In this article I aimed at analysing on the cognitive structure such as the metaphor system and the image schema which were inherent in Baek Seok's The Nun , according to the 'cognitive semantics'. First, I investigated some of main ideas of the 'cognitive semantics' which George Lakoff, Mark Johnson and Mark Turner emphasized on. It was the outline of 'category', 'family resemblances', 'cognitive model', 'metaphor', 'embodied experience and imagination', 'image schema' and so on.
And then I applied 'metaphor' and 'image schema' specifically which were highlighted in the 'cognitive poetics' to the poetic structure of The Nun . It was composed of two steps: the first analysis based on the simple 'metaphor'used in the lines of the poem and the second analysis based on the gestalt 'metaphor' system used throughout the poem. Particularly I concentrated on mapping the target domain of The Nun by making the source domain of <path schema> and <LIFE IS A JOURNEY> metaphor suggested by 'cognitive linguists'. Therefore I could reach to the circumstances of times called diaspora of our people.
Finally I paid attention to the power of universality and nowness of Baek Seok's The Nun , putting emphasis on the idea that her perception of diaspora is the trauma of our people who were living in the divided nation as well as people who had lived during the Japanese colonial era.
It's because I was convinced that the power of art would become the creative cognition that modern art of poetry called 'cognitive poetics' that was associated with 'aesthetics of reception' would like to reach.