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2007, Vol., No.63

  • 1.

    A Sociolinguistic Study on the Usage of ‘Jane’-the 2nd Person Pronoun in Jeonnam Dialects-

    강희숙 | 2007, (63) | pp.5~28 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims at identifying what correlation exists between ‘Jane’, the second person pronoun in Jeonnam dialects and social variables such as age, gender and educational background. For this study, it interviews 100 native speakers from Gwangju for three months from January to March to collect data. As a result, it is demonstrated that the term of ‘Jane’ which was recognized just as part of the developmental changes has been used in various social relations diversely, has a close relation with many social variables. In particular, the term of ‘Jane’ is used for the relations between friends of about the same age, or from superior to subordinate people in any other area, but it is used even for the relations from subordinate to superior ones and couples in Jeonnam dialects. It is newly demonstrated that such dialectic characteristic conservatively reflects the term of ‘Jane’ which existed actually in historical development of Korean language. This study is expected to have dialectically significant meaning in that it contributes to identification of difference among Korean dialects.
  • 2.

    On Place-name Suffix /i/(-이) in Korean

    성희제 | 2007, (63) | pp.29~51 | number of Cited : 14
    This paper study on the meaning and structure of suffix /i/(-이) related with place-name. Suffix /i/ has no any lexical meaning. Suffix /i/ plays two kinds of roles in formative morpheme. One is connected with front place-name morpheme and the other is connected with back place-name morpheme. In general, suffix /i/ is connected with place-name of two syllables. But it is also connected with place-name whose last syllable is closed. In addition, suffix /i/ has phonologically complex functions in place-name. For example, suffix /i/ changes closed syllable into open syllable in last syllable, and change two syllables into three syllables. Siffix /i/ make the syllable of place-name stable. When unmarkedness ∅ is established in place-name structure, we get a grasp of the structures of place-name with suffix /i/.
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    Reconsideration on Interrogative Auxiliary Particle in the Middle Korean

    양영희 | 2007, (63) | pp.53~78 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper suggests that ‘ga/go’ of ‘noun+ga/go’ should be known as conclusive ending with following reasons. This ‘ga/go’ form is considered as ‘additional particle’ and is also considered as ‘interrogative auxiliary particle’ or ‘interrogative postposition’. On the former case, ‘da/ga/go’ of ‘nda, nga, ngo’ form as well as ‘ga/go’ are considered as ‘additional particle’ so that ‘da’ in assertive sentence is considered as ‘conclusive ending’ and ‘da’ in interrogative sentence is considered as ‘additional particle’. With this view, it is difficult to make connection between conclusive endings. In addition, additional particle which is a kind of focus postposition should be given function of interrogative mood and politeness mood. This burden is applied on both situations of considering them as auxiliary particle and postposition. This study proposes to establish the above as conclusive ending. If the attention placed on the role of ‘ga/go’ in the sentence rather than the preceding of ‘ga/go’ whether it is independent form or not, then it should be interpreted that the listener who is the lower class than the speaker is requested to explain or answer something. This, therefore, should be understood as conclusive ending not postposition because not postposition but ending is in charge of the function of politeness mood and interrogative mood. (Chonnam Univercity)
  • 4.

    Remarks on the Discourse Marker ‘ㅣ’ in Middle Korean

    이희두 | 2007, (63) | pp.79~103 | number of Cited : 1
    The addition of ‘ㅣ’ at the end of the verb final stem, the name of persons and animals were very productive in Middle Korean. However the reason and mechanism of the addition of ‘ㅣ’ were not explicitely explained yet. In this paper I suggested that ‘ㅣ’ was a discourse marker which increased the familiarity and efficiency of a communication. This marker did not change the propositional meaning and the category of part of speech and then I also insisted that it was a linguistic element on the level of a spoken language, not a written language. This discourse marker was first emerged after the name of persons by way of the grammaticalization of the subject marker ‘ㅣ’. A grammaticalization did expand the grmmatical properties by the change from a lexical status to grammatical status, from a derivational forms to a inflectional forms, from the less grammaticl forms to the more grammatical forms. However all the lexical items were not grammaticized but only a few of the lexical items were according to the usage frequency. On the basis of this point of view, a syntagmatic structure ‘personal name+subject marker ‘ㅣ’’ which had a high usage frequency was grammaticized by a psychological reanalysis and so the concept of grammatical relation of the subject marker was abstractively changed to the familiar relations of the discourse marker. Whenever this discourse marker ‘ㅣ’ was additioned to the final vowel of stems, a falling dipthongs were appeared owing to the vowel system of that time. Through a 18C this vowel system was drastically changed by a monothongization. As the result of this vowel change the discourse marker ‘ㅣ’ was developed to the feature [fronted] by the more grammaticalization and then this discourse marker feature of the contemporary Korean has been addited to the word initial on the contrary to the Middle Korean.
  • 5.

    A Study On Folktales Vocabulary of Taein-Myeon, JeongEup-Si

    조창규 | 2007, (63) | pp.105~128 | number of Cited : 1
    Nowadays the interest in culture education for a learner of korean language is growing. Because a knowledge of Korean culture for a learner of Korean can be used to help the learning of Korean language. The purpose of this paper are as follows: (1) to analysis folktales of Taein-Myeon, JeongEup-Si and (2) to select culture vocabulary from folktales. In order to accomplish these purposes, I analysis nouns of folktales of Taein-Myeon. And I classify words according to meanings base on thesaurus. Finally I give careful consideration to four syllabi and I suggest the culture vocabulary. clothing, ceremony, family, animal, tableware, house, plant, etc.
  • 6.

    Self-Organization of the Lexicon

    채현식 | 2007, (63) | pp.129~145 | number of Cited : 37
    This paper focus on the way of the organization of the lexicon. Lexicon is one of the complex systems. A complex system consists of a lot of members which interact. Similarly, Lexicon is organized with an enormous amount of connections of words, which interact connected words. Inter-activation of words makes a emergent structures, say, schema, which can not be found in individual word. Schema are representations of abstracted generality of connected words on the basis of morphologically shared properties. The process of connecting within words are called self-organization of words and the direction of schema-forming is bottom-up process. Schema can also be connected with themselves. As a result of connections of specific schema, more general schema can be emergent. The emergent schema of various levels of generality have internal structures which make speakers be able to analyze internal structures of words. And schema are used in the formation of new words, which are the process of categorization of new instances by schema. Word formation rules, or word formation components are abandoned in the models of lexicon as a complex system because new words are formed by schema which are not independent with representations of words. The research of relations of words in the lexicon is, then, the core domain of morphology. In other words, morphology is in the lexicon, and self-organization of the lexicon is morphology by itself.
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    On the Traditional Styles of Korean Composition

    송진한 | 2007, (63) | pp.227~256 | number of Cited : 3
    The principles, methods, and deployments of Korean composition enter on various phases. The phases can be examined in terms of their transcriptions or literary styles. The present author discusses the "theoretical" phase of Korean composition which can be called the basic seed of stylistics. Several concepts and definitions of the theory of Korean composition are not contrary to one another but need be broken down into the two main categories of realism and allegory. Realism gives primacy to interpretation and description and develops original viewpoints and perspectives that do not imitate the logics of predecessors. Realist composition refers to the style of open-ended form and free expression that enables the vigorous nerves of sentence to undulate and encourages the detail description of contents. Realist composition deals with various subject matters but sets forth the main ideas or philosophy of Confucian scholars in the mode of straightforward logic and system, not in the mode of pretexts, inferences, or metaphoric expressions. The second category of allegory representsthe style of establishing fictional conditions or intentional observations in the first half of composition and forming in the second half new significations based on a conclusion inferred from an accidental situation. Allegorical composition usually chooses actual objects or phenomena in real life and recognizes or infers them in relation to other objects or phenomena. Allegorical composition develops ideas in an allegorical mode.
  • 11.

    The Effect of?iterature Therapy and Couple discord on the <Yichoonpoongjeon>

    최혜진 | 2007, (63) | pp.257~278 | number of Cited : 6
    <Yichoonpoongjeon> is emphasized the virtue of forgiveness that the wife tames the troublemaker husband and it captures confrontation aspect of the wife with humorous gaze, and finally it solves serious couple discord through the laugh. The Humor method of this work overcomes with laugh for problem situations which it operates on character or structures. First, it refers tradition of the view of the world and therapy effects. Second, it tracks the discord solution aspect of this work that it describes with the view of Choonpoong and his wife and the confrontation aspect. It describes Choonpoong as the typical problem husband and his wife is the model of the time desired wife.&nbsp; It especially regulates and solves of the husband trouble through the view of the wife and it has an end of returns to the family through the healing and correcting of problem. From this point it watches for psychological sense of superiority and liberation feelings of women readers through the wife that solves her husband’s problem with her ability and wisdom which it goes back on the reason of human relation and through demand of time. In the next, it tries to enumerate a question item of this work in order to use these problems at the literature therapy of a supplement step, a intensification step and a combined step of self-narration. It aims at a healthy change through the work narration of the wife who gets pain from her husband. It is effective for patients in that it shows solving problems through humor and that they can change their self-narration with a composed attitude and psychological sense of stability.
  • 12.

    A Lover's Silence' written by Manhae, Han Yong-woon and ‘Anguish, that is, awakening’

    김광원 | 2007, (63) | pp.279~303 | number of Cited : 4
    Manhae’s A Lover's Silence was made of the structure of a paradox, which originating in the world of Zen(禪). It is because that the world of Zen(禪) is instinctive and general world transcending time and space, so the world comprehends all paradoxes contradictory to ‘A=A’(the world of relativity) and ‘A≠A’(the world of negation) each other. On this point, A Lover's Silence is in the world in where separation is separation and also separation is not separation, and it is checked out the world of ‘anguish, that is, awakening’ to identify real love in a pain of separation. The reason of ‘anguish, that is, awakening’ is that anguish in itself is really non-substantial and simply nothing but a process of karma. From this point of view, ‘anguish, that is, awakening’, Manhae’s A Lover's Silence was considered, but examined divided its speaker into three speakers:‘Manhae, Han Yong-woon’, ‘female speaker’ and ‘mail speaker’. As the result, through Manhae, Han Yong-woon and male as the speaker the creative background of this collection of poems becomes shown more dynamic, because through them the awareness of an age, their fatherland was robbed by Japanese imperialism, is expressed more clearly. All pains of separation expressed in the poems of A Lover's Silence, those are the pains on the assumption that is love. The representative is the first poem, 「A Lover's Silence」. It is because that ‘a lover’ leave me and be in the state of silence, but at that time the speaker is rather to become perceived the reason of true love and not to suppress his feelings to sing a love song.
  • 13.

    Coal Mine Poems and Kangwon-Youngdong Regional Literature

    남기택 | 2007, (63) | pp.305~325 | number of Cited : 8
    This study approaches Anthology of Coal Mine Poems within the framework of regional literature. Typical poems of such kind are characterized by predominant notion rather than dominant form. An unconventional form, symbolical poetic words, and structural elaborateness are found only in the works of some poets. ‘Coal mine poems’ are not reserved exclusively for those who experienced coal mining. Nevertheless, genuine agents of coal mine poems should be coal mine workers and residents. This is the very reason why such poems should be ascribed to ‘regional literature’. It is deemed appropriate for such poems to focus on creating poetic images rather than depicting reality in an abstract way. Poetry communicates abstract sense through something specific, namely, images, rather than through abstraction. More serious and continuous research must be sought through Anthology of Coal Mine Poems.
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