A Study on the Vocabulary of Haenyeo Settled in Wando-gun
This study was conducted on a lexical analysis of the vocabulary of Haenyeo settled in Wando-gun. Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used ‘Haenyeo, Jamsu, Jeomnyeo’ like the Jeju Haenyeo, but they also used ‘Bojaegi’, which reveals a negative perception of Haenyeo. And although the names of Haenyeo are ranked as upper, middle, and lower, the hierarchy is not as strict as that of Jeju Haenyeo because there are not many active Haenyeo and they are older.
Unlike Jeju Haenyeo, Wando’s settlement Haeyeo used the standard language to name the sea. The vocabulary related to the sea space is named as the name or space of the island that works, unlike Jeju Haenyeo.
Wando’s settlement Haeyeo called the work they did in the morning ‘Achim-mule, Achim-mulji’. The vocabulary related to the distance of work was not as subdivided like Jeju Haenyeo and in relation to the space, Wando’s settlement Haeyeo did not use the vocabulary of Jeju Haenyeo when referring to the space. Regarding the act, Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used the ‘Hombes-soli, Sonbi-soli’, which is associated with the ‘Sumbi-soli’ of Jeju Haenyeo.
As a collection tool, Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used ‘Mangsali, Mang-ali’ like Jeju Haenyeo and Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used ‘Galgoli, Kkakkuli, Homeng-i’ as a tool for catching octopu and sea urchin, but there was no difference from Jeju Haenyeo’s term. Haenyeo uses ‘Dasdol, Dasjul’ as a secondary tool, but Shinji-myeon and Yaksan-myeon Haenyeo did not use ‘Dasdol, Dasjul’ by changing the method of collecting seafood. Haenyeo also uses ‘Tewag, Duleumbag’ as a secondary tool, and Wando’s settlement Haenyeo said ‘Duleumbag, Duleongbag and Duleombag.’ Wando’s settlement Haenyeo collected ‘Miyeog, Dasima, Mojaban, Tos’ among brown algae. However, unlike Jeju Haenyeo, they used standard language a lot. Shinji-myeon Haenyeo, used ‘Boli-miyeog’ regarding the time of seaweed harvesting. There are also ‘Cheong-gag, Palae’ among green algae, but they did not collect much. Among the red algae were ‘Umu, Cheoncho and Cheonchu.’ Among the mollusks, ‘Sola, Godung, Gunbeos, Gunso, Mun-eo, Jeonbog’ were collected, and among echinoderms, ‘sea urchin and sea cucumber’ were collected. However, unlike Jeju Haenyeo, Wando’s settlement Haenyeo used the standard language.
Wando’s settlement Haenyeo were influenced by Jeju Haenyeo and used Jeju Haenyeo’s vocabulary, but also used the Jeonnam dialect in relation to space. However, standard language was used more when talking about the marine environment or harvested products. The reason seems that they used standard language rather than the Jeonnam dialect due to the negative perception of the Haenyeo’s job or the difficulty of settling in the local area. In addition, it seems that standard language has been used more due to various factors such as the influence of broadcasting media, changes in collection methods, and changes in sales methods.