The characteristics of Southwestern dialect(서남방언) are largely expres sed in the Taebaeksanmaek(태백산맥)and Honbul(혼불). This paper aims to compare the phonological variations, grammatical forms and vocabulary shown in the two works with the standard language. In addition to this, the differences between those works are analyzed and their characteristics are examined in this paper. Since Beolgyo(Taebaeksanmaek) and Namwon(Honbul) are located in the same dialect district Jollado, it is assumed that the only dialect of southwestern area may be used in these two works. Nonetheless, in these two works, the dialects of Jeonnam and Jeonbuk are well expressed with the differences respectively.
In respect of phonology, a high-front vowelization is shown apparently and palatalization and contraction are prominent in these two works. Besides, it is indicated that an auxiliary ‘한티’, ‘에게’ in the standard language, is discovered and also ‘맹이로’ is used instead of ‘처럼’ and ‘같이’. Finally, a sub-auxiliary ‘할라’, a form of ‘까지’ is frequently written in those two works.
In case of conjunction ending, an ending of equality is expressed as ‘-ㅁ시로(스로, 스롱)’ in Taebaeksanmaek and ‘-ㅁ서’ in Honbul respectively. It is unique that while subordinate endings, a form of ‘-으니까(cause)’, are ‘-ㅇ께, and -니께’ in Taebaeksanmaek, these are pronounced plainly as ‘-ㅇ게, ㅇ게로’ in Honbul.
In general, pre-final ending, a pronoun, a dependent noun and a sub-declinable word show few phonological variations like a standard language in those two works.
‘-소’ of a ‘하게 form’, and ‘-라우( -라) and -겨’ of a ‘하오 form’ which are unique forms of southwestern dialect are identified as the conclusion ending. On top of it, a ‘-o교’ form which is regarded as an influence of southeastern dialect is found out. A variety of forms that are used in the low forms of speech, unique in southwestern dialect, are also discovered.