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2009, Vol., No.68

  • 1.

    Morphological study on Auxiliary Verb '-bulda' in the Jeju Dialect

    Jeonghui kang | 2009, (68) | pp.5~29 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study has a purpose to explain the morphological distribution and the process of phonological change of the Jeju Dialect auxiliary verb '-bulda'. Through the research process, the Jeju Dialect’s auxiliary verb '- bulda' was revealed to be a regional splitted form of a standard Korean and auxiliary verb of other regional dialects '- burida'. The results are as follows: It shows that the three Jeju Dialect's auxiliary verbs '-burida, -bulda, -bida', and all coexist. Of the four auxiliary verbs, '-bulda' has the highest utterance frequency. '-bulda' is the widest morphological distribution, but it is not the basic form of their auxiliary verb. These auxiliary verbs are combined with the adjective freely, unlike other regional dialects. Also, the verb's lexical item provision '-beorida' equivalent to these auxiliary verbs are not the old form but the new. This verb 'beorida' is equivalent to the lexical items of this the dialect 'daekida’ and ‘nebulda'. Nebulda either came out in the same period as the auxiliary verb '-bulda' or a little bit later. The three auxiliary verbs are splitted forms in this dialect. These are: '-beurida >- burida > -bulda' and '-beurida >- birida >- bida- in mutually different steps - splitted out in two ways in the Jeju Dialect. Phoneme alteration is the same as the process of the same historical alteration, as well as other regional dialects form '-buri-'.
  • 2.

    A Historical Study for Establishing Address Terms in Korean Language

    Yang Young Hee | 2009, (68) | pp.31~58 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the established way of address terms from the fifteenth century to the twentieth century by listing·typifying the list and to make frame of its function and changes of meaning through historical way. This would be the basic material for building the system of address terms century by century. 1) Followings are address terms consumed century by century. First, in case of the terms of noun form, ‘name’ form(Sunheeya, Cheolsuya) was used in the early twentieth century, ‘title’ form(daegun, mama sangung, youngam) in the seventeenth century in various ways, common terms(eoreushin, ahjumeoni, seonsaengnim) of addressing relative or title in the sixteenth century. Second, in case of the terms of pronoun form, only ‘neo, geudui’ existed in the fifteenth century, and ‘janae’ appeared in the sixteenth century. These were remained as ‘neo, geudui, janae’ until the eighteenth century, and ‘dangshin’ was joined to this group. ‘yinyouk’ started to be used in the nineteenth century and 'jagi' was joined recently. Third, in case of the terms of affix form, ‘seong+ga’ form have been used from the sixteenth century, and ‘-daek’ form and ‘-ne’ form were joined to this group. 2) Followings are the changes of function of address terms in Korean language. First is the case of transferring from reflexive pronoun such as ‘janae, jagi, dangshin’ to the second personal pronoun. ‘janae’ was functioned as the third personal pronoun in the fifteenth century and transferred as the second personal pronoun in the late sixteenth century, ‘danshin’ and ‘jagi’ appeared as the third personal pronoun in the late sixteenth century and they were changed as the second personal pronoun, the former in the eighteenth century and the latter in recent times. Second, 'yinyouk' was demonstrative pronoun for 'yijjok', changed as reflexive pronoun in the seventeenth century, and used as the address terms of the second personal pronoun form in the nineteenth century. 3) Followings are the types of transformed meanings. First is value-degrading and the examples are ‘ne’ and ‘ga’. Above all, ‘nae’ in the fifteenth century meant ‘plural form for honoring’, its meaning weakened from the seventeenth century, was used only as plural form, and used as address terms for female connected to 'children's name' from the nineteenth century, that is, compared to ‘daek’, it became address terms for wives of common people, not in noble class. Therefore, ‘ne’ form had been changed as ‘[+honorification, +plural]> [-honorification, +plural]> [-honorification, -plural]’ and was degraded to ‘[honorification]> [humbleness]’. ‘ga(哥)’ had been used between close friends before the seventeenth century, after that, ‘nom’ the humble form was connected to it and this was degraded. In general, the aspect of calling the family name of the oneself with ‘-ga’ and the family name of others(他姓) with ‘ssi’ could be understood with this background. Second, ‘-daek’ is the example of weakened meaning. This was used in the seventeenth century and was the honoring terms for 'other families', but recently, it has been connected to place name of female's hometown and used to honor them, only. To be sure, ‘daek’ is a noun and means 'family' and indicates, but compared to ‘ne’, it is only used for female in noble family, so that it would be said the range of using ‘daek’ is weakened as ‘group> individual female’.
  • 3.

    Grammaticality and Causativity of Korean Causative Sentence - With particular emphasis on establishment of catogory for causative sentence by {-i-} -

    Yi Jinbyeong | 2009, (68) | pp.59~87 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This thesis aims to clarify that semantic causative is different from grammatical causativization in Korean. Causative have not been separated from causativization in the existing study of Korean. Above all, causative sentences by a suffix {-i-} was dealt with causativization. This paper lay emphasis on causative sentences by a suffix {-i-} of all things Causativity of Causative sentences have to be grasp by organic relationship between causer, causee, causative event, and caused event. In subsequently, 'causative' can stipulate by semantic features: syntagmatic iconicity( [+implicationality], [+sequentiality] ), paradigmatic iconicity( [+attentionality], [±superiority] ). According to this analysis, some causative sentences by the suffix {-i-} is 'causative'. But all of causative sentences by the suffix {-i-} aren't grammatical causativization. Because the suffix {-i-} couldn't satisfy all requirements for tagmeme: causativity, syntactic function, and systemicity of a morpheme.
  • 4.

    An Analysis on Construction of Non-Case Marker Nominal

    최재희 | 2009, (68) | pp.89~110 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study analyses syntactic structures of the sentences where some bound nouns have a pre-noun clause as a complement clause and a non-case marker nominal clause is a complement clause of bound noun phrase. For non-case marker nominal with a pre-noun clause as a complement clause, this study targeted 'sŏng' and 'dŭs', complement nouns that are characterized as arguments of 'sip’-₂and burŭ-'. These complement nouns can not be considered as subjects in consideration of a few syntactic phenomena, but subjects were analysed as nominal phrase of higher sentences that are subjects of judging 'sip’-₂and burŭ-'. As 'sip’-₂', a psychological predicate that selects arguments of experiencers and objects, has a feature in vocabulary, no case for its internal argument can not be presented. In addition, it is thought that as 'sŏng' and 'dŭs', complement words of 'sip’-₂', has a feature in vocabulary as non-case nouns, characterization of case markers is obstructed. Accordingly, this study suggests a syntactic structure representation that bound nominal phrases are characterized as a complement word of 'sip’-₂' to become V' . Then, this study examines a phenomenon that bound nouns such as ' ttaemun, narŭm and jŏn' have '- ki nominal clause' as a complement clause. According to general syntactic rules of Korean language, a nominal has non-case marker. As it is suggested that this non-case marker '-ki nominal clause' is related with syntactic property of complement nouns, this study specifies syntactic property of each complement noun. Therefore, for structural representation of the sentences where non-case '-ki nominal clause' is characterized, it is suggested that this nominal clause is characterized as a complement word of 'ttaemun' a complement noun, to have N' category.
  • 5.

    Comparative analysis working with college writing textbooks

    곽경숙 | 2009, (68) | pp.111~135 | number of Cited : 29
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the college writing text books by an objective analysis criteria divided into format and content dimension category. For this purpose, the writing text books of 8 universities which had renewed the writing lectures and wrote a writing text books newly were chosen. As Analysis criteria in formats dimension category, this study chose the professionalism of authors, being pertinent of text size and quantity, propriety of title of text books and the detail contents lists. And as analysis criteria in contents dimension category, this study also chose whether text books include or not education goals, being pertinent and propriety of teaching lists, being pertinent of unit composition and arrangement and being pertinent of methods of teaching and learning. With the diversity of authors’ majoring area, the field and contents of college writing textbooks became more diversified than before. But quantity of text books is excessive compare to lecture time and the tables of contents tend to so simple. The teaching lists can be composed centers on the text-base factors, process-base factors, and discourse community or context-base factors. The majority of the current college writing textbooks take the pattern based on text unit or format of writing, and then process factors are partly tied together. Text-base factors is oriented by result and suppliers, but process-base factors is oriented by users. It is relevant that college text books should be composed of process and subject- base writing to maximized problem solving ability. Most of the reviewed texts were composed deduction methods which explain the principles and concepts first and then offer example questions. But escaping from the concept or principle centered on explaining methods; the texts makes the students understand principals through researching activity by themselves. New text books make students motivated and lead to deep thinking process. Because of this, the reviewed texts can be called an step forward.
  • 6.

    A Study on English Explanation for Verb ending in KFL Education

    JinKyu kim | Ahn Joohoh | 2009, (68) | pp.137~164 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This is a study concerned with discussing the explanatory consistency and descriptive feasibility in KFL (Korean as a Foreign Language) education, particularly focusing on KFL textbooks whose grammar is explained in English. Korean language, as an agglunative language, is quite an unfamiliar language to the speakers of Indo-European languages including English. Therefore, most KFL textbooks depend on English to explain grammatical terms to the beginners of KFL. This paper studies the ways in which grammatical morphemes are explained in major KFL textbooks and discusses related problems. One of the problems is the lack of consistency in the usage of terms. For example, in the KFL textbook used by Yonsei University 종결어미 is described as sentence final ending, while 연결어미 as two categories of conjunctive ending and non-final ending. 전성어미 of noun form is described as nominal ending, 전성어미 of prenoun from as modifier ending, And 선어말어미 is described either as suffix or marker, without clear criteria. Ending is for those larger than 어미, but it seems more appropriate to treat it as expression item. In the KFL textbook used by Korea University, 종결어미 is described as sentence ending, while 연결어미 as conjunctive ending, connective ending, or 'suffix.' This inconsistency leads to confusion. 선어말어미 is described as infix and morpheme. The term 'infix' is not found in any Korean textbooks.
  • 7.

    ABEEK Accreditation and Writing Instruction

    최상민 | 2009, (68) | pp.165~186 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract
    Many colleges expect that they can improve the logical power of expression and communicative competence, critical thinking power, etc. through the writhing course. For this, they are forcing the possibility of the Intergrated Liberal Arts Education. The writing course is managed a compulsory subject with English subject in almost all the colleges which are carrying out ABEEK Accreditation. This paper is aimed at a comparative analysis for the characteristic of the writing course and the contents which are required in the standard Accreditation for Engineering. On the basis of this don't accord the demand of the ABEEK Accreditation in the current writing textbook. Both contents and methods do so. First of all, in the contents, there aren't any reflection with constant plan and system recognition level that is necessary for the current points, economy, management, environment, law, etc. and materials for the moral which is necessary for the student of engineering. Also, In the methods, It is not showed writing for problem-solving process and formation for supporting the efficient communication. Therefore, to improve this, it is required that contents organization should be fitted to the writing principle and fact, and that teaching materials editing should be able to emphasize learner's self-leading.
  • 8.

    An Essay on Localization of Korean Arts Curriculum

    Ryu, Su-Yeol | 2009, (68) | pp.187~208 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This essay aims to grope the necessity and possibility to replace local culture repertory in intended curriculum for localization of Korean arts curriculum. For this I investigate the local feature of Chunhyangjeon and Jeongeupsa which are the representative classic literature and clarify the legitimacy of the localization of Korean arts curriculum on the ground of different logics of curriculum. Chunhyangjeon has its origin in the cultural environment of Namwon, Jeonbuk. It grew on the local feature of Jeonbuk and settled down as classic or canon in the early modern. Jeongeupsa also has its origin in the cultural environment of Jeongeup, Jeonbuk in the age of Baekje, performed as a palace music repertory in Koryeo dynasty and recorded on the music document in Joseon dynasty. It might be transmitted orally at Jeongeup before literal record. The reason why local culture repertory is replaced in intended curriculum is that the learners are to guided to live as sound citizen with local identity. On the case of Jeonbuk, Chunhyangjeon and Jeongeupsa might be the representative repertory for the localization of Korean arts curriculum. The learners in Jeonbuk should be guided to the channel to learn more deeply than the learner in the other region through integrated curriculum with geography or history subject. The learner in the certain region can approach easily to the cultural heritage of the certain region. The reason why the learner in the certain region should approach to the local culture repertory is not that the specific literary work has its own literary value but also that it has the feature and moment to make the certain learner establish his own local identity.
  • 9.

    Park Ji Won's prose of literary stylish characteristic - Timeㆍspace of convert through internal emotion expression by expression phas -

    Sunhee Jeong | 2009, (68) | pp.209~228 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In section of current literature equivalent to essay Chinese writing prose aesthetic of literature factors that have been, realistic meaning put to practical use and spot of human relations taking a serious view. It is difficult to see as literary stylish character that aesthetic of literature accomplishment that sometimes can find within individual works is discovered through a writer's a whole work or is consistent in work of fixed time. Unlike this Park Ji Won's prose is internal and emotional sense of beauty stands out. Park Ji won's writing is internal and emotional even Bijiryu. To show well it is <Baekjajeungjeongbuinbakssi myojimyeong>. This inscription on a tomb shows recollection structure which ①a current ferry that transmit sister's bier ②the room of previous day to marry sister ③current ferry that transmit sister's bier come and go. Through transfer of this time maximize sorrow which lose sister and sister's humanity. Also, in present of ③ author's gaze ㉠the ship that go away loading sister's bier→moving to space that is wrapping belly strength of sorrow amplify. Time and transfer of space are attained along author gaze's motion. When move time and space time of narration delay although is emotion of sorrow fast, run by peak. It is derivative internal and emotional atmosphere resembles closely with poetic atmosphere. In this way, Park Ji Won is internal moving in a story speaker's current time and space and emotional sound makes big poetic prose.
  • 10.

    The field of poetry in the 1930s and a direction in female writers’ poems: Focusing on Yoonsook Mo's (1933) early work, A Shiny Zone

    Jin Hee Kim | 2009, (68) | pp.229~252 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The 1930s, in the history of the Korean poetry, is when the modern poetics was established, via modernization of poetic techniques and broadening and deepening of thematic awareness. Yoonsook Mo, a female poet, started her career in this field of literary world. The status for female poets was hardly secured in the early 1930s. The appearance of Yoonsook Mo, with high praise of ‘the one and only female poet Joseon has,‘ was a remarkable event in the poetical circles of the 1930s. However, the criticism on Mo has mainly concerned her pro-Japanese creations and activities in the late 1930s, until recently. This paper investigates what import and implication Mo‘s works carry in the field of the contemporary literature. It looks away from the perspective of viewing her works in the early 1930s as preparation for pro-Japanese verses in the later years. It is an attempt not only to render proper evaluation to Mo‘s works which were composed prior to pro-Japanese activism, but to have a general understanding of her word of literature, as well. The mainstream criticism on the works in that period was principally regarding Mo‘s works from a viewpoint of genderization of sentiments. The interests of the major literary critics in Yoonsook Mo per se were considerable, but they generally ended up in criticizing sentimentalism, which eventually drove female poets out of the center of the literary circles. Despite the fact that the literary world was concentrating on sentimentalism and neglecting female writers who sang of nation and country, Mo created works of nation and country due to the combined influence by the familial environment with her father being an activist for national independence, the reinforced nationalism in association with the religious education in school, and her temperament, habitus, which was bound to have interests and participate in the reality. Considering that the subject of nation and country was mainly for male writers, these works of this female poet is deemed notable. The implication Mo‘s works are presenting in the history of literature is noticeable in that she made the first social connection through poems by recognizing ‘nim‘ (dear) as a nation in the social dimension, not in the individual dimension.
  • 11.

    The Poems of Kim Ji-ha and Postcolonial Characteristics

    Yongmoo Noh | 2009, (68) | pp.253~276 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper aims to analize the postcolonial characteristics of Kim Ji-ha and his poems focusing on the theme of modernism or modernity. For this purpose, this paper considers the literary world of Kim Ji-ha with a durable view and concluded the essential spirit and the formation of his poetry as following. Kim Ji-ha showed a strong struggling against the government after humiliating agreement between Korea and Japan, then revealed the political imaginary world through his collection of peoms, Hwangto. His early lyric poems were put on the practice searching the perfect unification between his poetry and politics. This domain was in the basis of the overthrowing imagination from Donghak revolution and the spirit of April. The overthrowing of Donghak and April 19th is the basis, in which formal aesthetics could monopolize Pansori. The monopolization of Pansori shows the aspect of multi-imitation in which 'modern' transmits into 'premodern' in the basis that the traditional grammar and the present issues are mixed together. Therefore his overthrowing strategy about the present reality is to try to reveal and dissolve ideology of ruling class and harshness of national reason using the language of suppressed class. The thought of life in Kim Ji-ha's literature is the system of thinking for cognizing modern and modernity, also an alternative or reflective discourse for perceiving the duality of modernism. Kim Ji-ha's literary world is pursuing the importance of life from his early stage whether continuously or not. Moreover the medium is taking the point of view of Donghak and literary ecology. Therefore his thought and poetry of life are put on the peak according to the fact described above. This peak will move on to another direction like his movement of view of the world. But the peak with the meaning of ceaseless reflection is unfolding toward our westernism which wouldn't permit any concession from the modern thought.
  • 12.

    The Poetic Formulation of Self-recognition Appeared in Self-portrait

    Shin,Ik-Ho | 2009, (68) | pp.277~308 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Self-portrait shows the self-identity made by the attitude of life which a writer has had so far. Many writers have written poems with the same title, self-portrait. This article aims at studying what each writer wants to tell through self-portrait. JungJoo Seo’s Self-portrait shows the existential struggle and the transcendental self-consciousness. He suffered from the ontological and ultimate problems about life and described the extreme struggle with the animal imagination to free himself from the destiny of the original sin. Dongjoo Yoon's and Gongang Yoon's Self-portrait show the self-reflection with the archetype of narcissism myth. The narcissistic attitude brings a process of maturing for a self through the conflict between realistic self and internal self with internalization of consciousness. Cheonmyoung Noh's, Yongrae Park's and Hawoon Han's Self-portrait are about the confession of self and are different from the 'personal' theory which is included in the impersonal theory of poetry. The narrator of each poem describes the confession of the personal experience not as an imaginative and divided self but as an autobiographical and confessional self. Seyoung Park's and Sang Lee's Self-portrait reflect the self-consciousness of discomfort and death under a turbulent period. Seyoung Park overcame the emotional sense of sorrow, recognized the reality specifically and tended toward internalization of the depressing self-reflection and passive response. Sang Lee depicted the recognition of the pessimistic and negative reality owing to physic trauma and chronic disease which were caused by the family background from childhood.
  • 13.

    A linguistic-literature talent and a poetic language skill

    Jang Changyoung | 2009, (68) | pp.309~338 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    In this paper, I study in a main characteristic of linguistic-literature talents include a poetic language skill, and I will apply to educational field with bases at these elements. Until now korean talent educational are confined at mathematical, scientific, English, and artistic etc. But language achieved a basis of ability and communication at our society, and we have to lean to a continuous interest about linguistic - literature talents. A poetic language skill demonstration process of a linguistic-literature talent vocabulary selection ability, an aesthetic sense, originality, an imagination, a sensitivity, intuition, the creativity, defiance consciousness, aesthetic completion degree, and form construct ability etc. These elements making be able to show the potential ability that oneself maintained. As a result, gifted persons express outside ability of itselfs, and it can be displayed in external because of this elements. Therefore, this study will be practically effective in ability enlightenment of talents and teaching-education program development if it is possible to efficiently connect this factors with a natural aptitude individual student. In addition, this elements efficiently apply to general student, it may contribute to their language skill elevation and level raising in quality. Therefore, this study investigates to principal elements to compose their characteristic, and deep discussion and approach to linguistic-literature gifted persons.
  • 14.

    A Study of Bukhyangbo

    Bang Ryongnam | 2009, (68) | pp.339~360 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This thesis focuses to the research on the novel Bukhyangbo(北鄕譜) that the writer An Su Gil has written in Manju. Moreover An Su Gil's novels have the specifically provincial mind than other writers, and describe the korean migrant's migration, cultivation, settlement in Manju., and tries to describe the necessity and difficulty of migration. In this respect, Bukhyangbo takes its seat in top. Bukhyangbo embodies 'the mind of Bukwhang' with the concept of the historical philosophy, and from it describes the subjective national economy community. Therefore it is most important that we understand the meaning of 'the mind of Bukwhang' to the research on Bukhyangbo First of all, we have to overcome the logic of black and white in the colonial discussion, and the simple logic of the subject matter. In this respect, the narrative discussion is most important. Because the narrative discussion constitutes the various meaning elements in work. The literary work is the creative writer's product. Therefore the time, the vehicle, the written word to the work are not the absolute yardstick for judgements, but preferably it is important that we understand how the writer's creative strategy makes text discussion. In Conclusion the literary meahing discussion can speak nothing without the narrative discussion. In this respect, this thesis focuses to the thematic side of Bukhyangbo, and at the same time to the various meaning elements that constitute the theme of the work with the deep research on the narrative discussion.
  • 15.

    A Pilgrimage to Death for the "Self-Affirmation of the Subject" - Lee Sang's theory on 「December 12」 -

    신영미 | 2009, (68) | pp.361~380 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In 「December 12」, Lee Sang talked about family conflicts and the sharp sensitivity in late teens under the Nietzschean influences and according to the logic of colonized Korea. By taking death as a parameter, he raised metaphysical questions about death and life to affirm himself as the subject. After the fourth piece in the series, he actively demonstrated such a spirit of his as a writer in the later parts. Seven deaths including his own suicide take × to a pilgrimage to death through moving across different time and space. The early death caused by extreme poverty causes him to further concentrate on the meaning of life. In the later part, he resorted to his will to revive in raising himself as the subject to the metaphysical and ontological stage. That is, he started to discuss and embody the matter of death in full-scale. Clearly exhibited in that process was his attempt to affirm himself as the subject. As time passed by, × changed from passive self-affirmation based on despair to active and aggressive self-affirmation. While the deaths around him resulted in his forced self-affirmation in a negative environment based on extreme poverty and a sense of futility, his own death was his voluntary self-affirmation to complete the whole subject by receiving a spirit.
  • 16.

    The Method and Motives for the Awareness of Nation in Yeom Sang seop’s Novels after the Liberation

    Ahn Miyoung | 2009, (68) | pp.381~409 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The present study was focused on the method and motives for the awareness of nation in Yeom Sang‐seop’s novels written after the liberation. Yeom Sang‐seop greeted the liberation in Manchuria, and came to Seoul via Sineuiju in 1946. His novels after the liberation can be divided into two periods, 1946~1947 and around 1948. In novels written during 1946~1947, Yeom Sang‐seop expresses his range and represents the ideology of nationalism. In A Son of Liberation and A Footprint Left on the Buttocks, Yeom Sang‐seop captures the grief of Japanese as the people of a defeated country. He reveals retribution against Japanese and exposes ethnic nationalism together. In addition, he displays linguistic nationalism by showing the status of the Korean language in comparison with the Japanese language, which fell to a minor language. In 1948, Yeom Sang‐seop recognizes the reality of the divided country. While he was delightful with the liberation and optimistic for the future of the nation during 1946~1947, his national consciousness is heightened as he looks straight at the reality of the divided country. He awakens the unity of the people as a blood community by being aware of the 38th parallel, and appeals for the emotional cohesion of the people by realizing ‘the nation.’ After the liberation, Yeom Sang‐seop speculates about the categories of blood relative, language, family, territory (38th parallel), and nation (state) as mechanisms showing national identity. A series of categories are revealed as strong patriotism including ethnic nationalism and linguistic nationalism in Yeom Sang‐seop’s novels after the liberation. Through this, we can see that, after the liberation, Yeom Sang‐seop speculated about the nation more intently than ever. In the sense that Yeom Sang‐seop’s novels after the liberation emphasize the ideology of nationalism more intensely than ever, his ‘neutrality’ after the liberation professes lonely national consciousness of an intellect in the 3rd world who tries to keep a distance from the U.S. and the U.S.S.R without inclining to either.
  • 17.

    The Meaning of National Literature in Japanese-Korean Literary Criticism

    이상갑 | 2009, (68) | pp.411~434 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    'Jo-Chong-Ryun'(조총련) literary criticism follows primarily the literary policy of North Korea. The idea that 'native country is a great Suryung(수령), Suryung is the very native country.' is the basis to 'Jo-Chong-Ryeon' literary criticism, and the teaching of Kim, Il-Sung(김일성) determines the orientation of 'Jo-Chong-Ryun'(조총련) literary criticism. Japanese-korean literary criticism is a part of Korean literature, and that is the very national literature which uses korean language and formulates man as the subject to the history. So-called the 'subject realism'(주체사실주의) that is based on the subject idea of Kim-Il-Sung is the only idea that Japanese-korean literature must pursue. But as a tool, the language is not the element that determines the national identity in national literature. At this point, 'Jo-Chong-Ryun' writers reveal strongly the crisis of a korean language. Finally, language is a touchstone that certifies the national identity in a national literature.
  • 18.

    A cultic identification and diaspora literature

    Mi-Young Jang | 2009, (68) | pp.435~454 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Multi-cultural literature can be described as the 'diaspora literature' as the multi-cultural life is called 'Diaspora'. Diaspora was originally used as 'a positive meaning of migration and building of colony' after ancient Greeks had conquered, colonized Asia Minor expanding their power. In the latter half of 20th Century, Diaspora became to point out the people who left their own land for some reason and their experiences. Diaspora literature containing such a periodical distinction can work as a power to improve the reality with absurdity by communicating with the real world. This study deals with works focusing on Diaspora phenomenon within Korean peninsular. It is to examine Korean natives' view to Diaspora and immigrants' identity. The study aims at finding the inner problems existing in Korean society by endoscopic approach to multi-cultural identity. The result will be a philosophical value being able to pursue coexistent order and further to search for the way of groping the desirable multi-cultural identity passing through the whole society on the basis of communication and respect. The novel, 'a Wild rose' written by Jeong Do Sang emphasizes the fact that North Korean refugees and South Korean society use the same language in a same way. In addition, his novel values Korean foods represented by 'Zigge' and common feelings on the taste. His solution to the North Korean refugees can be possible only when there is a feeling of 'brothers' resulting in comfortable feelings of the North Korean refugees. This novel emphasize the need of the mythical consciousness by presenting the same cultural feelings. 'Namaste' written by Park Beom Sin shows the situation of foreign workers in Korea. World capitalism and the individual desire to search for the change of better life causes a rearrangement of a new international labor. It shows the real situation of worldwide diaspora by comparing the foreign workers in Korea with the Korean people in US. This novel suggests that the effort of the border riders as a minority has to be in a firm sociality rather than individual life. Cheon Un Young's novel, 'Good bye, Circus', is the first long story dealing with the immigrant female's identity. This novel expresses the coldness of the diaspora's life with a story of a Chinese Korean woman in a position of sales marriage giving up her own right for sexual self-determination. In this story, a woman is just regarded as a good in the market and becomes a victime of capitalism. Worldwide Diaspora is getting speedy, and the identity problem of race, nationality and ethnic groups are getting more serious. Identity is no longer attained naturally. Furthermore, diaspora makes a gap between the interpretation from individuals and that from groups. In order to keep a regime, there should be a definition of and an exclusion of unchastity, contamination, dirt and uncleanness. In the period of Diaspora of multi-culture, how Korean society define the related and unrelated person and make common basis? The Diaspora literature has a timely meaning which meet the serious request from such a reality.
  • 19.

    The Rhetoric Strategy of Feminism in 「Kyeong Hee」

    Mounkwo Jeong | Yun Namhee | 2009, (68) | pp.455~477 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to look for the process of creating the meaning of the rhetoric strategy of feminism in the novel, 'Kyeong Hee' written by Na, Hae Seok and also to understand how readers accept those rhetoric strategies. The story of the novel, 'Kyeong Hee', is composed of processes that a modern woman seek to the sense of sovereignty. By using the ways of dialogues' and 'monologues' in the process of actualizing subject, the author naturally let readers to participate in there actively in the form of dialogues. In monologues, however, psychological statements of the narrator are disclosed through the expression of the hero. It is found that the rhetoric of denial and contrast was a special strategy which arouse mentality of persuasion. It is also found that the rhetoric strategy in the novel of 'Kyeong Hee' is not merely a expressive mode but a strategy which creates meanings, a invitation to active reading and a way which creates interactions between the narrator and readers. Through a series of the process, the modern women who were branded as negative women became positive ones. It is significant that this kind of change was started from where the narrator and readers can gain a conscious sympathy through the rhetoric strategy of feminism not through the enforcement of the narrator.
  • 20.

    A Study on antagonist in MMORPG's

    한혜원 | Jung dahee | 2009, (68) | pp.479~497 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Specialty on social interaction and cooperation between players of MMORPG has developed NPC antagonist's role of scapegoat. Further, NPC antagonists play a role of milestone to expanding user experiencing space meanwhile they act as catalysts which leads players to act. According to systems of MMORPG, there are players who play a role of powerful antagonist, which gives mental complications to protagonist players. It grant justice to player activity, enforce community which enrich player's life as a social member. Therefore, unlike antagonists in existed linear narratives which are targets to be eliminated, antagonists in MMORPG with unlinear and expanding narrative, plays important role in generating possibilities to create narratives.