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2009, Vol., No.69

  • 1.

    A tudy on yang in Jeju dialect with a special reference to its distributions and some discourse functions.

    YANG,CHANG YONG | 2009, (69) | pp.5~28 | number of Cited : 6
    The tremendous amount of work has certainly helped answer many structural understanding of Jeju dialect. Their main research focus goes on the formal analysis of language in the area of lexical, morphological and syntactic levels of Jeju dialect. There are a lot of more questions that can be raised concerning the further understanding and explanation of the grammar of it. Taking the spoken nature of Jeju dialect, it will be obvious that discoursal approaches should provide more insightful analysis for the better understanding of Jeju dialect. The present study is designed to explore the linguistic nature of yang in Jeju dialect, Therefore, the purpose of this studies is twofold: 1) to investigate the distributional aspects of yang in Jeju dialect and 2) to explore the possibility that the use of yang can be best explained from a discourse perspective. First, this study looks over the distributional aspects of yang based on the data which were collected from the Jeju Dialect Speech Contest in the year of 2005 and 2006. The findings indicate that the use of yang is not structurally restricted, appearing everywhere in a sentence. It is also shown that yang does not have to do with the propositional meaning. As a result, the present study shows that functional and pragmatic factors such as topic establishing, agreement, confirmation are not only relevant but also crucial to the determination of the use of yang.
  • 2.

    The -s->-z- intersonorant voicing

    위진 | 2009, (69) | pp.29~51 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This is a study of Jeollanamdo dialect about a sound '/z/(ㅿ)' which is from the historical literature. This research aims to prove '/z/(ㅿ)' was allophone of '/s/(ㅅ)' and to be concreted its intersonorant voicing conditions of morphology and phonology. Follows are conclusions; (1) In the Middle age Korean, a sound '/z/(ㅿ)' was an allophone of '/s/(ㅅ)' by intersonorant voicing sound of '/s/(ㅅ)'. In historical literature, '/z/(ㅿ)'&'/s/(ㅅ)', they were not a minimal pair. Moreover it matched with Jeonnam dialect '/s/(ㅅ)' which is original form '/s/(ㅅ)'. The other hand, sino-Korean '/z/(ㅿ)' was a single consonant. It was a word-initial '/s/, /z/' and it had their own meaning. (2) '/s/>/z/ as original 'Korean had showed often between high-sonority vowels. In Mid-age Korean, high-sonority vowels were '/ㆍ/, /ㅡ/' ; unrounded back vowels-mid, high vowels. Therefor '/s/>/z/' intersonorant voicing happened with '/ㆍ/, /ㅡ/'. Especially it applied this condition, that is between high sonority vowels like '/ㆍ~ㆍ/, /ㅡ~ㅡ/' over another conditions. (3) /s/>/z/' as original Korean, applied on inside of morpheme at first. And then applied on boundary of a complex word, an inflected word, an uninflected word. It means '/s/>/z/' application showed up more frequently with closed morphemes.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Construction of Semantic Networks for Korean [Cooking] Domain Verbs

    Sukeui Lee | 2009, (69) | pp.53~81 | number of Cited : 13
    The purpose of this paper is to build a semantic networks of the 'cooking class' verbs. This proceedings needs to adjust the upper concept classification of [Cooking]. In this paper, the upper class [Working] was divided into six categories. [Cooking] was divided into two categories, '[heating<cooking>]' and [non-heating<cooking>]. For the building a semantic networks, each meaning of 'Cooking verbs' of Korean has to be analyzed. Case frame structure and argument information were inserted for the describing lexical information. Especially, this paper focused on the describing of argument concept classification, and proposed to insert ‘node number(in CoreNet)' for the argument information. The noun hierarchy has to be adjusted for the construction of verb semantic networks.
  • 4.

    Comparison of diversity and complexity of sentences in Middle School Korean textbooks

    Ui Su Kim | 이로사 | 2009, (69) | pp.83~115 | number of Cited : 15
    This paper aims to investigate aspects of diversity and complexity of sentences in Middle School Korean Textbooks published from the period of the 1st Curriculum to that of the 7th Curriculum. There are relatively small-sized texts(henceforth, ‘guiding text’) in the beginning of every chapter, which introduce the main purpose of those chapters. They are normally written by writers or editors of the textbooks. Thus, we can induce the overall degree of diversity and complexity of sentences in those chapters through analysing the guiding texts. Analytic grammar, which I invented previously to make syntactically tagged corpus in Korean, is used to parse the guiding texts. I illustrate the detail procedure of making data which reveal the development of degree of diversity and complexity of sentences in every chapter of the textbooks. From these data, I extract crucial information about synchronic and diachronic trends of diversity and complexity of sentences in the text books.
  • 5.

    A considering distinctive features for elementary Korean textbook by revised 7th curriculum

    Lee Joo Sub | 2009, (69) | pp.117~139 | number of Cited : 7
    This thesis studied and classified distinctive features for elementary Korean textbook by revised 7thcurriculum into the aspect of composing text books and the aspect of curriculum to be detailed. In relation to whole composition of textbooks, the most distinctive features of elementary Korean textbook by revised 7th curriculum are reduction of unit size and increasing the number of units. This is because elementary Korean textbook by revised 7th curriculum didn't reflect the part of learning by grades. This thesis classified distinctive features for elementary Korean textbook by revised 7th curriculum into seven parts. In connection with the composition of each unit, It also analyzes the distinctive features of introduction learning, comprehension learning, completion learning, application learning, resting area and so on. In relation to the aspect of curriculum to be detailed, It points out the confusion of establishing a goal which is caused because 'Practical' part of revised curriculum didn't coincide with the parts of 'essence', 'principle' and 'attitude'. 'Practical' part of revised curriculum is designed to correspond with other parts. So, making curriculum to be detailed is much easier to proceed in revised curriculum. In cases which have the confusing of revised curriculum's interpretation, this thesis presents flexible examples applied to the logic of textbook makers.
  • 6.

    A Study on Literary Ideological Comparison of Dasan Jeong Yak-yong and Qing Dynasty Scholar Jeon Kyeom-ik

    Li Yongnan(李永男) | 2009, (69) | pp.141~168 | number of Cited : 3
    Dasan left chinese poetry of 2000 and the book which 540 volumes is huge in the world. He researches literature or chinese poetry of 18 end of a century 19th century beginning Joseon Dynasty and to be is a person which is not the possibility which he will fall into. With culture of Qing Dynasty compared Dasan's literary ideology from the present paper and researched. His "匡濟一世" theory is a discussion about essence of literature. This independence and is the literary creation theory which is national. "朝鮮文學論" about pursuit and "文體純正論" with "小說害道論" with pursued literary criticizing theory will be able to explain. Under literary ideology and comparative analysis of his literature and Qing Dynasty Scholar Jeon Kyeom-ik. The Joseon literature at that time the imitation led about Chinese literature and was falling into to noble taste. Dasan caught at that time "literary features(文風)" rightly and the literary creation which is national he pursued. The present paper value evaluation new trial about independence and the transcendentalism which Dasan's literature has.
  • 7.

    The characters of serial Gasa 『Maneonsa』 and intention to the meaning of Poet in middle class

    JEONG, INSOOK | 2009, (69) | pp.169~197 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this paper is to analyze each texts in serial Gasa(連作歌辭) 『Maneonsa』 and examine the meaning of 『Maneonsa』 as a whole. Unlike the text of Sadaebu(士大夫), the poet's personal experiences from his social position are well brought out in these texts. The characters of 『Maneonsa』 are as follows. The first, these texts carries a strong emphasis on the space of 'seoul'. The poet presents his desire to go back to seoul repeatedly. The second, the poet matchs 'filial piety' and 'loyalty'. He shows the feeling of missing parents and turns this feeling to ideological canon. The third, the poet descrives his wife in various shapes. She is descrived as a wise mother and good wife, and his partner of life, and a beautiful woman. There are various charaters in 『Maneonsa』, for example Exile Gasa(流配歌辭) and Women's Gasa(閨房歌辭) and Didactic Gasa(敎訓歌辭). And the chracters of poet in middle are reflected in these texts.
  • 8.

    A Study on Beopjong(法宗)'s <Sosangpalgyeong-chaun>

    Jo, Taeseong | 2009, (69) | pp.199~218 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Sosangpalgyeong[瀟湘八景] as a theme of poet has been treated as a concern of the Confucian writer. However, I found that it was frequently borrowed as a poetical idea by Zen priest. Then, what Sosangpalgyeong meant to Zen priest? The purpose of this article is to seek this question. Namely, it was the process to solve questions about the views of the space having eyes on the completion of spiritual awakening in a Buddhist above an element of the mood of Zen. To solve these questions, I considered Beopjong(法宗, 1670~1733)'s <Sosangpalgyeong-Chaun[瀟湘八景次韻]> in this article. As a consequence, I could find that his works recited the process of ascetic exercises for spiritual awakening, a desire arose from the process, and metal attitude after spiritual awakening. However, this study could have fundamental limitations because these kinds of poems have found rarely in a Buddhist. They were too little to study the comprehensive meaning of works in the expansive aspect. In spite of that, the important thing is that there were different points of views on Beopjong(法宗)'s <Sosangpalgyeong-Chaun> and it is significant.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Narrative-Oriented Tendency of Yongak Lee's Poetry after His Going to North Korea - Centering on the Works Published in 『Joseon Literature』-

    Song-Ji seon | 2009, (69) | pp.219~243 | number of Cited : 4
    This study aims to examine the effects of the narrative-oriented tendency of Yongak Lee's poetry on the praise of the socialist system and demagogy in relation to North Korea's policy of creative writing. Among 25 pieces of poems of Yongak Lee released in 『Joseon Literature』, a literature related monthly magazine of North Korea published by <Yeonbyeon Literature>, those showing the pattern of the time period were chosen and the narrative events revealed in his poems and individuals related were examined according to each stage in the history of North Korean literature. Yongak Lee acted and created works in North Korea from 1950 when he moved to North Korea to 1971 when he died. Thus, the time of his creative activity can be divided to the War Period for National Liberation (1950-1953), the Period of Establishing Socialism(1953-1958), the Time of Cheonrima Campaign(1958-1967), and the Time of Ilseong Kim's Self-reliance Ideology(1967-1989). 「With Brothers Fighting Anywhere」(『Joseon Literature - 7th Volume』, Jan 1952 Issue) describes the heroism of persons who were in a normal social position but risked their life in tribulations out of loyalty and camaraderie to Ilseong Kim during the War Period for National Liberation(1950-1953). In time, the narrative description of the 'popular heroes' behavior in North Korea Literature intended to show excellent models to people and promote their heroic behaviors. 『Pyeongnamgwan-gaesicho』(『Joseon Literature - the 15th volume』, Aug 1956 Issue) dealt with the magnificent historical facts on the power of the people changing the major stream, describing the romantic reality of labors and farmers who continued to change daily life. The 'popular heroes' in the wartime appear as 'workers' participating in group labor in the Period of Establishing Socialism(1953-1958), which well indicates how the characteristics of human changed as the goal of the party was converted from 'victory of war' to 'restoration and development of people's economy.' In the Time of Cheonrima Campaign(1958-1967), North Korea poets promoted Cheonrima Campaign to actively proceed with the postwar restoration work and socialist establishment in the full scale, and at the same time, continued to embody 'the liberation of North Korea,' another goal of theirs. 「In the Industrial Town of Honorary Soldiers」(『Joseon Literature』 - the 29th volume, Dec 1959 Issue) well shows that the war heroes in the War Period for National Liberation were reborn as 'the rider of Cheonrima horse' with passion for reform, as faithful heroes for the party. While the main actors in development of Communism in North Korea Literature before the Time of Self-reliance Ideology(1967-1989) were labors and farmers, since then only Ilseong Kim started to be highlighted as an idolized hero. 「In one Farmhouse」(『Joseon Literature - the 57th volume』, April 1968 Issue) presented Ilseong Kim as an excellent model for Communist culture, trying to educate the people with communist features. The poetic characters appearing in Yongak Lee's works tended to change according to each time period from 'popular heroes' in the War Period for National Liberation, to 'labors and farmers' in the Period of Establishing Socialism, to 'riders of Cheonrima horse' in the Time of Cheonrima Campaign, and to ‘Ilseong Kim’ in the Time of Ilseong Kim's Self-reliance Ideology, which is because heroic characters who were able to realize the values required in the time were highlighted as poetic characters and embodied in a narrative manner.
  • 10.

    A study on uses of words in Korean novels before and after KAPF -Based on quantitative approach-

    Moon Han byoul | KIM, ILHWAN | 2009, (69) | pp.245~269 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The methodology of literature and linguistics is obviously different because its original purpose of research cannot be same. That is, main concerns of literature focus on creating texts or criticizing literature works, but the main purpose of linguistics is related to analyse linguistic phenomenon. Sometimes, however some of the methodology of linguistics can be applied to literature research because linguistics and literature can be overlapped to concerned to language itself. In this paper we introduced to quantitative approach to analyze and to compare novel texts during before and after 1934, in which KAPF is dismissed. So far Korean novels in this period can be estimated that trends are changed from critical realism to non-critical realism generally. Because most of research related to this argument are based on researchers' intuition or social background, however actual, authentic usage of words can be ignored or underestimated. We will expect that to analyse Korean novels using quantitative approach can show interesting results which cannot be captured by introspective criticism.
  • 11.

    The author's desire in Lee Kwang Soo' novels

    Park Hyekyung | 2009, (69) | pp.271~298 | number of Cited : 0
    Lee kwang Soo had keep his passion for writing the novels, although he had said himself that he was not a writer. His novels show repeatedly the subject of a corruption of real society and its moral rebirth, based on the opposing structure of goodness and badness which divides into two parts of morally ideal society and corrupt real society. In Lee Kwang Soo' novels, the corrupt real society is a dark mirror of narcissism reflecting his desire for his moral self-justification. Lee Kwang Soo would want not only the readers which must enlighten by his moral ideas, but also the readers which recognize his own narcissist image of moral purity of his enlightenment ideas that had been capturing his consciousness through his whole life. In Lee Kwang Soo' novels, there are many characters that assert a sacrifice for the nation and mankind, or identify themselves with the holy man such as Jesus and Buddha. It deeply connects his anxiety of self-identity and a sense of inferiority. Then we find a scrubby man to be troubled with heavy moral complex through his life, in an outer cover of moral rigorism of his novels.
  • 12.

    The Literary Representation of Korean Modern Peasants and the Irrigation Complex

    Yun Youngok | 2009, (69) | pp.299~331 | number of Cited : 5
    This research is concerned about the fact that the irrigation, the cultivation, the migration of peasants had been the social complex with mutual effects. The purpose of this research is inquiry into that the representative methods of Korean modern peasants novels were diverse and the differences of those methods implied social discoursive meaning. In modern Korean society under Japanese colonial regime, the production and circulation of rice had exercised a far-reaching influence on social structure, and mediated between the Korean peasants and the colonial authority with power. Japanese imperialism had need to provide the its people a consistent supply of rice and rice field for the colonial regime and the prosecuting wars. In the modern Korea under the colonial regime, ‘the irrigating-cultivating- migrating of peasants’ had worked as social complex that interacted as a chain of social events. Japanese imperialists had progressed ‘the irrigation complex’ in a mutual cooperation of financial companies, the colonial polity, the military authorities, a police system, educational system, literary and culture, art etc. over various ranges. Korean modern novels had represented the irrigation complex in the various ways. This research looked at the facts that the representative ways of ‘irrigation complex’ had effected on its theme and characteristic. In the process of representation the irrigation complex, the novels that reflected’ the irrigation with cultivation and migration could represent those days’ social structure typically and totally. The novels that separated or limited the irrigation from its context could represent ‘constructively’ those days. Han Seolya’s ‘The Muddy Stream Trilogy (탁류 3부작)’ and Cho Jungrae’s 『Arirang(아리랑)』 had represented more reflectively ‘the irrigation complex’. Lee Taejun’s「 Peasants(농군)」 and Lee Kiyoung's 「A Son of the Earth (대지의 아들)」 had represented constructively. The novel that had been both reflective and constructive was Lee Kiyoung's 『Dumangang(두만강)』.
  • 13.

    A Study on the plays of Oh Tae-seok focused on the absurdity and the sacrifice ritual

    박수현 | 2009, (69) | pp.333~354 | number of Cited : 1
    The plays of Oh Tae-seok have the property of sacrifice ritual considering the frequent deaths of the characters. This article argues that the sacrifice ritual is raised in order to purify the human emotion of fear in the face of absurdity. The absurdity in the recognition of history and the absurdity in the human destiny and the absurdity in the real society emerge in the works Oh Tae-seok. Men cannot know the authenticity of historical facts and cannot reach the real recognition in reality either. In addition, the destiny of human beings is not operated as intended but operated by chance. As well as what's happening in the real world itself is full of absurdities. Oh Tae-seok clearly presents these absurdities in his plays and resolves the horrors of the audience in the face of absurdity by the sacrifice ritual.
  • 14.

    The study of female criticism in the 1960s - Center on the 'modernity'

    Soyeon Kang | 2009, (69) | pp.355~382 | number of Cited : 0
    The concerning manuscript has the purpose of defining the form of female critiques of the 1960s has used according to social era, culture phenomenon, of the overall literature in the aspect of modernity. After the military government was established through the 4.19revolution and 5.16pithecanthrope, the modernity of the 60s of our society proceeds. This thesis states the discovery of the implication of social and aesthetic of critical literature from, or according to the social era. Especially in the 1960s, professional female writers who received literature education wrote actively, this season was when the early female literature critiques made their debut. They focused on the flow of the critiques in that era, but corrected the light critical remarks and the absent of critiques of female literature. They also commented on women issues with basis on individual experience but on more reasonable form of thinking. Through this course, they showed the female urge to change the literature and social reality. Depending solely on world travel and foreign logic may be a problem in terms of clarifying the modernity of Korean female criticism. However, the purpose can be found on transferring the shallow petit bourgeois to mature citizens, and fulfilling both system of critical theory and aesthetic independence. Compared to the male critiques who reviewed on independence of Korean literature and sovereignty of social modernity, the female critiques promotes enlightenment of the ego and female independence. The women before this time was looked upon as the 'other' in the literature world as well as the society and home, the revolution against sexual discrimination was the main task. Therefore, the female criticisms in the 60s creates an intellectual basis to criticize the republic of literary critics through establishing the new thinking called 'modernity.' This achievement is resulted from the fruit of the independence movements in the critique society. In conclusion, the republic criticism in the 60s attempted to fulfill the requirement to achieve regeneration of social and literary modernity and in this aspect, the point in question was in common between the men and women critiques.