and noble than the ancient times, Mountain is a being that embraces and protects. Mountain is old. Mountain meditates by closing its eyes, Mountain observes. Mountain is the absolute being,······.”Blending space has self revelation structure, therefore, the mixed space of 'bird' and 'mountain' can be more extended along with readers' background knowledge.
  • 17.

    You, I, Inside of me, we - To read 「Mujingihang」 -

    Huh, Kwan moo | 2014, 56(56) | pp.401~421 | number of Cited : 4
    This paper is to identify the power of the work which belches out a social and historic universality in a specific era or beyond the era under the precondition that a necessary and sufficient condition is not so far satisfied to determine the completion of the discussion around 「Mujingihang」 because there still are unsolved questions as well as still existing problem presentations. Therefore, the discussion in this article is an act beyond previously made speaking of 「Mujingihang」. It is above all a work of returning floating questions to a text-oriented discussion of 「Mujingihang」 honorably. At the same time, it is a process of asking how the discussions so far to look for answers to the questions were possible. For this purpose, the form of 'Journey(essay)', the meaning of his journey to Mujin through Hijung's situation and Mujin's spatial characteristics, and the signs that he unconsciously confesses a discovery of another identity inside him are examined based on his experience(physical) and the complex relationships between the characters. By doing so, the process of identifying 'I', in other words, the process of discovering 'I' hidden inside of me(multiple personality) is not a disease symptom a person suffers but a universal phenomenon of time, and an another shape of timely pain which is isolated from communication and happily coexisting ways with groups of people. In addition, a belief of never changing and eternally essential 'I' is said to be an delusion, and illusions of authority and the emptiness of a blind obedience to the illusions are spoken ironically. The reason why 「Mujingihang」 is continuously read with the contemporaneity and beyond the universality and discussed always newly is here.
  • 18.

    Considering tendency of college writing studies from correction method of teaching and revision.

    JOO MINJAE | 2014, 56(56) | pp.423~453 | number of Cited : 19
    The purpose of this research was to analysis research tendency of college writing through theses about correction method of teaching and revision and discuss researcher have to carry out studies in future. In order to accomplish this research purpose, the following research questions are constructed by doubt about phenomenon conceptual confusion between writing correction and revision or between writing correction and correction method of teaching. Therefore, this study attempted conceptual distinguish between writing correction and correction method of teaching, analysis interrelation between correction method of teaching and revision. The domestic studies about writing correction fall into four categories, cases of correction method of teaching, student’s reaction & demand analysis, principles and concept of correction method of teaching and standardization. But almost studies only deal with theoretical discussion, therefore, it is need to be adopt empirical studies for application result of studies to real education environment. In the revision studies, it looked at origin of revision studies and considered characters through analysis of tendency about domestic studies. The findings of analysis studies about correction method of teaching and revision show that detailed discussion about categories, concept and setting of relation, application of empirical studies methods and vitalization of qualitative research.