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2011, Vol., No.77

  • 1.

    A Study on The Method of Communication between Parents and Children through Recognizing the Hearer's Emotion

    Seo, Jeongseop | 2011, (77) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is aimed at recognizing the importance of communication caring about the hearer's situation among the family members and groping for the method of changing the ways of thinking from the speaker's unilateral ones to those of respecting the hearer's position. It discusses some processes for the speaker's acceptance of the hearer's feeling in case the speaker and hearer are in conflicts. First of all, the speaker should realize his or her own feeling, and then realize the hearer's intention. After that he can accept the hearer's position. It is general that people's attitude toward others differ according to how intimate they are. When they talk to strangers, they are tend to be polite and not to compel their own thoughts to others. On the other hand, they are apt to impose their own thoughts and treat them with prejudice, talking to familiar ones. Especially, if there are conflicts between parents and their children, their conflicts are commonly caused by their talking hurting others. A speaker and a hearer entangled in conflicts should go through a few processes to change from their negative ways of thinking to positive ones. First, the speaker should recognize his own feeling and control it. Only after that, he can be in the hearer's shoes and understand his feeling. Consequently, three steps are needed for the speaker to be in the hearer's shoes. First, the speaker ought to think over and understand the reason of his own feeling. Second, he should divert himself to the hearer's mind. Lastly, he can do the talk to acknowledge the hearer's mind. The prerequisite for the speaker's empathy toward the hearer is that the speaker should understand his own feeling and the hearer's.
  • 2.

    Establishing the category of conventional expressions denoting emotional meanings

    정연주 | Sukjae Choi | 정경미 and 1other persons | 2011, (77) | pp.31~58 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to establish the category of conventional expressions which denote emotional meanings definitely by considering the expressions' typicality as a conventional expression and the typicality of meanings of 'emotion', and to present the list of the phrases qualified to be in that category. First, an emotion expression having combinational conventionality can be considered as a sort of a meaningful phrase unit. When a phrasal expression satisfying this condition expresses an 'emotional' meaning, it is probably a conventional emotion expression. Next, those expressions are divided into 2 kinds by semantic features: the typical conventional emotion expressions and the non-typical conventional emotion expressions. A typical conventional emotion expression could express its emotional meaning only as a whole phrase; Furthermore, the phrase itself includes a emotional meaning as a conventionally coded meaning; and, the phrase expresses non-intentional emotion caused by stimuli.
  • 3.

    The Aspects of Tragicomedy and its Aesthetical meaning in Saseolsijo

    Park, Sang-Young | 2011, (77) | pp.59~94 | number of Cited : 5
    The purpose of this study is to discover the aspects of tragicomedy in Saseolsijo and its aesthetical meaning. Tragicomedy is connected to the matter of worldview, perspective to read text itself as well as forming double vision, which let readers experience a smile and sadness at the same time. Tragicomedy in Saselsijo reflects the features of the late Choseon dynasty in terms of three different ways, 'character', language', 'structure'. First, features of tragicomedy by 'character' is discovered two different ways, forming empathy with the reader(assimilation) and distance with the one(dissimilation), through the difference of attitude the poetic narrator travesties oneself or object. Meanwhile, tragicomedy by 'language' has characteristics such as solidarity or dismantling of text itself according to the principles of metaphor and metonymy. Unlike these, tragicomedy in terms of 'structure' is created in the repetitive process of dramatic tension by two opposed voices or relaxation by two sympathetic voices, with speciality, 'dialogue'. Saseolsijo, which creates tragicomic characteristics in many different ways, deserves to be researched in that it implies glimpses of the medieval and ambivalence of modern signs, revealing optimistic worldview, the creation of anti-world, relativism and pluralism which are associated with a modern eye, etc.
  • 4.

    A study on collapse of the individual by the savage city's project

    권유리야 | Nam, Song-Woo | 2011, (77) | pp.95~120 | number of Cited : 0
    In modern society, city is more than just background. The thesis is looking through 9 novels that giant city made it possible cultural customs and social system. In this novel, the expansion of slum, collapse of suburb low class, the customs of holistic world denial are overall. We look for the hostility in the city system. The giant city systematizes the miserable slum and control the personal agony by social discussion to govern the inside of human nature. Like this, the city system fall human nature as changing the centre of weight from human to city. As it is, through 9 novels seen as the vicious system by city, it can be clearly explained how inner collapse and crack of low class is done. That is, the collapse is not from the human nature but from the governance of inner city system cunningly covered. After all, for the direction prosperity of plan of giant city, it requires low class aggressively, but actually dually eliminates their existences neglecting the world.
  • 5.

    A Study on the integrated criticism of Kim, Jong-Gil

    Mun, Hye-won | 2011, (77) | pp.121~152 | number of Cited : 0
    Kim, Jong-Gil introduced New Criticism and analyzed poems by applying that theory. So Korean poetry criticism became objective and analytical. But on the whole, his criticism was combined with biographical criticism and new criticism, and tried to incorporate things that were relative to each other, such as Eastern and Western, ancient and modern, modernism and lyricism etc. These features most well represented a study on poet. It was a biographical research and objective analysis of a poem. He applied the criteria of T.S.Eliot to analysis poems and it had feature of New Criticism. He regarded 'intellectual lyric' as the most poem. Intelligent lyric was in harmony the intellect and singing and was simple and warm. It tried to integrate intellectual aspects of modernism and emotional tendency of lyricism. However, some cases are quite different. Yu, Chi- Whan's poems were typical example. These poems didn't use a poetic technique and only were shaped living, but they gave impression. The highly evaluation of them was based on the literary theory, ‘言志'. In this case, the criteria for evaluating works was not that of New Criticism, rather than the Oriental criteria like a'price' or 'style'. 'Style theory' was including criticism for work and author. It could explain a feature of Kim's criticism that combined with objective analysis and biographical research. It basically is based on oriental poetic theory. However, It was maintained integrated character as considering both writer and work, the content and form of the work.
  • 6.

    The Style of Representation and the Narrative Method in Kohyang

    Song, Ki-seob | 2011, (77) | pp.153~177 | number of Cited : 0
    Kohyang(Hometown) is one of great realistic novel among modern Korean novels. This novel depicts daily life in 1930s' rural communities. Daily life is the most important subject of representation in realism. It can be considered as the specific detail that realism tries to represent. Representation of daily life was an urgent task of KAPF. Kohyang succeeded to combine representation of daily life with the most advanced ideology. The author's objective attitude is specified in the style of representation and narrative method. Critical meaning of Kohyang has been debated enough. It was an approach which was in accord with KAPF's progressive ideology. Therefore, Kohyang has been acknowledged as a progressive novel that realized typical characters in typical situations. However, the true meaning of Kohyang in literary history can be found in the way of realizing modern realism. That is to say, the important part is not the content but the method, because realism in modern novel depends on the method of presentation. Kohyang shows daily reality as if it depends on eyes of camera. Daily life is represented livelily through visualization of scenes and drmatic representation. The fall of the peasant gets the meaning for the first time as it is related internally to specific scenes of the representation. The narrator comments without revealing his own personality. This novel maintains the fairness of narrator well. With these methods, this novel vividly indicates the concreteness of reality.
  • 7.

    The study of interacting with 'Internet serial novel'

    Lee Yong Wook | 2011, (77) | pp.179~206 | number of Cited : 8
    Study purpose of this paper is examining <Internet publication in serial form> relationship literary meaning that is observed into the new novel publication in serial form room laying stress on mutual understanding between writer/reader through notice board comment. In Korean language and literature study yet Internet serial novel into study compensation bringing round do and five glows represent traffic is recognized by literature foreign enemy action unconcerned with text mutually. Despite writer and reader and text are extant on notice board, observe in 'Result' of character textbook that our scientific interest is published by book after publication in serial form is ended that 'Process' of Internet publication in serial form is not. It is rightful that observe in creation process that 'Publication in serial form' is present progressive form that set definite decision point of time of work in the future differently with 'Apportioning an inheritance' that load dividing article who is already completed. Moreover, definite decision of text is impossible throughout if publication in serial form is gone from digital space of Internet (time, that concept is registered by selective present style on non-linear coordinate). If recognize the Internet to literature space, study about mutual understanding between gone various way need while work is serialized. Because interaction through comment is inspired in writer's imagination going in gear with form 'Publication in serial form' although is literature foreign enemy action that is gone although from text outside or affects to creation methodology, and interferes in story unfolding and permeates by both directly and indirectly in text . But, to do creation process meaning Tuesday and synchronizes with result, there is scientific difficulty. Belief which scientific prejudice and creation that recognize wave and result that is accomplished through custom of the center and it do year of old order that is writer's share completely is still valid in Korean language and literature study. To do process meaning Tuesday, effect that mutual understanding between digital text and writer through comparative analysis of analog text/reader gets in text materialize and take spare be able to must . Study target that writer wishes to reach ultimately establishes structure esthetics enemy of Internet serial novel by analyzing in writer's attitude and side that is reader's reaction who is caused in difference of (space) if build street esthetics enemy between newspaper publication in serial form and the 198 - 90 literary work publication in serial form, and Internet publication in serial form since the 2000 in the 1970s. This paper is first scratch line of scientific mileage of <Internet serial novel study>.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Capitals of TaePyungCeunha

    Myung-jin Lim | 2011, (77) | pp.207~232 | number of Cited : 1
    The economic conception of the connotative author or narrator is revealed strongly in TaePyungCeunHa(太平天下), the most important work of Chae Man-Sik, compared to his other works. This conception can be interpreted to reflect the formative process of capitalism in the 1930s. However, its key point can be understood properly as we examine it concerning social capital and cultural capital. The economic capital is a significant factor in TaePyungCeunHa, but its formative process is not normal and its basis is undeveloped. The economic capital was not expected to last long, and the foreshadow of this is revealed variously through a series of happenings in the later part of the novel. Yun Duseop(윤두섭), the main character of the work, tries variously to shift his economic capital to social capital, but the result falls short of his expectations. The process of failure in forming the new social capital is largely embossed, but this reflects the difficulty to form social capital in a fluctuating society. The family's cultural capital is weak, but this is an important clue to understand the structure of this novel and the relationship of conflicts between the characters. In short, this work emphasizes the imbalance of the Yun family whose economical capital is more advanced than their social and cultural capital. This imbalance is represented as a deformity of the father, Yun Duseop and his son, Yun Taesik's appearance. This deformity is the deformity of colonial capitalizing process during Japanese colonialism in the 1930s. It also reflects the contemporary society coming to spoil its traditional values through the collapse of family community that is seen through the Yun family's breakdown. Through this, TaePyungCeunHa satires the society of the day which has no new values to replace the previous ones, but only to destroy the traditional value of the society.
  • 9.

    A Study of Enlightenment in『Mujeong 』 and 『Kwangin Ilgi』

    Mounkwo Jeong | 조보로 | 2011, (77) | pp.233~261 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper was to compare the enlightenment reflected in 『Mujeong (Heartlessness)』written by Lee, Kwang Soo with the enlightenment in 『Kwangin Ilgi(Insane Person's Diary)』written by Rho Shin with the viewpoint of comparative literature. Those two works were concentrated on encapsulation for inspiring modern enlightenment, which were revealed from the consciousness of two writers. They adopted fictitious factors for configurating self consciousness of characters in their works based on their personal experience. There are some difference in describing status of the characters in their works. While Lee, Kwang Soo tried to instill the readers to be enlightened by using forthright preaching language through pioneer of elite, Rho Shin tried to configurate a character who could resist negative ideology through an insane who is an abnormal character of low rank. It can be inferred that this kind of difference of expression between the two writers was based on the different of the two writers. Lee, Kwang Soo thought himself as one of modern intellectuals who were leaders, but Rho Shin emphasized that he was not a hero nor leader. Also, the difference of enlightenment of the body and insanity was found between the two writers. First, In 『Mujeong (Heartlessness)』, the modern recognition of body was expressed. The new marriage ethics Lee, Kwang Soo presented was that a man and a woman who are in love each other were married and grew into one with sound and pure body. However, In『Kwangin Ilgi(Insane Person's Diary)』, anthropophagy which has been spreading for thousands of years and will of insanity which overcomes anthropophagy were confronted with an extreme sadness. The recognition of changing improper society was a common interest for the two writers, but there were some difference over their approaches toward the change. While Lee, Kwang Soo emphasized social change through education, Rho Shin presented humanitarianism of compassion and affection for human beings as a methodology of social change.
  • 10.

    A Study on Modern Literary Magazine in Gongju,『Baekwoong(白熊)』

    조동길 | 2011, (77) | pp.263~284 | number of Cited : 7
    The view that modern literature in Gongju starting after the liberation in 1945 has been the commonly accepted. There is a plenty of room for doubt that this accepted theory is available. However we couldn't deny the theory because we had not discovered an supporting materials. We cannot accept these view from a common standpoint of view. This is inconsistent with the fact. Because a piece of evidence, that is, the fact that a monthly literary magazine called 『Baekwoong』came out in 1928 in Gongju was recovered. The existence of this magazine became generally known long before. But recently we found the first issue of this magazine at the library of Yeonse University and ascertained the existence of it. As a result of investigation into the contents and values of the works which are included in this magazine with details of publication, 『Baekwoong』 has made a significant contribution to the history of Korean literature. It is as follows. First, It advanced the beginning of Gongju's modern literature, and at the same time this magazine had a huge literary significance because Chungnam's modern literature started with it. Second, this magazine had published with the active support of influential figures in Gongju. In this respect, 『Baekwoong』is different in character from the other coterie literary magazines and literary magazines of that day. It is a unique product of Gongju's cultural activities. Third, It has to be appraised highly because it has significance for modern literary history. First of all, 『Baekwoong』shows as having a pretty even age and region distribution among its writing staff. And there has been a high level of literary value of this magazine's works. 『Baekwoong』 can find its meaning in playing an important part on the literary history of Korea as a small town's literary magazine. Because it was a general literary magazine which was issued once a month and it was a nationwide publication on a high level. This study hopes that 『Baekwoong』 receives universal recognition according to its significance and value in Korean literary world.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Use of Vulgar Words, Fad Words, and Jargon in Adolescents' Spoken Language

    Kim, Jung sun | Lee Phil-Young | Kim, Tae kyung and 3other persons | 2011, (77) | pp.285~324 | number of Cited : 20
    This study investigated and analyzed the uses of vulgar words, fad words, and jargon in adolescents' spoken language, providing specific lists and frequencies of vulgar words, fad words, and jargon used by adolescents and examining their usage patterns according to school level and gender. The analysis results were put together and sorted out as follows: First, the adolescents' use of vulgar words was examined. They used adverbs of degree and exclamations with a vulgar feel such as "존나, 씨발, 개-, and 처-" a lot. Most of the vulgar words of high intensity had to do with sex, and the usage of those words rose with school level. The girls were not much different from the boys in the use of sex-related vulgar words. Secondly, the adolescents also used a lot of adverbs of degree and exclamations such as "완전, 개-, 헐, and 대박" in the domain of fad words, and the majority of them came into fashion with the extended usage context of communication language. Of its subcategories, the fad words that originated in everyday language recorded the highest frequency, with differences in preferred fad words between the girls and boys. Finally, adolescents used jargon related to sex, jargon that belittles a peer group, and game jargon in high frequency. They spelled jargon either by picking up only initial consonants or employing English alphabets for the sake of secrecy. Differences were found in jargon usage according to school level: while the elementary school students used game jargon a lot, the middle and high schoolers used a great deal of delinquency, sex, and violence jargon. Jargon related to body parts or sex acts was used by the boys more than the girls. The study collected and analyzed adolescent conversations and offers empirical and concrete data about their language uses, thus making a future contribution to the establishment of language policies and educational plans for adolescents. The follow-up study of the study, which analyzed adolescents' vulgar words, fad words and jargon from the perspective of content, should approach the topic from the perspective of morphology, syntax, and expression. In addition, it needs to conduct in-depth analysis of the contexts in which vulgar words, fad words, and jargon are used.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Teaching of Korean Obstruents to Foreign Beginners Based upon Three Different Language Teaching Methods

    박시균 | 2011, (77) | pp.325~353 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper studies two listening tests of Chinese novice learners on Korean obstruents and a Korean listening evaluation for the production data of Korean obstruents by the Chinese learners. Based on the result of the 12 Chinese subjects at the first experiment, they were divided into 3 groups to go through different teaching methods for pronunciation education. Group A went with the cognitive approach, Group B with the audio-lingual method and Group C with the task-based approach, respectively. Each group was set with different time scales by differential stages and curriculums, aligned by each method’s characteristic. After the experimental lessons, the second test which was the same as the first test at the procedure was run to find out the efficiency of the given teaching methods. In terms of statistics, the experimental results between groups did not bring out a meaningful result; however the improvement at the in-group results was meaningful. In particular a far more efficiency in Groups B and C with the audio-lingual method and the task-based approach than Group A based on the cognitive approach, was observed. The audio-lingual method and the task-based approach teaching method showed that they are the efficient methodologies for teaching Korean sounds to the beginner level of foreign learners.
  • 13.

    A study of the descriptions of "phonological rule" in the Government-authorized Korean Language Textbook for High School

    Lee Raeho | 2011, (77) | pp.355~385 | number of Cited : 6
    The goal of the study is to clarify anticipated problems of and suggest complementary solutions for descriptions of "phonological phenomenon" in high school Korean language textbooks. The Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology(MEST) promulgated the revised curriculum of Korean language study in 2007. As a result, Korean high schools have begun to issue new authorized textbooks of Korean language. At present, 16 kinds of textbooks have passed the MEST's official approval. I believe that the phonological section of the authorized textbooks should be composed of the following contents: first, learners should understand and explain the difference between writing and practical pronunciation; second, learners should learn and practice the phonological rules, thereby improving their standard pronunciation. However, in some cases, the textbooks have pedagogical problems because the author’s descriptions of phonological rules are misleading due to his or her personal opinion and bias. In other cases, textbooks’ descriptions are too simple to provide sufficient explanations. These problems are found most often in such parts as "alternation", "contraction", "deletion" and "addition". In my view, descriptions of phonological rules in the textbooks require more consistency and precision for the learner to fully understand and practice the phonological rules.