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2011, Vol., No.78

  • 1.

    A Study on right establishment of the Korean Spacing Words Regulation

    박정규 | 2011, (78) | pp.5~37 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to present the ultimate reform measure of the Korean Spacing Words Regulation. The reason of this proposal is due to be discovered many serious problems in current Korean Spacing Words Regulation. Current Korean Spacing Words Regulations is constituted 10 items but it is duplicated the dominant principle or same contents. As a result, current Spacing Words Regulations is uneconomical system. Nevertheless, current Korean Spacing Words Regulations don't offer sufficient explanation because of unfaithful contents. Also, current Korean Spacing Words Regulations is contained self-contradictory explanation in 47, 48 items. But the most serious problem is that current Korean Spacing Words Regulation is described by the unit of parts of speech. At first sight, that explanation seems to be adequate method. But, to be sure, it make an error because spacing by word is the same method spacing by parts of speech. For this reason, many people don't understand the problem of the Korean Spacing Words Regulation. Therefore these problems must be improved in order to change more easy Spacing Words Regulations.
  • 2.

    A Study on the grammatical property {mankum}

    Ahn, Joo-Hoh | 2011, (78) | pp.39~63 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    In this article, I investigated the property of {mankum} using bound noun, auxiliary particle and connective ending of [ REASON} and also investigated the grammaticlization process of {mankum} First, the 1'st type of the construction like [ [ VP ] 은/는/을 # 만큼 ] is defined as bound noun, having the meaning "the limit of " information. Second, the construction [ [ VP ]은/는/던 # 만큼 ] is processing grammarticalization through some grammatical mechanism "metaphor, analogy and reanalysis" In the process, the showing of the structure [ [VP]는/은/던 # 이]만큼 ] is changed to [[[VP]느니/으니/더니만큼] by the mechanism of fusion. Third, in the constructure {N + mankum} the morpheme {mankum} can be defined as auxiliary particle. Lastly, these unidirectionary principle of grammarticalization is also discovered in various examples, which may also be found in the diachronic processes.
  • 3.

    A demonstration of the decoding to the character(皆) in Hyangchal

    HeeCheol Yang | 2011, (78) | pp.65~90 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study, in three aspects, demonstrated the preceding decoding to the character(皆) in Hyangchal. First is the aspect of the meaning and the sound of the character(皆), second is the aspect of the inscriptive system, third is the aspect of syntactical structure and context. The result of this study is as follow;1. The noun and the adverb(모도), in the decoding of the Hyangchal(皆), are grounded in the meaning of the character(皆). 2. The meaning(모도) of the character(皆) in Hyangchal is coincident with the meaning(모도) of the character(皆) in Bohyeanhaingwonbum(普賢行願品) which is the book on which Gyunyeo ground in creating Bohyeansiwonga(普賢十願歌). 3. The noun and the adverb(모도), in the decoding of the Hyangchal(皆), are rational in the inscriptive system, in that clash do not take place betwween the noun and the adverb(모도) in decoding of the Hyangchal(皆) and the adjective and adverb(한, 모, 다) in decoding of the Gugyeol(諸, 盡) and Hyangchal(盡良). 4. Each sentence including the noun and the adverb(모도) that are appeared in the decoding of the Hyangchal(皆) are grammatical, and meanings of each sentence are logical. 5. Two sentences including three characters(皆佛體) and four characters(皆佛體置) have inversion. Therefore, two sentences do not have the structure of [adjective+noun], but have the structure of [adverd+noun] or [noun+noun]. Putting the above accounts together, it seems correct the decoding(모도) in the decoding of the Hyangchal(皆).
  • 4.

    Sentence Meaning Construct of Causative Sentence by ‘-ge/-dorok’

    이진병 | 2011, (78) | pp.91~115 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The first purpose of this thesis don't premise the grammatical role of ‘-ge hada’ about periphrastic causatives. Second, the paper reveals to reason that sentence of ‘-ge hada’ take on causativity Periphrastic causative is not syntactic type by auxiliary construction but semantic type. In periphrastic causatives as semantic type, two main agent of situations interact on each other by schematic relationships. The core of causative sentence is that two situations are continued by relationship of entailment along the process. Causativity of ‘-ge’ sentence is not completed by combination of ‘-ge’ and ‘hada’, but completed by combination ‘-ge’ and entailment. Further, we can display semantics types of the causative sentence in diagram form, which shows iconicity that is reflected in cognitive structure between of two clauses.
  • 5.

    A Historical Study of ‘solchantha’ in jeolla dialect

    Lee Tae Yeong | 2011, (78) | pp.117~138 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper is a paper researching the fact that a negative of the verb does not mean the negation just, but it raises the change of meaning and derives the new meaning. For example, the negative forms as like ‘suweolhajianta, suweolchianta, suweolchanta’ has the other meaning besides the basic meaning. ‘suweolchanta’ is used in jeolla dialect as like ‘solchantha, solchahada’. and harden as the meaning of ‘be fair’. In this paper, ‘suweolhajianta’ has the basic meaning of ‘be not easy’. ‘suweolchianta’ has the other meaning of ‘be not common, be fair’ besides the basic meaning. ‘suweolchanta’ is much more used as the meaning of ‘be fair’. ‘solchantha, solchahada’ of the jeolla dialect changed in ‘suweolchanta’ is used as the meaning of ‘be fair’. In the jeolla dialect, it hardens as the adverb. ‘solchanhi’. Like this, it is not simple phonological phenomenon that ‘suweolhajianta, suweolchianta, suweolchanta’ shows up as the negative forms of ‘suweolhada’ variously. These manage the meaning area between ‘be easy’ and ‘be difficult’. Therefore, ‘be not easy’ shows the minute, various meaning difference. Similarly, ‘solchantha’ or ‘solchanhi’ are used in the jeolla dialect as the meaning of ‘be many, be fair’. the meaning of ‘be many’ is various as like ‘a few many, some many, quite many’. Therefore ‘solchantha’ manages these various meanings.
  • 6.

    Wish Fulfillment Comments on Hyangga by Ilyeon

    Kim,Sun-Ki | 2011, (78) | pp.139~162 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Ilyeon wrote pieces of writing about Hyangga by utilizing visible speech styles that were rampant at that time and included them in the Heritage of the Three States. These Hyangga descriptions are made of writers, backgrounds, works and comments, and the number of the comments containing wish fulfillment is 10 attracting the attention. This paper studied the personality of writing and wish fulfillment focusing on the wish fulfillment comments of Hyangga descriptions. As a result, it was checked that Hyangga descriptions have three-stage composition such that 'when a problem occurred, we made and sang Hyangga to deal with that and the problem was solved as a result'. This paper examined where the power to solve problems is from and which wishes are fulfilled as a result. As a result, it was found that the power to solve problems is from the Hyangga view of Ilyeon, that is the strong impression power, and the cooperation of other assistants and that various problems such as the human world, the nature world, ghosts and so on around the writer were solved by the power and wishes were fulfilled to the expected degree or more. It can be evaluated that a new place for recognition that Hyangga are the literature of hope was opened through the comments on Hyangga by Ilyeon.
  • 7.

    A stydy on structure of dreams accepted in sijo and expressive feafures

    변승구 | 2011, (78) | pp.163~193 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The current study examined their structure and expressive features as well as works analysis in relation to dreams reflected in sijo(traditional three-verse Korean poem). First, the total number of works using dreams as materials is 168 pieces including 134 short sijo and 34 long sijo. Besides, authors are 49 and their works are 97 pieces and they appeared from late Koryo or early Chosun to the overall years of the Chosun dynasty in terms of periods. Meanwhile, it found that authors were spread in most of classes from king, civil and military officers to poets and gisaeng(Korean geisha). Second, we examined structure of dreams expressed in sijo which indicates that a variety of structures are shown as well as that of fantastic dreams. Concretely, there are ‘realistic dreams’‧‘after awaking from a dream’‧‘having a dream-awaking from a dream’. Like this, we could confirm the aesthetic consciousness of sijo in that dreams are accepted through a variety of structures even in sijo of short form. Third, we examined the features of expressing dreams in sijo. Above all, they are characteristic of personifying dreams through personification or having a talk with a dream and further, using dual personification etc. Next, for citing old affairs, diverse old affairs related to dreams were accepted in order to embody themes of dreams. And historical figures were inserted in the dreams to express themes and inserted figures involve saints, faithful subjects and the preceding king etc. On the other hand, sijo employed a variety of methods of awaking from dreams including sounds of nature and animals etc. Finally, we investigated the role and meanings of the dreams accepted in sijo. First of all, it can be pointed out that it embodies themes through various structures of dreams, that it maximizes literary imaginations through dreams, and that it expanded the scope of acceptance of dreams expressed in literature.
  • 8.

    Correlation between Seosa Muga and Pansori -With focus on Seosa Muga prevalent in Cholabuk-do area

    이영금 | 2011, (78) | pp.195~232 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Various Seosa Mugas including Chilseong Puri, Jaeseok Puri, Ogusewang Puri, Jangja Puri, Bongjangchun Puri have been handed down in Cholabuk-do area and their narratives are relatively well organized. On the other hand, sanctity contained in Seosa Muga played around this area has pretty much weakened while their stories are rather tinged with tropological lessons. Singers of Pansori were those from troupes of hereditary dances and most of them also played musical instruments for shaman rites. This lets us logically conclude that singers of Pansori had good understanding of the narratives performed at shaman rites and principles of the performance. Seosa Muga and Pansori prevalent in Cholabuk-do area have in common similar narrative structures in which characters suffering from tragic fate are eventually brought to a happy end through adversity. Narrative texts of Seosa Muga and Pansori have lots of inherent episodic components and ritual phrases. Judging from the similarity of the songs and ritual phrases contained in Pansori and Seosa Muga, we can say that Pansori is a narrative text utilizing wordings of Seosa Muga created by virtue of shaman rites. These narrative texts are structured, like performance of ‘Shinmyeong Puri’, such that they can let deep resentment harbored in your heart go and draw out healthy deific power. This is to say that Seosa Muga and Pansori portray figures suffering from resentment harbored deep in their hearts and heal it through sobbing, laughing and playing. With these methods repeated and accumulated over time, the resentment harbored by the characters melts away and eventually healthy deific power manifests itself. The vocalism and tunes used in performance of Seosa Muga and Pansori are what arouses sobbing, laughing and playing. Such musical characteristics arousing us to sob, laugh and play suggest that Seosa Muga and Pansori are works performed for the purpose of loosening up our inherent desire and allowing us to have real fun as much as we please.
  • 9.

    The Tradition of a Yeongun-gasa and Park In-Ro's Sangasgok

    Choi Hyun-Jai | 2011, (78) | pp.233~255 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to study the features of Park In-Ro's Sangsagok in terms of Yeongun-gasa. Then these features were discussed in terms of A talented singer, and the significance and value were examined. The tradition of Yeongun-gasa and the appearance as a talented singer are is important to understand Sangsagok. Therefore, the two was chosen as a measure of studies. As a result of a study it has been known that Sangsagok is a very abstract and ideal work. Just like his other works, he demonstrated his ability as a talented singer and produced this work. Thus this work was a lot of ideas and abstract features in terms of the phrase, prizes deployment method, and the speaker's attitude. Next, it was examined that how the characteristics of these works will be evaluated and estimated. At that time, aristocrat were trying to solve practical problems by using Neo-Confucianism. It was the universal and the typical perception of reality and troubleshooting methods. From this perspective, the ideality of Sangsagok was interpreted. In addition, the formation of public opinion of aristocrat was of help to understand the ideality of this work. His works are also creatived according to the formation of public opinion.
  • 10.

    The matter of disease and life in Oh jang-hwan’s poems

    김종태 | 2011, (78) | pp.257~283 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Oh jang-hwan is the poet who was active at the Japanese colonial period. This thesis studied matters of disease and life in Saengmyeongpa(Life Shool) Oh jang-hwan's all poems. Oh jang-hwan resisted inconsistency of times through grotesque diabolism. ‘Chapter2. loss of the paternal nature and dangerousness of the modern life’ discussed Oh jang-hwan’s early poems. His early poems embodies reproach criticism of traditions and history. He explored pollution of a body and form of disease with the modern environment. ‘Chapter 3. vitality like something evil and a sensuous sublimation of a death consciousness’ discussed Oh jang-hwan's middle poems. His middle poems embodies acceleration of contraction of life. He marked death down as beauty and wad concerned about contradictions of the Christian faith. ‘Chapter 4. a longing of cure and rebirth though a maternal instinct and ideology’ discussed Oh jang-hwan’s late poems. His late poems embodies new life though a maternal instinct and ideology. The maternal instinct which he sought was connected by ideology. Oh jang-hwan's poem included deep thought in time and history. Also, his poem embodied pain and tragedy at the colonial era. This thesis want to be the new forum for debates of Oh jang-hwan’s poem.
  • 11.

    The Aspect and Implication of Mirror Motif in Choi In-hun’s Novel

    김주언 | 2011, (78) | pp.285~305 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper looks into the phase of development about the mirror motif from Choi In-hun’s novel, “The Gray Man” and besides explores the ultimate implications of it. It is hardly consider all problems causing from the process of subject’s subjectivation shown in “The Gray Man”, may begin with the failure of dialectical unification between ego and real world(or between person and society). The hero of this novel has dominant personality which desires to have more difference than dialectical identity. The aspects of split subject can be understood in the context from denial of these identity. The hero is the being who reflects himself through mirror or window from beginning to end. He, a prospective writer, is not only a split subject but also an aesthetic. The mirror is the something that expands his world by splitting. It tears into a pieces. And it faces to fate to be broken by increasing inner conflicts in him. However this broken mirror would also reflect the portrait of literature. In other words, it can reflect the literature itself which is layed as the others of general discourse outside of ideology. The literature would be shown as an another one from the outside of literature through mirror motif. This paper concludes the literature showed like this could agreeable by desire of hero's difference. It is because finally, the aesthetic subject looks into mirror which reflects himself from the outside of strategies of containment of ideology.
  • 12.

    A Study on Female Intellectuals in Proletarian Literature -Focused on Ryeo-sun in Han Seol-ya's Hwang-Hon(Sunset)

    김진석 | 2011, (78) | pp.307~334 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper has examined the characteristics of female intellectuals in proletarian literature, focused on Ryeo-sun in Han Seol-ya’s Hwang-Hon ‘sunset.’ What has been discussed can be summarized as follows. From the viewpoint of socialism, laborers and women fall within the class that is representatively exploited in capitalist society. As such, socialism has recognized women as sharing the same destiny with laborers in the same dimension as the class liberation movement. Consequently, the problem of women has been given focus from the perspective of struggle for action rather than dealt with on the side of their nature including identification of gender. The first half of the work Sunset is focused on the triangular relationship among Gyeong-jae, Ryeo-sun, and Hyeon-ok. Ryeo-sun turns out to be a victim in her love narrative. Her expectation for Gyeong-jae serves as a chance to recognize the Bourgeois’ egoism. Through the course of this narrative, she gives up her unilateral relationship with Gyeong-jae and establishes an independent relationship, which she achieves by declaring to quit against his egoistic desire for maintaining his meaningless love. This is the starting point from which she has seen humans and society from the viewpoint of classism. Ryeo-sun, as she is, is clearly distinguished from the female figures in previous pro-literary works. For her, the ordeal is an object for overcoming rather than for frustration. Such a rational attitude is closely related to intellectual training. However, this is far from being a figure crystallized on the aesthetic side though it can be an educational model for socialist revolution. In this sense, the love aspects of Sunset has not only a new possibility of pro-literature but also certain problems to overcome simultaneously. The last half of the work reveals a tendency to emphasize the necessity of class struggle. This is crystallized through the opposition and conflict between employers and employees. During the course, Ryeo-sun’s classist shift to laborer implies complex meanings. She realizes contradictions of Capitalism through her labor experiences. Here, the struggle against Bourgeois reduces to the problem of knowledge rather than of assets or capital. This means that the gist of pro-literature lies in the education for awakening the sleepy awareness of the proletariat. The fact that Ryeo-sun has received higher education serves as a crucial social force in the course of the struggle against An Jung-seo. The education works as an important element in the recognition of ego and society. Furthermore, it comprises a theoretical basis for emphasis on the necessity of class struggle. This means that the success of labor movement is directly connected with the education of laborers. The fruit of her education is crystallized by labor disputes. Through them, Y Spinning Mill happens to be turned from a lethargic field of labor into the space of struggle for labor liberation. Thus, the emergence of an intellectual female like Ryeo-sun can be evaluated to have open a new horizon for pro-literature despite the novel’s artificial structure.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Modernity in the Poetry of Kim Chang-sul

    Yongmoo Noh | 2011, (78) | pp.335~358 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Kim Chang-sul, a poet born in Jeonju city of Chonbuk province, tried to express various conflicts in realities by writing realistic poems in 1920s and 1930s. Nevertheless, the reason few critics study on him and his poems might be in the political consciousness or unconsciousness of South Korea, which could be problematic in that the rejection is connected with his individual inclination and literary power of center and periphery in the history of literature. Thus, this paper aims to restore the meaning of the poet, Kim Chang-sul, by considering the perception of modernness and modernity in Kim Chang-sul's poems and by tracing the correlation with his poems and his days. Kim Chang-sul's poems show the doubleness of modernness and the contradiction of realities hidden in the modern landscapes. Most of his early poems consist of groups of individual selves, on the other hand, his later ones show the mood of collectivization and social classes. Kim Chang-sul, under the specific situation of colonial reality, reinforces national liberation and international solidarity of proletariat, which is also the poet's trace with two aspects; one as a socialist who pursued proletarian internationalism but didn't ignore national liberation, the other as a nationalist who desired national liberation by the midium of class liberation.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Style in Choi Myeong-ik's Novels -Based on uses of words-

    박장례 | 2011, (78) | pp.359~389 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study is for the purpose of researching the style of Choi Myeong-ik’s novels by following the quantitative approach. We enter Choi’s novel text into a computer, and analyze the base form, word class, and etymology etc. We examine the quantity of vocabulary, richness of vocabulary, high-frequency word, low-frequency word, common word, non-common word, theme word, and unique word in choi’s novel corpus. We compare Choi Myeong-ik’s novel and Park Tae-won’s novels in 1930’s. It is because of their similarity to the literary life. The results are as follows. First, the richness of vocabulary in Choi Myeong-ik’s novels is higher than that of Park Tae-won’s novels. Second, Choi Myeong-ik had preferred animal image, illness, and death in narrative configuration. Choi’s unique words are included a lot of northern dialect(for example, Hamgyeong-do, P'yŏngan-do, Gangwon-do). We should expect that the quantitative analysis of Choi’s novel word will be actively utilized in follow-up measures.
  • 15.

    Ideality of Choi In-hun's Literature -Based on His Literary Essays

    Bae Jiyeon | 2011, (78) | pp.391~415 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    The novels of Choi In-hun, a modern Korean novelist, have been recognized as ideal and abstract by Korean literary world, and potential implications of ideality on his novels have been also pointed out by Korean literary world. However, it is estimated that existing studies fixed on the ideality of Choi's novels are not yet finished, so this study attempted to take a fundamental approach to the ideality of his novels. The purpose of this study was to examine Choi's literary essays with which he has suggested his own comments on literary, so that it could analyze ideality of his literature. As a result, it was found that ideality, various experimental techniques and political implications of Choi's novels have been based on his ideational system in form of dual structure. Dual structure, i.e. custom and method works on idea, language and politics respectively and implements his novels in multi-layered forms. As for Choi, a language is not recognized as any object but recognized as an idea textured with the original thinking type and sentiment of a community. Like idea, language can be also explained in dual structure. The formal experiments of Choi's novels are the result of explorations into a balance between custom and method, and the abstract techniques of his novels come to have a reality as a part of abstraction. Those experiments and techniques are in the same context with experimental spirit of Choi, a novelist who argues for real change based on method. Moreover, politics is considered a customary aspect of idea (reality or fictional content), and is also variably combined with method (fictional forms) to keep custom and method in a state of balance. Thus, it is concluded that characteristics of Choi's novels containing any politics or political implications in non-realistic method come from this dual structure.
  • 16.

    A Study on the Mokweal's Poetry in Cognitive Poetics

    Yang byungho | 2011, (78) | pp.417~439 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This dissertation, by adapting the methodology of cognitive poetry into Mok-Woel’s Poetry, examines cognitive systems and imaginative structures in different time periods. As a result, Mok-Woel’s Poetry, in regards to different sets of time periods, represents cognitive systems as follows. The main object of cognition in the early poetry is ‘nature’. The ‘nature’ is figured as pure and ideal sceneries through the poet’s imagination. Especially, it shows a cognitive characteristic of repressing subjective emotions and emotional involvement of the poetic speaker, ‘I’. The early poetry expresses idealized characteristic of pursuing the nature as Utopia based on the poet’s imagination. The main objects of cognition in the mid poetry are ‘human’ and ‘living’ based on living experiences. These ‘human’ and ‘living’ are voiced honestly and simply based on the poet’s direct personal experiences. It is especially different from the early poetry in that the poetic speaker expresses emotions and feelings freely based on subjective and emotional involvement. The mid poetry expresses human nature based on the poet’s experiences. The main objects of cognition in the late poetry are sufferings of ‘death’ and piety of ‘life’. The late poetry shows a cognitive characteristic of figuring a concept itself, such as this world and the world of the dead, reality and ideal, and separation and reunion. As compared to the mid poetry, the late poetry is more internalized and conceptualized. The late poetry expresses conceptually figured ontological nature of death and life.
  • 17.

    Transformation and preservation of the Pansori in Lee Cheong-jun's Pansori fairy tales

    Joomi Lee | 2011, (78) | pp.441~460 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Lee Cheong-jun had oneself independent literary world. He adopted the organization of narrative called 'Stratified structure'. But He recreated Pansori into a fairy tale in the mid-1990s. Fairy tale consists of simple plot, simple character and concise sentences. Therefore he gave up his literary personality to write the Pansori fairy tales. He were trying to pass on literary tradition through the Pansori fairy tales. But Lee Cheong-jun's Pansori fairy tales did not preserve the tradition intact because he made ​​reference a block book of Sinjaehyo. He adapted a block book of Sinjaehyo to match Child's identity. He has enhanced tragic aesthetic to emphasize the subject in <Singcheong-ga> and <Chunhyang-ga>. Also, he was removed a critical consciousness about social in <Sugung-ga>. Nevertheless, Lee Cheong-jun's Pansori fairy tales are an important value because realistic hope was realized by using fantasy. In <Heungbu-ga> <Onggojip-taryeong>, a punishment is a prerequisite of enlightenment. In other words, a fantasy is a prerequisite of initiation.
  • 18.

    National trauma and response of the novels ―A focus on the coal mining town novels

    Cho, Myung-Gi | 2011, (78) | pp.461~486 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This aims to observe the literary memory of the trauma which the nation has experienced and aspects of the reproduction targeting for the coal mining town novel. Sabuk Incident was the first local occupation struggle in the history of South Korea. Sabuk Incident was the traumatic incident to the nation and the coal mining town was the local which the nation experienced trauma. Sabuk Incident and the coal mining town were subject to the taboo and oblivion socially or literally, the literary silence was one of the traumatic symptoms. Sabuk Incident and the coal mining town described in the coal mining town novels have shown the characteristic that is an incident of the traumatic fear and insanity, a space causing a rift among the order of the dominance and unknown external existential space. In addition, methods of the trauma cover up have been embodied. National trauma is covered up by being replaced with the magnified personal trauma, resolution of the trauma leads to the restoration and approval of the order of the dominance that means the restoration and approval of the substitution. Additionally, an actor which experiences fear of the trauma is replaced with Seoul by pushing Seoul, another local, instead of the nation as the local antipodes of the coal mining town, transferring the considerable dominant power to local Seoul. However, recent texts relatively describe Sabuk Incident and the coal mining town as the traumatic incident which the nation experienced and the local. The trauma cover up has been described through the language and symbol of the order of the dominance. At the same time, the unverbalized traumatic existence has been revealed through the other memory actors. Furthermore, through the fantasy, social political position of the text is fixed on the point of the rift caused by the trauma. Through this, strategy of the trauma cover up has been derailed. Seeing the coal mining novels in chronological order, the characteristics of Sabuk Incident and the coal mining town are positively revealed with the passage of time. This corresponds to the trauma characteristics of an ex-post formation in addition to a factor of the change of the political situation.
  • 19.

    A Study on the Structured Way of the Education of Reading and Debate at University Utilizing Reading debate Model

    Kim Byeong Goo | 2011, (78) | pp.487~515 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This thesis aims to explore the way to practice efficiently ‘Reading and Debate at University’ which recently emerged as a target for interest in university of reading education. The main points of this thesis, which has been perfomed under this intent, are as follows. First, performed for the purpose of reading and debate so far as education, the education of reading and debate at university shall be structured in terms of academic debate which is based on the structure of pros and cons. Because the education of reading and debate at university is aimed to develop the capacity of critical thinking through the cognitive participation of the process for students to understand text. In this context, the education of reading and debate at university ultimately should be converge to the reading debate. Second, broad exchange of opinions to be done must be preceded by the organization of the reading discussion which is bssed on the discussion in order to perform effectively the reading debate which is based on the structure of pros and cons. The reading debate and the reading dicussion is misinterpreted as opposing, but in actual training courses these activities conbine must be organically, the purpose of the education of reading and debate at university can be achieved effectively. In this context, the education of reading and debate at university should start to make a divergence of the understanding on the text with all respect. In short, the basic point of this thesis is that the education of reading and debate at university should be structured in the direction of incorporating organically the phase of reading discussion for divergent thinking, which is foused on the understanding of the text, and the phase of reading debate for convergent thinking, which is foused on cultivating the capacity of critical thinking.
  • 20.

    A Study on Selecting Compound Verbs and Arranging them in Learning Stages in Korean Language Education -Focused on 'Verb Base+(Connective Ending+)Verb Base'-

    서희정 | Yunki Hong | 2011, (78) | pp.517~541 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper aims to select compound verbs and arrange them in learning stages in Korean language education. Complex words are known as useful for increasing Korean learners vocabulary because complex words are economically feasible. Nonetheless, complex words, especially compound verbs have been relatively treated too lightly in research papers related to Korean language education. That is why this paper tried to select compound verbs focused on 'verb base+(connective ending+)verb base' and arrange them in learning stages in Korean language education. The grade of compound verbs in Korean language education as well as the frequency in use of compound verbs by Korean native speakers presented in corpus should be considered, while compound verbs are graded beginning, intermediate and advanced level. Compound verbs presented at each level in Korean language education could not be matched with them graded on the frequency of use. Therefore, the 8 kinds of criteria for grading compound verbs have been set up based on the general syllabus of Korean language education and the frequency in use of words. Finally, 681 compound verbs are graded 25 beginning words, 381 intermediate words and 275 advanced words according to the 8 criteria.
  • 21.

    A Study on the Change of the Contents and Methods in Reading Teaching shown on Elementary Text Books of the Korean Language

    Jang Mi-ra | 2011, (78) | pp.543~565 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study examines contents and methods of reading teaching shown on the Korean language text books in the aspect of diachrony and suggests improvement measures of reading teaching so as to enhance proficiency of the Korean language for learners. For this, for beginners level of the Korean language text books published by domestic relevant educational institutions, it is investigated that differences in the contents and methods of reading teaching between now and the past, what it does mean and what improvements are needed. The elementary reading teaching, mainly based on literal reading, covers inferential reading and creative reading and treats reading materials such as email, announcement, business card and receipt, centered on daily-use writings. And in addition to while-reading, it strengthens learning activity of pre-reading and post-reading and also helps develop knowledge for reading teaching. Based on this, learning activity relevant to inferential and critical reading will be increased for learners' proficiency of the Korean language, and diversity and model of reading text should be acquired as well. And learning activity of pre-reading and post-reading will be diversified and strengthened. Besides, making the list of reading function for the Korean language reading education and its arrangement and development or selection of reading text for extensive reading also should be done. The Korean language reading education will not be realized only through its text books. Teachers could provide various reading activities, which could change contents of reading. Workshops or guides also could help teachers to get their desirable role and visions for reading class. However, text books are primarily the guide for basic directions for the contents and methods of the education, therefore investigation of the change of the contents and methods of reading teaching and improvement directions, centered on text books, will be useful when seeking how to supplement and improve reading teaching.