Korean | English

pISSN : 1229-1730 / eISSN : 2733-8738

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.38
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2010, Vol., No.75

  • 1.

    A Study on the Word-Meaning Change according to the Mass Media and Acceptance way of Korean Education

    강연임 | 2010, (75) | pp.5~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    As various media age has come, the used meaning of media has a direct or indirect effect of language meaning. Especially TV, radio and internet are appeared a important media. So with this thesis, in media of TV or newspaper a word that lost its primary meaning and gain a new meaning is examined. And it is discussed about understanding and acceptance of this use. Therefore the use of derivation meaning based on a word’s primary meaning ought to be deserved, and its acceptance way of korean education is considered. The main contents is summarized as follows. The word-meaning change according to the mass media is like that ‘caricature of meaning’, ‘positive use of meaning cognition’, ‘unlimited use of choice qualification’ and ‘universal acceptance of maximization meaning’. According to use of media, smiling qualification is added with a primary meaning. So regardless of positive or negative meaning, it is recognized as a positive meaning. And as it is not used a existing grammatical category, selectional restriction of word is gone. finally, maximization of expression could be emphasized the word meaning. About the change of word meaning, acceptance way of korean education is a ‘reading’ first. A reading of various texts can be form the primary meaning of word. And with this meaning, ‘writing’ is made with using of media. In other words, ‘reading’ and ‘writing’ is important activity of korean education. And that is a main method of gaining primary word meaning. Finally the reason of language use is a harmony ‘communication’ with others, primary meaning of word is a main domain.
  • 2.

    Diachronic Study of Numeral Pre-noun ‘han’

    김민국 | 2010, (75) | pp.27~52 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to describe the diachronic change of the categorial property and the usage of numeral pre-noun ‘han’ and to examine the characteristic of its change by analyzing historical corpus. Although ‘han’ is numeral pre-noun which has meaning of ‘one’, ‘han’ has various usages or meanings-indefinite referential usage, the meaning of ‘same’, adverbial usage which mean is ‘about, some’ etc.- in modern Korean. These usages and categorial properties are identified in middle and pre-modern Korean. But in that time, an original meaning and usage of ‘han’ that is quantifying the following nouns is more stronger than in modern Korean. Gradually, ‘han’ has developed indefinite referential determiner as time passes. That is, the original usage and meaning of ‘han’ has been weakened but indefinite usages grow stronger. These kind of diachronic change is generally found in many languages. In other words, the most grammaticalized marker of referring indefinite is numeral ‘one’. This fact shows that the change of ‘han’ is very natural in therms of universal and typological language change of numeral ‘one’.
  • 3.

    The Affixhood of Reduplication in Korean and its Meaning

    KIM RYANGJIN | Jeong Yeonju | 2010, (75) | pp.53~83 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This paper aims to examine the meanings of repeated words by reduplication in Korean and to demonstrate the nature of derivation of reduplication based on these meanings. The meaning of complex word formed through reduplication is concentric based on the base, adding additional meaning which is similar to additional meaning of derivation process to the base. In this sense, the reduplication process is similar to the derivation process. In this context, this paper examined how differently the meanings of reduplication appear depending on the semantic attributes (nominal (noun, pronoun) and predicative (static, active)) of the base in detail. In so doing, it discussed that, of words which seem to be formed by reduplication, there are some that should be seen as being formed through compounding process not a reduplication corresponding to derivation.
  • 4.

    Syntactic complexity and diversity of clauses in writings from Chinese, English and Spanish learners of Korean

    Ui Su Kim | Chae Moonsook | 2010, (75) | pp.85~112 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    We gathered and parsed well-formed clauses in writings from Chinese, English and Spanish learners of Korean in order to investigate syntactic complexity and diversity revealed in their clauses using Analytic Grammar. It was concluded that the Korean language learners from the three SVO type languages showed similarity of syntactic aspects of their clauses. First of all, syntactic complexity of matrix clauses was found to be constant from beginners to advanced learners. That of embedded clauses, however, differed according to learners' proficiency; that is, higher level learners showed higher syntactic complexity than lower levels. Syntactic complexity of sentences depended not on matrix clauses but on embedded clauses. Secondly, the Korean language learners from the three SVO type languages also showed similarity of syntactic diversity. The matrix clauses played the main role in sentences written by beginners but the embedded clauses caught up with the matrix clauses in those of the advanced learners. It is also interesting that these conclusions support the results from our previous study on intermediate learners from China for academic purpose.
  • 5.

    충남방언 ‘X]vst+어요’의 음운론

    Kim Jeongtae | 2010, (75) | pp.113~136 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores a phonological study of ‘X]vst+eoyo(어요)’ in Chungnam Dialect. Dialtects of four regions including Gongju, Cheonan, Boryeong, and Taean are realized as [-yu] with long sound ending, which are represented as Chungnam dialect. In fact, this is caused the mechanism of vowel raising from ‘o→u’. In addition, ‘X]vst+eoyo(어요)’ dialects are different based on whether its final word is vowel or consonant. Also, it is confirmed that there are two types of Chungnam dialect according to region. Thus, the purpose of this study is to discover what are phonological mechanisms which operate realization of those dialects. First, ‘[-u]’ is represented as Chungnam diatect among ‘X]vst+eoyo(어요)’ dialects. Second, this Chungnam diatect can be categorized into two largely based on whether final word is vowel or consonant. Third, it is confirmed that there are two dialects according to region within those two categorization, or inland region such as Gongju․Cheonan regional dialect and west coastal region dialects such as Boryeong․Taean regional dialect. Forth, in case of integrated type which has a vowel in word final + ‘-eoyo’, a variety of phenomena are observed in two regions. One is that there is ‘-eo’ deletion in common in word final vowels such as ‘a, eo, ae, e, oe’. The other is that gliding is realized on the condition that word final vowel ‘o/u and I’ are integrated with ‘-eoyo’ in dialect of inland area (Gongju․Cheonan), which is a typically middle area dialect. However, replacement and deletion are realized due to expansion of vowel raising rules, ‘eo→eu’, in case that ‘-eoyo’ is integrated with word final vowel with condition of gliding. Irregular conjugation of ‘s (ㅅ) and b (ㅂ)’ experienced this realization too. Another example can be found in the case of word final vowel ‘eu’ where realization of Gongju․Cheonan shows variation of ‘-eo’, two vowels on word final, as in ‘kkeu+eoyo→kkeoyu’ like middle area dialect. On the contrary, Boryeong․Taean regional dialect shows variation of ‘-eo’, two vowels on word final, as in ‘kkeu+eoyo→kkeuu’. This tendency of realization in the case of integration type in word final vowel + ‘-eoyo’ is about the same in the integration of ‘-eoya’. Finally, various phenomena are provided depending on two regions in the case of integration type such as word final consonant + ‘-eoyo’. One is that Chungnam dialect in word final consonant + ‘-eoyo’ is realized as ‘[-u]’ in common, showing regional difference subject to the types of consonants. Another is that when word final consonant of inland area (Gongju․Cheonan) is integrated with ‘-eoyo’, it is prolonged except final consonant ‘ss’, which is a common middle area dialect. Additionally, when word final bilabials and ‘-eoyo’ are integrated in west region (Boryeong․Taean), they experience replacement due to the expansion of vowel raising rules in ‘eo→eu’ and even vowel rounding in ‘eu→u’. Also, in the case of word final alveolar, hard palate, and soft palate, variation in ‘eo→eu’, voluntary vowel fronting in ‘eu→i’, and deletion of same sound are realized. Yet, a distinctive dialects are observed where mutation in ‘eo→eu’, ‘eu→i’, and deletion of same sound are applied throughout Chungnam area In the case of ‘ss’ among alveo fricatives in stem final. In addition, ‘h (ㅎ)’, consonant in stem final is classified as dialect of stem final vowel as it is deleted in the process of integration with ‘-eoyo’.
  • 6.

    Anaphoric and Emphatic Expressions of Demonstrative Pro-forms in Kim Soo-yeong's Prose

    김흥수 | 2010, (75) | pp.137~165 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper aims at studying anaphoric and emphatic functions of demonstrative pro-forms in Kim soo-yeong's prose. Methodologically, a special attention is paid on unique or marked use, cognitive or expressive functions, and emphatic functions related to anaphors based on general use. Major points are as follows:As for the general characteristics, specification and emphasis by demonstrative pro-forms, concrete substantiality and cognitive concentration of ‘kes(것)’ expressions, repetition and cohesion / coherence as anaphoric close connection are discussed. In the unique uses of anaphora are included predominance of discourse / cognitive meaning over syntax, cohesion / coherence through alternation and repetition of demonstrative pro-forms, and cognitive / expressive function of diverse referring expressions. The uses of emphasis related to anaphora comprise the transfer of redundant referential function to emphatic function, focusing or emphatic function in several syntactic constructions, and emphatic function through anaphora and repetition in the flow of discourse.
  • 7.

    On the change of recognition of adjectival category

    송정근 | 2010, (75) | pp.167~190 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper which examined the history of the study on adjective in Korean aims to explain the change of the recognition of adjectival category. In this study, 4 stages are assumed to show the shift of establishing a adjectival category in terms of diachronic approaches. In first stage, It is known that there is no adjective in Korean or Korean adjective is very different from that of western Language by the foreigner during the early 20th century. It is the second stage that such a bias based on western oriented views is overcame by the Korean traditional grammarian who knows that Korean adjective is similar to verb rather than noun and had tried to explain the differences between adjective and verb in the middle of 20th century. The new suggestions that Korean adjective is unaccusative or all Korean adjectives are verbs has proposed in third stage in the influences of the new linguistic theories. The last stage is when the linguistic typologic approaches on the word classes are introduced to Korean linguistic society. By the typological study on adjective, it is turned out that Korean adjective are not the exceptional one even though it can be a predicate like verbs.(verb like adjective)
  • 8.

    Grammatical and Pragmatical properties of the fusional form ‘-ㄴ고니’ in Jeolla dialect

    Lee Tae Yeong | 2010, (75) | pp.191~212 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study is aimed to introduce the grammatical and pragmatical properties of the dialect, especilly focusing on the fusional form ‘-ㄴ고니’, ‘-냐면’ and so on. This paper is not only for the historical change of complex ending construction, but also for pragmatic function of grammatical morpheme. For the purpose of this study, I concentrated on the literary corpus of Jeolla dialect. ‘-ㄴ고 하니’ which used in Middle Korean has the structure as following: indirect interrogative ending ‘-ㄴ고’ + main clause verb ‘하-’ + connective ending ‘-니’. The main cause of fusion of ‘-ㄴ고 하니’ is the omitting of main clause verb ‘하-’. Although the function of ‘-ㄴ고니’ and that of ‘-냐면’ are similar each other, the each course of change are different. I will refer to the grammatical change process and functions that ‘-ㄴ고 하니’ and ‘-ㄴ고니’ had shown in sentences. The fusional form ‘-ㄴ고니’ in Jeolla dialect is the form that a interrogative ending has added to a connective ending. This fusional form has the function that state to interrogative content and explain other content. ‘-ㄴ가니’ and ‘*-ㄴ가면’ can be compared in the perspective of grammatical change. ‘뭔고니’ is a redundant word. in ordinary utterance, ‘뭔고니’ starts in front of the main content, or can be used as a pragmatical marker that raises some questions. Usage of ‘뭐냐면’ in standard Korean is similar to ‘뭔고니’ of several Korean dialects. In conclusion, the formation of ‘-ㄴ고니’ and ‘뭔고니’ show us the typicality of the oral properties in Jeolla dialect.
  • 9.

    Teaching North Korean ‘Particles 토- Grammar’ As a Foreign Language -Focusing on Comparison of South and North Korean Grammar-

    Ho Junghwan | 2010, (75) | pp.213~261 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study attempts to analyze and compare grammar education in North and South Korea as a foreign language, focusing on the particles ‘토’. For linguistic point of view, the language used in the North and the South is one and the same.However, the length of time for which Korea has been divided has given rise to a number of differences. While conducting a research on the refinement of the vocabulary area of North Korean language, and teaching at graduate school in Taiwan, the author has found that in recent years there is an increasing demand for competency in North Korean language as North Korea is gradually coming out. There are few studies doing a comparative study in grammar education between the North and the South as part of teaching Korean as a foreign language. The purpose of this study provides Korean language learners with vital knowledge of linguistic grammar of the North, preparing for the near future when a great demand of competency in North Korean language may come soon. A major portion of linguistic grammar in the South and the North sharescommon explanations. However, a very great difference compared to their commonness in grammar can be found in theoretical foundations in conceptualizing and categorizing the particles, known as ‘토’in North Korean language. Few studies go deep into the comparative research from a foreign language learning point of view on the issues related to the particles ‘토’. As in the case of South Korea, the study of morphology was limited to the word-formation up to 1970s in North Korea. However, from the beginning of 1980s, studies of morphology in North Korea including 리근영 『조선어리론문법(形態論)』(1985) were separated from the theory of parts of speech and that of word-formation, making the categorical study of particles ‘토’as object of morphological studies. The particles in North Korean language can be said to cover the whole grammatical category as they all include combined unit of particles and word-endings in Korean language of the South. This is to say that particles and word-endings are recognized as a single grammatical categories in North Korea, while they are treated as two distinctive grammatical categories in South Korea. In this respect, the most distinctive differences of grammar education between the South and the North lie in how to conceptualize the particles. Under the strict control of the cabinet in North Korea, linguistic studies have little room for individual linguistic researchers to develop different theoretical point of view. In contrast to the linguistic studies of the South which heavily rely on theories of generative grammar(변형생성문법) with semantic principles, which inevitably creates lots of different perspectives in grammatical view, researchers of the North have general tendency to stick to morphological principles. While this study focuses on exploring and comparing the theoretical issues related to the particles ‘토’ in North Korea, it also will bring up many important equivalent grammatical issues of South Korea as well as a comparative table between the North and the South, which can be good learning tips to all Korean language learners.
  • 10.

    A Study of Chung Kwang Ja. Park Sa Hyung's life and poetry

    Kim Kui-Suck | 2010, (75) | pp.263~282 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Chung Kwang Ja Park Sa Hyung was a Great Honam's classical writer. and scholar in the 17th century. He is take up not a public office and live in seclusion finishone's life. He's devote onself to scholarly research, foster the younger generation. He's express many several a literary work the country. Especially <Namchoga> is make form the Cigarett lyrics. This work excellent artistic sense. the matter is literary objent he's keep off a misfortune save the people from distress. He's keep from powerand benefit love the nature in his literature can be found high scholar'spirit soul.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Diversification Plan of Education in Korean Classic Novel -Focusing the seventh training courses of high school korean language-

    Kim Jin Young | 2010, (75) | pp.283~311 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This thesis is studied about diversification way of education in korean classic novel with Chunhyangjeon as the center at the theoretical level. So first, aim which is literature education of The Seventh Training Courses and teaching condition of Chunhyangjeon are summarized. Then transmission method of Chunhyangjeon and various literature aspects are considered. And as the various methods of novel education, novel education as a tradition and that of fusion-combination is considered. The main contents is summarized as follows. First, it is studied about the aim of literature education. In the aim of literature education, it is insisted on ‘principle knowing of literature action’, ‘literature sensibility and imagination uplift’, ‘self-growth through literature’, ‘understanding of literature worthy and tradition’ and ‘contribution of literature culture development’ etc. As mentioned earlier, Chunhyangjeon is inherited as a combination literature, so it is accorded as was stated above. Second, it is studied about teaching condition of Chunhyangjeon. After the aims of lesson and learning contents are examined, it is considered of Teaching-learning condition. In Chunhyangjeon, it is well worth of education in response of the aims of lesson. Nevertheless in learning contents of including unit, learning contents limit to around literary work contents, so the aim of literature education or aims of the unit lesson is contrary. So for the education of fusion and combination nature of Chunhyangjeon, it is required that adjustment of learning ontents. Third, it is considered transmission method of Cchunhyangjeon and various facets of literature. Chunhyangjeon is representative literature of the late of Cho-sun Dinasty, so it is distributed variously. It is handed down oral-distribution, book-distribution, picture-distribution, performance -distribution, and image-distribution. Therefore Chunhyangjeon is spread out literature, arts and culture. Fourth, it is looked for various methods of novel education around of Chunhyangjeon. As Chunhyangjeon is literary combination, it can be teach literature tradition, culture tradition, and artistic tradition. It is required to teach Chunhyangjeon in view of combination of literature genre, combination of the arts, and combination of culture. So the true nature of Chunhyangjeon has stood out, and the meaning of novel education has doubled.
  • 12.

    The Housekeeping and Management Style of Nampyeong Cho During the 3 years 9 months -Centered on 『Byeongjailgi』

    Heesoon Moon | 2010, (75) | pp.313~357 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Nampyeong Cho, the wife of Nam I Woong(1575-1648), wrote 『Byeongjailgi』 while seeking refuge during Byeongjahoran, the second Manchu invasion of Korea, in December 1636(Byeongja) until returning to her original house in Seoul in 1640(Gyeongjin), three years and eight months later. She was from the gentry class and had a comparatively stable married life, this book calmly recorded her thoughts on daily life and the issue of life and death when faced with war, separation from her husband and the death of her children. Firstly, 『Byeongjailgi』 graphically records the situation at a time when the destiny of the nation was at severe risk and the thoughts of a wife from the highest class as she journeyed to refuge. This book vividly reflects the impending situation and the life of people who had to cope with such hard times. We can confirm the locality and place names in the Hoseo area, which was selected as a shelter. This book also helps to research some of those names which cannot now be found. Secondly, her housekeeping style is unique as a 'subjective producer.' This goes against our prejudice that the life of most women living at that time would have existed only as a passive, supportive wife. The character and performance of ancestor worship by Nampyeong Cho includes the philosophical introspection on life and death. She maintained a maternal love for her one dead daughter, four sons and two daughters-in-law and kept perfect records of every anniversary of her ancestors' death and birth date ceremonies. The land run by the family of Nam I Woong was one of the basic foundations for stable living. But in fact, she contributed greatly to the expansion of existing land and servants which were accumulated by her husband and used those resources in her housekeeping. Frequent giving and taking of gifts helped to consolidate a network for the Nam I Woong family and through this Nampyeong Cho also could sustain her household. It is understood that such giving and taking of gifts at that time functioned as a show of respect and helped to form a kind of community spirit. Thirdly, it is known that Nampyeong Cho was a merciful humanist in terms of her relationships and management of others. The book presents a glimpse of her female virtues on each day, and it is felt that her sense of virtue was higher than many of the moral guide books for women of the Chosun Dynasty. In forming relationships with others, such as her husband, her children, children of concubines, daughters-in-law, relatives, honored guests and servants, she showed altruistic love, tolerance and respect for human rights and this led to open family relations. Her wholehearted consideration and love was reciprocated by others. Her character and way of life surely gives us an instructive example.
  • 13.

    A Study on aesthetics of Jeongup Area Siga Literatre

    전일환 | 2010, (75) | pp.359~381 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    As we know there are “Jeonupsa,” “Sunwunsanga,” “Jirisanga,” “Bangdeungsanga” except “Mudeungsnga,” a tranquil song, among 5 songs of Baikjae poetrys in Jeongub area, and Jeong Geukin’s “Sangchoongok,” a type of Gasa, “Bulwooheongok”, a good flush type, and “Bulwuheonga,” a short song, in Joseon Dynasty. The former, as the poetry songs, with continuously the theme of female’s chastity, is a faithful wife’s song waiting the lover with loving mind as the aesthetics of faithful wife. In these works there are no a bitter feeling or resentment, but only believing and following husband in Confucianism, which a woman ought to be obedient to her husband(女必從夫). The next Jeonggeukin’s work, “Bulwuheon,” is belief of lord and vassal in the background of traditional Confucianism. “Bulwuheonga” or “Bulwuheongok” is a weeping contents with the benevolence of King Sungjong to the descending government post, and as we see denotation, he was no afraid in the worldly life and sung the aesthetics of enjoyment in the evil luck with nature unifying with the one. However, we feel deep feeling on rather the abandoned post, since “Bulwuheon,” meaning no anxiety, described irritation of a house of anxiety(憂軒). We can say “Sangchungok” also is the work imbeded in projecting feature of Bulwuheon living in aesthetics of the whole body with the thing in nature departing fear and anxiety. We can also define the poetry songs in Jeongub area is Korean traditional literary type with the characteristic as a complex genre acted the assistant role in narration and artificial writing.
  • 14.

    A Study of the Formation of Subject in Sohn Chang-seob's boys' novel

    김정숙 | 2010, (75) | pp.383~400 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to explicate the formation of subject focusing on Sohn Chang-seob's boys' novel-Fighting Child and Blind Puppy in 1950s. Sohn Chang-seob represented that the absence of father and poverty was resulted from Korean War and children underwent great suffering. Children realized their position as other in his work. So they felt a close affinity with the underdog such as the deprived friend and the handicapped animal. On the contrary to sympathy, they struggled against the injustice and the repression which symbolized as adultness. The freedom was the key word including the sympathy and the struggle in works and it related with the event of 19 of April. Children pursued value of freedom and they recovered their subject.
  • 15.

    Strategies of Writing for Students' Portfolio Composition -Students’ Portfolio Required in Accreditation for Engineering Education-

    Kim Haekyung | 2010, (75) | pp.401~425 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    One of the evaluation categories in accreditation for engineering education is students' portfolio, which has been established as main category in a way that individual student can manage and compose learning contents and performance. Thus, it allows learning performance to be related with educational goals properly. In addition, it seeks to confirm that the system, utilized in evaluation and educational improvement, is operated effectively. This study explores characteristics and functions of students' portfolio required in accreditation of engineering education. Also, it provides strategies of writing to compose students' portfolio. One of the strategies is that writer should think of how to deliver his or her story creatively through portfolio to compose individualized portfolio. This study proposes to assign story and Storytelling, or to introduce a concept of telling a story. On top of that, this study suggests a strategy to discover similarity of text, or each compositional element of portfolio, and to categorize teaching methodology of writing. Finally, teaching self evaluation methodology is explained as a very important strategy as students are able to accomplish positive result of writing improvement by examining heir writing while they produce portfolio as often as they can. Benefits of various efforts to improve writing ability through students' portfolio include positive influence on quality excellence of students' professionalism in their major, their consciousness of goals, and will of self-realization.
  • 16.

    A Study of Marine Poetry of Kim Sung-sik

    Nam, Song-Woo | 2010, (75) | pp.427~460 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This thesis is about the marine poetry of Kim Sung-sik who has this deep sea experience. It was closely looked how this experience was revealed in his poetry. These scenes were looked as take-off, sailing, awareness of sea, sailor, port, and sailing back. As take-off is the beginning of sea life, returning is the conclusion of it. In the take-off scene, Kim Sung-sik shows the dynamic and bright movement. In the awareness of sailing and sea, Kim Sung-sik recognizes the sea as the threat of life, It is originated from the thought that they face storm and typhoon in the ocean. In the port, it is shown as the place to get recovered and refreshed from the tiresome from the work at the sea. In the part of interest toward the work on the boats, Kim Sung-sik sympathies himself with the old sea boat In the sailing back home, it is confirmed that the miss and love for the family are strongly described and interestingly both of their objects are women. This shows that from the escaped from the wavering space of ocean, to the returning to peaceful and calming maternal place is revealed unconsciously. For the future of Marine Poetry Literature, it is needed to mature the work of this poet who pioneered the deep-sea experience. For this, we need more group of poet who embarked for the sea experience.
  • 17.

    Comparative study on the motifs of Modern novel - Comparison between 「Maeuljip」 by Ju Yo-han and 「Mansejeon」 by Yeom Sang-seop, and 「Seulpeun Mosun」 by Yang Geon-sik and 「Soseolga Gubossieui ilil」 by Park Tae-won -

    Moon Han byoul | 2010, (75) | pp.461~482 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Historical reality of the period under the Japanese colonial rule of Korea was imprinted in the mind of writers as something similar to primal experience. Such experience was used as motifs in their novels. In the reality of the colonial rule from the 1910s to late 1930s, characters in the novels shared and reproduced the experience by reflecting the period. Four novels with motifs based on the experience were studied to identify the characteristics of changes in the motifs, and their historical meanings in this paper: they were 「Maeuljip」(1917) by Ju Yo-han, 「Mansejeon」(1922) by Yeom Sang-seop, 「Seulpeun Mosun」(1918) by Yang Geon-sik, and 「Soseolga Gubossieui ilil」(1938) by Park Tae-won. 「Maeuljip」 and 「Mansejeon」 showed a similarity in their stories. Protagonists in the novels were students studying in Japan. They became conscious of the reality and problems of his times when they came home. However, to resolve the problems, they had to leave their hometowns. 「Seulpeun Mosun」 and 「Soseolga Gubossieui ilil」 dealt with issues in the period of the Japanese colonial rule from different point of views by their protagonists. Both stories were very similar in terms of narrative structures and the situation which the protagonists were facing. However, their viewpoints showed a big difference. Such difference depended on whether characters were independent in setting and recognizing the relations between themselves and subjects. It was meaningful to analyze those novels as it not only confirmed something in common in their motifs but also extracted the realistic background of the motifs, furthermore what they represented in their times.
  • 18.

    A Study on the Series 「Christmas Carol」 Written by Choe In-hun - Centering on Comparative Research with 「Christmas Carol」 Written by Charles Dickens -

    Bae Jiyeon | 2010, (75) | pp.483~508 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purpose of this writing is to seek for intention and effect in parody by comparatively analyzing the series 「Christmas Carol」 written by Choe In-hun and the same-name novel written by Charles Dickens, and by examining its aspect on how Choe In-hun 're-wrote' the novel of Charles Dickens. Through this, the aim is to closely examine the significance that is possessed by the series 「Christmas Carol」 in Choe In-hun's literature. The novel of Charles Dickens and Choe In-hun's 5 pieces of the series have Christmas as historical background in common. Both novels are allowing customs to be described with having Christmas as background, and dually distributed the contemporary discourses, thereby containing critical sight on hegemonic discourses. Also, narration is being progressed centering on family. Dramatic devices, which appear in Dickens' novel, are revealed even in Choe In-hun's novel. Especially, two writers are paying attention equally to the significance of Christmas, namely, to the implication of Christmas as saying of the sole day that the historical contradiction faces temporary liberation. Nevertheless, the creative methods of two novels show different aspect. Choe In-hun conceals a writer's true meaning by inserting narration, which is not suitable for context, or by rapidly developing logic even while distributing the contemporary discourses in own novel like Charles Dickens. Polyphonic distribution and figurative expression technique in the contemporary discourses show the aspect of getting deeper in the closer to the latter part in the series 「Christmas Carol」. This fact is not unrelated to a fact that Choe In-hun's novels since 1962 when military dictatorship had been begun had pursued parody as its method. Seeing from the multi-layered aspect in the time-based, volume-based, and applied diverse descriptive devices, the series 「Christmas Carol」 can be said to be what shows most clearly the characteristic of parodic novel, which selected as the methodological pursuit in this period when political speech path had been blocked.
  • 19.

    An Outsider’s Quest for Identity in Mainstream Society:Reading A Gesture Life

    Song, Myunghee | 2010, (75) | pp.509~533 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines A Gesture Life by Korean-American writer, Chang-rae Lee, focusing on the theme of ‘searching for identity’ by the protagonist of the novel, Franklin Hata. Examinations will be made from the perspectives of Carl Jung’s psychoalnalysis and post-colonialism. The protagonist, Hata, had a complex identity as he was not a Korean, a Japanese, or an American. This complicated identity didn’t only manifest in his racial status. He was considered to be a modest and kind person by his white neighbors however, his adopted daughter, Sunny, became a target of ridicule because she focused too much on gestures and etiquette. Also, he appeared to be a benevolent person but he couldn’t genuinely love other people. As an army doctor in the military, he had had compassion for a Korean woman, Kkutaeh(끝애), who was a comfort woman for the Japanese army, but some time later, he turned a blind eye to her death. Besides that, he couldn’t understand a white woman’s, Mary Burns, love for him. Lastly, his daughter, whom he hoped to become a respectable person, ran away from home. In the resolution, Hata used to think if he put effort into a gesture life, to be identified in a domination culture, he could become a true Japanese, American, father, lover, but he realized this was nothing more than an other-directed life, ‘a gesture life’. While he tried to reconcile with his daughter(Sunny), he determined “I’ll take care of my flesh, my blood, and my bones.” and “I’ll return after coming full circle, like returning home.” In other words, he realized, to attain his identity as a true American, he should accept his identity as a Korean rather than try typical efforts. According to E.W.Said’s theory, based on filiations and affiliations, the protagonist’s life was turned into a gesture life from a life of affiliations, by denying his filiations. Therefore, the protagonist’s awakening was that he had been trying to use his filiation to attain a true affiliation. This work offers a message. In American society, a multi racial and multi cultural society, Asian-Americans should accept their identities, not pursue assimilation into a society, to live their own lives.
  • 20.

    Analysis on Jeong Ji-yong's Poem, 「Sea 2」

    Sin Yong-Mok | 2010, (75) | pp.535~557 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    In the Jeong Ji-yong’s poems, 「Sea 2」 is one of his representative works which show simultaneously both a sensational characteristic of his former-period poems called his “sea poem(or sea poetry)” and a spiritual characteristic of his latter-period poems called his “landscape poem(or poetry).” Exploring 「Sea 2」 in a careful and detailed way, this study aims to both examine how the poem has reflected the characteristics of his former-period and second-period poems and review the problematic factors of the 「Sea 2」 revealed in the transition from the former-period poems to the latter-period poems. The outer circumstance of the 「Sea 2」 is what the poetic narrator is to watch the waves the rolling back in the presence of the sea seen at low tide while its inner circumstance is what the narrator is to build a world of ideas through the traces left by the waves of the sea. A “swarm of blue lizards” that try to run away is the really existent sea and a “nautical chart” created by the traces of the waves is an ideal symbol. And “the earth” which takes a lotus leaves exercise is the product of imagination drawn from the ideal symbol. Jeong Ji-yong conversed the image of the sea that “starts to act or move as if alive” into that of a “fixed” nautical chart and further expanded to the image of the earth that takes a universe exercise. “The sea” takes a central place in his former-period poems while in his latter-period poems, “mountains” frequently appear. That said, the dividing of his poems into the former-period and latter-period ones is not a restraint but a difference of an aspect of perceiving it. “The sea that runs away asunder just like a swarm of blue lizards” holds a characteristic of his former-period sensory imagism featuring an individualized emotion for Mother Nature and a delicacy of its crude description. To the contrary, “the earth which retracts and then spreads just like lotus leaves” bears a characteristic of his latter-period's oriental spiritualism calling attention to the order and cause of Mother Nature concealed in the poem’s context in the restricted words and languages. These two characteristics are arranged in the tension and balance brought by the blank spaces between the lines. In the 「Sea 2」, the characteristics of his former-period and latter-period poems are mixed and appear, which is structured in a constant order. The poetic development which spreads from “the sea” to “a nautical chart” and further “the earth” is the process of transition from a sensory line of sight to an ideal line of sight and also the process of integrating and again opening the individualized Mother Nature.
  • 21.

    Korean Language Instruction Using Video Materials - Focused on the movie, My Wife Got Married

    Yu, Kyoung-Soo | 2010, (75) | pp.559~582 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    In this paper, I suggested integrated Korean language instruction through the movie, My Wife Got Married. The discussion in the paper is not limited to only movies, so it can be applied to TV dramas and other general video materials. This paper suggests grammar and vocabulary learning as a warm-up activity, explaining Korean cultural background as one of main activities, expressing students' own ideas through discussion and writing an essay as wrap-up activities in a lesson. In addition, it also covers reading, vocabulary, grammar instruction by adopting the way of watching a movie while studying the movie script. These days the integrated instruction is recognized as a more effective way of learning rather than the instruction divided into speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Likewise, if we can extend a lesson to grammar and vocabulary as well as speaking, listening, reading, and writing using a movie, it will be a teaching method that fulfills the idea of integrated instruction and doubles students' attention in class at the same time. There is no doubt that the textbook should be in the center of instruction. However, teaching a language only depending on a textbook has the educational limitation. Therefore, the discussion in the paper is the necessity making use of video materials as a teaching aid. I make sure the discussion over Korean language instruction using video materials does not begin with the negative perspective on the teaching method based on the textbook. The teaching method suggested in this paper does not stress the class just drawing students' interest but it emphasizes video materials can be a great help in applying the knowledge acquired from the textbook. I try to make a suggestion that can maximize Korean language learning through the movie not just by watching a movie. I hope this paper can be a new solution and approach to Korean language instruction.
  • 22.

    A Study on the Poet Kim Yun, the Korean-Japanese Diaspora

    HA SANG IL | 2010, (75) | pp.583~609 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study looked into the poet Kim Yun, the Korean-Japanese Diaspora. After liberation, the Korean-Japanese Diaspora poetry started from Huh nam-gi, Kang Sun, and Nam si-woo, and it was transferred to Kim si-jong, Kim Yun, Jung hwa-hum, Kim hak-ryeol, and Jung hwa-su. Kim Yun’s poetry world is the most important text to read the past, present, and the future of the Korean-Japanese Diaspora. His attitude reflecting the two Koreas critically can be considered to show vividly Diasporatic subject by looking at the dualism of society of the Korean-Japanese who only followed the contrast of North and South Korean ideological contrast. In addition, his poetry should be praised in that it realized its own identity by practically facing the reality of dual languages of the Korean-Japanese Diaspora conflicting between the mother language and the mother tongue. His poetry has a significant meaning as the guide to newly establish uniqueness and subjecthood of ‘the Korean-Japanese’ beyond national ideality of the society of the Korean-Japanese who is still captured by North and South ideology. And His poetry definitely became the most significant guide to overall understand the history and meaning of the Korean-Japanese Diaspora after liberation. After liberation, the Korean-Japanese Diaspora poetry was based on historical consciousness and ideology of the Korean-Japanese who internalized their hurt of colonization and division. Therefore, most of works tried to stand for realistic nature directly showing political social issues, instead of focusing on deepening the lyricism to condense personal emotion to the indentified world. As post-nationalism, post-society discourse is currently appearing as the important issue beyond the boundary of race and nation, the perspective of ‘Diaspora’ and problem awareness have attracted attention as the effective discourse to understand and analyze the rapidly changing world. Kim Yun’s poems have an important literary meaning as the text containing such the problem awareness.