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2008, Vol., No.64

  • 1.

    The History and Etymology of the word ‘가위’[剪]

    이선웅 | 2008, (64) | pp.5~24 | number of Cited : 2
    In this paper, I argue about the history and etymology of the word ‘가위’[剪]. Firstly, I examine the various dialectal forms and the aspects of the historical change of ‘ㅸ’/β/ to reconstruct the ‘*가’ as the proto-form of the dialectia forms ‘가위, 강위, 가우, 강우, 가웨, 가왜, 가외, 가이, 가의, 가아, 강아’. But I also acknowledge the proto-form ‘*개’ of the dialectal forms ‘가시개, 가새, 가세, 가애, 강애, 가에, 강에’, that is there were two etymologies ‘*가’ and ‘*애’ in Korean. Secondly, I explain the ‘*가’ as the form which is made by combining the verbal stem ‘-’(which meant ‘to divide into the same two’) and the suffix ‘-이’(which meant ‘instrument’). This is an entirely different etymology/word from ‘*개’ which is formed by combining the verbal stem ‘-’(which meant ‘to cut’) and the suffix ‘-개’(which meant ‘instrument’). Furthermore I explain the borrowing aspects of ‘*가’ and ‘*개’ in Altaic languages.
  • 2.

    On the coordinand of coordination construction

    Seo Hyeong Guk | 2008, (64) | pp.25~44 | number of Cited : 2
    This paper aims at explaining the synthetic relation between coordinand of coordination construction. For this purpose, this paper take that procedure. Firstly, the type of coordinand is classified. In Korean there have been a lot of research that classified the complex construction, so in this procedure the criteria of classification so far is considered importantly. Second, the model of explanation is suggested. This model is based on the type of coordinand. And at last, the intervening factors of synthetic construction is considered. In the lexicalization, semantic factor that the coordinand has the antomym can function as key role. That the synthetic construction of root must considered seperatly from another synthetic construction is asserted. And the synthetic construction of noun phrase must be construed from enumerated construction. And the synthetic construction of expanded verb construction cannot be understood as the complex of verb and its complement.
  • 3.

    A phonological analysis on modern Korean ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation

    Eunji Yeo | 2008, (64) | pp.45~68 | number of Cited : 12
    This paper was considered an environment applicable to ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation and explained the motive of notation appeared in this way in terms of phonemics. The applicable environment on ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation is divided into something occurred in relation to retrogressive lateralization and change on /o/>/ㄹ/. In the around 16 century, lateralization was being progressed and later ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation appeared. Original ‘ㄹㄹ’ notations were written into ‘ㄹㄴ’, retrogressive notation in similar time. Another object applicable on ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation was a non-automatic alternation on a declinable word and a substantive, which were related to change on /ㄹㅇ/>/ㄹㄹ/. On the other hand, it is confirmed that a simple separated bind notation, ‘ㄹㅇ’ was written into ‘ㄹㄴ’, which is occurred by an analogy on ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation resulted from alteration on /ㄹㅇ/>/ㄹㄹ/. In terms of alteration on ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation like the above, all of /ㄹㄹ/ steps are gone ahead of compared to others, in this /ㄹㄹ/, preceding ‘ㄹ’ has a special feature like a lateral sound. The motive on ‘ㄹㄴ’ notation appeared seems like because of a property of geminate. To solve out a uncertainty of a boundary caused because [l], [ll] are not be recognized into other sounds, the accompanying /ㄹ/ is written into resonance sound, ‘ㄴ’ focused on a syllable boundary.
  • 4.

    The study on the Meanings of ‘Bach-ta’ and‘Baspa-ta’ in Middle Korean Langage

    Shin, Eun-Su | 2008, (64) | pp.69~94 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper is to describe the meanings of ‘Bach-ta’ and ‘Baspa-ta’ in the Middle Korean Language and their semantic relations. Also this paper describes the meanings of ‘Bach-ta’ and ‘Baspa-ta’ presenting the semantic meanings and the argument features and its selective features of them. ‘Baspa-ta’ is a derivative adjective form of ‘Bach-ta’. In Middle Korean Language, ‘Bach-ta’ takes both meanings ‘hurry’[activity] and ‘no free’[state]. Comparatively, ‘Baspa-ta’ takes meanings as follows: ‘being urgent’[state], ‘no free’[state] and ‘(stream) being rapid’[state]. The ‘hurry’ meaning of ‘Bach-ta’ and the ‘being urgent’ meaning of ‘Baspa-ta’ are related to ‘be shorten timely’. ‘No free’ which both ‘Bach-ta’ and ‘Baspa-ta’ have means ‘have no time to do anything especially’. But ‘being rapid’ is a sort of meaning that water flows as stream.
  • 5.

    A diachronic study of ‘meomureuda’

    Lee Raeho | 2008, (64) | pp.95~120 | number of Cited : 4
    The conjugation of the verb ‘meomeul-’ in Korean language during the Middle Ages (15-16th century) was regular. Grammatically, it functioned as an intransitive verb. Its causative form were ‘meomeulo-/meomeulu-’, denoted by the causative suffix ‘-o/u-’. Today ‘meomeul-’ in modern Korean functions as an intransitive verb and the conjugation is regular just as it was during the Middle Ages. It could be highlighted that in modern Korean language, ‘meomeurʌ-/ meomeureu-’, a new form coming out of the category of the conjugated form of ‘meomeul-’, began to appear and functioned as a transitive verb with a causative meaning. The form of ‘meomeureu-’ is a form in which its verb stem became restructuralized through the process of ‘meomeulu-> meomeuru/meomuru>meomeureu/meomureu->meomureu-’. The coexistence of ‘meomeureu-’ and ‘meomeulu-’ continued until the 19th century, On the other hand, the spread of existing derivatives ‘meomeulo/meomeulu-’ were replaced by ‘meomeureu-’ from 17th century. ‘meomeureu-’ conjugated regularly when they first appeared, However, they started to show irregular conjugation in the late 18th century. The irregular conjugation of ‘meomeureu-’ seems to be inferred from the inflection of words having a stem ‘reu’ such as ‘gareu-’. From the 18th century, ‘meomeulge hʌ-’, the causative form of ‘meomeul-’, appeared. Therefore, there are three types of the causative expression of ‘meomeul-’ in modern Korean language; ‘meomeureu-’ in the lexical dimension, ‘meomeul-+-o/u-’ in the derivative dimension, and ‘meomeul-+-ge hʌ-’ in the grammatical dimension. ‘meomeureu-’와 ‘meomulo-/meomulu-’ of the same meaning and the same grammatical structure were in competitive relations and the distribution of ‘meomeulu-’ shrank as a result of getting behind in the competition. ‘meomeureu- functioned only as a transitive verb before Oryunhaengsildo: A book for moral rules to govern the Five Human Relations), however, many examples that they functioned as an intransitive verb appeared in the late 19th century. There were no restrictions in connecting ‘meomul-’ with the suffixes begin with vowels until the mid-19th century. However, this trend declined in the late 19th century, and finally it was settled that ‘meomeul-’ would connect only with suffixes that begin with consonants and ‘meomeureu-’ would connect with both types of suffixes in 20th century. At present, ‘meomureu-’ has no transitive verb function and can be divided into allomorphic types ‘meomul-’ and ‘meomureu-’ that function as an intransitive verb. The causative function of ‘meomeureu-’ was replaced by the form of ‘-ge ha-’ which has historically competed with ‘meomureu-’.
  • 6.

    Thinking and expressions in ?Munyeodo?- On the general semantics’ view point ·

    곽경숙 | 2008, (64) | pp.121~146 | number of Cited : 2
    For the purpose of viewing the various types of thinking and expressions in the writing, this paper examines Gim DongRi’s Munyeodo on the general semantics’ view point. Because general semantics researches the relationship among human thinking, linguistics and behavior, it is the suitable methodology for studying the writing process. This study inquires into writer’s world view, types of thinking, and forms of linguistic expression. It leads to reveal the different characteristics between literary writings and other writings. The analysis shows us that two valued orientation, intensional orientation, facts and judgments are frequently used in Munyeodo. These promote the novel’s influential effects to the readers. Intensional orientation which is used for shaping shamanism and two valued orientation caused the conflicts among the characters of novel, which lead the tragic situation. And facts and judgments which are properly used in Munyeodo, affect the readers by coloring the poetic mood. On the basis of thinking methods and expression patterns in Munyeodo, this study tried to draw out the writer’s real world view and thinking process. This study could have a meaning because general semantics can be a useful tool for the literary writing analysis.
  • 7.

    Assessment Problems of College Writing Instruction

    최상민 | 2008, (64) | pp.147~170 | number of Cited : 13
    This paper centers on field precedents. And it deals with the assessment problems of college writing instruction. I expect to get the certain suggestion about how the assessment is performed in college writing instruction through this paper. I think that the assessment of college writing instruction isn’t just limited to confirm accomplishment factors that the learner’s writing achieves. I think it is the total of various systematic strategies mobilized to improve teach-learn. I will provide some suggestions in this paper. The following is the detailed contents of that. First, Procedure assessment is positively conducted in the way of the feedback. It is able to assess about writing procedure through the feedback. And it is able to construct and product creative meaning through the assessment conducted by oneself, fellow and instructor. Through the communication with learner-fellow and learner-instructor, it is able to institute creative and abundant scaffolding. These procedures enables a learner to improve writing ability as a procedure of meaning construction. It needs specific and proper assessment planning. And it is also needs to apply and practice proper class model. A standard of assessment should be prepared that considers concrete circumstances and context should be prepared. In addition, a debate needs to be introduced based on cooperative thinking with fellow learners about the situation of the matter given needs to be introduce. And then, I suggest introducing procedure of teach-learn that continues ‘writing - first feedback - rewriting(or reflective writing based on the first feedback) - second feedback’ Second, a consequence assessment needs to be conducted as an instrument to rank the learners and score the grades. That is, the assessment of consequence fundamentally include the contents of procedure assessment in that it assesses potential development possibility of learners. However, it should be function as an equipment that secures the objectivity of assessment to rank learners and score the grades at the writing instruction field. Just, the plan of assessment standard should be prepared in detail considering context, circumstance, objectivity, possibility of learners and so on. Also, it should be prepared regarding embellishment as high spirit function of learners.
  • 8.

    A Study of <Gangnam-akbu> written by Jo Hyeon-beom- Putting Character of Akbu-si First in Importance

    Kim, Shin Chung | 2008, (64) | pp.171~190 | number of Cited : 6
    <Gangnam-akbu> is Akbu-si written by Jo Hyeon-beom, a literary man in the late Chosun. Jo Hyeon-beom produced this literary work using a subject matter from historic facts in Sun-cheon, his hometown. Therefore, <Gangnam-akbu> has character of both Yeongsa-akbu and Gisok-akbu. So I considered a character of Akbu-si of <Gangnam-akbu> regarding this point. The contents of this writing is summarized in three points ; a basic information analysis about Jo Hyeon-beom and <Gangnam-akbu> ; the development of Korean Akbu-si and understanding the position of <Gangnam-akbu> ; considering a character of Akbu-si of <Gangnam-akbu>. In result, <Gangnam-akbu> has a typical frame of Yeongsa-akbu, and it is Gisok-akbu covering manners in Sun-cheon in internal sense.
  • 9.

    A Study on Author’s Viewpoints in the Plot Structure ofKwonIkjungJeon

    Boyoon Yoon | 2008, (64) | pp.191~216 | number of Cited : 4
    KwonIkjungJeon, one of Korean medieval novels, begins with hero’s love story and turns into a story about a treacherous courtier Ok Nang-mok’s finesse to break wedding march. Here, Seon-dong, a character born from Ik-jung and Chun-hwa, reveals outstanding abilities and also plays a role as hero against Ok Nang-mok, which involves a sort of heroic story. Moreover, the revival of the dead Chun-hwa reveals an aspect of story on return to life. In the aspect of plot structure, this novel has a combination of stories on wedding crisis, heroic actions and return to life. The author of this novel lets Ok Nang-mok meddle in the love story of hero to form a major obstacle against wedding, but allows for resolving unhappiness between couple in wedlock, so that he could embody the high-handedness of ruling class. On the way to punishment against Ok Nang-mok, the heroic story of Seon-dong becomes remarkable, which is a result from the expression of author’s inner desire for success through his novel. Seon-dong became the subject of identification for readers as well as author, and thereby could attract enthusiastic responses from them. In denouement where all conflicts are resolved to determine destiny of characters, the author of this novel decides to return Chun-hwa, a fairy being to the life in the world, because the author thought that the ultimate happiness for mankind should be attained in this world. KwonIkjungJeon is a Korean medieval novel set in the peaceful world under the reliable control of Confucian ideal order, but turns into application of Taoistic world view, because such an order is broken up by Ok Nang-mok. As the evil character is killed by Seon-dong and former Confucian order becomes restored, the author uses Buddhist world view for the revival of Chun-hwa. The author adopts both Taoistic and Buddhist world view as an epoch-making means to solve given conflicts, ending up with correction of Confucian order.
  • 10.

    Significance in The History of Korean Literature andCharacteristics of Folk Tales of Chosun

    Kwon, Hyeok-rae | 2008, (64) | pp.217~246 | number of Cited : 32
    The Folk Tales of Chosun(「朝鮮の物語集附俚諺」), an early modern anthology of tales and classic novels, was published by Takahashi Toru(高橋亨) in 1910, and is comprised of 24 folk tales, 4 classic novels and 500 proverbs. The tales have various characteristics; there are stories about tricksters, stories about divination by configuration of the ground and destiny, and stories that feature characters who are something lacking, as well as a wide variety of female characters. On the other hand, the stories that were abridged by Takahashi were rewritten based on Kyeongpanbon(京板本) as the original works. The significance of Folk Tales of Chosun in the history of literature in Korea can be explained as follows. First, the Folk Tales of Chosun is the first published anthology of tales and classic novels in modern times. We can see how the tales, once handed down by word-of-mouth, are preserved in the form of a written work through the Folk Tales of Chosun. Second, the Folk Tales of Chosun was a continuous influence, both positive and negative, on the Korean literature that followed. Third, the classic novels included in the Folk Tales of Chosun give us a hint as to how the first Korean novels were formed.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Intertextuality in Empty House

    Shin,Ik-Ho | 2008, (64) | pp.247~274 | number of Cited : 3
    A house means the comfortable place where people and all living things can relax and are protected. It is also the root where the mental sense of family is formed among family members. As for Ki, Hyeongdo, a poet, the obsession about an empty house(room) basically means the absence of a father and is attributed to the absence of the motherhood in a house because a mother works outside to make money instead of a father. But an empty house (room) described by Shin, Gyeongsuk has many meanings such as leaving or parting, loss like death and separation. The principal characters are strollers who quest the depth of the existence through the introspection and have a dark and lonely situation. Empty House by Ki, Hyeongdo is about the story in which a narrator lost love and planned to go to somewhere after leaving the memory shared with a love in an empty house. In other words, it seems like parting words just before he commits suiciding owing to suffering from breaking up with a love. He states the sorrow of parting by observing the inner world of the self with the objective point of view, establishing the fictitious object as the other. Empty House by Shin, Gyeongsuk depicts the sorrowful mind of lonesome and yearning after paring and shows to recover the desolate emotion by means of transcending the self centered relationship and the present standard that money and appearance are the important conditions of love. After it presents Empty House by Ki in the beginning part, it cites the memo which Ki, Hyeongdo wrote to compose the poem, in the middle part. With the whole structure(parting with a love-> painful memory-> confirmation of leaving), repetition technique, borrowing of animal or poetic images and the objective point of view, parody can be caught in Empty House by Shin. Especially, the content of letter, frequent words and the repetition of sentences in Empty House by Shin are similar to those in Empty House by Ki.
  • 12.

    The postmodern era and stroller’s oppositive thinking- Lee Mun Jae’s theory

    Kim Hongjin | 2008, (64) | pp.275~302 | number of Cited : 1
    Our society have entered the post modern era’s the later industrial society. The increasing of the experience about city’s civilization is standard of the modern city and society’s historical changes. Our poets are expanding the width of the imagination with a metropolitan sensibility as they live in the middle of the common city civilized. They who are strolling it while they are stealing glance one are ‘Flaneur’. Modern people chase the civilized life on the basis of scientific technique’s civilization actively. In the post modern era’s common city, stroller always antagonizes “fascist’s speed”. Strolling is the spiritual product to escape or to recover the original life. The walker regards the common world which is dominated by real regulation and order as the critical things. Lee Mun jae is seeing through the post modern era’s contradiction. He chases the slow aesthetics which is demonstrating against the worship of the speed culture. He considers the industrial society’s fundamental contradiction. This criminal mind makes the oppositive thinking about the city’s civilization as it goes with biological imagination. So this manuscript paid attention to stroller’s eye and thinking . And this lighted the city’s speed and slow aesthetics, the lost of the original form and biological recovering, empires brutality which are on the basis of the civilization’s criticism. Slow aesthetics is expressed by ‘strolling’. In his poem, the strolling motive is poetic way to see the life’s original element. He is antilife and critical about antilife civilization. His poem is the spiritual product for recovering the biological recovery. His poem is alternative about common biological reality and the later capitalism’s ideology.
  • 13.

    Selfishness and Capitalistic Exchange In Yeum Sang-soup’s Novels

    JANG Su-Ik | 2008, (64) | pp.303~332 | number of Cited : 13
    In early Yeum Sang-soup’s novels, the most important problem that Chosen Nation had in colonial period was that they did not control their selfishness by themselves, as they did not accomplish the self-awakening of the individuality and nation. He regarded selfnishness as vice at that time. But his viewpoint for selfishness changed in 「Haebaragi(해바라기)」 and 「Cheonhwa(전화)」. In these works, he showed capitalistic exchanges which were performed by equal individuals. Selfishness was not vice any longer, it was regarded as original nature of human though it would be controlled by culture and rationality. But the equal exchange relationship was an ideal and not an actual condition because it was colonial period in Chosen. He described that intellectuals rationalized their hypocricy with a thought for free love in 「Neohideuleun Mueoseul Eodoetneunya(너희들은 무엇을 어덧느냐)」 ; actually it was not controlled selfishness. But only two characters controlled their selfishness and tried to achieve to truly life as they accomplished the self-awakening and culture. But their trial were not social level but individual level. In 「Saranggwa Choi(사랑과 죄)」, Yeum made a further step for describing selfishness and capitalistic exchange. He tried the control for selfishness with ideology, especially socialism. In other words, to solve the problem of the control for selfishness, he recognized that it needed the three solutions ; love for individual level, struggle for nation level, idea(an ideal thought) for society. He asserted that not-controlled selfishness gave rise to crimes.
  • 14.

    The methods of Korean Culture Education establishingself-identity of female marriage immigrants

    Mi-Young Jang | 2008, (64) | pp.355~379 | number of Cited : 17
    This study is to point out Korean society’s situation discriminating between female spouses from underdeveloped countries and those from developed countries and to find a solution to it. To solve the problem, this study focuses on the education establishing self-identity. By 2007, foreign spouses who have been married to Korean citizens amount to 106,437. Among them, 93,902 people, 88.2% are female. The word of “female marriage immigrants” means different from international marriage for love. the people called “female marriage immigrants” are those who married Korean males through marriage agencies or certain religious bodies. In this case, most Korean male spouses are singles who are not chosen by Korean females. The word “female marriage immigrants” also has a meaning of female marriage immigrants from underdeveloped countries such as China, Viet Nam, Philippines, Mongolia and Thailand etc. Recently, Korean society is developing programs based on “the ethics of differences” which excludes violent Korean culture education demanding uniformity. The Korean culture education based on multicultural philosophy can be recognized as an advanced culture education which admits the differences of each culture. It can also be regarded as an improved culture education in a way of “the ethics of differences” by teaching the excellency of the culture of mother’s country. But “the ethics of differences” can not be an active concept creating new values. Korean society has to find a new ethics in order to adopt various cultures as well as to develop the ability of female marriage immigrants. The final goal is not to only recognize the differences but to obtain equality. The linguists, Acton and Felix categorized the cultural change of foreign language learners into 4, ie. Tourist stage, Survivor stage, Immigrant stage and Citizen stage and discovered the acculturation threshold between survivor stage and immigrant stage. Korean culture eduction should be done taking the stages of the learner’s cultural change into account. Stage 1, the tourist stage has to focus on the position of mere observer who just compare Korean culture with his/her own country’s culture. Stage 2, the survivor stage is to teach the basic cultural knowledge which is necessary for living. Stage 3, the immigrant stage needs to obtain the knowledge of cultural products, tangible or intangible, and to take detailed actions under Korean culture and further understand it. Stage 4, the citizen stage requires the education for the learner’s practice in his/her own way, that is to say, to make the learner to solve the problem on her own using materials around him/her. In conclusion, Korean culture education for female marriage immigrants should become more meaningful by considering their better lives and new happiness. It means that the education should create productive energy individually and socially. Our society has to go over the mere concept of recognizing foreign culture. We have to go further by making each female marriage immigrant to develop ‘the nomad thought’ and reborn as a “nomadic subject” in order to make self-achievement on her own.