This study understood ‘twilight’ in Kwang-gyun Kim’s poetry as ‘heterochronie’ suggested by Michel Foucault and defined the space reproduced here as ‘heterotopie’ to begin the discussion. Heterochronie refers to a uchronia that actually exists in reality, which is a time that cannot exist while heterotopie refers to a utopia that actually exists, which is a place that cannot exist. Foucault partitioned heterotopie into six categories. In particular, this study judged that ‘twilight’ serves as two significant actions and set forth them.
Kwang-gyun Kim’s poetry, ‘twilight’ served as ‘the mirror.’ At this time, the narrator recalls his own memory in the space at ‘twilight.’ Since the space he recalled from ‘twilight’ is the space-time of the past, it becomes a place without any place to the narrator. But, at this time, in everyday space, since the narrator exists actually, ‘twilight’ serves as heterotopie existing in reality. At the same time, ‘twilight’ also serves as heterochronie. The time at ‘twilight’ is the time of the present in which the narrator abides. At the same time, the time is uchronia of the past. In other words, the narrator experiences the uchronia of the past simultaneously in the present time.
Chapter 3 understood the narrator’s memory as heterotopie having eternity. But ‘twilight’ revealing this memory has temporariness in that the narrator temporarily passes that in everyday space. In the narrator’s memories related to ‘Twilight,’ the memory is usually revealed as something solitary or sad. The existing study understood it as trauma. And yet, this study characterized the fact that the narrator considers this memory as heterotopie, for it is a space of recovery that recovers the consciousness of loss.
Chapter 4 discussed ‘twilight’ as an irony that is open and close at the same time. That becomes heterotopie at which the narrator aims in natural objects and artifacts coexist. At this time, the narrator may freely enter heterotopie. But this leads to the closed isolation. The narrator pursues natural objects from the beginning. And yet, since the closing of artifacts is strong, the narrator’s frustration or isolation is maximized. Like this, the heterotopie of opening and closing is used as a device that emphasizes isolation that cannot be harmonized with the world of chaos in his poetry.