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2008, Vol., No.67

  • 1.

    Sentence structure and analytic grammar

    Ui Su Kim | 2008, (67) | pp.5~35 | number of Cited : 24
    Abstract
    Grammatical theories about sentence structures can be divided into two types: one is for parsing sentence, the other for producing sentence. Generative grammar has tried to deal with them both through Universal Grammar. Many theories about natural language processing are also interested in production as well as parsing. However, if you want to make a good model for producing sentences, you need to know beforehand how sentences are organized. Unfortunately, generative grammar makes assumptions on a priori grounds which have not been proved correct yet. Thus, I think that we have no choice but to find a new way to understand sentence structures. This led me to a model called ‘analytic grammar’ which only concerns itself with parsing sentence. In this paper, I propose a system that can immediately be applied to parsing sentences in Korean. It consists of a few letters and numbers which represent characteristics of sentence constituents such as their grammatical functions, parts of speech, and sorts of modifiers. I analyze real sentences from a poem and a novel. The analysis shows that analytic grammar works well without having to make many assumptions and that the results can be easily understood. This model also shows potential for processing huge corpus.
  • 2.

    The Discourse Functions and the Grammaticalization of ‘Da'(all)

    Koo Jong Nam | 2008, (67) | pp.37~59 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purposes of this paper are to elucidate the syntactic and semantic properties of discourse marker ‘da’(all). Generally ‘da’ is used as a adverb or noun, but it can be used as a discourse marker, too. In this paper I showed several evidences which support ‘da’ to be a discourse marker, and explored the meanings and syntactic phenomena of ‘da’. ‘Da’ appears with high frequency in oral discourse and has no lexical meaning, so it is optional in sentence. ‘Da’ can appear sentence medially and finally as well. I argued that the main function of ‘da’ is to represent the speaker’s unexpectedness. Also in this paper I discussed the process that ‘da’ becomes a discourse marker. I demonstrated that discourse marker ‘da’ had been derived from adverb/noun through the pragmatic strengthening in grammaticalization.
  • 3.

    Phonological treatment of [ʔ] in Jeonbuk dialect

    euna baek | 2008, (67) | pp.61~79 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    To establish the position of /ㅎ/ as a consonant in Jeonbuk dialect and show their appropriate phonological phenomenon of /ㅎ/ and [?], regarding [?] as a variation of /ㅎ/, this study illustrates the relation with the phonological phenomenon. When /?/ is set up for syllable final stop sound, It is reasonable to regard /ㅎ/ as a word-initial physiologically and phonetically because there is no need for setting up *[녿는], *[녿소] It seems that there are some cases that [?] in Jeonbuk dialect appears in the stem final. In this study those stem finals are regards as ‘ㄹㅎ’. When ’ㄹㅎ‘ is regarded as final sound, it is possible to explain randomly the appearance of glottalization or aspiration when the stem is conjugated. The Glottalized conjugated forms are Glottalized forms which are combined with the following lenes after /ㅎ/ became stopped in the final syllable position. And aspirated conjugated forms are glottal-ones which are combined with the following lenes before /ㅎ/ became stopped in the final syllable position.
  • 4.

    A Text Structure and Textuality about Theater of the absurd — As found Manuscript paper of Lee Geunsam —

    강연임 | 2008, (67) | pp.81~106 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The text Manuscript paper of Lee Geun-Sam is theater of the absurd that is used unreal language expression. But these ironical expression is given strong impression to a reader. In this thesis, it is studied about text structure of Manuscript paper, and is studied about textuality and text linguistic characteristic. This can be summarized as follows. First, in Manuscript paper there are four characters, and treated an everyday experience. That is substituted for narrative structure of van Dijk, it is presented an identity of life and a self-examination of life as a moral. And in the story, the desire that a hero of losing hope wants to get out trap of life is supposed to evaluation. In the plot, there are nine episodes. In every episodes, through four characters's speaking and action, it is criticized ironically a problem of losing identification and repetition of everyday experience. Second, a cohesion of Manuscript paper is studied through recurrence, parallelism, paraphrase, pro-forms, ellipsis. As this text is used to these factors, it is gained compactness of syntax structure, unification of syntax. And it is helped for readers to understand the story. Besides this text is important to the problem of moderners through the title, background and characters description. And in this, for every factors is intensive to main theme, it is strength to coherence. Third, it is studied about text linguistic characteristic. This text is theater of the absurd, there are many characteristics. First, this text is structured of duality opposition structure. So writer's criticism looks better anything else. And by text producter's evaluative utterance, readers could understand writer's intention. A symbol by ironical utterance gave strong impression to reader. Lastly, as a situation is repeated indirectly, so it could be revealed a problem of losing identification for moderners.
  • 5.

    A Study on Particles in Lee Mungu’s novels

    Young-Mok Han | 2008, (67) | pp.107~127 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims at discussing particles that are used in Lee Mungu’s novels. Particles of dialogues that are used in Lee Mungu prefers dialects of Chungnam province. This study compares several particles that show difference from those of the central region among particles that are used in Lee Mungu’s novels. Lee Mungu uses ‘-ra’, and ‘-iga’ as a subject case maker but does not use ‘-raga’, and ‘-daga’. Lee Mungu uses a dative particles such as ‘-heonti’, ‘-euge,’ ‘-deoreo’, ‘-beoreo’, and ‘-beoreo’ which co-occur with [+group, -animate] noun is not presented in Boryeong dialect. As a ‘comparative’ particles, this study discusses ‘-manchi’, ‘-manchim’, ‘-manina’, ‘-manyang’ and ‘-maeru’, and ‘-beodeom’ and ‘-bodam’ which are variation forms of ‘-boda’. Lee Mungu does not use ‘-mallu’, and ‘-angku,’ which are for comparison. Chungnam dialects, ‘-hallae’ and ‘-hanji’ plays a role as ‘-kkaji’, ‘-jocha’, and ‘-majeo’, Lee Mungu used ‘-hallae’ only. ‘-illang’ that plays a role as ‘-eun/-neun’ is unified with ‘-sari’ which means ‘-neunkeonyeong.’ There are three forms in Lee Mungu novels such as ‘-illangsari’, ‘-neunsara’, and ‘-eunkeonyeong.’ ‘-neunsara’ that is not used in Chungnam dialects is a unique integrated from as allomorphs of ‘-eunsari.’ Particles in Lee Mungu’s novels prefers Boryeong dialect among Chungnam dialects. However, because of locality and personality characters in the novels, they are different from the usage of the real dialect. This is because of the complex factors such as conjugation of the writer’s idiolects, intervention of various dialects and standard words and the writer’s intentional expressions to intensify the characters’ personality.
  • 6.

    A Study of the method of analysis the web page for critical reading of media texts ― centered to web pages of autonomous entities

    Im, Chil-seong | 하숙자 | 2008, (67) | pp.129~157 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    For critical reading internet web site, this paper shows a method of analysis two web pages of Seoul-si and Pampyeong-gun. We analysis the pages in text domain, deep structure domain, and discourse domain. In text domain, we extract the subjects through their isotopes. In the deep structure domain, we analysis the value systems of the subjects and the tracks of making their meanings of the pages. In the discourse domain, we analysis their way for constructing their stories in their web pages according to the Greimas(1970). The result of the analysis shows us that the ways of making subjects and communication are different from the social and cultural contexts. The ways of description are different between two web pages. The web page of Seoul-si gives some information to their citizens but that of Pampyeong-gun requires coming to Pampyeong as a visitor. So, in the deep structure domain of the web page of Seoul-si the communicators are his citizens but that of Pampyeong-gun are outsiders. In the discourse domain, the page of Seoul-si tells communicators that they will make the city well for the middle class citizens but that of Pampyeong-gun tells communicators that Pampyeong-gun is a good tourist resort for outsiders.
  • 7.

    A Sociolinguistic Analysis on Realization of Tensification in Korean―Centering on Chinese Students Learning Korean Language―

    Kang, Hui-suk | 2008, (67) | pp.159~180 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study aims to present educational directions of Korean pronunciation based on sociolinguistic analysis of the realization of tensification, Chinese learners have experienced in learning Korean. For this purpose, this study classified the types of tensification of sounds presented in Section 23 through 28 in the <Standard Pronunciation> included in Part 2 of the 『Regulations on Standard Language』 into seven and examined the aspects of actual pronunciation by Chinese learners in reference to factors of fluency levels of Korean language, gender, and speech styles. And the results are summarized as follows: First, it was found that all the seven types of tensification had low realization rate of 25.1% at a maximum and 8.9% at a minimum. Second, the types with low realization of tensification in ways of talking words or reading sentences were the following three: free nouns of two syllables are attached after ‘-ㄹ’ , a determinant-type ending; interposition of ‘ㅅ’ ; and tensification of endings of /ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ/ following after /ㄴ, ㅁ/, conjugated verbal stems of inflected words. Third, in respect to learners’ fluency in Korean language, there was little correlation between beginning, intermediate and advanced levels and the realization rate, which indicates an absence of pronunciation education or fossilization of pronunciation errors. Fourth, in respect to the gender of the learners, female students showed a higher rate of tensification realization than male counterparts, which means that there is a difference in tensification rate according to gender.
  • 8.

    A study on Writing Education in 1930s.

    lee jung chan | 2008, (67) | pp.181~199 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study was intended to investigate the writing education in 1930s. Taking this point into consideration, this study divided the writing education into the ‘writing’ and ‘education’, and divided the writing into the ‘inner factor(word, sentence, paragraph, organization……)’ and ‘external factor(originality, conciseness ……)’, and divided the education into the ‘education in school’ and ‘education in society.’ There were many various changes in them, so it was very special periods(1930s) Next, this study introduced writing-textbooks - Korean writing in Middle school(中等朝鮮語作文 1928) by Gang Mea(姜邁) and Korean writing-textbook(朝鮮語作文學習書 1931) by Park Gi Hyeok(朴璣爀) and show the public subscription of student's writing by Dong Gwang(동광) magazine.
  • 9.

    Reconsidering Typical Classification of "Gasa"

    전일환 | 2008, (67) | pp.201~223 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Until now Gasa(歌辭) works have not been classified by the author, the social, periodical or a material matter/a subject matter, but by the classifier's view or impression. Thus it is not reasonable to classify "Gasa" into 3, 7, 8, 10, 11, 15, 21, 34 type, etc. Most of Gasa were written and enjoyed by the gentry in the early Joseon dynasty. However, after Japanese invasion into Korea, Joseon society was changed greatly and Gasa were written and enjoyed by the common people and even by women and Budda monks. That's why it is needed for Gasa to be classified by the period: the first period of Joseon and after. The gentry’s way of life consisted of only two ways: one is social life (出) and the other is family life(處). The confucians who lived in the rural country wrote the wise type of Gasa and did their official duties. They always tried to keep the strict rule of Procrustean literature. Joseon dynasty witnessed a lot of party stripe and massacre of Confucian literati. Many confucians retired into their hermit and enjoyed a rural life. They created river/lake type of Gasa(江湖型歌辭) and Procrustean type of literature based on Do(載道的 文學觀). In conclusion, it is needed to classify Gasa according to their characters into the following two categories: the wise type(顯達型) and the river/lake type(江湖型). The wise type can be divided into sub-categories such as the war type, the tour-record type, the moral and motto type, the scenery type, etc. The river/lake type can be divided into the following sub-categories such as the hermit type and the loyal type.
  • 10.

    A Study on Blue Bird Song, the Folk Song of Donghak Peasant Revolution

    Do hyoung Kim | 2008, (67) | pp.225~245 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The study intensively dealt with the meaning of Blue Bird Song, the folk song of Donghak. First, the study reviewed the song by classifying it into its type and considered the historical and cultural context all together. Based on an understanding of the initial meaning of the song, the study approached the in-depth meaning of it, and further, the study revealed the symbolic meaning of ‘the blue bird’. At the same time, the study attempted an overall approach in order to review the pattern of the blue bird appearing in diverse genres of literature. ‘The blue bird’ is a combination of ‘blue’ and ‘ a bird’. A bird is perceived as a messenger who delivers the will of Heaven to humans. The blue color symbolizes the ideal human image, and spiritual aspiration. Accordingly, ‘the Blue Bird’ in Blue Bird Song should be seen not as a physical thing, but as a sort of an emblem, that is, a symbol of ‘being greenish’.
  • 11.

    A study on perception of 'friend' in Yi Sineui's Sijo

    오선주 | 2008, (67) | pp.247~272 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to explain a realistic sense and the purpose in ten Sijo works of Yi Sin-eui sung about ‘a friend’. Yi Sin-eui had directly met with many objects and he had sung of the being that it is not that he had accepted these objects at its face value, but that he had regarded as its being obtained a friend’s status. Hence a detailed observation and a cognitive process about a individual character what each of the objects have is charged with a large share. In consequence, organically combining the object character with a mentality of writer, each of the objects was appeared as the being to have a independent character. Besides, the external form that expressed as that a pine, an maehwa blossom, a bamboo, a chrysanthemum and a bright moon except a swallow is summarized as an act standard to realize the essence of the way. Finally, the perception of ‘friend; of Yi Sin-eui is the product of strong consciousness to internally and externally embody Dao(道) as moral doctrine.
  • 12.

    A study on Po Eui Kyo Jip

    Weolyoung Yee | 2008, (67) | pp.273~298 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    This study reveals what was meant by a parallel love between main characters, Cho Ok and Lee Sang. Ch Ok and Lee Sang lost their heart to each other the first time they met together, and fell in love with each other. However, their attitudes toward love were different from the beginning, and their love broke up as soon as Cho Ok understood how different the lover's attitude to love was from hers, in which the real relationship between them was thought to be inherent. Lee Sang was only one of the men who thought of Cho Ok as a partner to satisfy their sexual desire. So he probably degraded her as a public sexual parter, comparing her to ‘a well by the road.’ He could satisfy his lust by extreme luck because she chose him as her lover, but was finally broken off due to her finding out what he was truly like. None the less, he was able to return to his previous, usual orbit of life without any mental trauma. On the other hand, Cho Ok as a woman with knowledge and beauty mistook Lee Sang as a talentless, secular scholar for a gentle scholar with a high mentality, which made her make an approach to him and go out with him. What is more, she believed that she could achieve ‘Po Eui ji Kyo’ she usually had a strong desire for. By this reason, she thought of her relationship with Lee Sang as ‘a chaste deed,’ although it was just an extramarital relationship to unrelated others. But she gave up the relationship in frustrating despair, grasping what kind of person he was. Their attitudes were reverse to each other’s, as their awareness toward the partner was extreme. While Lee-Sang achieved his goal of sexual love with a young beauty, Cho Ok lost her desire to the relationship with a gentle scholar only into misery. This study is about the cause of her love as a chaste deed. She adhered to her cause as a person who had a self-conscious desire to be a classical scholar. Besides, her attitude to derive a plausible cause from her love was not only self-conscious but also arbitrary. Though she insisted that she derived a cause for ‘Po Eui ji Kyo[布衣之交]’ with Lee Sang, and regarded her behavior as a chaste one, she failed to reach the interior meaning of ‘Po Eui ji Kyo’, and her relationship with him was degraded to only’ going out with a scholar’ in the literal meaning. Therefore, her chastity resulted in ‘a scandal with a secular scholar.’ Po Eui Kyo Jip [布衣交集] as the title of this book is thought to ambiguously contain the antinomic meaning of both original ‘Po Eui ji Kyo’ Cho Ok yearned for and ‘going out with a man holding no office’ as an literal meaning at the same time. Consequently, Cho Ok can be evaluated to have been an anti-modern woman who wanted to realize her self with an ideology focused on men, though she had a strong sense of independence, and a tragic type transfigured by her desire to realize her self.
  • 13.

    Shimyang that appears in Kimchangup's Yeonhang literature

    Youn,Kyoung-Hee | 2008, (67) | pp.299~318 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study examines Shimyang that appears in ‘Nogajeyeonhengilgi’ and ‘Yeonhenghunjirok’ which are Kim Chang-eop’s Yeonheng literature. For the scholars in the Joseon Dynasty, Shimyang was not merely a physical space but a symbolic place representing barbarian Ching. It is the place that reminds Korean people of the most disgraceful humiliation and ordeals and suffering of the nation in the history of the Joseon Dynasty.. So, the image that is thought, recollected and expressed from Shimyang is the place of pent-up anger and lamentation, and it remains as a place to wipe out the disgrace.. For Kim Chang-eop, it was a special place since it was the place in which his grand-grand father Kim Sang-heon was detained for six years undergoing suffering and ordeals. Shimyang that is expressed in his poetry is the place where in earliest times Somoo pledged loyalty in the snow-covered ground chewing snow and flags, and where his grand-grand father underwent the impending crisis of death at the advanced age. In other words, it is the symbol of hardship and adversity and the place to wipe out the disgrace.. The poetry that expresses such sentiments candidly makes those who see it arouse sympathy with pent-up rage and bitter grief. On the other hand, the expression of personal emotions is controlled in Yeonhengilgi and is consistent thoroughly in detailed elaborate description or description of free and diverse experiences. The place called Shymyang which is described in this manner was simply a bustling and enlightened city of civilization. Thus, Kim Chang-eop describes different aspects of Shymyang in two literary works through his literary attainments.
  • 14.

    A Study on Namwon Gwanghallu' NujeongJeiyoung poetry

    Jeong, Hun | 2008, (67) | pp.319~342 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    From the early years of the Joseon dynasty, the Gwanghallu(廣寒樓) is a famous pavilion in the Honam region. Many poets and painters have to go there. Hence, Hwang hee, Jeong cheol, Sin heum and others made around of calls the Gwanghallu, and leave many NujeongJeiyoung poems. (樓亭題詠詩) This paper aims to study NujeongJeiyoung poems about the Gwanghallu. It has to four type. 1. When they go up the pavilion, they were not only fascinated by the scenic beauty. They cultivated the spirit and great morale. Especially, they raise his consciousness to a fairly land in the Gwanghallu' poems. 2. The Gwanghallu is used a place of parting. Many poets give a poem to leaver and hope he have a nice day. 3. When they associated with a congenial friend, they go to the Gwanghallu. The Gwanghallu had a fairly land' image. In this place they changed hsien. 4. Poets are related with composition contest. In Japanese imperialism, many people repaired the Gwanghallu. And they send a rhyming word and receive a poem to the purpose stir up the national consciousness. This poet have a same flow of poetical idea. Now the Gwanghallu have an another literary works. We have to study the another works and have a wide point of view for the Gwanghallu
  • 15.

    Classical Literature, Contents Development and Its Orientation: The Case of Jeongseon Arirang

    KIM PUNGGI | 2008, (67) | pp.343~360 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Scholars of classical literature should always ask what meaning the classics hold at present. Once, they avoid or slip away from these questions, the classics are no longer classics. Developing new cultural contents is an important way to realize the present meaning of classical literature. Through the new media, classical literature is reinterpreted as the new cultural symbol of this age. In that process, we wander between the historical level and the fictional imagination embedded in classical literature. This paper aims to present Jeongseon Arirang, a typical arirang(a genre of Korean folk songs), as a model for contents development. Important objective is to create a story for an animation by interweaving the folk song into tales. However, we must constantly try to reduce the distance between historical evidences and fictional imagination. In that sense, we can ask if it is correct to create a narrative placed in Goryeo period without the concrete evidence to prove that Jeongseon Arirang was formed in the late Goryeo period. It is with these kinds of questions in mind that the scholars of classical literature come up with new and meaningful cultural contents for classics.
  • 16.

    A Study on Samcheok Regional Literature ―With Focus on the Development Pattern of Poetry

    Nam Gi Taek | 2008, (67) | pp.361~381 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the characteristic in Samcheok regional literature. Especially, this paper give attention to poetic works. Samcheok regional literature started in earnest in the 1960s. The first literary journal Dong-ye, and other coteries, such as Bulmoji, Jukseoru, Soojeok, Yoeongshi Munhak, came into existence in this period. The activities of these coteries were largely amateurish. ‘Duta Literary Coterie’ was established in 1969 as ‘Samcheok Literary Coterie’ and its collection of works, Samcheok Sidan, is the genuine starting point of Samcheok literature. It changed its title in 1978 and has been publishing its collection of works entitled Duta Munhak. Other noteworthy people of this period include Jin Intak, Choi Inhui, Lee Seonggyo, and Kim Yeongjun. Their works describe the regional lives resorting mostly to short lyricism. With respect to the image and the language, they make use of traditional figuration. These are characteristic of the identity of Samcheok regional literature. Meanwhile, one of the challenges ahead for the regional literature should be the revitalization of the regional literature through gaining ‘diversity.’
  • 17.

    A Study of Kim Kwang-ju's Newspaper Novels in the 1950s ― with focus on Bed of Roses and Black and White

    Kim,Dong-Yun | 2008, (67) | pp.383~414 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This paper investigates the novels by Kim Kwang-ju by giving special attention to the point that the discussion on his literature should be focused on his newspaper novels in the late 1950s. The results of the investigation with focus on Bed of Roses (1957) and Black and White (1959) are as follows. First, Bed of Roses and Black and White show many similarities in terms of themes, frameworks, characters, and settings because not only did he intend to frame his work in a certain format, leaning on the success of the former but also he was not fully prepared to create the latter. Second, Kim Kwang-ju had a negative feeling toward the leadership. He took a dig at them, creating rich people who have close relation with high ranking officials, and incompetent candidates for the Assembly. In particular, he chastised money-oriented people who had accumulated fortunes in immoral ways and raised their ugly faces in collusion with the leadership. Third, Kim Kwang-ju depicted artists as the good ones who accomplish their artistic goals against all odds. This point is related to his career as an artist, writer, and cultural event manager in the newspaper company. It also reflects his belief in the cultural state along with Kim Gu. Fourty, Bed of Roses and Black and White were written in accordance with the principles of Chinese knight-errant novels. Kim Kwang-ju look at the society from the black-and-white or good-and-evil perspective that “the leadership is evil” and “artists are good”. He tried to deal a hard blow to the society where black or evil prevails. This has some relation with the fact that he translated Chinese knight-errant novels in the 1960s.
  • 18.

    The communication and the aesthetic consciousness in Seo Jeong-in's novels

    지주현 | 2008, (67) | pp.415~442 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The objective of this study is to reveal how the aesthetic consciousness, which is the main communicative characteristic of novelist Jeong-In Soe, is concretized in terms of both contents and forms in a systemic way. In his works, reality problems are criticized in a cynical or humorous way. An antipathy of falsehood analyzes the exposed fact, verifies the sincerity, and questions the linguistic sincerity, in other words, the value and dignity of the language. His pursuit of inside and sincerity is concretized by virtue of dialogic characteristic in a narrative strategy from the perspective of formality. However, in order to discuss the dialogic property, the understanding of the characteristics of the characters is required. The characters in Jeong-In Seo's novels are as much typical as they show the various opinions and the pursuit of truthfulness are achieved by contrasting their differences. The characters are divided into two groups. One group possess both the prospective hope and solidarity and the other group abandon themselves to despair in a repetitive life style. In a dialogic imagination, the thoughts and words of the characters fall into two categories. one is the case where different viewpoints are showed and thus fails to co-exist or interact each other. The other notices the progress of a particular event or reveals the way where they come closer to the truth throughout the dialogues. The first shows how the true communication can be achieved by embracing the wrong dialogues or communication barriers whereas the second is based on the criticism of the defined truth or fixed reality. The dialogic imagination avoids the absolute viewpoint and combines the polyphony and free indirect narration effectively. The polyphony means there are multiple voices not a single one in a narration. There are two types of polyphony in novels. One is the case where two or more voices are overlapped focused on the characters' words. In this case, the voice of narrator support the individual voices and add more credibility on each person. The other one is the case where the voices of the characters are overlapped based on narrator's words. In this case, the narrator exist deep inside of the character and enables the readers to easily identify the characters. Not only for that, the psychological status of the character is described without recognition of the character itself and the complex spiritual world of modern people are expressed easily. On the other hand, the polyphony and free indirect narration, which recognize the relative viewpoints, are effectively connected with colloquial language. This language represents the middle class life style. The immature colloquial style of language are used in a natural way. The use of language in Pansori, which is Korean traditional narrative song, and dialects are good examples. Dialogic imagination dilemmatically provides a new passage of communication throughout communication-barrier situation, makes the readers worry about the solutions by recognizing the barrier circumstances, produces critic consciousness against truthful reasonableness. In addition, the relativism, embodied in this way, prefers the indecisive status and requests the participation of the readers by refusing one conclusive message.
  • 19.

    The Activities and the Building process of Guinhoe

    현순영 | 2008, (67) | pp.443~486 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Previous research on Guinhoe has been focused on the nature of Guinhoe and its significance in the history of literature. In general, researchers viewed Guinhoe as an aggregate of literati with the same literary orientation and attempted to abstract their literary orientation into a concept. As a consequence, they characterized the nature of Guinhoe with concepts such as “art group,” “pure literature” or “modernism,” and based on the nature they evaluated that Guinhoe has a new or advanced meaning in the history of literature. However, questions are raised on such results of previous research if we analyze the process of the foundation of Guinhoe and its activities using more extensive materials. The questions are whether Guinhoe members’ literary orientation can be abstracted into a single concept, and even if yes, whether Guinhoe maintained the orientation consciously from the beginning to the end and whether the concept can explain peculiarities observed in Guinhoe’s activities. We can say that the nature of Guinhoe changed over time. On this assumption, this study divided the period of Guinhoe’s activities into three stages, and explained activities in the first and second stages and discussed the meanings of the activities. The first stage is from its foundation on August 15, 1933 to June 1934. During its early days after foundation, Guinhoe opened panel discussions and the members posted their columns individually. Materials on these activities show the state of the early Guinhoe members whose view of literature or literary orientation had not been homogenized yet. The second stage is from June 1934 to March 1936 when its coterie magazine “Poetry and Novels” was launched. During this period, Guinhoe revealed a unified literary orientation through group activities. That is, it published a series of columns in group and held two lecture meetings. Through these activities, it professed its opinion on the proper function of literature and inquired into literary language. Furthermore, it revealed a consistent literary orientation in admitting and expelling members. The third stage is from March 1936. During this period, Guinhoe deepened its inquiry into language. Guinhoe’s activities during this stage and the meanings of the activities will be discussed through another research.
  • 20.

    An Essay on the Digital Features of Narrative and Narrative Space

    장일구 | 2008, (67) | pp.487~514 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Digital could be undertood a constitutional notion not as a substantial one. So it is necessary to treat its features for reasonable arguments. One can note the core digital features: interactivity, hypertextuality and multi-media. Not all digital devices realize the digital features, or non-digital media might show digital-like features close to interactivity and hypertextuality. Some notions realtive to the narrative space would be the digital features of narrative. Spatial form in written narrative is a crucial phase of digital narrativities, and virtual reality simulated in recent fantastic novels is a eminent corresponding digital experence. I will argue on the digital features of narrative relative to the above two phases of narrative space, and expand the arguemental horizon of digital narratives.
  • 21.

    Thesis on General Education Plans for Research Ethics

    오선영 | 2008, (67) | pp.515~536 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The support and trust given to researchers in recent times is a world-wide phenomenon, and the results of such work have been a major driving for the modernization of human civilization. However by the middle of 20th Century, cases began to emerge of plagiarism or bogus research which led to major scandals in the United States, and which triggered a national debate in the US on the ethics involved. In Korea, the concept of 'research ethics' was unfamiliar to most people before the year 2000. That changed, however, when fabricated research in the area of life sciences caused a national loss of face. To date, most of the discussion on research ethics has centered on graduate students or professors undertaking research. This thesis emphasizes the value of supplementary education for study ethics for undergraduate students, and suggests ways to improve the fundamental cultural climate in Korean society in the long term. Prevention is more effective than sanctions or restrictions, and this is a view shared by tertiary education professionals world-wide. While examining the current discussions on the ethics of research in the areas of science and engineering, this thesis also explores the promotion of study ethics for students of the liberal arts and sociology, and how they can be presented in a form which undergraduates can fully understand. For practical purposes, the subject of 'Research Ethics' could be taught as one of the core General education subjects, in which the professor responsible for each major subject can devise lectures in the form of team teaching, and divide their responsible area under a unified structure. They would do so by discussion-oriented sessions, using examples and key points, rather than focusing on textbooks, and the method of study could be completed through presentation and individual research.