This study aims to investigate the aspect of realization of a pleonastic stem ‘sim-’(植) which is used in the rural societies with less population movement, and explain it in a dialectology way. The foregoing is to analyze the differences by generation·gender that are social variables in the use of language among community members and examine from dialectology point of view how it is related with linguistic variation.
Historically, stem that means ‘植’ was an irregular stem that changes to ‘sik-simu-’, but was simplified as the stem ‘sim-’ in contemporary Korean. Unlike standard language, however, it was shown as diverse varieties such as ‘sunggu-, singgu-, singgi-, sumu-, sum-, sim-’ in the regional dialect of Yeongam. This study aimed to predict a stream which variations will be used as main stem in the regional dialect of Yeongam in the future by considering why so many variations are used for a same meaning, and what are the variations. Variations of the stem ‘sim-’ are in the regional dialect of Yeongam showing a difference in factors by generation·gender.
In generations, the stem ‘sunggu-, sim-’ are mainly used in their 70s or older, whereas the stem ‘sim-, sum-’ are used less than in their 60s. In genders, the female speakers in their 70s or older use the stem ‘sunggu-’, but male speakers use the stem ‘sim-’. As for less than in their 60s, female speakers use the stem ‘sim-’, whereas male speakers use the stem ‘sum-’. Therefore, the stem that means ‘植’ will become ‘sim-, sum-' and those stem will have a difference by gender in the regional dialect of Yeongam after a shift in generations is made entirely.