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2012, Vol., No.81

  • 1.

    Lexical History of Mudan's Homophone in Sino-korean

    KIM RYANGJIN | 2012, (81) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 3
    ‘Mudan02[無斷]' in ‘無斷占據, 無斷家出’ is the sino-Japanese came from Japan after the modern times meaning 'not get in touch beforehand or not been approved beforehand.' Mudan 01[武斷] in ‘武斷統治, 武斷獨裁’ is also the sino-Japanese came from Japan after the modern times meaning 'enforce something with armed force and suppresion'. Regardless of this, mudan03[無端] which means 'having no reason', the traditional syno-Korean and mudan01[武斷] which means 'carrying out with some power' and 'doing something as one's feels like', Sino-Korean was already been used before the time of enlightenment. However, after the time of enlightenment, usage and vocabularies of the traditional sino-Korean mudan03[無端] and mudan01[武斷] has not connected with current Korean and lost their qualifications as head word in Korean dictionary. Only mudan02[無斷] is listed in the head word '무단히(無斷-)’, ‘무단하다(無斷--)’In this study, process of losing dominance of sino-Korean to sino-Japanese is researched in the matter of mudan02[無斷], mudan03[無端], mudan01[武斷], mudan04[無斷] and it was suggested that recovering the tradition of sino-Korean in current Korean vocabulary study is necessary.
  • 2.

    A Correlative Study on Addressing Suffix‘-nim’ and Bound Noun ‘nim’

    Yang Young Hee | 2012, (81) | pp.31~53 | number of Cited : 4
    Byorigin,‘-nim’wastheaddressingsuffixinordertoshow intimacyand respecttothecloseindividualssuchasfamilyorrelatives.Therefore,thisterm containsthefunctionsof[+intimacy,+individual,+honor]asillustrationof abeonim (father/father-in-law),eomeonim(mother/mother-in-law),orabeonim (brother),andhyoungnim (sister-in-law). Incontrast,atthebeginningoftheModernKoreanperiod,thissuffix transformedintohavingthefunctionsof[-intimacy,-individual,+honor]. Thebasicgroundofthistransitionistominimizethegrammaticaldeficiency caused by the disappearing vocative postposition,‘ha’.That is,this disappearanceofvocativepostposition‘ha’formedthelackofthegrammatical system incallingrespectfulpeoplesothatspeakersstartedusing‘-nim’which includesthequalityof[+honor]bymeansofsupplyingthedeficiency.By linking‘-nim’afterthetermsof‘status,class’,thepresentusagesuchas ‘kwajangnim (section chief),kyosunim (professor),bucheonim (Buddha)appears. In the process of this transformation,‘-nim’s originalfunction of [+intimacy]didnotusedaftertheModernKoreanperiod,thegrammatical lossinappellationhappenedintheend.Thispaperregards‘nim’which appearedonpurposetoreplacethedeficiencyasboundnoun.Thismodegives boththefeelingofintimacyandtheattitudeofrespectintheformalsituation,forexample,‘SongChaerinnim,Chaerinnim,Songnim,Chamnamunim’
  • 3.

    A Report of 「KORYOSAJISA」-About of Palatalization on the Korean Materials Written in Kana-

    Lee, Eun-joo | 2012, (81) | pp.55~83 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is examined to a series of palatalizational aspect from the Korean language materials written in Kana as known the formation time in the late 1600s. The result is following this;At first, this is related to the assumption of sound value on ‘ㅈ’. ∙Except i, j vowels with ‘ㅈ’ are correspond to Japanese ‘サ(sa)’ row and voiced sound itself. It is assumed that ‘ㅈ’ sound would have pronounced to [ts, dz] of Korean in 16 century. At that time there was no corresponding to a plosive-ficative in Japanese. So it was represented fricative same location of articulation instead of plosive-fricative ∙There are cases that ㅈ{vowels except i, j} cope with Japanese ‘ツ(tu)’. That is connected with the affricate process of Japanese ‘ツ(tu), チ(ti)’. In marking Korean affricate ‘ㅈ’ as Japanese ‘ツ(tu)’ might mean that Japanese had become a plosive-ficative already. ∙ㅈ{i, j} appear ‘チ(ti)’. It also connected with a affricate in Japanese at the time, such an influence means being palatalized. Then Korean ㅈ{i, j} might be palatalized too. ∙ㄹ→∅/ ㅈ{i, j} appear 'ソ(so)'. In connection with phonology rule and the sound value of , ‘ㄹ’-falling off means that ‘ㅈ’ was [ts] on the level of phonology. In that case ㅈ{i, j} might be〔ts〕though having palatality. Second, searching for needs to consider Japanese palatalization and orthography at the sound-written possibility. In fact Korean palatalization is almost impossible to examine in using the Korean language materials written in Kana. By the way ‘ㄷ-palatalization’ of then time was proved the contrary with hypercorrection ‘방마티’. And through ‘티’ is sound-written to ‘テイ(te-i)’, it could be examined of distinctive possibility on ‘디(티):지(치)’. Subsequently, with grammatical morpheme '-ㅎ디(아)' and '디(아)' being appeared 'タ' and 'チヤ' there has examined those examples of ‘ㄷ-palatalization’. Therefore ‘ㄷpalatalization’ can be examined in condition 'ㅈ[ts]' with palatalized allophone [ʧ]. Third, this meterials is revealed the character of dongnam dialect then whether ‘ㄷ(t),ㅎ(h),ㄱ(k)-palatalization' have or not paid attention. The results indicate that ‘ㅈ’ with palatalized allophone and ‘ㄷ(t), ㅎ(h)- palatalization' are appeard but ‘ㄱ(k)-palatalization' is not.
  • 4.

    On the Meaning Change in Contemporary Korean Language:Centering on ‘Adjective’ and ‘Verb’

    Cho, Hang-bum | 2012, (81) | pp.85~112 | number of Cited : 8
    These days, our language, the Korean language, has been changed rapidly. Drastic meaning change is one of the changes. This thesis focuses on the very drastic meaning change. The purpose of this thesis is to find the words whose meaning has been changed or has been changing, to track their changing process and to try to find their final meaning. The words that are examined in this thesis are ‘까칠하다(Gachilhada), 썰렁하다(Ssulunghada), 우연찮다(Uyenchanda), 착하다(Chakhada), 쏘다(Ssoda), 지르다(Jyruda,) 씹다(Ssipda).’Gachilhada(rough, in the original Korean meaning): to be complicated, tough, nervous, picky, keen Sulunghada(chilly, in the original Korean meaning): to be awkward, nonsense, not-interesting Uyenchanda(not by chance, in the original Korean meaning): by chance Chakhada(honest, in the original Korean meaning): to be reasonable, cheap (in price), useful, healthy, clean Ssoda(shoot, in the original Korean meaning): to treat somebody Jyruda(to go in a shortcut or to shout out, in the original Korean meaning): to buy something on an impulse Ssipda(to chew, in the original Korean meaning): to ignore
  • 5.

    The Aspect of Variation of Brother and Sister Marriage Folktale in Chinese-Korean’s Folktale, “The Origin of Pak-ka-goo-chon”

    강봉근 | 2012, (81) | pp.113~135 | number of Cited : 0
    There are two types in brother and sister marriage folktales in Korea, one is based on flood and the other is based on war. Chines-Korean’s folktale “The origin of Pak-ka-goo-chon” is brother and sister marriage folktale based on war. This thesis studies the aspect of variation of brother and sister marriage folktale in Chinese-Korean’s folktale, “The origin of Pak-ka-goo-chon”. Comparing with the Korean folktale there are four aspects of variation in Chinese-Koreans folktale. First, The war is changed from “Chosun and Japan” to “Koguryu and Tang”. Second, the cultual sucess story is inserted in Chinese-Korean’s Folktale. Third, the method of test of God’s intention is changed a little. Fourth, Korean folktale is a folktale of origin of family, but Chinese-Korean’s folktale is a folktale of origin of village. In these Four Aspect’s of variation, there are reflected the Chinese-Korean’s wish and will.
  • 6.

    Epic Structure and Orientation Shown in Gwangmun-jeonseung(廣文傳承) of Yeonam(燕巖)

    kang Hyen-Mo | 2012, (81) | pp.137~157 | number of Cited : 3
    This article reviewed the epic structure and orientation shown in Gwangmun-jeonseung of Yeonam. To understand the intention of Yeonam properly, this article reviewed <Gwangmunjeon(廣文者傳)> and <Seogwang- munjeonhu(書廣文傳後)> together. Gwangmun-jeonseung of Yeonam is composed of 6paragraphs in <Gwangmunjeon> and 2paragraphs in <Seogwangmunjeonhu>, and those paragraphs are divided into approximately 5sub‐paragraphs respectively. Each sub‐paragraph makes small square structure and enforces the meaning through the development and the repetition. When Gwangmun-jeonseung is reviewed from the perspective of the episodes, it has similar epic structure. It has 9episodes, 7 of which in <Seogwang- munjeonhu> have the characteristics of the introduction. The first and the second episode are introduction, showing Gwangmun as Paedu and local people’s lives respectively. Episode 3-6 shows Gwangmun who gets fame with his artistic quality even though he is a beggar. In the 8th episode, he leaves Seoul enjoying the fame but he is destroyed. The 9th episode is the conclusion of Gwangmun-jeonseung. It shows Gwangmun who disappears because he realizes that the current life is vain. The epic structure of Gwangmun-jeonseung has 3 square structures. The biggest square structure shows Paedu of Geola, the middle structure shows the life of ordinary people, and the smallest one shows the ‘not found.’ The orientation of Gwangmun-jeonseung is downsize oriented consciousness that has been shown in other works of Yeonam.
  • 7.

    Characteristics in Genre Analysed through the Motif of ‘Foregoing Integrity’ -A Comparative Study of <King Seongjong's Wit to Save Two Subjects > and <Jibongjeon>-

    Kim Miryeong | 2012, (81) | pp.159~191 | number of Cited : 4
    This study aims to examine how the motif of forgoing integrity is realized in different genres of ‘narratives' and ‘novels’ and what meaning it creates. For the purpose, the study compared a narrative titled <King Seongjong's Wit to Save Two Subjects> with a novel titled <Jibongjeon> with the motif of forgoing integrity. As a result, three differences in genre between narratives and novels were discovered:First, a difference in delivery method. In the <King Seongjong's Wit to Save Two Subjects>, sentences are short and simple, but vivid and active while in the <Jibongjeon>, sentences are long and lots of comparative expressions are used and a style of writing is refined. Second, a difference in dscription method. <King Seongjong's Wit to Save Two Subjects> depends on narrator's criticism through direct intervention. In such case, scenes are intensively presented and the cause and effect is emphasized to focus on the development of the story. However, in <Jibongjeon>, the method of showing is used through dialogue between characters, specific description of scenes, and Chinese poetry rather than ' telling.' It presents specific scenes to extend the narrative and to make it stable and refined. Third, a difference in composition of the story. In the former, two events of forgoing integrity are closely connected through the case and effect to make a complete story. However, in the latter, two different stories are independently composed and then they are combined through the forgoing integrity told by King Hyojong. Finally, a difference in the method of realizing the motif and in meaning. In <King Seongjong's Wit to Save Two Subjects>, the motif of forgoing integrity is used as a mediating device to highlight the integrity of King Seongjong. However, <Jibongjeon> contains a consciousness of forgoing integrity. In addition, it actively advocates freedom of sex. It is a resistance against strict recognition on sex in the aristocratic world and shows changes in thoughts of the people at that time who affirmed human instinct, which leads us to awareness of sex in the aristocratic world. Thus, the two literary works have similar plots, but different stories. However, as each of them has reception and vitality as a narrative and specificity and elegance as a navel, they are attractive.
  • 8.

    Study on Modern Reproduction of Pansory

    Baek, Eun-chul | 2012, (81) | pp.193~222 | number of Cited : 3
    Pansori is generally defined a genre of Korean traditional performance which is a vocal and percussional music performed by one changja(a singer), singing stories consisted of certain alternation of aniris and changs with a folding fan held in one hand, and one gosu(a drummer), giving rhythm and beats. Past studies on pansori was conducted based on this definition. Not only studies on the early stage of an editorial but researches on music or play have been continued on this understanding. However, this paper points out that pansori in terms of ‘cultural formation' is reflected by certain power, desire proposed ‘the specific means or expressions of life' from a cultural standpoint besides it cannot help but be reproduced by these power, desire. Furthermore this paper examines how pansori was being reproduced during Japanese colonial space where the conflict among the power, desire were become increasingly acute. This is believed that pansori was reproduced in the colonial space that the primary agents of power descibed as strife between feudal society of the Joseon Dynasty and indigenous capital and colonial government and Japanese capital lead to a modern course of agencement. The modern course of agencement led by four primary agents, pansori is commercialized and female changjas show up over all. In this aspect as well pansori has an inclination of the nationalism.
  • 9.

    A Study on Eco-feminism Poetry:Psychological Distance of Personas

    Kim Ji Yeon | 2012, (81) | pp.223~248 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This is a study of the poetic persona and the psychological distance in eco-feminism poetry. In this study, the discussion is focused on the subject of psychological distance shown according to three different narrator viewpoints. They can be summerized as follows:First, in eco-feminism poetry, the subjective persona's attitude toward poetic object is active, and the persona shows active intervention. The persona's distance to the poetic object is short and sometimes the persona is identified with the object. The desire most activately expressed in the subjective persona's voice may express sexual desire, but it also transcends desire toward productivity. In eco-feminism poetry, the subjective persona reveals the active desire of a woman, and beyond. She experiences motherhood. Secondly, the objective persona's attitude to the poetic object is contemplative, and passive intervention is limited. The persona maintains a distance from the object by separating it from herself. The subjective persona mentioned above shows sentimental and sensual images, while the objective persona shows rational images in that she tries to weigh the ecological meaning of the poetic object. Third,ly, the combined persona shows two types of attitudes of the subjective and the objective personas in treating the poetic objects. Therefore, the distance between the two is expressed in the works. In general, the movement proceeds from a greater distance to a shorter distance because the persona follows the process of communing and assimilating with the object through observation and contemplation. The ultimate aim of eco-feminism is 'a harmonious world'. This is expressed in the eco-feminism poetry in the form of communion or assimilation between the persona and natural objects. Therefore, the world of poetry in which humans and nature co-exist in absence of prejudice can be significant.
  • 10.

    Seungja's “The Age of Love" Appeared in Poetic Discourse, Study of the Psychopathology

    park song yi | 2012, (81) | pp.249~275 | number of Cited : 3
    Seungja's poetic discourse, dismissed as merely the voice of the sick, rather than Seungja acquired and understand the world, of the poetic discourse should be. This is simply a poetic discourse, the speaker, who as a therapeutic target, who is getting sick throughout the world and society and further his own party and fought as a sick man is struggling to pay says. Seungja's poetic discourse in poetry and made to classify the primary goal. Thus, the formation of psychotic symptoms that ‘body’ and ‘dreams’ of looking up words and verses as the speaker's linguistic approach to psychopathology was Poetic discourse, the body that can be detected through changes in “body tingling leaf” toward the projected the body “Empty body” would give place unto the body. Almost helpless and passive attitude of the speaker's attitude rather than a bottle for recovery and healing the sick means digging deep. Nevertheless, the speaker spiritual guru ‘heavenly’ “to the body with dust and wash the tears of the blue” to pray Wash off the dust stuck to his body by driving the blue is the origin of the implementation. In other words washed over her desire for salvation can see that it contains. This notion of the body, in the end, the notion of intangible in the body, is dreaming of escape from reality. Dream a reality for the city of Seungja's poetic transition can be seen. Speaker of the morbid vanity and aggression in the form of a dream to tell the nature of the inner impulses and signs are suggestive. The poetic discourse is the way Seungja poet's poetic expression is a form of writing poems. Psychopathology I note speaker in a poetic discourse which, in turn, was to explore the pathology of ‘What’ symptoms Seungja's poetic forced the spirit of the speaker and the ‘why’ so sick, and 'how' that divide the body. Destroyed and that the is unknown. Speaking as a poetic strategy that the Seungja's poetic sick or not sick sick, suggests the significance of the revealed world today is a modern city with a pathological form view. This Seungja's poetic is triggered by an understanding and interest. This paper continues to be discussed after the initial operation hereof as to its significance.
  • 11.

    Study about the Preserved Underlying Meanings Which are Re-creatively Written from Contemporary Fairy Tales -Focusing on <Stolen face> and <Suil and Suil>-

    SonMinyoung | 2012, (81) | pp.277~301 | number of Cited : 0
    Self-realization is a very essential task for every human being that has existed throughout time and space. This study analyzes the differences in subtext that have been presented in a traditional fairy tale and a contemporary fairy tale that is re-creatively written using the plot elements of the former. This analysis allows us to examine the process of self-realization via mind exploration and to establish a model example to which literature should aspire. This study compares two fairy tales:“Stolen face”, a traditional fairy tale that deals with human identity, and “Suil and Suil”, a contemporary fairy tale, which is written re-creatively using plot elements from the former. In result, various differences between these two fairy tales are revealed through assessment of their subtext. First, based on the theory of need hierarchy, the main character’s need hierarchy is vertical in “Stolen face” while it is horizontal in “Suil and Suil.” Second, through the use of analytic psychology perspectives, “Stolen face” is at the level of “shadow” that is created in spite of oneself, whereas “Suil and Suil” is at the level of “persona” that is created intentionally. Why do these differences occur? The social environment in which traditional fairy tales were composed focused heavily on lower order needs, such as survival. Therefore, it was a shadow-level society in which the structure of inner world was the most meaningful. On the other hand, we live in a modern society that emphasizes the need to belong and to be loved, that is, a persona-level society in which communication with the outside world is more important. In conclusion, the diverse processes by which protagonists develop a sense of self-realization can be observed by assessing subtext of fairy tales. Moreover, a model example to which literature should aspire is established. This model involves the thorough reflection of the writer’s view on their present age, while adopting a traditional descriptive function outwardly. This enables us to obtain both the universality that transcends time and the particularity that is meaningful to the age.
  • 12.

    The Status of Academic Writing in the College Writing Curriculum

    Kim Kyungnam | 2012, (81) | pp.303~329 | number of Cited : 2
    Recently many researchers are interested in the college curriculum and college writing. The college curriculum consists of specialities and liberal arts. College writing is important for college life because it is a close relative of the knowledge production and distribution. So many scholars point out the important of scientific composition. But the status of college writing has not been established because the history of colleges are short. So, I will focus on the history of college curriculum and college writing. In 1949, the Korean government proclaimed the law of education, which contained the college curriculum. This curriculum consists of specialities and liberal arts, but I couldn't find the subject of college writing in this curriculum. In the period of establishment and expansion of the college, college writing contained the subject of Korean language. This subject consisted of three domains:classical literature, modern literature and Korean grammar. In these times, college writing meant the construction of a sentence and composition method of papers. In the 1980's, the new understanding emerged that college writing was closely related with scientific or academic life. And to conclude, the status of college writing is related with academic research and scientific ideas.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Aspects of Usage of Speech Acts for Female Marriage-Immigrants

    Kim,Seon-Jung | Kang, Hyunja | 2012, (81) | pp.331~361 | number of Cited : 5
    The purpose of this study is to examine how speech acts teaching is performed in the Korean language education for female marriage-immigrants through the Korean language text books which are developed for them. This study also aims at analyzing the rate of the similarities between real speech acts of female marriage-immigrants and the sentence patterns including speech acts in the textbook, and then to endeavor the right device for teaching speech acts with the results based on this research. In the textbook for female marriage-immigrants, a function and sentence patterns of speech acts are presented by one-to-one correspondence, some of these correspondences are shown in the sentences of speech acts including grammatical meanings. Some of them are presented with a mix of context and speech acts, and some of them are not relevant. These correspondences show a big difference when compared with the real speech acts of female marriage-immigrants. From the results of this study, it can be suggested that the learning contents considered concrete and practical situations of discourse and the list of sentence patterns classified by the typical functions of speech acts are needed to improve the ability of using speech acts. Also, it is suggested that, considering practical use, the situations of speech acts and sentence patterns should be presented in the textbook flexibly.
  • 14.

    The Study on the Process of Summarizing and Methods of Understanding about Texts -focused on the writing class of summarizing and writing comments-

    김준희 | 2012, (81) | pp.363~386 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this thesis is to propose the way of text’s summary and find more effective teaching methods of summary writing through the results of student’s learning. The summarizing makes understanding text perfectly though the activation of schema as process of exploration pre- reading text and figure out text through roughly reading(skimming) and carefully reading in a process of reading. It can be made fully understanding through the activities of summary in a process of after reading. As a results, it can be able to suggest a useful teaching method in writing class of summarizing and comments and then, it has significance to be more figured out what is the learning factors that students needs. But, it’s part of considering more about efficient teaching methods like a process of comments after summarizing, specific way to be explained students who find it hard to understand the connection of comments and summarizing. It will be a necessary teaching methods for students who are the lack of summarizing and writing ability of comments even if practice of specific writing methods could be concerned about standardized writing
  • 15.

    A Study on School-Aged Children's Reading Abilities of Multicultural Families

    Lee Hyo In | Yoo, Jae-Yeon | 2012, (81) | pp.387~403 | number of Cited : 8
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of reading abilities in school-aged children of multicultural families. One hundred ninety eight subjects participated in this study. KISE-BAAT was used to sample and analyze the reading abilities of subjects. The results were as follows: First, the level of reading abilities of second and third year students was corresponding to average. Second, the level of reading abilities of first, fourth, fifth, and sixth year students was corresponding to high average. Finally, the level of reading abilities of 198 subjects was corresponding to high average.