The Imagination of Disaster Falk Tales and the Otherness of a Sacrifice System – focusing on the Inju Falk Tale.
The Inju falk tale is a story that continuous failing of the builing bells, houses and embarkments causes human sacrifice, and finally succeeds to finish them. This study focuses on ‘the disaster narrative’ in the Inju falk tale and examines its imagination and the meaning of the sacrifice.
The Inju falk tale includes the narrative about building embarkments, house and bell. Disaster elements are arranged in the each narrative: clearly in the embarkments narrative, changeably in the house narrative and connotatively in the bell narrative. Viewed in the disaster light, the narrative of building embarkments is about a imaginative disaster caused by natural disasters such as flood and its solution, the narrative of building houses is about the violence made by humans and the narrative of building bells is a imaginary story about overcoming a national disaster through religions in the era of unity of the church and state.
The Inju falk tale is a series of stories or tales mixed natural, human, and social disasters together. Followings are typical imaginative strategies.: continuing collapsing structures was thought to be the inexplicable force actions such as gods or dragons, sacrifices is needed to prevent them, and a prophetic being appears and advises to use a sacrifice. These are means to understand the cause and solution of a disaster in relationship between gods and humans.
The stereotypes of sacrifice are hidden in the imaginary falk tales. All people sacrificed in the Inju falk tale are not insiders in the community but others such a monk, a virgin or children who have no the right of self-decision and any social relationship. ‘Sacrifice system’ makes it possible for people in the community for their benefits and the maintenance of the system. They praise the sacrifice to conceal their violence and sometimes compel such a sacrifice by the name of gods.