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2012, Vol., No.82

  • 1.

    A Study on Words in Pre-Modern Korean Manuscripts

    Jae-Yeon Park | 2012, (82) | pp.5~46 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    All the studies of language can be said to start from vocabulary. In particular, the Korean language, which is well-known for its diachronic changes, deserves research on its chronological transformations. The existing dictionaries of archaic Korean words had failed to show how each word changed over the course of time, let alone their limited entries. Compilation of the dictionary that comprises words from Pre-Modern manuscripts expanded the quantitative and qualitative scope of entries of a dictionary. This dictionary made it possible to view rare words, abstruse words, extinct words, residual words and borrowed words. Rare words include 올/오리(lost amount), 어리쇠/어르쇠(match), 문(door, turn), 운(group, swarm), 몰󰠏/물󰠏/믈󰠏(ugly looking, dense), 배󰠏/배싸󰠏/배󰠏(interrupt), 가락하󰠏(speak), and 돈길가󰠏(expensive). Abstruse words include ‘어ㅎ,’ which could denote either ‘existing method' or ‘mind/face,' and ‘어머리,’ which could mean ‘trivial' as well as ‘conspicuously.'‘稚子’ and ‘襟丈’ are shown to have been the Chinese equivalents of ‘티’ and ‘금장’ respectively, whose meanings are ‘hostage' and ‘husband of wife's sister.' It was also revealed that such words as ‘도산’(present/a charge for a prostitute), ‘도의'(a broker, merchant) and ‘내맛'(a horse without a saddle)that had been used up to 16th century were used in the 18th century manuscripts as well
  • 2.

    Study on Diachronic Change of ‘하야(haya)’

    Bae Younghwan | 2012, (82) | pp.47~73 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study diachronically investigates the transition of “해(hae)", the conjugated form of “하-(ha-)” in modern Korean. ‘- + -아 (hʌ- + -a)’ in Middle Korean appear as ‘야(hʌya)’ or ‘여(hʌyə)’ and ‘야(hʌyya)' or ‘여(hʌyyə)’ in the 16th century Korean. ‘(hʌy)’ form was achieved through the insertion of ‘y’, and ‘(hʌy)’ appeared in ‘야(hʌyya)' and ‘여(hʌyyə).’‘(hʌy)’ appears for the first time in the letters written in Korean at the end of 16th century and this was formed through the ellipsis of ‘ya' or ‘yeo' from ‘야(hʌyya)' and ‘여(hʌyyə).’ This type of ‘(hʌy)’ form is seen in the southeastern dialect of Korean first and gradually spread up to central dialect of Korean until the 19th century. In modern Korean, ‘하여(hayeo)’ form is applicable with connective ending but not with final-endings, and in this case only ‘해(hae)’ form is acceptable. The reason ‘하여(hayeo)’ is impossible in the final-endings is that the final-ending ‘-아/어(-a/eo)’ was formed later in the period. When the stem was ‘-(hʌ-)’, ‘-아/어(-a/eo)’ was not formed, and since it is the ending that appears after the restructuring into ‘-(hʌy-)[해-(hae-)]’, only ‘해(hae)’ became possible. ‘햐(hya)’ form and ‘혀(hyeo)’ form that appear in dialects are the forms that cannot be developed from ‘-(hʌ-)’ but the forms that can be developed only after restructuring into ‘-(hʌy-).’ In other words, they were formed through the omission of word-final nuclear vowel and glide formation in the stage of ‘- (hʌy-).’
  • 3.

    A Study on Textuality of Seogyongbolgok, Goryo Song

    송태윤 | 2012, (82) | pp.75~99 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study analysed textuality of 「Seogyongbyolgok」 and the results are presented as follows:「Seogyongbyolgok」 is divided into three parts and refrains. Hoikibelop was used to emphasize a central idea. It was intended to show the speakers' cognitive intention and love to her sweetheart. Saying in other words to emphasize meaning by rehabilitating the speakers' cognitive environment depends on the relation of similar meaning. Ellipsis used for simple and efficient test mitigated conventionality of old-fashioned information by avoiding gap and nominative postpositions. To examine cohesion, in part I, although the speaker and her sweetheart were separated, if he loves her, she would follow him throwing everything away. In part Ⅱ, even if she would be separated from her sweetheart, her love to him would last forever. Such innocent recognition was emphasized through the string connecting beads. In part Ⅲ, pain of separation was represented. the speakers' will that she would be never separated from her sweetheart was strongly represented. Resentment against her sweetheart and the boatman was expressed and belief to her sweetheart was emphasized. In respect to situation, separation from the sweetheart was not her intention, but the situation that she would follow him throwing living tools and stop separation using the boatman and his wife was checked. How the authors' intention was accepted is a different thing. If someone has the same situation as the author, he or she understand it. If not, he or she would not care. In conclusion, the speaker revealed resentment against the boatman while having belief to her sweetheart. However, nothing could relieve the speaker's suffering except an absolute goal of ultimate unification with her sweetheart.
  • 4.

    A Study of Secondary Characters in ChoUng-Jeon

    Yongcheol Kim | 2012, (82) | pp.101~123 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This Paper studies the secondary charaters in ChoUng-Jeon. This types of character appear on the various narratives in the latter period of Choseon dynasty. And there are the variants in ChoUng-Jeon. First, there are charaters related to life and death of the whole empire. Lee Du-Byung is the most important person of this type. He usurps the imperial throne and persecutes Cho-Ung. He is a ‘grandee usurpator’ character. But he is actually incompetent and is defeated to Cho-Ung, finally. Second, there are characters of hermit. They retire from the world and they possess the power of rescue to the world. But they wait his turn of rescue in a secluded place. Especially, the hero Cho-Ung and the antagonists Ildae, Idae, Samdea are hermits and the survived Agi-jangsus, the commander boy. They are a kind of the Saviors. The last, there are the characters of woman. The lady Wang, Cho-Ung's mother, is a noble woman. She ruins and falls in the lower stratum. Then, she becomes incompetent and endures any kind of trials. Her life is similar to the one of Sijip-sali woman, who leads a hard married life. The lady Jang, Cho-Ung's wife, is the transformed character of the heroine of Jeongi-sosul. She marries on her own authority and never yield to the adversity. Kisaeng Keumlyun and Maewol are the symbols of royalty. They don't miss their noble characters in any case. ChoUng-Jeon is a hero novel and hero Cho-Ung plays a major role. But secondary characters play various and important roles, too. They present their own ideology, either. In the future, we are actively studied of this secondary characters in the classical novel.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Aspect of Novel Writing and Acculturation in Narration of Buddhist Scriptures

    Kim Jin Young | 2012, (82) | pp.125~154 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This thesis is studied about the Aspect of Novel Writing and Acculturation in Narration of Buddhist Scriptures. First the real condition of narration of Buddhist Scriptures and novel acculturation is searched, and then that meaning is examined in terms of diachronic and synchronic aspects. The main contents is summarized as follows. First the imagery of narration of Buddhist Scriptures and its novel acculturation is searched. The narration of Buddhist Scriptures is come to the fore in literary history at the end of the Koryo Dynasty and the Early Years of the Choseon Dynasty intensively. At this time Buddhism was at a squeeze, finally institutionally the exclusion of Buddhism was done. In Buddhism, for the solve the problem it did its best to be active in propagating. The whole life of Buddha and his story of previous life would be treated seriously. But the problem is that a subject and a view of life of narration of Buddhist Scriptures are not like Buddhism. Some parts of that works put a Confucian idea. And these point are an index to aim at novel. Second it is searched about the aspect of novel writing and acculturation in narration of Buddhist scriptures. In here it is searched about novel writing and acculturation actively. As a result these works are reflected confucian carnality a lot in terms of view of life, and in terms of religion confucian real world is important. In terms of subject important thought of confucian is emphasized. That’s the reason why it is transformed the classical novel at the Choseon Dynasty. Third the literature meaning of narration of Buddhist scriptures is searched. First in narrative literature a harmony of Buddhism and Confucian is come true at the early times. Besides a narration of Buddhist scriptures are harmonized Buddhism and Confucian properly. And in the way that narration of Buddhist scriptures were a propagation text in the end of the Koryo Dynasty and the Early Years of the Choseon Dynasty, it is much attention in korean novel history. Like this, a narration of Buddhist scriptures were collected religious aims and worldly interests, so they were been korean novel as much as a novel of the end of Choseon Dynasty.
  • 6.

    A Study on Historical Characteristics of Historical Poetry by Miam Yu Hui-choon

    Park Myeong Hui | 2012, (82) | pp.155~179 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study defines six pieces of historical poetry by Yu Hui-choon as historical and explained the reason why it is historical, how it was developed and what he pursued for through his historical poetry. Yu Hui-choon's poetry to study here includes 「Dokhantoijisamsangseosi」, 「Gwajageum」, 「Domyeongbi」, 「Jangsunghoigo」, 「Songsahohwansangsan」, and 「Hanmangjabangbun」. They were categorized into historical facts and theories and he organized his ideas to think historic persons and events based on historical facts although there was a difference in quantity. He developed historical theories poetically. As a result, in 「Dokhantoijisamsangseosi」, he reflected Hanyu's attitude to life and revealed agony about a true governor. In 「Gwajageum」, he dealt with behaviors of officials and emphasized that history should be written based on Chunchoobeop. In 「Domyeongbi」, he focused on ‘virtue' through a historical poetry on Wangsogun and in 「Jangsunghoigo」, he suggested that to maintain a nation properly, people should cooperate rather than they are conscripted for building the Great Wall. In 「Song- sahohwansangsan」, he pointed out legitimacy considering Saho(the four scholars) as positive, and in 「Hanmangjabangbun」, he intended to reveal fidelity through Jangjabang and suggested what attitude a ruler should have. This study organized his pursuit through historical theories of six historical poems concluding that it is related with moralism of Confucianism, and suggested that such pursuit is based on his academic background and can be connected to reality.
  • 7.

    The Meaning and Aspect of Shaping Space in Ji-Won, Park’s Literature

    park su mil | 2012, (82) | pp.181~204 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This research paper is to analyze Yoen-Am’s works revealing the space in main background, to find how to make space-forming and its meaning. The main objects are Baek Tap of Liaotung, Liulichang of Peking, beside the lake, Ok Jeon Hyun and Ok Kap. On the basis of these results, this paper is to search for the meaning of spatial perception of Yeon-Am’s. Firstly, Yeon-Am considered the space as a communicating point with human being and society, not just an abstract and fixed place. The field of Liaotung was a good exemplary place. Secondly, Yoen-Am selected the places suitable for the subject intentionally in order to reveal it effectively. He deeply thought of the places to express emotion and contents. Thirdly, Yoen-Am made a physical space the very personal, unique and empirical place, he made ‘space-forming’ in this way. Sa Heang Ro was the very exemplary place. His consciousness of space gives serious meaning for today’s humanism geography. Yeon-Am ‘experienced’ the places positively and subjectively, overcoming the conventional and passive attitude. The spaces which Yeon-Am experienced are not universal, but personal and empirical, including newly experienced meaning. He made space-forming, enlarging physical space up to aesthetic place and covering fictional image on the real space. Here is his unique consciousness of space to closely connect space with social reality.
  • 8.

    Aspects of Sentiments of Mokeun in the Poetry of Exile Period

    Eo, Kang-seok | 2012, (82) | pp.205~234 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study investigates through his poetry what political hardships Mokeun suffered from and how he felt about the hardships during his exile period. Mokeun spent his life in exile in Jangdan, Hamchang, Kumjoo, and Yeoheung in the fall of Goryeo. In his poems that he wrote in Jangdan, Mokeun constantly spoke about how unreasonable it is that all the criticism was directing him. His poetry in Hamchang is about his reflection about his life and feeling betrayed by people who he respected. When it comes to the poetry of Kumjoo, he resigned himself to everything. In the poetry in Yeoheung, he seeked the state without any greed and desire. But, in the course of the change of his sentiment, he never forgot the loyalty toward Goryeo. What is more, he felt sorry as a servant of Goryeo for giving up the downfall of Goryeo, which is shown in his poems during the exile period.
  • 9.

    Ogoje-Song, Sang-ki's World of Chinese Poetry

    Lee,Hyang Bae | 2012, (82) | pp.235~264 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Ogoje, Song, Sang-ki(1657~1723)'s name Okyeo, and his family clan is Eunjin. His father's name is Song, Kyu-ryeom, and his mother was a granddaughter of Cheongeum, Kim, Sang-heon; both of his parents were born to a noble family. Studying under Wuam, Song, Si-yeol and Dongchungdang, Song, Jun-kil, Song, Sang-ki became renowned for his highly moral influence through reading the sages' books and steadily pursuing studies. From his early childhood, Song, Sang-ki(hereinafter, Ogoje)pored over Chosa(prosaic poetry prevailing during Cho dynasty in China)with lots of interest in literature. In creating writing, Ogoje put emphasis on the experience in splendid mountains and streams under the perception of the importance of natural environment, and recognized the necessity of a great deal of efforts. Ogoje's Chinese poetry well expresses the aspects of aiming for returning to rural areas and its related conflict. Ogoje harbored an idea of following his aspirations by going out into the world while leading a rural life. Though Ogoje had a incessant yearning for returning to rural areas, it was to no avail; Ogoje expressed his inner side for never returning to the countryside in poems. In addition, the Chinese poetry written by Ogoje clearly exposed his people-loving spirit manifested as an official. Ogoje had as much interest in the people's life phase as he made a proposal of several measures to solve their sufferings. Ogoje described the landscape of farming villages as a local official, and particularly, recorded the facts as they were after witnessing the reality of the people suffering from poverty. Through poems, Ogoje expressed his will to be in joys together with the people while facing up to the reality of poverty-stricken farm villages and blaming himself for his incompetence as an official. Ogoje recited a sense of loyalty & filial piety yearning for his hometown and king while being sent an envoy to the Ching dynasty, and a national sense of history while touring historical sites in Chinese poems. While on his way to Yanjing across the border, Ogoje plainly expressed his sense of exclusion of the Ching dynasty and a sense of respect for the Ming dynasty. Ogoje, thinking of his being sent an envoy to Ching dynasty itself as a shame, exposed his grief as a weak country in a poem. Lastly, this study looked into a poem which expressed Ogoje's feelings about being falsely charged on the way to Gangjin on exile after being entrapped. As a result, this study could clarify Ogoje's poetic mood in which he didn't give up hopes of life that he would be released by king's favor while gradually adapting himself to living in exile, calming down his mind and longing for his family and friends. Accordingly, Ogoje's Chinese poetry was well-restrained in emotions and rhetoric, but reflected the reality and political atmosphere nicely at that time. Particularly, It can be rated that Ogoje's world of Chinese poetry, which well exposeed his endless longing for the countryside, people-loving spirit, and a sense of exclusion of the Ching dynasty, etc., shows the characteristic of public official's literature in the late 17th century.
  • 10.

    Consciousness of the Government and the People and Social Aim Shown in Pansori Literature by Sin Jae-Hyo

    Choi, Hye-Jin | 2012, (82) | pp.265~296 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    We can glimpse contemporary social, political and culture base through Sin Jae-Hyo who lived in the 19th century. This study discusses the consciousness displayed in his Saseol by correlating life to see the contents related to politics, society and culture of the desires that Sin Jae-Hyo tried to realize through Pansori. Specifically, the study is to investigate Sin Jae-Hyo's world view represented as two sides to the Yangban(aristocratic) class orientation and the humble class, conservative rationalism by eye on the government and the people and an expressive view, and to examined his social aim in three aspects. Sin Jae-Hyo had both critical and advocative sides on the government and the people. He viewed the tyranny of the government officials and the problems of power with a critical eye but he wasn't a straightforward denial like another version. In particular, with regard to petty officials of provincial towns, the officials with their authority were described as very negative but general petty officials were emerged as victims. A perspective on the people revealed an ambivalent look, Chunhyang, Bangja, Wolmae, Simcheong and Heungbu were represented as secular, calculating and lazy nature but they represented the people by showing the reality they enjoyed as the subjugated class and an winning end. In other words, hierarchical consciousness of Sin Jae-Hyo could be very cool and realistic in the sense that he didn't see one side. That his identity and status appeared through Sin Jae-Hyo's words formed social relationship and revealed has been associated with the way to get in the world to get his own role and reputation. Such worldly wisdom acted to remember that he was a special or an extraordinary figure. The distinction with Sin Jae-Hyo's philosophy of living consisted of three views. First, he turned to political line of Daewongun, sponsored and tied by having a solid statue, monarch's view. Second, he maintained his wealth and power as a wealthy person and a petty official of a provincial town but he formed ties with the obvious people by giving the people these. Third, he created, operated Pansori culture power as contemporary cultural respond. Sin Jae-Hyo had his status and position firmly as a man of cultural power to create, educate, plan, supply Pansori. Due to these points, he became an existence to be ignored in his native village, furthermore in the existing villages he was to be a person with a special, cultural status. In short, Sin Jae-Hyo made main points in Pansori history by reconstructing his world recognition effectively through Pansori Saseol, his fame can be enhanced. And it could be a part of social and cultural 'distinction' that he ultimately oriented.
  • 11.

    The Family and Capital in the Chai Man-sik's Early Short Stories

    Kong, Jong-gu | 2012, (82) | pp.297~319 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This treatise selected four texts-「misfortune」, 「married life of Sunne」, 「Sudori」, 「the money in the envelope」- as analytic object. This selection to the four texts has two reasons. One is the point that the four texts have status of virgin soil in the history of researches of Chai Man-sik's novels. The other is the point that these texts showed spirit of negation evidentry which has approved signal of identity of Chai Man-sik's literature. This treatise confirmed obviously one fact through analysis to the four texts which publicated immediately going on the platform. The fact is the one that the spirit of negation which has approved signal of identity of Chai Man-sik's literature has appeared through two objects. One is the violence and oppression of traditional family system which based on the patriarchal ideology which has extorted unilateral obedience and reticence to the colonial Choson's womens. The other is the trick and violence of modern capitalism which admirated propit as the highest value. This treatise proved that spirit of negation on the ‘family’ and ‘capital’ is the origin and source of Chai Man-sik's literature. Chai Man-sik reflected his affliction and confrontation volition to the traditional family system and marriage which based on the patriarchal ideology and gender hierarchy through 「misfortune」, 「married life of Sunne」. Chai Man-sik's critical mind to the traditional family system and marriage within it has the background of occurrence which has relation to contemporary current of the times and personal background . Chai Man-sik reflected his critical mind to the modern capitalism system and human's desire on the capital through 「Sudori」, 「the money in the envelope」. Chai Man-sik's critical mind to the modern capitalism system and human's desire on the capital within it has the background of occurrence which has relation to his affliction and intention on the socialism ideology.
  • 12.

    A Study on Death Consciousness in Poems by Park Yong-rae

    권지현 | 2012, (82) | pp.321~348 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Park Yong‐rae is a poet bleaching the rural community in Korea and its warmth with the Korean emotion and restrained beauty. The reason why his individual poems did not lose lights today although he used nature friendly poetic subjects with the background of rural community is partially because of new techniques that the frame of formative experiment shows. In this article, his poems were approached with two keywords such as ‘women’ and ‘consciousness of death’. In his internal consciousness in the middle of which the humble life of rural village is placed, the aspects of ‘women’ and ‘death’ interact with the style of poems and based on it the aspects of poetic pursuit going for self‐destruction and death consciousness are explored. Through this, it was tried to propose a methodology to explore social reality perception of poems by Park Yong‐rae which introduced new aspects to Korea lyrics without falling into sorrow. His poems show visual formative beauty highlighting vivid images through shape experiments. He does not limit his poems as formative experiments as a simple modernist but uses them as symbols showing ‘women‐orientation’ and ‘death consciousness’. Poetic techniques and women orientationness were analyzed relating with the death consciousness of Park Yong‐rae missed in conventional studies. It was tried to understand the aspects of ‘women’ and ‘death’ as spatial structure of spatial structure of affection and resentment and women orientation, as shape experiment and death consciousness, and as self‐extinction and transcendence oriented death consciousness.
  • 13.

    The Discoursing Meaning for Kim Soo Yeong's Criticism of Poetry -Focused on Discussion for Participation Poetry-

    Kim, Dong-geun | 2012, (82) | pp.349~368 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Kim Soo Yeong occupies leading role of Pure-Participation controversy happened in Korea's literary world, However, Pure-Participation of that time shows other practical manner respectively for difference of understanding of ‘engagement’ concept and methodology. The goal of this thesis, therefore, is to review Kim Soo Yeong's criticism of poetry in the dimension of discourse and analyse conceptional attitude and methodological for participation-poems. For this, this paper searches the meaning Kim Soo Yeong's criticism of poetry has as aesthetic discourse and critic discourse critically. This Paper chooses Kim Soo Yeong's prose, “Arrangement of Participation Poetry-Focused on Poets in 1960”, “Poems!, Spit out Saliva-Existence of Poetry as Power”, “Anti-Criticism of Poetry” as text for analysis. Throughout this course, this research intends to discusses Kim Soo Yeong's view for writing poem and his manner for reality problem through layer of discourse, and make a foundation to reinterpret meaning structure of his poems in Participation controversy in 1960. Through this study, this paper established that Kim Soo Yeong's criticism of poetry becomes to have meaning about unique logic as critic discourse beyond boundary of modernism and realism, or pure poems and participation poems. That is, this paper demonstrated that Kim Soo Yeong's Criticism of Poems is ontological Criticism of Poems referred to concept of ‘anti-poems’ for artistry as a form and ‘the whole body’ concept for actuality as contents.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Aspects of Enjambement in Choi, Harim's Poetry

    Shin,Ik-Ho | 2012, (82) | pp.369~399 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    In Choi, Harim's poetry, enjambement can be found frequently as a technique for a structure. This technique causes the change of breathing when a syntactic segment is not in tune with segment between lines. Accordingly,it brings out the poetic value including the meaning change and ambiguity. This enjambement appears in several ways such as adding of a syntactic unit by the end of line, breaking of a syntactic unit by the end of line and run on line in his poems. The main effect of enjambement is to emphasize the independent meaning by trying to forcedly disconnect the words which are syntactically related to each other by means of adding or breaking words by the end of line which involve the theme of a poem. The functional effect of this technique is to add emphasis of meaning and rhythm. The emphasis of meaning menas repetition,amplification, paradox, ommission, suitable figure of speech and ambiguity. The rhythm is changed into 3 poetic meters and 4 poetic meters throughout a run on line for the emphasis of rhythm. With enjambement which weakens the combination of syntactic segment,a poet reinforces the meaning and emotion between lines. As breathing between lines increases, it makes a new effect as well as reiterates the meaning and emotion of a poem. Due to the syntactic segment and discontinuity of meaning, the logical connectivity of poetic words and the narrative development are disintegrated and the vivid images can only be created.
  • 15.

    Symbol of 'Nepal' and Desire of Narrative in the Story of the Immigrant

    Namkyeong Yeon | 2012, (82) | pp.401~422 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This thesis examined the symbol of Nepal in early narratives of the immigrant. In a film of Park, Chan Wook, Never Ending Peace And Love, Nepal is shown as the landscape of tourist attraction. Nepalese, Chandra, has set in as an image of thorough victim in Korea. And, Korean director judges and denounces Korean society without any opportunity for subaltern to speak subjects. In a full-length novel of Park, Bum Shin, Namaste, Nepalese image delivered to Camil and Sinwoo is idealized as the highly beautiful, good, pure and emotional valued place in every aspect of religion, nature, culture, and so forth. The idealization makes Nepal unrealistic space. Therefore, which Camil and Sinwoo who are died in Korea are writer's awareness of negative realities and writer's desire is facing Marpa of the future. A short story of Kim, Jae Young, Elephant, there is differences between multi-cultural first generation and the second generation. Nepal is lost hometown and object of missing for father, but Akas, a son born in Korea, is not registered by birth. He shows thoroughly tragic identity as an existence who doesn't have hometown. Nepal's symbols in three narratives commonly are mystery of natural landscape and pursuing of emotional value. It is the setting for judging world view of current capitalism. The differences of three narratives are as follows. Never Ending Peace And Love is a narrative which looks back on Korean negative attributes in the past, contrary to the landscape of current Nepal, and Namaste is a narrative which idealizes Nepal excessively by aiming to the future. Elephant is a narrative which delivers misery of realities actually and includes writer's desires.
  • 16.

    A Study on the Motif of Metamorphosis in Donglee Kim’s Novels :Focusing on Donglee Kim’s Historical Novels

    OH EUN YEOP | 2012, (82) | pp.423~449 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper is to investigate the ontological conditions for the motif of metamorphosis centering on the series of Silla in Donglee Kim’s Historical Novels. Donglee Kim has created the writer’s sole literary archetype by variously involving the self-references related to the meaning of the soul of Silla, as well as the canonical message. In “Madam Suro,” Kim maintained the canonical message and the fantastic mystery of Madam Suro’s story and song. At the same time, he sublimated the beauty of Suro by whom gods became moved in the artistic soul of the Silla nation. The belief that the artistic stage started with the beauty of Suro moves the order of the universe, and the wailful parting for the sake of artistic consummation are the elements that reveal the ‘soul of Silla’ or ‘spirit of Silla’ connected with the Silla nation’s unconsciousness that reveres beauty and sanctity. The appearance of Suro in which the soul of Silla is realized is like the process of transforming into a shaman. These aspects of metamorphosis are recreated as Donglee Kim’s own literary archetype in his other works, as well, through the theosophism and wonders by the shamans who keep alive the soul of Silla. Among others in the series of Silla, Kim shows vulgarization of those figures with sacredness and prodigiousness, as part of metamorphosis, by recreating the stories of the extraordinary people, e.g. “Seok, Talhae,” “Choi, Chiwon,” and “Ureuk,” based on the motif of an unfulfilled love. The components of “Seok, Talhae” attenuates the wonder; instead, they intensify the aspect of humanity that shows anguish between allegiance and love. “Choi, Chiwon” retains a minimum of the canonical message and adopts the technique of a three-fold story-within-a-story narration in which the story of ‘Ssangnyeobun’ is being deduced. In portraying the humane aspect of Choi, Chiwon who got enamored with Surang, Donglee Kim shows the unreachable beauty and the tragedy of the fated love via the Buddhist imagination. In “Ureuk”, the other side of the genius musician, Ureuk is magnified. Prince Ureuk of Gaya, who appears in the imaginary story of “Ureuk-jeon,” is accomplishing his love, which is impossible in reality, through music in a fantastical way. With regard to music, Ureuk fiercely continues to pursue the perfection of self and he is described as a hermit who transcends human limits and seeks the supreme bliss. Thus it becomes a melodious poetic text, rather than a historical novel. The soul of Silla that Kim pursues in the works set in Silla is related with the belief that the utmost of humans exerts influence on a world beyond the phenomenal world. When reinterpreted by means of the ontological conditions for the motif of metamorphosis, many of Donglee Kim’s works, which have been denigrated or disregarded, can be found as an essential pivot of the consistent aesthetic system penetrating Kim’s world of novels, not only are they related to one another with a systematic aesthetical principle.
  • 17.

    A Study on Evaluating Standards of Creative Writung Fiction -Focused on making setting-

    Lee, Mi-ran | 2012, (82) | pp.451~473 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This paper aims at providing student writers with a framework of evaluating setting makeup of their own manuscripts from readers' eye. The process is divided into two parts; specific evaluating elements of setting makeup are examined by synthetic reading and analytic reading. And then the setting makeup of a real work as an example is analysed on the base. The evaluating standards are ‘Unity' in the synthetic reading, and ‘Preciseness’, ‘Coherence’, ‘Affinity’ in the analytic reading. And the synthetic evaluating elements of ‘Unity' is presented as ‘Is the setting presented vividly?' and ‘Is the setting contributed to present the theme?'Next, the analytic evaluating standards of ‘Is the setting presented vividly?' are ‘Is the objective accuracy maintained?'(Preciseness), ‘Does the setting go well with story character?', ‘Is the setting description in accord with point-of-view restriction?'(Coherence), ‘Are the details presented specifically and clearly?', ‘Are there any redundant words or phrases?', ‘Are the sentences clear?'(Affinity)And the analytic evaluating standards of ‘Is the setting presented vividly?' are presented as ‘Does the setting makeup form a consistent atmosphere?', ‘Does the setting makeup have a durability?'(preciseness), ‘Does the setting description reflect the feeling of the viewpoint character?', ‘Does the setting function as a part of plot?', ‘Does the setting harmonize with the tone?'(Coherence), ‘Doesn't the information of the setting weaken the tension of the plot?', and ‘Aren't there any description for description?’(Affinity). With the evaluating standards mentioned above, Kim Chewon's Winter's Illusion is analysed. Using sensitive and specific details creating a psychological setting with vivid images, it attracts readers into the story. And it portrays a character the psychological setting forms and brings up. Trough presenting a snowing scene as a consistent setting, it forms the story atmosphere, proceeds plot, and makes the story compact with showing the character's growing up symbolically, and represents its theme properly. As a result this novel can be a work that the effective setting makeup is greatly contributed to get its originality.
  • 18.

    Study on the Educational Meaning of BariPrincess Shamanic Song by Applying The Problem Based Learning [PBL]

    김영민 | 2012, (82) | pp.475~500 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Information Society for the twenty-first century demands the learners who know the methods of utilizing their knowledge, instead of receiving knowledge passively, and such society also asks teachers for a shift in a new paradigm of classes. When learners face various unpredicted problematic situation, it is very important to have abilities, such as critical thinking and problem-solving skills that they can search and select the required information, and make use of the information. The problem Based Learning [PBL] method focuses on developing self-directed problem-solving abilities while dealing with the problem creatively in a given situation, and so this PBL learning can be notable constructivist learning method in such social flow. The roles and importance of learners in literature education should be emphasized in the aspect of the affect which should give influences to the lives of learners from the literature education that it helps the learners understand and appreciate the literature works properly and experience various components of life. And classical literature, especially, has considerable significance because it conveys the lives and emotions of the day and at the same time it is also related to our lives today. Bari Princess military song is a descriptive song and it must be an unfamiliar genre to students. But because it is sufficiently interesting;there are enough components that many draw interests, and the topics presented in the story provide plenty educational value to students, the researcher has chosen the song as the subject of the study. The researcher examined PBL in chapter 2, and designed a new teaching-learning model about the education value implied in BariPrincess shamanic song by applying PBL which can be considered as an effective learning method that implements active and yet aggressive environment the new educational environment requires. Such model is suggested as one of the alternatives for teaching BariPrincess military song. Through more researches, varied and interesting PBL problems and teaching-learning models can be designed. PBL classes will bring a lot of effects to schools when the harmony of the basic attitudes of students who are trained for discussion by working with other group members to solve problems have abilities to use internet, and the roles of teachers as a helper to make the students’ problem-solving process more meaningful while remembering the overall flow of the class is achieved. For more effective classical literature education, the researcher looks forward to further and ongoing researches take place that PBL could be applied in literature classes in long-term perspective.
  • 19.

    The Effect of Creative Writing Learning Using A Music Video on Improvement of Korean Written Skills

    성은주 | Eum Na Young | 2012, (82) | pp.501~539 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    In contrast to the generations who are familiar with the existing written texts, Korean language learners in modern times are familiar with the new media environment, For satisfying different demands and desires of learners, a real-life language teaching-learning plan using a variety of teaching materials to reflect the trends of the times and media to stimulate learners' senses is needed. The four results of this study are as follows. First, using a music video to stimulate video-generation learners' senses including sight and hearing complexly aroused their interest and made them assertive and active in the class. Second, it made it possible to run a learner-centered class which learners participated in autonomously, and teachers and learners communicated interactively, breaking from the class that information is unilaterally delivered by teachers. Third, learners were able to write creatively after ‘guessing implicative narrative structures, thinking through brainstorming and reorganizing the contents of music video’ using its title or captured pictures. Ultimately, this way of thinking helped them express various ideas that weren't stereotyped and write words that excited sympathy from other people. Fourth, the learner-centered and active participation relieved learners' burden of writing and improved their writing skills in the end. Particularly, creative thinking and expression enhanced their capabilities in organizing writings. These results imply that a class using a music video can be used as one of effective learning methods for foreign education.