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2016, Vol.61, No.61

  • 1.

    Issues concerning Discussions on Contemporary Korean (de)Grammaticalization

    Yang Young Hee | 2016, 61(61) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 5
    This study focuses on the fact that there is no rudimentary discussion on (de)grammaticalization, and therefore tries to synthesize it extensively and consistently for future discussions. In this context, this paper first defines grammaticalization, which has been defined diversely so far, as ‘diachronic and synchronic procedures in which lexical units are transformed into grammatical units with possible changes in the meaning,’ focusing on ‘grammatical forms’. Based on this definition, degrammaticalization is defined as ‘a linguistic phenomenon in which grammatical units are transformed into lexical units.’ In addition, this study notes that there have been different opinions regarding the relationship between (de)grammaticalization and lexicalization. It is due to the varying viewpoint, that is, whether grammaticalization units should be limited in grammatical forms or it should be expanded into the lexical category. Analyzing and criticizing these opinions, this paper takes a position that assumes there is no relationship between grammaticalization and lexicalization, with the exception that the reanalysis is permitted. In this case, (de)grammticalization is accepted. Finally, this study points out that existing viewpoints about the (de)grammaticalization procedure according to grammatical categories are also diverse and confusing. Therefore, it is suggested that the procedure be arranged as ‘noun, verb, adjective, adverb>bound noun, assistant verb, determiner, pronoun, prefix/suffix> postposition, ending.’ Furthermore, the counter-procedure is defined as ‘degramiticalization.’
  • 2.

    The korean dictionary and informatization of dialects

    Lee Tae Yeong | 2016, 61(61) | pp.51~75 | number of Cited : 4
    This study looks at how to deal with the heading dialect in various korean dictionaries and multiple problems. in order to explain dialects in korean dictionary, this study looks at why we need the research through the corpus. Explanation on the dialect entries from the current korean dictionaries is very poor. and generally it presents a standard language corresponding to the dialect, some to explain the meaning. however, with respect to the dialect heading it will be required to provide information such as corresponding standard language, part of speech, meaning, and related areas, related dialects, examples, a comprehensive explanation. In the current korean dictionary, issues of dialects are as follows. In korean dictionary dialects does not have a wide range of information, unlike the standard language. the regional differences in dialects heading number is too severe. in korean dictionary dialects does not consider the balance of the parts of speech. the example of dialect that is presented is very unbalanced in terms of the corpus. Using the example in the jeolla dialect ‘gunggeulda’, it will be described in the need for utilizing corpus. for the study was used korean history corpus, dialect history corpus, oral literature corpus, literary corpus, dialect vocabulary corpus, dialects search programs. this way to search for a possible corpus for the heading of dialects, and records detailing the various types of information based on them should be tried.
  • 3.

    Meanings and functions of 'jom' in Korean

    Jang Kyung-hyun | 2016, 61(61) | pp.77~102 | number of Cited : 7
    'jom' has semantic functions somewhat different from those of 'jogeum' and appears mainly in spoken language. In this study, I classified 'jom' into three groups by forms: (1) adverbial occurrence (2) postpositional occurrence (3) discourse componential occurrence. (1) & (2) are the forms that extended from the original meaning of 'jogeum' and function as modifiers of preceding components or following components. (3) is related to informations of entire discourse. In (1) & (2), the meaning of reduction and delimiting show variations, but (3) appears as politeness markers and discourse markers. Politeness markers are the functions which are added situationally and discourse markers are inserted in sentences freely.
  • 4.

    Elements of Conflict in the Byeongangsoega from a Cultural Perspective.

    Tong-hyon Choe | 2016, 61(61) | pp.103~130 | number of Cited : 9
    The purpose of this study is to find out the aspects of conflict expressed in Byengangsoega from the cultural perspective. The results are as below. There are three representative conflicts in the Byengangsoega. The first is the conflict between Gangsoe/Ongnyeo and rural community society. The second is that of between Gangsoe and Jangseung(Korean traditional totem pole at the entrance of village). The third is that of between Gangsoe and the nomadic people. Gangsoe and Ongnyo are the poor, appeared from the process of differentiation of hierarchy of rural community in the late Josun dynasty. They are the people who revealed the contradiction of social system. The reason why they showed the deviant sexuality is that the rural community substitutes its contradiction for the personal ethics matter. The conflict between Gangsoe and Jangseung is the conflict between Gangsoe who is expelled from the community and the rural community society. The last conflict is that of the people between the nomadic whom Ongnyeo lured to have a funeral of Gangsoe and dead Gangsoe. In this study the body of Gangsoe is considered to be Jangseung. Gangsoe became the Jangseung after death. So that the nomadic are disciplined by Jangseung. It means that they are disciplined by the rural community society that is the substitute of Gangsoe’s dead body.
  • 5.

    World Travel and Cultural Discourse by Koreans(Choseon people) in Transition Period

    Gu Sawhae | 2016, 61(61) | pp.131~158 | number of Cited : 7
    After implementation of the open-door policy at the end of the 19th century, world travels by Koreans were not limited to China and Japan but to the Western world. This paper is a discussion on world travels by Koreans and the following discourses on the civilization during the Transition Period between Gaehwagi (Period of Enlightenment) and the period of Japanese colonialization. I, first, glanced through the records of world travels made by Koreans in that period. Started with Seoyugyeonmun (1895) by Giljun Yoo, Yeonghwan Min and his party each left a record in 1896 and 1897. Mansu Kim, the Korean Minister to France, Jongeung Lee and Hanhong Kim each left records of world travel in 1901, 1902 and 1908, respectively. Each of their records from the Transition Period displays astonishment and inquisitiveness about the modern civilization. They wanted to bring in the advanced Western civilization, institution and scientific progress to Korea to inspire enlightenment. With this new door open to the Western hemisphere, we were able to moved away from the previous notion that China was the center of the world and taking notice of world geography with expanding time and space. Another common substance in their journals was a sense of anguish they felt regarding the fallen behind realities of their home state.
  • 6.

    Research on Violence against Women - Focusing on the Works of Kim myeong - soon, Na hye - seok, and Kim il - yeop -

    Ryu jin a | 2016, 61(61) | pp.159~186 | number of Cited : 6
    This study examines the severity of sexual harassment and violence against modern women via focusing on the works of Kim myeong-soon, Na hye-seok, and Kim il-yeop, the first feminism novelists. Most of the assailants are parents and husbands in those works, which shows that the violences mainly occurred in the family system. Husbands’ violences in the works are shown as keeping concubines and committing adultery. Aside from that, women are also obligated to marry early and suffer from patrilogical marriage, which shows the violence from father or parents-in-law. Also, when a woman becomes a widow, she is demanded to maintain faithfulness though she married for her family. Women are thought to be the ones who make sacrifices for the family, nothing else. In the authors’ works, some of main characters are the victims of sexual assaults. This is because there were a lot of victims at that time including Kim il-yeop and Kim myeong-soon. Sexual assault is clearly a violence which infringes upon women’s sexual self-determination. It sometimes took away victim’s lives due to the guilt that they had failed to maintain chastity, which shows the double standard that the patriarchal society built on each gender. This ideology categorized women into two groups, 'faithful women' and 'unfaithful women', and blamed on the latter, although the victims of sexual assaults were included in the group. The authors comprehended the violences as the issue of social structure rather than individual one and strived to eradicate violences against women in modern times. In this respect, they show willingness to achieve gender equality through their works. As the feminists say, ‘The personal is political,’ the individual and the structure cannot be separated. Therefore, it is important to look the violence issue from gender point of view.
  • 7.

    A Study of Placesness in Arirang written by Jo Jeong-Rae

    Byun, Hwayeong | 2016, 61(61) | pp.187~214 | number of Cited : 3
    The spatial background of Arirang is Kimje Mangeong plain. The folklore who lived in Kimje Mangeong plain forced to leave their homeland due to the land-grab and deceptive policy of Japanese during the colonial period. They dispersed to Manchuria, Maritime Province in Russia, Hawaii and other regions. The people who migrated in Manchuria and Maritime Province in Russia, cultivated rice with the memory and experience of their rice-producing at homeland, and finally settled down the societies of China or Russia. The others who went down the sugarcane farm in Hawaii settled down in American society with the persistent and hard-working disposition learned through their experience. But many young adults and women who were drafted as military service or comfort women almost died or were missing. If they were not mentioned in Arirang, they might be forgot without knowing their names, such as Ji Man-bog, Park Yong-hwa, and Boksili. Many individuals who participated the anti-Japanese movements and struggles for independence, like Sin Chae-ho, Na Cheol, Hong Beom-do, Kim Jao-jin, Park Yeong-man, Kim Won-bong and others, could be an objective of collective memory with the help of active involvements and sacrifices of the ordinary people, like Song Su-geon, Bang Dae-geon, Bang Young-geon, Lee Gaong-min. In Arirang the writer Jo Jeong-rae tried to find out the placeness of Kimje Mangeong plain as an public place of society, by implementation of authenticity mixing fictional characters and real persons more than 600s. Space extension from Kimje Mangeong plain to Manchuria, Maritime Province in Russia, Hawaii, Hokkaido and others, means that Kimje Mangeong plain to be not only the place attachment of individuals but also the sites of memory of the forced labor, pain of separation, half-liberation.
  • 8.

    The Landscape of Modern from the View Point of Rumor in the ChunByunPoongKyung

    엄숙희 | 2016, 61(61) | pp.215~236 | number of Cited : 1
    This study’s purpose is to consider the landscape of modern from the view point of rumor in the ChunByunPoongKyung. The image of life in the Park Tae-won’s ChunByunPoongKyung was varied and ever -changing. So, the riverside were full of rumors. The varied rumor in the ChunByunPoongKyung reflected the social conditions of the times. The rumor are built up everywhere and spread out. The rumor can be a useful tool which interpret human. So, the rumor were interpreted in the historical connections. In that sense, the meaning of rumor are not simple. In that case, The rumor in the ChunByunPoongKyung are not still. That rumor was about unhappy woman and adultery of man. In the center, the rumor of love with new man and woman which received modern education made the humble classes more tragic. Like this, the rumor in the ChunByunPoongKyung were reflected internal consciousness of modern people which were living in modern urban space.
  • 9.

    The Study of the Middle Period Poetry of Sin - sukjeung - Centering on the Poems That Participate in Social Affairs -

    Lee Kil Sang | 2016, 61(61) | pp.237~261 | number of Cited : 1
    The aim of this paper is to examine intensively the special feature of the middle period poetry of Sin-sukjeung. The distinctive feature of this poetry is the coexistence of the poems in which the poet participate in the problems of the social or political affairs and the idyllic poems. The former is connected closely with the 1945 Liberation from the colonial rule of Japan and the Korean War, those very important events intensified the poet's concern in the social and political affairs of that time which found expression in such poems as The Gracier, A Flower Bed, The Four Moving Portraits, The Beacon, A History, The Poetical Note on Homecoming,etc. We find in the latter a change in the treatment of the subject which marries the idyllic element with the poet's social or historical consciousness caused by his intense sense of crisis that is the result of painful facts of the period of the 1945 Liberation and the wartime society which found expression in such poems as A Lyrical Poem, We are Distant from Thee, and In Company with the Little Sheep. But the former is more meaningful and important than the latter in the poetical world of Sin-sukjeung. It is no exaggeration to say that the important poems of the middle period of Sin-sukjeung is the product of that sense of crisis which does not submit to the desperate situation in order to look forward to hopeful future of the motherland people.
  • 10.

    A study on teaching method of adolescents’ self - expression - Focusing on poetry writing -

    Moon, Shin | 2016, 61(61) | pp.263~294 | number of Cited : 3
    This article presents a teaching method that can increase the self-expression ability of adolescents. Thus, it examined the aspects of adolescents’ self-expression through writing poetry. It was analyzed the work of the adolescents, as a result, it was confirmed the following two aspects of poetry writing. First, the aesthetic experience of adolescents are reflected in the day-to-day experience of the local area. Second, the poetic expression of adolescents includes a process of self-renewal. Based on this, it suggested in a letter when adolescents how to strengthen education in terms of self-expression in two ways. First, it is to see the world figuratively through ‘sympathetic to’ and ‘to transfer’. Second, it is to interpret the subject critically through the ‘meaning context reconstruct’ strategy. This teaching strategy will be the methodology that will enhance the ability of self-expression from inexperienced adolescents to transition into maturity, not the aesthetic perfection of poetry.
  • 11.

    A Study on Directions in Korean Educational research to prepare for future challenges

    Hyunseok Seo | 2016, 61(61) | pp.295~317 | number of Cited : 8
    This study aimed to explore appropriate ways of Korean language educational research to help the future generation to use more affluent Korean. To achieve the purpose of the study, first I have searched for the definition of the literacy and the contents of new 2015 Korean curriculum focusing on Key competencies. Then, as a the topic of Korean education research project, four proposals were discussed to help the forthcoming future learner. Those things were the 'self care' exploring with the goal and the contents of Korean education, the study on characteristics of meaningful language activities in the lives of learners, the study on the nature and practice of Korean education for a character education and the study of language education to prepare for reunification of Korea.
  • 12.

    The Instructional Model Using a Peer-editing Technique in Writing Class

    Yu, Yu-Hyeon | 2016, 61(61) | pp.319~339 | number of Cited : 10
    This study aims to show instructional model in teaching writing in a university culture lecture. This model utilizes peer editing technique which is a type of an interactive and collaborative learning in order to develop writing ability. To begin with, this study takes a look at pre-existing editing technique, and insists how much the peer editing technique is useful in university classroom. Moreover, it takes accounts of some problems that the peer-editing technique could causes; presents the ways to fix those problems; and, demonstrates the instructional model using the peer-editing technique in writing class that will improve writing competence effectively. There are three instructional models to present in this study. The first model is an instruction which selects best writing from the writing in different groups in a classroom. The students discuss whether good or not a writing ist; why it is reasonable, and how to develop it by themselves. It finally lets them think about "What is an effective writing?" This model can be used in the first or the second week of the university writing course. Second one is a "Writing in Group" model. It makes best uses of Jig-saw model. When a teacher designates a discussion topic; the groups of the students have discussion in groups; some students who have similar opinions make new groups; they compose writing in groups; and then they go back to their original groups to evaluate their writing. While doing the model, students can familiarize themselves with the phases of the writing itself and the components of the writing by being engaged with different activities in the class. It can be utilized in the third or the fourth week of the writing course. Finally, the third writing model is to simulate as they apply for each other's company with self-introduction writing. The students can compare and evaluate various papers about themselves, and identify some necessities when they write about themselves. The self-introducing paper is a practical type of a writing which has clear goal to leave a great impression for the future employers. Therefore, the students can compare and analyse different self-introduction writing, which leads them to understanding of good writing of its kind.
  • 13.

    The Current Status and Prospects of Korean Education in Shandong Province of China

    이호 | 2016, 61(61) | pp.341~364 | number of Cited : 6
    This article analysed the current status and problems of Korean language education as a foreign language in Shandong Province, China through a temporal investigation on Korean majors of universities in Shandong area. Furthermore, this article also explored the developing directions and prospects of this issue. After the official establishment of the Diplomatic Relationship between China and South Korea in 1992, the need for talented personnel who can speak Korean has been increasing and at the same time, Shandong Province can be seen as the most concentrated destination for Korean education as a foreign language in China. At present, more than 40 universities including public universities, private universities and community colleges inside Shandong area have set up Korean major. In these universities approximately 6000 students are majoring in Korean Studies and 1500 graduates will graduate from this major every year. However we can not ignore the increasingly obvious problems such as teaching objectives, qualification of lecturer and advancement of teaching method. We expect that the today's Korean educational system in Shandong area which is concentrating solely on language itself can upgrade into studies on all aspects about Korea.
  • 14.

    Direction on developing Korean Language and Culture Education Program for Multicultural families

    Jeon han sung , Min jung ho | 2016, 61(61) | pp.365~397 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this study was to make a curriculum of Korean language that married female immigrants and their children study Korean with and to resolve married female immigrants and their children difficulties experienced by. In particular, this study is characterized that preschool children selected by the learner and married female immigrants was set up as a teacher. Married female immigrants and their children lack proficiency in Korean. That’s why the children suffer from Identity confusion, interpersonal difficulties, conflicts with parents and the difficulty of learning. Married female immigrants lose their position as a teacher in Korea and Korean culture and home education at home and experience parenting stress. For solve this problem, it proposes ‘The korean learning program with a multicultural family’. Features of the program is that the mother has the ability as a teacher and that the children understand the culture of Korea, Korean and the country of mother. In this program, the mother receive training related to the Korea Culture, consultation process, discipline law, korean didactics to furnish abilities as a teacher. In order to understand the mother and to make right relationships with friends and family, the children were educated in multicultural Education, manners and relationships education, Korean Speech education, education Korean alphabet. While studying the Korean language with mother and children, they can understand Korean culture, even understand each other. The training course is being conducted activity based on 'play' and 'experience' and the children can learn ‘healthy competition' and 'cooperation' together.