The purpose of this study is to reveal about discourse characteristics of “Wang-O-Chunchookgook-Jun”(往五天竺國傳), which is the first Korean travelogue essay on India and some other countries nearby written by the monk Hyecho(704~780) at around 1300years ago, and its literary meanings. This document is conveyed as the form off the back and forth and plus, it is housed in French National Museum. This had been the starting point for the formation of the new school so-called “Dunhwang” since it dramatically discovered by P. Pelliot Pelliot(French scholar) in 1908. This document shows the circumstances of the 8th century's India and its surrounding area very well, as one of travelogue essay of the four pilgrimage period with “Bulgukgi”(佛國記), “Daedangseoyeokgi”(大唐西域記), “Daedanggubeobgosengjeon”(大唐西域求法高僧傳). Therefore this has received considerable attention in various angles from many scholars of the Eastern and Western academics such as historical research about a author, types of documents, characteristics, narrative aspects, translation, etc. A summary of this study is as follows：“Wang-O-Chunchookgook-Jun”(往五天竺國傳) shows the various aspects on discourse characteristics by “separation of Subject”, travelling Subject and narrative Subject. Travelling Subject is a “text speaker”, “Subject of contents” and “shown Subject”. Narrative Subject however is a “Subject who is writing” “travelling experiences", “Subject of acting”, and “seeing Subject”. In the discourse that “Travelling Subject” becomes centered, it is discovered that “other-discourse”, “objective form”, “epistemological landscape” and “Prose- centered discourse”, etc. On the other hand, in the discourse that “Narrative Subject” becomes centered, it is discovered that “coexistence of self-discourse and other-discourse”, “Subjective form”, “ontological landscape”, “the bargaining of prose-poetry”, etc.
These discourse characteristics have significant literary implications, the author as the public self and the one as the private self. The former has the meaning of ‘journey for purpose’ to deliver information to people with a position of monk and political point of view in Buddhism, the latter has the meaning of “inner journey” to look for the author himself and to show the maturation process of human.