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2010, Vol., No.73

  • 1.

    A transcribing Korean with Chinese characters of an Korean dress and its ornament vocabulary - Centering in Garyedogamuigwe(가례도감의궤) -

    Changmyeong Oh | 2010, (73) | pp.5~33 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is to have studied an dress and its ornament vocabulary of a transcribing Korean with Chinese characters confirmed to the 17th century Uigwe. Specially, detoxified a transcribing Korean with Chinese characters of an Korean dress and its ornament vocabulary, and considered to a Korean Historical, Korean Studies in this study. Therefore for there to be many recalling Korean dress and its ornament vocabularies that shall put on besides meanings were able to know that cannot be so. Also, it was able to confirm a lot of things to a traditional dress and its ornament vocabulary explanation at a Korean language dictionary or an dress and its ornament dictionary etc. that there was a problem. Confirm a unique usage counteract justly the poison, and to have applied that it rises, and is confirmed at Uigwe(儀軌) of the modern Korean times not to mention True Record of the Joseon Dynasty, and restore, and shall put in the future.
  • 2.

    A morphological contrastive study on the Onomatopoeic & Mimetic words between Korean and Chinese

    WANG YUAN YUAN | Kim Jungnam | 2010, (73) | pp.35~68 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper aims to provide the basic teaching materials for both Korean & Chinese vocabulary education by contrasting and presenting the distinctive properties of Korean & Chinese's onomatopoeic words & mimetic words(O&M words). In order to achieve this goal, it first lists all of the one-syllable O&M words and arranges the representative examples of two-, three-, and four-syllable O&M words. In the case of two-syllable Korean O&M words, by separating them into light vowel O&M words and dull vowel ones independently in each column, I emphasized the peculiarity of Korean O&M words in its phonetic symbolism. One-syllable O&M words are represented by A. The syllable structure of A is very simple; that is, most 'As' lack the last consonant syllable, and even when there is one, it is almost 'ㄱ(k)' or ‘ㅇ(ŋ)’. Two-syllables O&M words are of two types. One is consisted of repetition of the same syllable A, and the other is divided further into two types. One is simple AB structure, and the other is a complex one that is constructed by combining A and B. The most distinctive point, differently from A, AA is preceded by suffix '-하다, -거리다, -대다‘. Three-syllable O&M words also come in two types. They are AAB and ABB. The former is all simple words, but the latter is divided differently in Korean and in Chinese. In Korean, ABB is classified into two types, i.e. simple words and complex words formed from AB. In Chinese, there are three types of ABBs, that is, simple type, 'A+BB' type, and 'AB+B' type. The most typical type of four-syllable O&M words is the ABCC type. This is the reiteration type, of course. Although this is a common type in Korean and Chinese, in Chinese there are cases where the '有’ or '里‘ or '一’ often occur in certain environments. And if the word that means action or the unit of calculation is filled in the place of 'X' in the '一X一X' and '一X一Y', we can interpret it as having the meaning of repeating, duration or emphasis.
  • 3.

    The Origination and Application Condition of Umlaut after Coronal

    wee jin | 2010, (73) | pp.69~89 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This paper is a study about the origination and application conditions of Umlaut. It's concreted on Jeonnam dialect umlaut cases. Follows are conclusions as application conditions;(1) Triggers of umlaut are palatal consonant /č/, /čʰ/, /č'/ and alveolus sound /s/, /s'/, /l/, /n/, /t/, /t'/, /tʰ/ and target is /ɨ/, the end product sound is /i/. Triggers are [+coronal] feature, target is [+dorsal]feature and the result also is [+coronal] feature. It means that umlaut is assimilation what [+coronal] feature makes [+dorsal] feature become [+coronal] feature. (2) The frist conditon is priority of environment, an umlaut comes after /s/, /s'/. But it has product many cases after /č/, /čʰ/, /č'/ from the late 19C until now. This phenomenon happens because /č/, /čʰ/, /č'/ was still not completed as palatal consonant from a dental sound. Umlaut has application priority when trigger and target are close each other. And if trigger has same articulation, umlaut is applied by short distance between trigger and target. This condition comes frist than another application conditions. When fricative consonant /s/, /s'/ and affricate consonant /č/, /čʰ/, /č'/ are same articulation as a dental sound, it apply on /ɨ/ which is closest vowel after them and closest fricative consonant. But if /č/, /čʰ/, /č'/ are palatal consonant, this case are more productive because they are closer with following vowels. (3) Umlaut is applied frequently closer between articulation and following vowel /ɨ/. For example, if classify alveolus sounds by distance then gets this result - /s/, /s'/ > /l/ > /n/, /t/, /t'/, /tʰ/. Therefore the farthest /s/, /s'/ is the most productive and the closest /n/, /t/, /t'/, /tʰ/ is unproductive. (4) Umlaut has application priority when related morphologically. This condition extend its application range widely to the conjugation and declenstion in the morpheme. It has two more conditions- word formation and language form. In the word formation, umlaut apply from simple word to compound word, and in language form, it extend from original Korean to Sino-Korean.
  • 4.

    Literary Fact and the Present Meaning of Poetic Prose of Travel in Juwang Mountain

    Kim, Ki-young | 2010, (73) | pp.91~112 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    ‘The poetic prose of travel in Juwang mountain’(주왕산 기행가사) includes ① <Juwangsany uramgi>(1945), ② <Juwangyuramga>(1954), ③ <Juwangsanyuramganbeolgok>(1967). Their authors still remain unidentified, and work ① was written by a man and the authors of work ② & ③ were known to be women. Work ① & ③ were written in the fall and work ② were written in the spring after traveling in Juwang mountain. Considering the hiking routes expressed in three works, it is easily confirmed that doing the sights of Juwang mountain along the Jubang Valley starting from Daejeon Temple is the most common course of hiking in Juwang mountain from old times. Judging from the contents of the works, it seems that work ① was a poetic prose written focusing on traditions involved in the name of Juwang mountain, landscapes in and out of Daejeon Temple, scenic spots and word of four-season landscapes. Work ② is drawing attention for its word about Neyongchu(內龍湫), and work ③ has characterics in that it includes the contents, such as scenes of collecting Seoksam(石蔘), The First Waterfall & Fairy Bath, Guryongso(Nine Dragon Swamp) above the falls, and Dalki Mineral Water Bath. All of the three works are boosting literary beauty through the use of diverse rhetoric. Among these, the work ② is all the more noteworthy seeing that it raises its persuasiveness and enhances its literary beauty even through sensational description, such as a visual-auditory method, not to speak of the use of every sort of rhetoric. Work ① & ② assume a stable and leisurely poetic rhythm, whereas work ③ is showing the trend for a prose. The poetic proses of travel in Juwang mountain themselves has a great meaning in that they expand the domain of poetic proses of travel and also they could function as its main resources from the viewpoint of local literature. On the other hand, the poetic proses of travel is awakening us to the importance of natural ecology. Accordingly, this research comes to think that these works are worthwhile to have growing generation widely read. Furthermore, this researcher believes that these poetic proses could be used as the data which can make hikers' mind and body more relaxed through the exhibition of part of their contents in a panel form all over the hiking trails.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Chinese Poetry for Mt. Duryun Written by Beomhaegakhan(梵海覺岸)

    Kim seoktae | 2010, (73) | pp.113~134 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Mountain is the important place to write the chinese poetry. Because there are many old temples in the mountain, naturally for many Buddhist monks who lives there, it means that the mountain is a perfect place to write literature works. Generally the poem represented the mountain is named as Yusansi(遊山詩), Sangeosi(山居詩) etc. Yusansi describes the process of sightseeing the mountain, on the other hand Sangeosi expresses the dairy life in the mountain. Comparison to a man of high birth as a Confucian who has clear his destination and political standing, the poems written by Buddhist monks have lived at a temple of the mountain have the special characteristics: the conceptual category, the nature of prose and poetry etc. This thesis aims to study on the chinese poems written by Beomhaegakhan(梵海覺岸: 1820~1896) who was the 13th lecturer of the Daedun temple in the Mt. Duryun. Speicially it would be focused on the his thought and emotion about the picturesque scenery of the Mt. Duryun through the characters, nature and temple expressed in the poems. He reviewed the lives of old priests have lived in Mt. Duryun by 『Dongsayeoljeon(東師列傳)』 and also restored them through the prose and poetry. Especially there remained the adoration and honor for the Buddhist masters and instructors who have taught himself: So we might regard it as goseungjeon(高僧傳) written by the prose and poetry. As we know, Mt. Duryun is located in famous for its paradisical nature got joined mountain and sea. Thus Beomhaegakhan sings the beauty of Mt. Duryun, while expresses the consciousness of the aim for fairyland by the poems. The opportunity of the Buddhist's temple-poems can be classified into next two groups: as an unexpected travel and as an base of living. We can find out what he really wants to show through the Buddhist's temple-poems he expressed as a Buddhist monk in Mt. Duryun. It was none other than the freer stroll of consciousness to crossover time past and present. And for that, this peoms which cannot be created until a poet as the Buddhist monk should live for many years in the mountain are worthy as the model of Buddhist literature. As we can consider his poems as natural, we also may regard him as the follower the principle of nature.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Meaning of Breed a Horse Motive in Korean Narrative

    Kim Jin Young | 2010, (73) | pp.135~158 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This thesis is studied about breed a horse motive of korean literature. First after look out relation korean literature to horse, it is inquired into existence aspect of breed a horse motive. Finally it is studied about equivalence and difference of breed a horse motive and its literature meaning. The main contents is summarized as follows. First, some part of our literature deals with horse. it is verified with orally narrative such as agijangsu-tale, angel and woodcutter and lee seong-gye and horse legend etc. In literature narrative, there are myth, legend and novel etc. Generally horse is a aid of narrative development in korean literature. But in breed a horse motive is used of special aim, and the result is clear. so its material characteristic is outstanding. Second, it is considered existence aspect of breed a horse motive of ju-mong myth, on-dal and paksi-jeon. It is examined classify according to gaining horse and bring-up, using and result of horse each story. In ju-mong myth yu-wha saved horse with her wisdom, this is become a steppingstone of korea establish. In on-dal on-dal became a represented kogurye´s admiral to gain a sick horse. In paksi-jeon sick horse bought a high price and brought-up a excellent horse, so it sold higher price. With three works, the similar bring-up horse motive is used and changed for a good genre quality. Third, the breed a horse motive of each literature genre has a equivalence and difference. The equivalence is gaining a sick horse or appearance of woman as a aid person. This means that original myth factor has a effect of the birth myth of a nation, and this myth is intervened legend and novel writing. And the difference is a using horse method or that result. This difference is result from environment of using literature genre. Fourth, breed a horse motive is important. this motive is prepared of myth, but changed more or less as succeed to legend or novel. Just the same, the using of the breed a horse motive from the antiquity myth to modern times novel, it means that immemorial tradition of korean story literature and established usage of making method.
  • 7.

    Rain Calling Ceremony of South WesternDeajeonAreasanditsMeanings - Focusing on areas of Gasuwandong, Doandong, Wanshinheungdong and Sandedong

    박종익 | 2010, (73) | pp.159~183 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper aims at discussing the rain calling ceremony of South WesternDeajeongareas(Gasuwandong, Doandong, Wanshinheungdong and Sandedong), and its meanings. It will mainly focus on first, examining the actual rain calling ceremony of South Western Deajeon areas, and second, analyzing occult arts and their meanings of this ceremony. First, a subject area of this discussion is a town located alongside with Gabcheon(甲川) river of SouthWestern Deajeonarea. This town is surrounded by big and small mounts forming “Besanimsu(非山非野)” meaning “looking down water with mountains behind.” The residents engage in farming in farm fields formed beside winding streams of Gabcheon river. Second, this paper examines the actual rain calling ceremony of South Western Deajeon areas classifying games, village religious rituals, rain calling occults, and rituals. People play a tug-of-war and Yut (Korean traditional game with four sticks) as games for a form of rain calling ceremony. Village religious rituals as a form of rain calling ceremony are performed in Wanshinheongdong area. In addition, other rain calling rituals are women’s rituals and men’s ancestral memorial services. Third, this paper examines types and meanings of rain calling ceremony of South Western Deajeon areas. The types are homeopathic magic, hostility magic, pollution magic and ancestral rites. Among them, homeopathic, hostility and pollution magic are performed by women. These women’s occult arts are performed based on charms. Meanwhile, ancestral rites are performed by men, and have more sophisticated procedures than those based on charms. Rituals mainly come from Taoism and Shamanism, and the ancestral rites follow those of Confucianism. The written prayer of the rain calling ceremony includes wishes of the communities.
  • 8.

    Discourses and Patterns of Love in Proletarian Literature - Focused on Lee Gi‐yeong’s Hometown

    김진석 | 2010, (73) | pp.185~208 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study examined love discourses and their patterns in proletarian literature. With regard to this theme, this study discussed topics as follows. Love is one of prevailing discourses narrated in the most revolutionary language in modern novels. This is closely related to customs that comprehend the ethics and ideas of society. Nevertheless, love in proletarian literature reflects schematism as a means of class struggle. This resulted in the shrinkage of writing and separation from readers. With regard to this issue, Lee Gi‐yeong raised the problem of love as a part of popularization theory. In order for proletarian literature to pursue popular literature, it needs to accept love narrations. Furthermore, he emphasized the uptake of literary heritages through bourgeois literature. This means that he understood love as an important element of revolutionary romanticism. One of prominent achievements of Hometown is the acceptance of love. In the first half of this novel, love stories involving In‐dong, Bang‐gae, Mak‐dong, etc. form an important narrative structure. Their sensual love stories reinforce the reality of the story as realism literature. This is an element that overcomes the schematism of proletarian literature and stirs up the readers’ attention as popular literature. In this sense, the novel is a genre picture of love that presents realistically the romantic factor and real life of rural society. In the later half, on the contrary, love affair surrounding Ahn Gap‐sook and labor and peasant struggle form the core of the narration. She is a new intellectual worker who integrates ‘the optimistic future of the labor class’ and ‘heroism.’ However, she suffers a love problem, caught between Kim Hee‐joon and Gwak Gyeong‐ho. This reflects the writer’s intention to emphasize ‘compatriotic love’ for class revolution. This love narration is one of new patterns distinguished from proletarian literature of the previous generation, but it reveals literary limitations as the characters exhibit emotional attitude and consciousness of purpose.
  • 9.

    Reflected in the novel shape of modern Korea, China Research - Chinaworks around the background

    남춘애 | 2010, (73) | pp.209~235 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this paper, a novel of modern China, South Korea to shape nonji juyoseop, Strandhgg, yigwangsu, Ahn Soo-kil, the writer ganggyeongae and looked at some related works. First, literature and culture rather than a separate analysis of the literary and cultural methods on the basis of China's cultural image of modern Korea and reflected in the novel shape of China's cultural and toilet culture, breakfast culture, color, cultural, and soften the cultural divide in the direction of saw. Novel "inryeokgeokkun" the culture of Shanghai and China's breakfast room and saw the culture, "Cosmos" of the rural landowners 印 Family Home decor reflected China's colorful culture, such as softening, culture and national pride for China's cultural image looked. Next, What is the shape of human civilization toward the subject under the party's image of civilization and culture of care chujinryeokin jeoaeryeokin essay was divided into the perpetrators of the human form. "hong yeme", "Salt," "Dawn," "Human sacrifice," "northern lady" of the politics of China under the age of honransang vicious violence, was capital of the holding is, pangdung, wangjiju, pangrukssan shape, "sambong's house" and "rice" in the unfortunate situation of immigrants to understand and giving them a warm human love and bangchiman baeryeoja Night arc shape, "Dawn," "Salt," "One of the liver" in places like Whatever the criteria of the law to eat a bribe authorities and determined cop, lawlessnes bully people into the shape of warlords have seen sequentially. Reflected in modern China, South Korea form a novel product of the historical and socio-political atmosphere is better products.
  • 10.

    A Study of Seo Jungju's Poems in the Days of the Crane's Singing

    안현심 | 2010, (73) | pp.237~260 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Seo Jung-Ju's collection of poems, entitled Poems in the Days of the Crane's Singing, rewrites the all familiar history of the Korean people. It seems that Seo did this to reexamine the identity of the Korean people. This is clearly revealed by the mythic characters in the first half of the book. Seo exaggerates the positive aspects of the myth, and subverts the negative aspects of it. The poems in this collection are written in prose style with the purpose of delivering more effectively the secondary meanings of mythic and historic facts. A prose poem is more suitable for explanation and teaching than a lyric poem. Seo’s later poems tend to be prosaic because he was influenced by postmodernism. Postmodern literature subverts and deconstructs the existing values. In other words, it deconstructs any center-oriented powers and it fosters the spirit of the prose which allows difference and diversity. However, the prose style of Seo’s poetry is more related to his persistent decontruction of his own poetic world than to the influence of postmodernism, In other words, a master poet creates his own unique poetic world both in form and contents, unswayed by the responses of the reader. Therefore, a great poet like Seo, creates poetry that reflects his own beliefs, little minding the readers. This has led some critics to say that his poetry is a product of a proud master poet. On the other hand, Seo’s poetry is a creative art form as a parody of Pansori, a traditional Korean music form. His poetic lines, which seem disconnected but coherent, are a representation of Yukzabaegi, a traditional Korean song originated in Jeonra province, and they also have some elements of Pansori. Seo was born in Jeonra province and he uses the dialect of that province very effectively. The fact that Seo grew up in that province explains why his poetry adopts the language of Yuksabaegi.
  • 11.

    Cinema Therapy to Improve the Respect for Human Rights -Focused on If You Were Me: Anima Vision

    Il-Soo Yoon | 2010, (73) | pp.261~288 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    If You Were Me: Anima Vision, which was planned and made by National Human Rights Commission of Korea is designed to point out the sense of discrimination, and to improve the sensitivity of human rights which differenciates between the difference and the discrimination. It is made under the consideration that it is necessary to have a cultural approach for the improvement of the sensitivity. The Commission shows a strong will of the improvement by way of the catch phrase, 'Power to renew Korea'. Therefore, it can be said that the animated film has a high effectiveness as a text for Cinema Therapy studies to improve the respect of human rights in view of its subject, character setting, drawing technique, color. Cinema Therapy generally proceeds in sequence of 'Warming-up→Watching the movie→Survey→Discussion․Presentation. As the omnibus-formatted text of this study program gives an opportunity to think about the aspects of the abuse of human rights which happened in the various fields, to watch the movie itself becomes Warming-up. In particular, Nap deals with the disability discrimination, The Woman's House deals with the discrimination of gender role, Woman of Too Fat and Big Bone deals with that of appearance, Bike Trip deals with that of foreign worker, Be a Man deals with that of educational background. Animal Farm comprises all omnibus stories in that it deals with the minor social weak. Therefore, it is used as a main text for the making-out of the questionaire to research the opinion concerned with the respect of human rights of the participants. It is composed of the respondents' opinion about the film's contents, their experience of being the social string and the social weak, the view of life. The result of putting the responses together shows that the desire of belonging is strong, and that there are many discriminative behaviors for the minor social weak, such as a transfer student, a mixed-bloods, the disabled person. Also, it is found out that the behavior of making the social weak into a person of otherness results from the sense of difference, and that the will to live together by the understanding for other person's position through this Cinema Therapy is revealed strongly.
  • 12.

    A study on a Minjung-imagination in 1980's Korean Novels - Focused on "Taebaek Mountains" written by Jo Jung-Rae

    Lim Hwan Mo | 2010, (73) | pp.289~310 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Korea modernization made a road to achieve democratic modernity with to be unify an ideal modernity of 4·19 and a technological modernity of 5·16 that the Gwangju People`s Struggle in 1980 served as a momentum. Gwanju Struggle had triggered an important transformation ‘Let's well live on' of a technological modernization to ‘Let's well live on together’ of mutual existence modernization. "Taebaek Mountains"(1983~1989) written by Jo Jung-Rae during 1983~1989 partially displayed and made a plan such achievement. "Taebaek Mountains" made a diagnosis where is the source of structural contradiction in 1980's and presented a direction of mutual existence with popular imagination. The author cloud have created a problem characters of five party as to use that a constituent method goes over again with construction of an arabesque desire in relation with tension of likeness to go with difference, that episodical constituent principles make most of reality and actuality through to maximize originality of a part and that narrative strategy like the relationship between teacher and pupil and enlightenment structure is filled with aspirations of democratization at that time. We mentioned an aesthetics achievement this work that practically recomposed stubbornness of property keeping and extreme sadness of existence of conservation-rightist party and Minjung party. Furthermore he could present prospect about pluralist society as to show a confident system that innovation-leftist party, reform-progress party, conservation-consciences party compared, judged and selected by each other view points. The writer emphasized actualization of democratic modernity of 'Let's well live on together' as to set up motivational forces of historical progress with people's latent power and healthy vitality. His point of view like this caused the propriety of benefiting the enemy but "Taebaek Mountains". The real value and efficiency of "Taebaek Mountains" is to cast serious doubts on that asked human rights and national identity in our society through ideal presentation of purity and morality of socialist, and then, arranges and invigorates field of a debate that attempt an experiment on establishment of a new value system. In the end, a problem awaiting to be solved for us is to exchange opinions for well balance. That is our shore as reader.
  • 13.

    The Problem of the Text of 『A Pioneer』 Seen Through the Textual criticism

    정홍섭 | 2010, (73) | pp.311~332 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The problems of the text of 『A Pioneer』 is serious both at the case of South Korea and that of North Korea. It can be classified largely into three types. The first is the fallacy which originated from the fact that the text was made without reviewing the version of the newspaper serialization and the book version altogether simultaneously. The fallacy of the version of South Korea was made from the attachment of importance of the newspaper serialization, and that of North Korea was made from the fact that its original version was the book version only. The second is the fallacy that arises from the misreading and misinterpretation of the original text. This is found many times both in the text of South Korea and North Korea it is a case of the fallacy from the fact that there are many usage of Sino-Korean words and old-style expressions in this novel which are not often used today. And third is the problem that in the texts the old-type expressions like Sino-Korean words and the spoken language of the time is changed arbitrarily by the editors. This is the most important problem of the text because it spoils the mood of the original text. Moreover, this is the problem of the negative effect that get rids of the atmosphere of the original old-style and simple expressions, and so it is the worst problem of this text in the aspect of the quantity and the quality at all.
  • 14.

    A Study on Paradise-cognition and Locality in Lee Cheong-Jun' novels -Focused on 「I-eo-do(이어도)」, 『Yours' Paradise(당신들의 천국)』 and 『An Island Swallowed Myths(신화를 삼킨 섬)』

    Cho, Myung-Ki | 2010, (73) | pp.333~363 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Lee Cheong-Jun shows various characteristics of locality surrounding paradise-cognition and the aspects of change in cognition as an author through 「I-eo-do(이어도)」, 『Yours' Paradise(당신들의 천국)』 and 『An Island Swallowed Myths(신화를 삼킨 섬)』. 「I-eo-do」 displays differentiation by spontaneous paradaise-cognition and the process of being otherized and otherizing. 『Yours' Paradise』 focuses on the reason why paradise which is not spontaneous, but generated by other existence is not able to coexist with the external forces. Concealment of identity, control of symbols and allegorical way of reading cause identification between each local of the land and the island, and extinction of objet a. 『An Island Swallowed Myths』 even more focuses on characteristics of objet a which is relative and generated by other existence, giving up researching paradise-cognition. Incomprehensible objet a of the island means the phenomenon itself where intentional consequence by state power, violence and oppositional bisection exist together. Moreover, people from the outside and readers possess the will to remember and embody the trace of a group victimization which was experienced by their own locals by learning the process of the island remembering the trace of its own. Each local is connected by emotional and mental bonds among the communities bound together by a common destiny, which remember the experience of each. Lee Cheong-Jun's local and locality are the space as ex post facto product which is rediscovered and valued by questioning to state power and cognizing about violence.