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2004, Vol., No.53

  • 1.

    On the Decoding of the ‘(-)向(-)’ in Chajapyogi

    양희철 | 2004, (53) | pp.1~19 | number of Cited : 1
    There has been studies on the decoding of the ‘(-)向(-)’ in the Chajapyogi(the transcription of the Korean language using the Chinese written language). But we failed in the decoding. It is the essential reason of the fail that we do not examine 1) the relation between the ‘(-)向(-)’ and its morpheme paralleled in Hangul, 2) that pre-noun’s ending can be omitted in the Korean language, 3) that the ‘(-)向(-)’ can be the character with the different phonemes and the different meanings etc. The purpose of this paper is to do the decoding of the ‘(-)向(-)’ in the aspects that we mentioned as the essential reason of the fail in the decoding of the ‘(-)向(-)’. The result of this paper is as follow; 1. The ‘向(안)-’ and ‘向(앗/)-’ are hundokja(訓讀字), and its meaning are ‘face to face(對)’ and ‘direct(指向)’. 2. The ‘向-’ in ‘向厼(울워곰)’과 ‘向前(아젼)’ is hundokja(訓讀字) with the omission of ‘-l(ㄹ)’. 3. The ‘(-)向(-)’ in ‘[-是(/爲)可(/去)] 向入’, ‘(-)向 事’, and ‘向敎(是) 事’ is hunkaja(訓假字). 4. The ‘向(안/아안)’ is the form that the pre-noun’s ending is omitted. 5. The ‘(-)向(-)’ is the character with the different phonemes and the different meanings. As a result, there are the ‘(-)向(-)’ misused or misreaded.
  • 2.

    Study on Basic Sentence Paterns of Korean Transitive Verbs of 15th century

    황국정 | 2004, (53) | pp.21~40 | number of Cited : 3
    This article aims at the systematic classification of Korean transitive verbs used in the 15th century on the basis of case frame, and aims at the investigation into sentence patterns of the verbs. The transitive verbs of 15th century are divided into agentive and non-agentive verbs, which have the subject arguments of agentive and non-agentive, respectively. The agentive verbs are subdivided into simple object, same family object, movement, location, conversion, result, instrument, conferment, comparison, reciprocal, and naming verbs. The θ-roles which realized in the subject of non-agentive include experiencer, and passive. Therefore, the transitive constructions are divided into the psych, perception, cognition, and speculation verbs which have the subject arguments of experiencer, and the passive verbs which have the subject arguments of passive.
  • 3.

    Byeonghakjinam's bibliography and language characteristics

    황용주 | 2004, (53) | pp.41~70 | number of Cited : 9
    The purpose of this study is to research for Byeonghakejnam’s bibliography and its different copy version And another purpose is to research for linguistic characteristics appeared in the book such as grammar, lexcion, orthography Now I confirmed 11 different kinds of pieces. The Following is the published lists ; Mugobon, Sangsanbon, Namwonbon, Yeongbyeonbon, Unbongbon, Ubyeongyeongbon, Jangyongyeongbon, Giyeongbon, Chokseongbon, Hwanggangyeongbon, Yeongyeongbon. I have divided into four classes according to the format. Mugobon and Jangyongyeongbon are different 140 years. They were different orthographies and phonologies. Jangyongyeongbon is more conservative inscription. That reflects the literature characteristic during the Jeongjo period. This book contains various military terminologies.
  • 4.

    The poetic words of Baek seok and Palatalization

    강희숙 | 2004, (53) | pp.97~121 | number of Cited : 2
    This study aims to analyse the poetic words of Baek Seok in terms of dialectal phonology. In particular, this study focuses on the aspects of realization of palatalization reflected in the poetic words of Baek Seok. As a result of this study, I identified two aspects of the realization of palatalization reflected in the poetic words of Baek Seok. First, there is non-palatalization phenomenon which is reflecting the vernacular of north-western dialects of Korean. Therefore, /t, th/ preceding /i, j/ is realized not palatal but dental sound. Moreover, there is not word-initial constraint of /n, r/ connected palatalization in the poetic words of Baek Seok. the same as the vernacular of north-western dialects of Korean. But, I presume from ‘[suŋ]’(which comes from /hjuŋ/, ‘find fault with’)] that there is the actuation of palatalization of /h/ in the vernacular of north-western dialects of Korean. It is significant linguistic finding. Secondly, there is palatalization phenomenon which is reflecting the standard of Korean. That phenomenon is detected ‘-ji’(a connecting ending) and morpheme boundary such as between sub-stantive and case ending, base and suffix which is composing the stem of a declinable word including several lexical morphemes It is the result of language contact through education and occupation of Baek Seok.
  • 5.

    The Sino-Korean Prefixals to change the Category of Bases

    노명희 | 2004, (53) | pp.123~151 | number of Cited : 15
    This paper aims to find out the properties of Sino-Korean prefixals to change the grammatical subclass of bases. These prefixals are classified broadly in two categories. The first one is the prefixals whose function is to change the pattern of the combination with ‘Hada’. The second one is the prefixals whose function is to restrict the distribution of bases. The prefixals having negative meanings and modifying functions such as ‘dai(大), myeng(名)’ belong to the former. The prefixals requiring semantic arguments such as ‘ju(駐), chin(親), pi(被)’ belong to the latter. The negative prefixals ‘mu(無), bul(不), mol(沒)’ combine with nonpredicative nouns to change the grammatical subclass of their bases into adjectival nouns. Therefore these prefixals can change the pattern of combination with ‘Hada’ from [-hada] to [+hada]. And modifying prefixals ‘dai(大), myeng(名)’ change the pattern of combination with ‘Hada’ from [+hada] to [-hada]. The prefixals to restrict the distribution of their bases take two arguments. They take the base as an internal argument and take the modified noun as an external argument. They combine with free nouns to change the grammatical status of them into somewhat defective free forms having restrictions in combining with particles. The class ‘ju(駐), jai(在)’ can’t be used as a base of word-formation. But the class ‘chin(親), ban(反)’ actively participates in word-formation and the base is isolatable.
  • 6.

    The comparison of languages in Taebaeksanmaek(태백산맥) and Hondul(혼불)

    위평량 | 2004, (53) | pp.153~179 | number of Cited : 3
    The characteristics of Southwestern dialect(서남방언) are largely expres sed in the Taebaeksanmaek(태백산맥)and Honbul(혼불). This paper aims to compare the phonological variations, grammatical forms and vocabulary shown in the two works with the standard language. In addition to this, the differences between those works are analyzed and their characteristics are examined in this paper. Since Beolgyo(Taebaeksanmaek) and Namwon(Honbul) are located in the same dialect district Jollado, it is assumed that the only dialect of southwestern area may be used in these two works. Nonetheless, in these two works, the dialects of Jeonnam and Jeonbuk are well expressed with the differences respectively. In respect of phonology, a high-front vowelization is shown apparently and palatalization and contraction are prominent in these two works. Besides, it is indicated that an auxiliary ‘한티’, ‘에게’ in the standard language, is discovered and also ‘맹이로’ is used instead of ‘처럼’ and ‘같이’. Finally, a sub-auxiliary ‘할라’, a form of ‘까지’ is frequently written in those two works. In case of conjunction ending, an ending of equality is expressed as ‘-ㅁ시로(스로, 스롱)’ in Taebaeksanmaek and ‘-ㅁ서’ in Honbul respectively. It is unique that while subordinate endings, a form of ‘-으니까(cause)’, are ‘-ㅇ께, and -니께’ in Taebaeksanmaek, these are pronounced plainly as ‘-ㅇ게, ㅇ게로’ in Honbul. In general, pre-final ending, a pronoun, a dependent noun and a sub-declinable word show few phonological variations like a standard language in those two works. ‘-소’ of a ‘하게 form’, and ‘-라우( -라) and -겨’ of a ‘하오 form’ which are unique forms of southwestern dialect are identified as the conclusion ending. On top of it, a ‘-o교’ form which is regarded as an influence of southeastern dialect is found out. A variety of forms that are used in the low forms of speech, unique in southwestern dialect, are also discovered.
  • 7.

    A Study on Lexical Characters of Korea Textbook in South and Nouth Korea andChina focus on Computational Process

    소강춘 | 2004, (53) | pp.181~206 | number of Cited : 12
    The purpose of this paper si to study lexical characters of Korean textbook in south and north Korea and China focus on computational process. For the lexical items and the sentences of elementary school textbooks were selected according to development steps of ability of language using, the lexical items and the sentences re the fundamental language data of individual nation. So I picked up the subject of this study. I introduced various methods of computational data processing for the beginner of computational linguistics.
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  • 9.

    A Study of 'Honam-Udo Japsaeknorum'

    이영배 | 2004, (53) | pp.233~261 | number of Cited : 8
    The purpose of this study is to reveal the characteristics of ‘Pungmul-gut’ in view of cultural study and the strata of its meanings and values through ‘Japsaeknorum’. Also, it deals with ‘Japsaek’ that varies crosssing the structural and ontological levels of performance. Participants who relate conventionally one another within performance are changed by Japsaek. It is concluded that Japsaek is actors who lead variations and creation of ‘Pungmul-gut’ performance which can be regarded as the most open performance form. ‘Japsaeknorum’ is generally understood as collective store craved Japsaek’s body and consciousness or unconsciousness. This research analyzed instances of Koch’ang and Kimje and Puan and Iksan and Yonggwang in such viewpoint. That is, it examined cultural phenomenon or event that is produced by Japsaeks who participate in the performance as arrangement of desire. ‘Dodukjaebi-gut’ as cultural event made by Japsaeks operates on their body, to cross the level of consciousness or unconsciousness. It is also a social mechanism producing desires. It is embodied through cutting and hauling realistic and material flow of desires, involved with physical unconsciousness. Whenever ‘Japsaeknorum or Dodukjaebi-gut’ is performed, it adds a new memory to stores of body and consciousness or unconsciousness again by accumulating group actions that regulate and operate flow of desires as performance condition. Therefore, as a social and cultural phenomenon, ‘Japsaek or Japsaeknorum’ is a field of practice that produces ideological, political, and social effects.
  • 10.

    A Study of The form on Won-ga

    김진욱 | 2004, (53) | pp.263~282 | number of Cited : 5
    This is a study on <Won-ga>, a native song of our country. This song was written by Shin Chung. He wrote this song resenting King Hyo-seong who broke the vow. This song describes Shin who later became a monk and built a temple named Dan-sok-sa. The title of the story is Shin-chung-gwe-gwan and Won-ga belongs to it. The former part of this song is the background story of Won-ga and the latter part deals with Lee Soon. In other words, the song was written by Shin Chung and Dan-sok-sa was established by Lee Soon. King Gyeong-duk described in Sam-guk-sa-gi (historical record about three kingdoms) was presented as an evidence. There is a suggestion that Shin-chung-gwe-gwan is not involved in only one person, Shin Chung. This study intended to illuminate the suggestion. And it dealt with the content of Won-ga, and the form and outline of the song. This song of form anounce eight gu-che. It is wrong. Won-ga is ten gu-che.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Book of an Excursion to the Onyang springs(온양온수노졍긔라)

    Kang, Hyun-kyung | 2004, (53) | pp.283~308 | number of Cited : 3
    The first volume of the Book of an Excursion to the Kyeryong Mountain(鷄龍山遊覽錄) was obtained by Prof. Kang Jeon Seob (my late father) in 1977 who noticed its importance as a Korean classical literature. The author is thought to be Mrs Kim of Kwangsan, whose husband, Song Kook Noh(宋國老), lived in Songchon, Whoeduk in the early 1900s. Though its title reads, in the front cover, the Book of an Excursion to the Kyeryong Mountain in Chinese characters, but the book consists of two works transcribed in Korean. One is the same as the title, the other is the Account of a trip to the Onyang springs. The transcription is estimated to be done between May, 1903 when she went on the trip, and the beginning of December, 1906 before being completed as a book December 7, 1906 of the lunar calendar. The author, when she was about 64 years old, wanted to get on a train for visiting a spa in the Onyang Region, for she heard that people in every corner of the country was travelling around by train. So she dared to plan to visit the Onyang springs by train, and after the trip she wrote the work. The Account of a trip to the Onyang springs consists of about 6,000 characters. There she described the excitement of her first experience of a train trip, the scenes and manners being seen aboard, the impression of hotel facilities, in plain words with an observation peculiar to woman. We can find in the work the language of joy provided by the freedom from household duties, her curiosity the sort of which is often found at the early time of Flowering, and her resentments for signs of Japanese imperialism.
  • 12.

    The relationship between 「Chungun Yanyi」 and the Yanyi Novel

    전성운 | 2004, (53) | pp.309~334 | number of Cited : 6
    This essay aims to research relationships between the personified biographical novel and the Yanyi novel.(=it is a kind of history novel developed in China.) And also, I attend to make clear the change and development of the personified biographical novel in late Chosun dynasty. This is try to look out over the novel history in 17th century. For this purpose, I studied on creation techniques, the method of dividing chapters, materials and the figurations of characters appeared in 「ChungunYanyi」. This factors show the fact that the creation of 「ChungunYanyi」 is influenced by the Yanyi novel. So it have the similarities with the Yanyi novel, but it also have a lot of different sides. Especially, the characteristics as the personified biographical novel are perfectly different with Yanyi novels. And the subject of 「ChungunYanyi」 closely concerned with instinctive desires of human beings. This characteristics is the same with that of 「Guwoonmong」. Of course, 「Guwoonmong」 expose the ideal living of Buddism, but 「ChungunYanyi」 seeks after the ideal Confucian living for overcoming the living counting on instinctive desires. After all, 「ChungunYanyi」 is influenced by personified biographical novels, Yanyi novels and pornographic novels. This means that it also intimately connected with 「Guwoonmong」, 「TusakjiYanyi」, 「SadaeChunchu」 and 「Chungunbongi」 etc in novel history.
  • 13.

    Two Kinds of New Tendency in Cheonglteon Leehoobaek's(靑蓮 李後白) Hansi(漢詩)

    KimDaeHyun | 2004, (53) | pp.335~357 | number of Cited : 6
    In generally, the poetry of Honam’ Sarim(湖南士林) in the first half of 16th is time to spare but pursues pure mood. Thereafter about the middle of 16th Cheonglyeon Leehoobaek opens up new poetry in various ways. Specially first, he introduces plentifully pictorial figurations in poetry. That is not practical space but objective descriptions as a piece of picture. He tries pictorial figurations that include the ascending methods, the contrast of intense colours, the contrast of time and space. Those methods are based on the writer’s pure lyricism. And as increasing radiation he expresses sentimental solitude, yearning and a state of indecision. In other words he makes intervention subjective emotions in poetry. This tendency expanded by later poets, for instance, Choigyeongchang(崔慶昌), Baekgwanghoon(白光勳). More than anything else noticeable feature in his poetry is wholehearted appearance of women. And that is rewarded with good fruits of Honam literature(湖南文學). In his women’s poem, he accepts women’s emotion and extends women-teller in <Gyuwonsasiga ; 閨怨四時詞>. In this points, Cheonglyeon leaded a way in the process of the 16th’s Hansi. This tendency can be called ‘Honam’s lyricist group in 16th’. Because they purse pure lyricism by using pictorial figuration and not only to accept women’s emotion but also extends women-teller in poetry. Cheonglyeon Leehoobaek is early poet in Honam’s lyricist group in 16th after Saam Paksoon(思菴 朴淳). And then it can be confirmed Honam’s lyricist group from Okbong Baekgwanghoon, Gojook Choigyeoungchang to Baekho Imjae(白湖 林悌) in the latter half of 16th.
  • 14.

    Images of the Nature Represented in Nakseo Yoon Deokhee's Jehwasi

    박명희 | 2004, (53) | pp.359~381 | number of Cited : 2
    The two volumes of Subaljip, the collection of Yoon Deokhee’s writings, has Jehwasi (poems inspired by paintings) of 45 pieces with 40 titles. This study mainly addresses Jehwasi involving the nature out of the poems. Yoon Deokhee described the nature in ideal sense or ideological sense in his Jehwasi. That is, he viewed the nature as the object of longing, far from the reality, in expressing the nature in complete paintings in verse forms. Moreover, his ideological expressions have property of transcendentalism, and his device to express it is to confer temporal permanence upon ordinary natural objects. Thus, the conclusion is that his ideal representation of images of the nature in paintings implies his awareness of limit of paintings compared to the reality, which is concerned with the base of Nam-Jong styles with strong ideality.
  • 15.

    A Study on 「The Great Root」 of Kim Su-yeong.

    노용무 | 2004, (53) | pp.383~401 | number of Cited : 5
    The end of this thesis is to analyze 「The Great Root」 detail and also to examine the intertextuality between 「The Great Root」 and his all literary work. Therefore in this thesis, 「The Great Root」 is divided into the first part and the last part, and the meanning or interrelation of each part is inspected. 「앉음새(The way his sits)” and “Kim Byeong-uk」 expressed in the first part mean the reality of 1960’s. 「앉음새(the way his sits)” and “Kim Byeong-uk」 certainly show a ideological composition at that time through dichotomy about South Korea and North Korea and mean the identity of speaker in poetry. In the last part, the text of 「Bishop and Her book」 show Kim Su-yeong’s spritual trace by mixing the modern and the value of premodern such as history and tradition. An issue of tradition is not only his identity that Kim Su-yeong stood against cultural colonialism at that time, but also the statement of postcolonialism that the govermenet evaded dirty or disgrace history.
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  • 17.

    A Study on Theme of Kim Myung-sun's Poetry

    맹문재 | 2004, (53) | pp.441~462 | number of Cited : 11
    Modern education has a great effect on cognition of new women’s poetry. Women education theory was introduced as a kind of a save-the-nation movement after 1886. As a result, women’s poetry was improved rapidly as educated women increased. Women’s magazines published in this period-- ≪Domestic Magazine家庭雜誌≫(1906.6), ≪New Family新家庭≫(1921.7), ≪Lady婦人≫(1922.6), ≪New Women新女性≫(1923.10) were a great help for the formation of cognition of new women’s poetry. These magazines contribute to extension of women’s rights and improvement of women’s household affairs including women’s love and marriage, food, sanitation, literature and arts. In 1920s, educated new women’s poet realized world cognition, though the independence movement was hidden according to Japan’s subtle cultural policy. Kim Muyng Sun is a woman poet and novelist of Korean in 1920s. She goes ahead of literary circle at that times. The main subject of her’s poetry are ego cognition, men and women’s equality, and nation liberation. Kim Muyng Sun’s poetry recognized korean women’s value in 1920s.
  • 18.

    A Study on the aesthetics and strategy function of dialect

    장창영 | 2004, (53) | pp.463~484 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this research is to find out the strategy function of dialects in the 1930's Korea modern poets. This study aims to emphasize the meaning of accepting poetic functions of dialect in Bag-seok, Young-rang, Mok-wol, Seo-jeong ju's poetry. Their poetry contribute to the promotion of national identity through the experience of national culture. The national dialect is traditional, but it is not a permanent racial characteristic. Literature is an important media that can spread national emotion and make constituents of community have strong ties emotionally. Specially, Korean modern poetry in the 1930's for the regional culture to understand is a good example. Some Korean poets struggled with Japan's invasion and created national traditions in Korean poetry in the 1930's. This study is significant in stance that the interest for practices of regional culture traditions and learner's education. Korean poets in the 1930's use the idiolect and their poetic language concentrates on the derivative in the dialect. Literature dialect is important for learners to have experience of emotions which have represented national realities typically in national history.
  • 19.

    The Study Of Contributor's Columns in Choengchun

    신지연 | 2004, (53) | pp.485~512 | number of Cited : 4
    Many contributors’ writings have been printed in Choengchun of which Choi Nam-seon was editor, since no. 10, september 1917. These ‘amateur-writers’ have unique properties in some respects. Not like the readers of Sonyeon(Boys), Bulgeun jeogori(Red jackets) etc, they were not so ‘young school boy’. In the other hand, they were not the elites, the intellectuals or the pioneers like other writers of Choengchun who must lead the innumerable ignorant Koreans. Because of the psychological situation caused by those factors, their writings have many special features hardly found in the other writings at that times. Firstly, the ‘amateur-writers’ of Choengchun showed us the young men’s mental agony in 1910s’ honestly. The idea that ‘Let’s become Chamsaram(Good-person)’ was raised strongly, but the most of the Korean young men could not have the possibility of realizing this ideal actually. This distressed the young men. Secondly, they have tried to translate the ‘Real Life’ or their experience into Korean literary language. It was difficult task and was not seen frequently in other writings. In these cases, the point of view was not public’s, but individual’s. Thirdly, as different as the elites or pioneers, they frequently sensed the strangeness about the modern lifestyle. The fear of being alienated from the world surrounding them, and the vertigo about the new relationship arising from the emergence of mass. These are appeared in their writings. Nevertheless, the ‘amateur-writers’ of Choengchun were not conscious of the modernity and the originality of their writings, and could not join the mainstream of Korean modern literature. But their writings have a great significance, since they vividly show us the confusion in the early modern times of Korea.
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  • 21.

    The Problems that Chae-Manshik's pro-Japanese writings bring up

    정홍섭 | 2004, (53) | pp.537~557 | number of Cited : 3
    Chae-Manshik’s pro-Japanese writings were not originated from outer pressure and apostasy but from his inner pro-Japanese logic. And his inner pro-Japanese logic was tightly related to his consistent negative standpoint of Korea’s negative traditions and western modern capitalistic individualism or liberalism. But we can find that he maintained consistent inner pro-Japanese logic on the level of consciousness, but he revealed on the level of unconsciousness that the pro-Japanese logic could not agree with his sense of reality. After the 1945 Liberation of Korea, this sense of reality could make himself reflect on his pro-Japanese standpoint and finally he could be awakened to the new significance of historical situations.
  • 22.

    A study of the Chinese-Korean Novels in the Period of Japanese Colonial Rule

    정덕준 | 정현숙 | 2004, (53) | pp.559~583 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis intends to look the development and characteristic of Chinese-Korean Novels under the Japanese colony and to examine the literary historical meaning of them. The novels of 1910's had the characteristic of illuminational literature, which emphasis national consciousness and independence, and that of national literature. The representative writers are Shin Chae-Ho and Gi-Wol. The novels of 1920's described settlers' conflict with Chinese landowner and their poverty and suffering because of the Japanese colony rule in China likewise in their homeland. The representative writers are Choi Seo-Hae and Han Seol-Ya and Joo Yo-Han. The novels from 1930 to 1940's described various lives of settlers : an anti-Japanese struggle, a will of settle, and escapism. The representative writers are Kang Kyoung-Ae and An Soo-Kil and Hyun Kyung-Joon. The novels from 1945 to 1949 described an anti-Japanese movement in the period under the Japanese rule. The representative writers are Kim Hak-Cheol and Kim Chang-Geol.
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    A Study on the formation of subject through discourse of classification and resistance, focusing '80s modern labor fiction

    김정숙 | 2004, (53) | pp.601~626 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this thesis is first to analyze the relation between fiction and ideology of interpellation. It is a preliminary study about the process of subjectivization and the way of dislocation which interpellated characters search for in modern Korean fictions, focusing on the Louis Althusser and Michel Pecheux’s theory on interpellation. In thesis, the author studied the labor fiction. There is often friction between the labor discourse and management discourse which resulted from the classification, each tone, the appearance, and the appellation. The dislocative way of interpellated subject represented the new formation of subject through making up antagonism, the frontal struggle, and the liberated subject with related to mass sense of solidarity. Through this thesis, the author can understand the relation among the literature, subject, ideology, and the operation of the interpellation. Furthermore, if we search for the diachronic and synchronic meanings of interpellation through the reading of individual works, we will be able to form “the interpellation poetics” even in the Korean history in literature.
  • 25.

    Dynamic Relation Between A Woman's Body and Erotic Discourse

    박선경 | 2004, (53) | pp.627~654 | number of Cited : 2
    It wasn’t scarcely discourse of sexual love and eros in Korean culture. The results of research say that there was not women’s body which control by oneself, have loved and a object of loving. women’s body have treated as a object out of themselves and were subordinated to men, had controlled by phallocentrism of Confucianism ideas. So Korean women’s have never felt her body’s desire, further couldn’t say abort that. To make matters worse, if they have attacked on body, especially sexual organization by other men, she suicided in spite of a victim. In these culture and rule of society and rule of society as phallocentrism and Confucianism, erotic and romantic discourse couldn’t exist. That fact say us which Korean’s desire of body hadn’t been represent, and person’s body was not free. Especially women’s body had not subordinated to themselves completely.
  • 26.

    A Study on Teaching Creation Focused on Learner and Process

    김승종 | 2004, (53) | pp.655~677 | number of Cited : 2
    This study was designed to restudy the teaching creation focused on learner and process. The teaching creation must have a strategy for learner to receive literary text positively in accordance with the curriculum VII. It is necessary that education must be composed in order to make learner more creative. To fulfill and perform the development of learners’ creativity, the brainstorming toolbox can be useful. Brainstorming toolbox is constituted with substituting, combine, modify character, narrator, setting. Parody which rearrange to rewrite fiction is one of the effective methode. Drama in education can be the scaffold for teachers who instruct writing fiction. Drama in education can generate learners’ motive to write fictions. Appearance of various media gave birth to hypertext literature and the internet literature as digital literature. It let diversity types of literature like electronic literature, visual literature, oral literature, especially computer game. Change of literary activities by the internet activity, it is possible to share appreciation of literary works. It is required to find interaction with digital media. Interactivity, elasticity, flexibleness are characteristics which digital story telling has. Teacher must design teaching creation using digital media, but also principle of digital media, process of making digital motion picture.