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2012, Vol., No.83

  • 1.

    A Study on the Establishment of the Basic Sentence Pattern in Current Korean School Grammar

    Park, Jeong Gyu | 2012, (83) | pp.5~36 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this paper is to point out two problems mentioned explanation of the basic sentence pattern and to present the alternative proposal in current Korean School Grammar. The reason of the establishment of the basic sentence pattern in current Korean school grammar is that Korean School Grammar is performing the role of the Representative Grammar of Korean. First problem is caused by confounding the concept of the constituent as a grammatical unit with the concept of the valency of predicate. Second problem take its origin in the misunderstanding of the property of verb. But the concept of the constituent differ from the concept of the valency of predicate as a grammatical unit. Because a sentence is not regarded the unit of ‘subject+predicate’ any more in the concept of the valency of predicate. Therefore in current Korean School Grammar the concept of the valency of predicate must be abandoned. On the other hand, seven basic sentences in current Korean School Grammar must be changed eight basic sentences. Because the verb of korean language also have the common property of English verb.
  • 2.

    Study of the Uses of Names of Places Appearing in the Korean Old Vernacular Letters in the Joseon Period

    Lee Raeho | 2012, (83) | pp.37~68 | number of Cited : 8
    This thesis aims to research the aspect that names of places in the Korean Old Vernacular Letters of the Joseon Period define and determine to special person. There are two cases that the name of place refers to special person. First, the name of place itself refers to special person. Second, construct such as [name of place+dʌik()/jip(집)] refers to special person. Irrespective of gender, the addressee, caller and a third person could be referred to through names of places itself. Whilst [name of place+dʌik()], [name of place+jip(집)] refers to a married woman, in this case, names of places are designated showing her parent’s home, her in-law’s home and her own home. In cases where names of places determine a special person, it could be divided into different constructs such as [name of place+silnʌi(실)], [name of place+kinship terminology] and [name of place+government post terminology]. [Name of place+silnʌi(실)] refers to a married woman. The names of places in constructs such as [name of place+kinship terminology] and [name of place+government post terminology] mean the place that the relative or a public office is living at present. Based on the arguments mentioned, the reference expressions and the determination expressions of the names of places can be arranged into classifications such as superiority, juniority, equality and so as first, second and third persons.
  • 3.

    A Historical Study on the ‘Geomnage’ in Jeolla Dialect

    Lee Tae Yeong | 2012, (83) | pp.69~90 | number of Cited : 5
    This paper is aimed to research the changing process of the dialect word ‘geomnage01’, especilly focusing on the ‘geomnada01, geomnada02, geomnage01, geomnage02’ etc. ‘Geomnada02’ has similar meaning with ‘duryeopda, museopda, nollapda’ etc. When ‘geopnada02’ meet with the substantive as like numeral, quantity, extent, ‘geopnada02’ means ‘be very much’. ‘Geopnada01’ that had changed from ‘geopnada02’, is an adjective that means ‘be very much’. ‘Geomnage’ has two sort in jeolla dialect. ‘Geomnage01’ is an adverb that means ‘very, very much, too many’ and ‘geomnage02’ is an adverbial form that means ‘get a fear’. Korean adjective ‘eomcheongnada(엄청나다)’ has the meaning of ‘be very much, too many’ in extent that people acknowledges. But ‘geomnada01’ has the meaning of ‘be very much, too many’ in extent that people has not acknowledges generally. ‘돈이 겁나게 많다(doni geomnage mantta)’ has two meanings. The one means ‘be very much’, the other means ‘terrible possession’. Because ‘geomnage01’ and ‘mantta(be much)’ in a sentence have similar meaning, many people in jeolla dialect select ‘geomnada01’ that means ‘be very much’. Therefore sentence ‘돈이 겁나다(doni geomnada)’ was formed in jeolla dialect.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Nuclear Tones in Jeonbuk Dialect-focusing on Narratives-

    Seungick Jang | 2012, (83) | pp.91~116 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper aims to analysis the nuclear tones in Jeonbuk Dialect via adopting a method of experimental phonetics. In order to identify a more spontaneous utterance, we focus on the Narratives in this dialect. Our discussion can be summarized as follows. Jeonbuk Dialect shows twelve kind of nuclear tons that is added three more to Lee(1997) that classified into nine of nuclear tones in Seoul Dialect, that is Rise Fall Rise, Fall Rise Fall, Rise Fall Rise Fall. a nuclear tones patterns of declarative sentence shows (X)Fall, (X)Rise Fall. a nuclear tones patterns of yes-no question is realized (X)Rise mainly. rhetorical question is similar to Seoul Dialect's patterns. confirmative question shows Rise Fall. As a result, the typical pattern in this dialect is (X)Rise Fall.
  • 5.

    A New Discovered of <Gwanhaerok> and Comparing It to <Gwandonghaega>

    Gu Sawhae | Kim Young | 2012, (83) | pp.117~143 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This essay introduces <Gwanhaerok>, a collection of lyrics that has been recently excavated. <Gwanhaerok> is a work of so-called ‘gyubang-gasa’, or “the lyrical literature of women’s quarters”, in the romantic style marked by elegant and learned expressions of a group of female narrators remarking on the land scapes and impressions that they encounter while traveling along the East Coast of Korea. Historians estimate that the book was composed sometime around the nineteenth century, in the late Joseon period. <Gwandonghaega> is a dongche-yimyeong, i.e., much of the same work with a different title. The two collections of lyrics, in other words, share quite a similar form and structure, with the only exception being the fact that <Gwanhaerok> contains 60 phrases or so more than <Gwandonghaega>. No author has been identified for <Gwanhaerok>, nor has a different version or edition been found. It remains to be determined which of the two collections precedes the other. For the purpose of this essay, I assume that <Gwanhaero> is the later and more expanded take on <Gwandonghaega>, <Gwanhaerok> provides a significant clue for tracing the evolution of lyrics as a literary genre through the late Joseon period. The collection also contains a number of unique words that are no longer used in the Korean language
  • 6.

    Sujang Kim’s Acceptance of Cheontaek Kim’s Sijo

    Kim,Sun-Ki | 2012, (83) | pp.145~179 | number of Cited : 2
    Cheontaek Kim and Sujang Kim were in a senior-junior relationship, walking the same path during a similar period in the Korean sijo (three-verse Korean poem) literature history. Cheontaek Kim published ‘Cheong-Gu- Young-Ean’ by compiling his sijos and passed-down sijos in 1728. From his own works, he carefully selected and included 30 sijos that intensively show his life. Sujang Kim carefully selected already existing sijos and his own sijos, and published a collection of sijos called ‘Hae-Dong-Ga-Yo’ over two times. In ‘Hae-Bak’ in 1755, he assigned a certain number of works of each artist to be included, however, in 1767 in ‘Hae-Ju', he did not put limits on the number of works to include. Sujang Kim exhibited his desire to exceed the achievements of Cheontaek Kim by publishing ‘Hae-Ju'. As a result of deleting unnecessary parts from Cheontaek Kim’s works in ‘Cheong-Gu- Young-Ean’ and publishing such works in ‘Hae-Ju', 16 sijos were exchanged to new sijos, and Sujang Kim did not hesitate on criticizing Cheontaek Kim’s sijos. In addition, Sujang Kim showed confidence by including 117 of his own sijos in ‘Hae-Ju', which is a significantly higher number than the 57 sijos of Cheontaek Kim. In addition, by drastically revising Cheontaek Kim’s sijos when accepting the works, he expected to lower Cheontaek Kim’s status while enhancing his own. Sujang Kim’s insight in selecting sijos shown when selecting Choentaek Kim’s sijos receive a positive response from compilers, as shown by the frequency of citation in future poet compilations. However, including a significantly higher number of one’s own works in a book published by oneself while arbitrarily fixing another’s works fitting to one’s own taste will not be able to evade the criticism that such act was an excessive overstep of one’s authority.
  • 7.

    A Study on Discourse Characteristics of “Wang-O-Chunchookgook-Jun”(『往五天竺國傳』)

    Park, Sang-Young | 2012, (83) | pp.181~216 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to reveal about discourse characteristics of “Wang-O-Chunchookgook-Jun”(往五天竺國傳), which is the first Korean travelogue essay on India and some other countries nearby written by the monk Hyecho(704~780) at around 1300years ago, and its literary meanings. This document is conveyed as the form off the back and forth and plus, it is housed in French National Museum. This had been the starting point for the formation of the new school so-called “Dunhwang” since it dramatically discovered by P. Pelliot Pelliot(French scholar) in 1908. This document shows the circumstances of the 8th century's India and its surrounding area very well, as one of travelogue essay of the four pilgrimage period with “Bulgukgi”(佛國記), “Daedangseoyeokgi”(大唐西域記), “Daedanggubeobgosengjeon”(大唐西域求法高僧傳). Therefore this has received considerable attention in various angles from many scholars of the Eastern and Western academics such as historical research about a author, types of documents, characteristics, narrative aspects, translation, etc. A summary of this study is as follows:“Wang-O-Chunchookgook-Jun”(往五天竺國傳) shows the various aspects on discourse characteristics by “separation of Subject”, travelling Subject and narrative Subject. Travelling Subject is a “text speaker”, “Subject of contents” and “shown Subject”. Narrative Subject however is a “Subject who is writing” “travelling experiences", “Subject of acting”, and “seeing Subject”. In the discourse that “Travelling Subject” becomes centered, it is discovered that “other-discourse”, “objective form”, “epistemological landscape” and “Prose- centered discourse”, etc. On the other hand, in the discourse that “Narrative Subject” becomes centered, it is discovered that “coexistence of self-discourse and other-discourse”, “Subjective form”, “ontological landscape”, “the bargaining of prose-poetry”, etc. These discourse characteristics have significant literary implications, the author as the public self and the one as the private self. The former has the meaning of ‘journey for purpose’ to deliver information to people with a position of monk and political point of view in Buddhism, the latter has the meaning of “inner journey” to look for the author himself and to show the maturation process of human.
  • 8.

    Aspects of Recreation of Character Forms of 「Sounjeon(蘇雲傳)」

    Shin, Tae-soo | 2012, (83) | pp.217~250 | number of Cited : 1
    「Sounjeon(蘇雲傳)」isaJoseonnovelwhichisarecreationofthescripttypecolloquialChinesenovel 「Sojihyeonnasamjaehap(蘇知縣羅衫再合)」.The purposeofthisarticleistoexaminetheaspectsofrecreationofcharacter formsof「Sounjeon」to find the literary achievementsand/orcreative elementsachievedintheadaptationprocessofthiswork. Thisreporttakesonthepositionthatadaptationcanresultinamasterwork thatsurpassestheoriginal,anddividestheaspectsofreconfigurationand embodimentofcharactersof「Sounjeon」intothreeareasofcharacterremoval androleintegration,creationofadditionalcharacters,andrecreationofthe personalityoftheexistingcharactersforcomparisonandconsiderationper character,and discussed the overallcharacteristics and significance of characterreconfiguration. Found in the aspects of character form recreation shown through adaptationaretheuniqueperspectivesoftheauthorof「Sounjeon」onworld,life,andwomen,progressivespiritoftheera,andidealandaim oflifeof nobilityclass.Theauthorexerciseshiscreativecapacitythroughcharacter reconfigurationtocreatecharacteristicalcharactersanduniquenarrativessoas toactualizeanoriginaltheme,whichsucceededasarecreationdistinguished from 「Sojihyeonnasamjaehap」.Moreover,the reconfigured charactersare portraysothattheirpersonalitiesandbehaviorsareconsistentwithinternal logicsothatitsurpassestheoriginalworkfrom theperspectiveofrationality. Inotherwords,from theperspectiveofcharacterformalization,「Sounjeon」is notasimpleadaptationorrecreationwithjustlingualconversion,butisa recreationworkwithindependentliteraryvaluewhichsurpassestheoriginal inliterarycompletenes
  • 9.

    The Aspects of Mentor Toegye Shown in 『Samunsugan』

    Siyoul Jeong | 2012, (83) | pp.251~279 | number of Cited : 1
    This study aims to consider various aspects of Toegye Lee Hwang shown in 『Samunsugan』. 『Samunsugan』 is collection of letters combined in eight books of 113 letters sent from Toegye to his best pupil, Wolcheon Jo Mok, from 1550 till 1570, and Wolcheon made it himself at the age of 65. In terms of material value, this collection of letters is full of contents showing intimate relationship between Toegye and Wolcheon which we can hardly find from any other place. And it contains various information about socio-cultural circumstances around the mid-16th century when the letters were written. The discussion of this article focusing on the value of 『Samunsugan』 concentrates on the figure of Toegye, the writer of the collection of letters unlike what has been investigated in previous researches. Therefore, this article focuses on examining how Toegye as a mentor appears in 『Samunsugan』 to figure out the aspects of his. Analyzing 『Samunsugan』 with the focus on this point, we can summarize Toegye’s aspects largely into four parts. First, he seems very close to his disciple sharing even ordinary things with him. Toegye and Wolcheon were not just in general teacher-student relationship for teaching and learning but also shared various interests as well as all the emotions they felt in their everyday lives. Their humane exchange can be truly said to be intimate. Second, he confesses what lacks in him to his disciple and shows his determination for further efforts. Toegye often berates himself due to the pressure he had in reality for all the unbearable hardships and academic achievements. However, even in that situation, he strived to hold his intention firmly never straying from the right path. Third, he shows an attitude as a strict instructor pointing out the faults of his disciple’s. Toegye never misses to give strict words to Wolcheon about his deeds and merits and demerits of his character. However, his scolding was never high-handed but followed logic while being mild. He was a wonderful mentor in that he provided his disciple with chances for reflection without any addition of negative emotion. Fourth, he is accompanied with his disciple with the mediation of science. According to the result of examining the arguments Toegye takes to deliver his theories to Wolcheon, in the two’s academic exchange, mostly, Wolcheon asks questions, and Toegye gives answers about them. However, Toegye also cultivated his own science as well thanks to Wolcheon. As written above, the teacher-student relationship between Toegye and Wolcheon was broad in its range, and they formed horizontal relationship beyond mere vertical relationship. Instead of Toegye insisting on his authority in the teacher-student relationship, he recognized his disciple as a companion to live within the same time, so he was such a humane mentor wanting to realize relationship and education at the same time.
  • 10.

    Renewed Discussion on ‘Femininity’ and Eco-feminist Significance of Lee Si-young's Poems

    Kim Ji Yeon | 2012, (83) | pp.281~304 | number of Cited : 3
    ThisstudyofLeeSi-young'scollectionofpoemsentitled“SilverWhistle"wasconductedusingafeministbias.Thecontentisasfollows. First,hispoemspresentsymbolicsuggestionstranscendingthedualityof ‘masculine'and‘feminine'spirituality.Sheddingnew lightonthemasculinity revealedinhispoemsenablesittobetracedbackto‘principlesofcaring.'Second,hispoemsshowsthepossibilityofhorizontalantropomorphism,which isconsideredaconceptofcoexistencebased on theeco-feminisit conceptoflifeinwhichallbeingsinaneco-system areentitledtoequality anddignity. Third,hispoemsprimarilyengageaconnotativepersonamostly.This connotativepersonashowsmoreempathytoobjectsinLee'sshortpoemsthan inhisproseversions.Ontheotherhand,inthepoet'sprosepoems,the connotativepersonahasarelativeobjectivityincomparisonwiththatfound in theshortpoems.Thisindicatesthathisprosepoemsintend tosend accuratemessagesratherthanfocusonexpressiveaspects. Asdiscussedinthisstudy,communionwithnaturalobjectsisnotbasedon thepeculiarityoriginatedfrom genderdifference.Onlythelevelofsincerity totheobjectiscrucial.Therefore,theperceptionthattherolesofmenand womenintheembodimentofeco-feminism arethesamemustbechanged,and theprejudiceof‘masculinity'and ‘femininity'eliminated.When the divisionsbetweenman andwomanandbetween natureandhumanare removed,aharmoniousworldwhichistheaim ofeco-feminism can be realized,asinLeeSi-young'spoems.
  • 11.

    Analysis on Photographic Features Expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry’ of Oh Kyu-won-Focusing on 『La Chambre Claire』 of Roland Barthes-

    Kim Hye-won | 2012, (83) | pp.305~330 | number of Cited : 4
    This report is aimed at analyzing the photographic features expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry' poetics and the poetry of Oh Kyu-won by means of 『La Chambre Claire』 of Roland Barthes. To begin with, I investigated the photographic features expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry' poetics, using the notion of Barthes. I compared the ‘Raw Image Poetry', which tried to express ‘as it is' as if alive, with the reality of photography. In addition, I checked on that the ideal of the ‘Raw Image Poetry', composed of metonymy of combination and access by virtue of proximity, and the ideal of the photography lied in the equality. And then I analysed the photographic features, expressed in the ‘Raw Image Poetry', of his individual poems specifically. First, I noticed the poems of which themes were noème in particular, investigating his poems which presented the noème as the proof of presence and the proof of absence Barthes had said. Second, I analysed the poems which expressed the immobilization of time Barthes had said, referring to the temporality as the ground of existence. Third, I investigated the poems which was using the metonymy which was oriented to the principle of proximity, referring to the spaciality as the ground of existence. Fourth, I analysed the ‘Raw Image Poetry' which was describing the objects vividly i.e. ‘as it is' and proved that it was the very photographic image. Fifth, I analysed the poems provoked the poetic tension sharp and shocking after punctum was revealed, referring to the ‘punctum' as a hurt. Consequently I identified that Oh Kyu-won, who had struggled with the ideated language at the time of shift from metaphor in his early poems into metonymy in his late poems, had the final result of ‘Raw Image Poetry' through the struggle, and that's the most transparent photographic image.
  • 12.

    Characteristics of Lee Mu-young's National Policy Novels-Focused on 『Blue Tile House』 and 『Hyang-ga』-

    Im Gihyeon | 2012, (83) | pp.331~358 | number of Cited : 0
    Text difficult to access by those entities that were not apparent on the basis of positivism works read. In conclusion, these two works aggressive ‘national literature' was confirmed in the corresponding. Underway in this area Lee-Mu young of ro-Japanese,' a debate about the implications will be. Unfortunately no, his peasant farmers in the rural literature was based, they say that it was to live to shine by driving. But, He performed on national nurtured their local language to deny, and distort the locals were. After liberation, rather than the humble self-reflection by editing the text once again sucking up to the locals, it is possible that. Writer's authority and discretion to adapt the work to the harm caused to turn two, the text was too large. Thus, 『Hyang-Ga』 never in his masterpiece can not be included in the collections. In addition, his birthplace is recorded as signs and decorations in the annals 『Blue Tile House』 Award of the shipbuilding example, must also speak of should be deleted.
  • 13.

    An Essay on the Affective Dynamics of Narrative Stylistics and Local Languages

    JANG ILGU | 2012, (83) | pp.359~392 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this argumentative essay, I will attempt to deconstruct a discursive practice in the arguments on the standard or central language that is discriminated against the local or dialectical languages. Language as a substantial notion is not useful to investigate the various aspects and features of dynamic process and mechanism in the communicational practices or linguistic performances. Especially the stylistic features of the dialects used in the novels are relative to the affective or emotional processing circuits of narrative discursive communications. The stylistic structure of literary language abstracts the diversities of varicolored senses and multifaced stylistic affection derived from dynamic mechanism of linguistic performance. We have to reconstruct methodologies for the intersubjective sympathetic operation to interpret narrative discourses with constitutive notions. I attempt to optimize validities of the argumentative essay through analyses and interpretations of some distinctive Korean novels and suggest the methodological perspectives in the affective stylistics of narrative dialects.
  • 14.

    Exclusion and Amplification of Sadness Shown in 『Jeonseon Munhak』

    Myoung-Jung Jeong | 2012, (83) | pp.393~423 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the texts in the magazine entitled 『Jeonseon Munhak (War Front Literature)』 published in the period of the Korean War in 1950's in the context of emotion-politics. Especially, two patterns were intensively examined; how sadness as emotional material is excluded, or amplified on the contrary in them. First of all, in the respect of exclusion of sadness, the study reviewed the process which the material of individual unique sadness is excluded or sanitized as unharmful, or replaced with other materials. In the process, it proved that how the unique event of others' death is materialized or idealized, getting included in the system of the ratio logic or exchange of equivalents. In the other hand, in the respect of amplification of sadness, what was studied is the operation of moral and theological mechanism that drives various individual emotions into an enormous form of sadness persistent and also repetition-compulsive. It was also found that the mechanism can not help containing a fatal moment that individual or collective passive emotion can be converted into fanaticism or madness. Those two contexts are inseparable, but they are intentionally divided in this description. First, the study dealt with war writers' ethical blind spot in that they tried removing others' specific existence with no restraint and inattentively, by reviewing the exclusion of sadness. And then, by reviewing the amplification of sadness, this tried reading the structure of collective, nearly unconscious, ideology symptomatically on which writers strongly depended to draw people to war mobilization. It was also expected that doing that would allow us to reconstruct totalitarianism or nationalism ideology in the context of emotional politics.
  • 15.

    A Study on Typicality, Necessary Conditions of Dialogue in Korean Language Materials

    Kim Seo Hyung | Chang Hyang Sil | 2012, (83) | pp.425~450 | number of Cited : 21
    This study investigated ‘typicality’, one of important conditions dialogue in Korean language materials have. Under former inquiries, this study brought out necessity to divide ‘typicality’ and ‘authenticity’ and suggested that the dialogue should be considered in the typicality aspect. On survey, ‘typicality’ can be represented as a general and exemplary model and referred to something that it is across into most native speaker’s mind identically and it is also predictability contents by them. ‘Typicality’ held in common among members of society have representative more than anything. Though these notions, we have picked out three principles; continuity, generality and natural working typical dialogue. When these principles can be satisfied with situational and linguistic elements of the dialogue, ‘typicality’ is established. While, it surveyed a questionnaire about some standard of native speakers’ judgments as complements to fill a gap between the intention of materials- writers and the intuition of the general public. The survey said that the subjects, 50 native speakers majoring Korean language and culture, judged ‘typicality’ based on continuity and generality and considered that ‘participants in dialogue is typical of theme, theme and expression are appropriate to participants’ relation, conversation content/circumstance is suitable for theme and question and/or answer is predictable.’ In this respect, It is needed that a material planer and writer should consider the correlation of ‘participants in dialogue’ and ‘theme, conversation content/circumstance and expressions’, when they construct and recast new Korean language materials.
  • 16.

    A Study on the Understanding of ‘Multiculturalism', ‘Multicultural Society' and ‘Multicultural Families' by Korean People and Its Influence on the Education of the Korean Language

    See-Gyoon Park | 최지은 | 2012, (83) | pp.451~492 | number of Cited : 3
    Recenty, the terms ‘multiculturalism'. ‘multicultural society' and ‘Multicultural families' have been at the center of the controversy in the Korean society because some people are in favor of these terms and some against them. People against these terms even have brought forward their views of changing them. This controversy seems quite related to the awareness and preference on the substance of multiculturalism and multicultural society. In this paper we wanted to discover the thoughts and opinions of the members of the Korean society on these terms by analyzing the results of a survey in relation to these terms targeting the members of multicultural families and non-multicultural members belonging to the Korean society. The result showed that necessity of the education on ‘mutuculturalism', ‘multicultural society' and ‘multicultural families for non-multiculcultural members, in particular youngsters, was strongly brought forward and the rise of the percentage of the understanding on ‘mutuculturalism', ‘multicultural society' and ‘multicultural families of the members of Korean society as the outcome of the education would improve the relationship between the members of multicultural families and non-multicultural members. Finally the result indicated that the improved understanding of the non-multicultural members in Korean society would result in affirmative effects on the education of the Korean lanauage to the members of multicultural families.
  • 17.

    A Study on the Semantic Relationship of Auxiliary Particle ‘ya’ and Connective Ending ‘-eoya’ in Korean Language Education

    Seo, Huijeong | 2012, (83) | pp.493~522 | number of Cited : 2
    This paper aims to determine the semantic relationship of an auxiliary particle ‘ya’ and a connective ending ‘-eoya’, and to apply it to Korean language education. 24 grammatical items were presented in 5 kinds of Korean language textbooks and 3 kinds of Korean grammar dictionaries. The basic meaning of ‘ya’ was identified as [a minimum limit] by analysing 24 items. And then, the extended meaning of ‘ya’ was identified as [a necessary condition] in ‘ya’ combined connective endings. It was revealed that [a necessary condition] is related to the basic meaning of ‘-eoya’. Besides, another extended meaning of ‘-eoya’ was drawn as [a condition of denial about expectation] when the following clause is different from a predicted meaning based on the preceding clause. Next, 10 items were selected as Korean grammatical items by analysing meanings and forms of 24 items. Finally, ‘-eoya hada’ for beginners, ‘ya’, ‘-giya hada’, ‘-eoya1’, ‘connective ending+ya’, ‘-goya malgessda’, ‘-eoyagess-’, ‘-eoyaji’ for intermediate students, and ‘-(eu)l baeya’, ‘-eoya2’ for advanced students were set up through a research on alternative items and references of meaning.
  • 18.

    The Effect of Think Aloud on the Korean Language Learners' Reading Ability

    전유나 | Youngjoo Kim | 2012, (83) | pp.523~550 | number of Cited : 8
    This study aimed to examine the effect of think aloud strategy as one of reading strategies on the Korean learners' reading ability. Some studies have found that students used the think aloud strategy got higher score in reading test than students did not. Based on those study results, this study intended to find and compare the reading ability progress of learners before and after getting think aloud training and used it when reading. Then to examine the effect of think aloud on learner's reading strategy. This study found that think aloud training in both groups has shown significant result on the reading progress. However, the difference of the pre-test and post-test score between two groups has defined that think aloud more useful for intermediate learners than advanced learners. It is also found that the learners' reading strategy is extremely restrictive, and the characteristic of reading according to proficiency grade did not find. In conclusion, the study found that think aloud has helped in reading learning, and based on this result, it is expected that think aloud will have a positive effect on reading teaching and learning.
  • 19.

    On the Phonologocal Variations Teaching Method in Korean -Focusing on Concept Attainment Teaching Model and using phonological systems-

    Jo chang-gyu | 2012, (83) | pp.551~573 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this paper is to apply Concept Attainment Teaching Model(CATM) and to use phonological systems in Korean phonology teaching. CATM composes with four steps, which is to present examples and non-examples, to set hypothesis, to test hypothesis and to generalize. Since this model is easier to Inquiry Learning Method, it is easy to apply to low grade students and to reach instructional objectives. And yet, CATM has similar advantages to Inquiry Learning Method; to cultivate inquiring mind, to raise abilities of finding out knowledge and to keep a resolutive and applicable capability, etc. Phonological changes or variations are needed to teach connecting with phonological systems in Korean phonology teaching. Because we can explain most phonological phenomena which are connected with consonants or vowels by phonological system. By doing so, a teacher can explain several phonological phenomena at once and students are able to know phonological order well.