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2013, Vol., No.84

  • 1.

    The Korean Language and Literature Exhibited and Published in a Study of the Current Situation and Prospect

    KIM MYUNG JOON | 2013, (84) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 0
    Exhibited and published 50 years, the thesis about 180 conditions as a whole accounted for 12% of papers included. This place back to 100, the more papers if you look at the number of stars and the Godekayo is 2%, Hyangga is 17%, Koryosokyo is 8%, Kyongichega is 3%, Sijo is 15%, Gasa is 33%, and Hansi is 23% when lyrics were published. If you look at the contents of the last 10 years:Godekayo and Hyangga are not mere work theory, Koryosokyo is a thesis related to the feast of the uterus, Sijo is the book, the author, the work is a treatise on comparative literature, Gasa is about the daunting for new works and works discussed, for deepening the reflections, and Hansi is about the artist, the work was a comparative literature studies. Poetry education were education and related papers. When viewed through the performance over, Korean language and literature at the exhibition research 60 meeting 50 years is the more mainstream, and the thesis research in the field of major achievements will not be able to deny that. Just considering that research did not point hard to overcome the gender bias of yet overcome the challenge would have swallowed. And the Korean language and literature forward meeting discusses prospects for the society to carve out specialized studies of the area, but the harm is also meaningful.
  • 2.

    Research Achievements on Oral Literature of Korean Language and Literature

    Oh, Se-jeong | 2013, (84) | pp.31~53 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper is to review the trend and significance of research achievements on oral literature of Korean language and literature for last 50 years from 1963 until 2012. Oral literature studies has grown significantly in quality and in quantity during this period. Now oral literature studies are an important part of the literature studies. As time goes by, sub genres of oral literature studies have increased and have been diversified. In particular, studies on the narrative genre such as myth, legend have been largely prevalent. The papers on oral literature in Korean language and literature made ​​a significant contribution to the study of Korean literature. Based on the results of the past 50 years, we must strive to research oral literature. Our tasks are as follows. First, there is a need to extend the materials and the scope of the research on oral literature. Second, diversification and specialization of research methods is required. Third, the research about local literature and locality should be intensified and the research area should be expanded. Finally oral literature research need to be done in the today’s culture and real contexts.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Analysis of the Essays Containing the Classical Prose Field of Korean Language and Literature

    Sang-Gu Lee | 2013, (84) | pp.55~94 | number of Cited : 0
    It has been 50 years as of this year 2013 since The Korea language & literature Society was founded and the first issue of ‘Korea Language & Literature’ was published. This thesis was written to commemorate this with the purpose to suggest study theme in the future and prospect based on arranged content of study status and performance related to classical prose field for the last 50 years. Study status was divided to 10 years cycle and each period was investigated in these groups - Pansori․novel of Pansori kind, military novel․hero novel, fictional biography, family․clan novel, affection․social prevailing state novel, allegory, fantasy novel, Records of Journey in Dream, narrative based on Buddhism, Hangeul essay, unofficial historical tale, prose in classical Chinese, study of writer etc. Study performance was explored focused on discovery and introduction of new work, expansion of study scope, intensive study on a specific field and type, in-depth study through specific methodology and vision, in-depth study of regional literature etc. For study theme and prospect, this study suggested necessity of fusion study, construction of base for popularization of classic literature study and its exploration, cultivation of new scholar and encouragement for their participation, development of regional literature and its activation of study etc.. ‘Korea Language & Literature’ is a registered academic journal published four times in a year. This shows the outstanding capacity of our Society directly. Based on such capacity, if works shown on above continue to be done, our Society would develop more than other academic organizations.
  • 4.

    Various Teaching Methods of Korean Homonyms for the Highest Level Learners

    박영환 | 2013, (84) | pp.95~123 | number of Cited : 3
    This study aims at the effective teaching methods for the highest level leaners to acquire Korean homonyms faster and easier. Homonyms are the same sound words with different meaning. Homonyms are further divided into absolute homonyms which are of grammatical equivalence and partial homonyms called homograph, homophone and heteronym. Teaching Korean homonyms can be efficient when it’s done in several levels. At the highest level, the learners can talk about their mistakes with homonyms, find antonyms of pun, explore homonyms in the commercial advertisements, present in a form of comedy using pun and homonyms, and analyze the effect of homonyms in the change of village’s names and in all the genres of literature.
  • 5.

    Eexamine Aspect of Acceptances of the Folktale Shown in the <The Dragonfloating under the Earth>

    kang Hyen-Mo | 2013, (84) | pp.125~147 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this research is to examine aspect of acceptances of the folktale shown in the historical novel, <The dragonfloating under the earth(천하에 뜨는 용)>. <The dragon floating under the earth> was made into novel upon the various tales about Yeong-gyu Daesa(영규대사), the commander ofarmy of civil, who had mounted troops In Gapsa when Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592 had broken out. There is so liitle literature records about Yeong-gyu Daesa that one cannot know his detailed account. Yeong-gyu Daesa was one of the Parks who had Giheodang(기허당) as his buddist name.He was also the first pupil of Seosan Daeso from Chengnyeon-am(청련암) in Gapsa(갑사). Yeong-gyu Daesa had gathered the cavalry of civil before anybody else. He and Joheon,his company, had recaptured the Cheongju fortress but he couldn't help but take his last breath with the lose from the Geuman battle. <The dragon floating under the earth> is a conte that consists of 10 chapters. This novel is significant because it is a piece of work about Yeong-gyu Daesa with the background of Japnese Invasion, it takes insertions of many tales and it gives a meaning to Yeong-gyu Daesa's efforts for his fatherland. The novel, <The dragon floating under the earth>, accepts several kinds of tale to emphasize on his heroism. Some of the acceptances is directly relevant to Yeong-gyu Daesa, but some of them are absoultely not. If one takes a look at the novel in the points of the acceptance of tales by chapters, it can be classified in to three. First, a modified acceptance of stories in tales and cases. Second, a realistic modification and an acceptance with imaginations. Third, an acceptance of imaginary stories of tales.
  • 6.

    Hwang Yoon Seok's Learning Tendency and Real Composition -With a focus on 「Free Writing(漫錄)」 and 「Misangrok(渼上錄)」-

    Do hyoung Kim | 2013, (84) | pp.149~176 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this paper is to reveal the literary theory of Yi Jae Hwang Yoon Suk. In chapter 2, his learning tendency and aspect of real writing exercises are examined around literature related articles in 「Free Writing(漫錄)」 and 「Misangrok(渼上錄)」. First, his learning tendency was unique as he pursued erudition and at the same time preciseness, so he is now evaluated as pundit(通儒). Also, deviating from ostensible showiness, he valued steady study, simplicity, and practice, and ultimately, he attempted to practice what he had learned in the classics of Confucianism. Second, he respected Zhu Xi and completely rejected heresy, and this kind of thought is reflected in his literature. Third, according to teacher’s instruction, he valued ancient writings more than civil service exam writings and the study of Confucianism more than composition study;in his real composition, he properly used rhetoric, previous examples, and old fables, a style which combines the styles of Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty.
  • 7.

    A Concept of Truthfulness and Righteousness in <Majangjeon>

    Kim,Su-Jung | 2013, (84) | pp.177~196 | number of Cited : 1
    Truthfulness has been generally used as being part of justice, in particular, it has been considered as relating to righteousness among friends. The righteousness in a neighborhood and among friends refers to an equality- oriented virtue worldwide. The Confucianism which prevailed in the Joseon period put an emphasis on having a noble mind and proper friendships. However, it was hard to find true friendships and truthfulness was distorted or disappeared. Although Yeonam Park Ji-won was born from a noble family, he poignantly criticized noble society where truthfulness had disappeared. He parodied society in <Majangjeon>, the first of his nine early stories. Through the debates of three lunatics living as beggars near Cheonggyecheon Stream, he leads us to the conclusion that friendship and honor cunningly used hypocritical feelings with power, honor, and hidden interests. He suggests that it is natural to ridicule the noble class who are without truthfulness and the behavior of men of distinction in history are just the skills of brokers if they are not truthful. Yeonam organized the concept of truthfulness at a time when he began to build a friendship with Damheon Hong Dae-yong, who visited him a few years after the <Majangjeon> was written. After he understood the righteousness of friends suggested by Damheon, he realized what it really is. Then he was wary of those who followed power, honor, and interest, and made efforts to communicate with common people. Through this, he came to a profound realization that truthfulness is the base of righteousness among friends and it is a means to awaken humanity. He recognized that a society without truthfulness would lead to secularization as the justice of humanity would collapse. The concept of truthfulness examined through <Majangjeon> is summarized as follows:truthfulness can not be expected from brokage. However, the nobility and brokers seemed to be alike in their skills in dealing with friendships or love. Even lunatics begging for food in Hanyang ridiculed how hypocritical a friendship of honor was. The noblemen flattered to gain fame and wealth while pretending to be indifferent to them. If true friendship, which is oriented toward equality is achieved, it should be followed by truthfulness. It is a righteous concept derived from the awakening of humanity.
  • 8.

    The Interest about Literature of Jo Wihan(趙緯韓)

    민영대 | 2013, (84) | pp.197~223 | number of Cited : 2
    Jo Wihan is an author of the Choicheokjeon(崔陟傳), According to the history of this essay, This story was written in 1621. Literature is the expression of our lives and needs to show human's lives. At this point, I can make sure that Jo Wihan is an excellent author. He was enthusiastic about his life with literature. He was good at studying chinese poetry which he expressed his feeling through his life, novels and the words of a song(lyrics) mentioned in a terrible sight of people(nation), lots of poetries and books of travels written on his route, and so on. There are poetries written by Jo Wihan when he was childhood. “Youyeomaejaengchun(柳與梅爭春)" was written on a willow pushed out new shoots in spring and a poetry written on missing his family while he was out of home. There are also lots of poetries which expressed the feeling and knowledge during traveling outside such as Jangsung(長城). One of them, ”Chaguigeoraesa(次歸去來辭)" mentioned that he never came in mundane life again. He'd like to free himself from the mundane world, however;he couldn't stand it because he saw people's wretched life. So he described their life through “Youmintan(流民歎)". There is a book of travel, “Youdooryusanrok (遊頭流山錄)" written while he was taking a trip in Chiri mountain with an intimate friends. As well, when he was more than 40 years old, his son died. he wrote a funeral oration, “Jemangjauimoon(祭亡子倚文)" aching for his son. There are “Aegimjanggundeokryeong(哀金將軍德齡)" cherishing the memory of a deceased guard of honor and “Mansa(輓詞)” grieving for his dead friends and friends' wives. Except those poetries, there remains many kinds of poetries which he've written since he was childhood. Jo Wihan consecrated his life to literature activities. He left many literary works related to his whole life without living free from worldly cares. His literary works are related to reality. He expressed his whole life through literature. Those kinds of works not only indicated author's mind and writing manner but also had a multiplicity of subject matters. He wasn't out of the literature. For him, it means that literature was hobby, education as well as a part of his lives.
  • 9.

    A Description of Folk Play and Modern Leisure in Neap-village

    Lee, Young-Bae | 2013, (84) | pp.225~270 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this essay is to describe the specific aspects of tradition, history, and economics in folk play and modern leisure in Neap-village. Likewise, the key points of this study are focused on the common concept (exactly, memory or orality) of history, anthropology, linguistics, cultural studies, and folklore. The folk play of Neap-village has not only typical characteristics of korean folk play, but also distinct features to that. The former has ecological and communal meanings, the latter has the deep relation between the folk play and the productive capacity in Neap-village community. Furthermore, this study is to explore the conditions and means of the contact aspects with modern mass media in Neap-villagers. it is a socio-historical idea and cultural phenomenon mixed the meanings and orientations of the past and present, which reflect the history of Korea, such as changes in activities of individuals and family, community, society and nation. Hopefully, this study is a milestone to develop the concrete follow-up research between folk play and modern leisure.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Expression Strategy of Ju Sebung(周世鵬)’s Oryunga(五倫歌) -Focused on the Contrast with Didactic Sijo Works-

    Choi, Hongwon | 2013, (84) | pp.271~300 | number of Cited : 3
    This study aims at probing Ju Sebung’s Oryunga from the viewpoints of expression and communication. I pay attention to the reality that there has been focused on the aspect of the uniformity of the contents and conveyance about didactic sijo for a long time and its literary value has been underestimated. Thus, the objective is looking at its meaning with fresh eyes from the perspective of message and persuasion. Such critical minds give rise to the expression strategy and effects as follows. Those are 1) the effect of figuration and materialization through the presentation and utilization of characters, 2) the effect of appropriateness and justification of opinions through negative assumption, and 3) the effect of getting rid of repulsion and euphemistic voice expression through making use of various endings. As mentioned above, Ju Sebung’s Oryunga shows a variety of expression strategies in the worries about audiences and sijo genre. Accordingly, it boosts the effect of conveyance and persuasion. It is time to reconsider its meaning and status in the history of Korean poetry in that it carries out a role to bear various expression strategies and methods of didactic sijo.
  • 11.

    The Process of a Search for Truth in the Poem of Kim, Dal-Jin

    Kim, Yun-jeong | 2013, (84) | pp.301~325 | number of Cited : 0
    In the Korean literary circle, Kim, Daljin is very special. It is the reason why he was not only poet but also seeker for metaphysical truth. By being absorbed in the seeking for truth, Kim Daljin's poem was dedicated to the process of a search for truth. This is proved by the way in which he described nature and his attitude of stoicism. Kim, Daljin describes nature very sensitively and at the same time he describes surrounding time and space of nature. It is the vivid figure of nature which is caused by Kim, Daljin's intuition toward things. Intuition cannot be owned without effort. It comes from effort for pure heart, bright spirit. So for obtain these features, Kim Daljin has the attitude of stoicism. He thought stoicism would make his heart pure. By this way Kim, Daljin controls his mind in every moment. In the view-point of oriental philosophy, mind control for pure and peaceful heart can make human the best being. It is hard work to maintain pure spirit. So Kim, Daljin said it is cruel. But Kim, Daljin did his best for seeking a truth. His poem was dedicated to it. This article is written for study of the process for truth Kim, Daljin showed in his poem.
  • 12.

    Son chang sub’s Novel & “SA-SANG-GYE”

    Jingi Kim | 2013, (84) | pp.327~364 | number of Cited : 6
    Son chang sub’s novel is certainly problematic. But in that analize this problematic work we did not arrive to absolute agreement yet. research paper of Son chang sub’s novel can be overwhelming than any other author in aspect of quantity. For a while, analysis of Son chang sub’s novel focuses on mental, physical disorder of character in novel in principal. So freudianism is often applied to research methodology. however, if consider that all character is on impartible relationship with environment he is on, we have to analyze the environment first. If we get out of physical environment notion like impractical gloom or darkness as we have did for a while, then we make thing of the environment’s social part, environment which is described in Son chang sub’s novel might be interpreted as materialism or other bluff political contradiction corruption- stained. This socialogical analysis is agreed as more needed methodology when we keep his latter novel , so a serial story in newspaper after 60’s in mind. Like this, research-ambit on Son chang sub’s novel contain all from 50’s novel to 70’s novel. after-60’s novels have character that could be called public, then research trend about Son chang sub’s novel that is based on character’s mental, physical disability in the meantime. But only ideologic character is checked, his novel’s multicoloredness or contradicting factor puzzle researcher sometimes. this paper try to explain that his novel has inseparable relationship with the greatest public journal “SA-SANG-GYE” in time to improve research about Son chang sub’s novel which comes to a standstill. I wish research about Son chang sub’s novel progresses one more step.
  • 13.

    A Study about “A Red Korean jacket” the Children's Newspaper in the 1910's

    Mounkwo Jeong | Lee, Hee Young | 2013, (84) | pp.365~394 | number of Cited : 2
    In this paper, a children’s publication, 『Red Korean jacket』 was analyzed, which was published by Shinmungwan in 1912 as the foundation to discuss the formation of modern children’s literature. How the western modern children image was found was noticed and how those images were exposed in our modern history was examined. Modern children were also finally ‘found’, as they came into modern times. Adults recognized that the child is not an immature existence but a pure existence and also thought they are the existence that should be ‘protected’. 『Red Korean jacket』 is a periodical which aimed at the children at those times. Generally, homogeneous levels of works are included and the active name calling is calls are done for modern children. But this has the totally different characteristic in that the 『boy』 has called the boy as an object that would save the country. Examining the contents of 『Red Korean jacket』, things are found which can give interests to the children. Great men or the old stories are completely reorganized and written for the levels of the children. Additionally, humors or quiz which appeared at the corners like ‘laughing’ or ‘one page of drawing’, ‘seeing doctor’ ‘next how?’ became good play things for the children. And, through the corners of ‘What is it?’ or ‘stories’, basic knowledge and the modern civilizations are introduced. Besides, in ‘enlightening words’, right attitudes of the children are requested through the article. 『Red Korean jacket』 has the meaning in that it is the first newspaper which has aimed for the ‘modren children’. However, in the reason that it is the first trial, modern movement for the children didn’t have the complete system or contents in contents. But, if it is considered that the perfect thing does not exist from the start, it cannot be disregarded that the level is low even though the shape or the content has the insufficiency. And the fact that 『Red Korean jacket』 doesn’t show the active enlightenment movements compared with 『boy』 cannot be criticized as the retreat of enlightenment because its subjects’ ages become low and the level of works are intentionally lowered. On the other hand, those active efforts which try to meet the levels with the thoughts of the specific objects in mind can be seen as one part of the modern movements.
  • 14.

    The Methodology of Education of Novel Texts in the Transition Period to Modern Era in High School Literature Textbooks

    Moon Han byoul | 2013, (84) | pp.395~419 | number of Cited : 2
    The Methodology of Education of Novel Texts in the Transition Period to Modern Era in High School Literature TextbooksThe 27 novels of transition period to modern era are contained in the literature textbooks of 7th Korean education curriculum and 2009' Korean education curriculum. They are characterized that eleven works of authors of five are duplicated in at least one textbook up to seven textbooks. Among them, Ahn Kuk-sun's 「Keum-su-heoi-log」 is contained in nine textbooks, Lee In-Jik's 「Hyul-e-nu」 is in seven, 「Yeun-Se-Gae」 is in three, Lee Kwang-su's 「Mujeong」 is included in five, Lee Hae-jo and Shin Chae-ho's works are in one respectively. Works of the specific author are overwhelming. The problem is whether these specific authors and works can have representative of the transition period to modern era' novel. Therefore, this paper tried to investigate relevance of the reduplication and representativeness focusing on narrative of novels in the literature textbooks of 18 kinds. As a result, the literature textbooks approached too simply to novels of transition period to modern Era in description of helping learners to understand works, and the narrative that may encroach on learners' active learning possibilities was also identified. To overcome such problems, this paper points out that literature textbooks should be contain works that can learn novels of transition period to modern era actively and objectively, also division of history of Literature should be described neutrally. Until now, the studies on 『So-Nyeon』 have focused on functions as a modern educational magazine and Choi Namsun’s translation work etc. This paper is to analyze about the possibility of new narrative style of transition period to modern era based on two narrative explanatory texts in magazine 『So-Nyeon』. The narrative explanatory texts mean that seasoned with nature of the narrative in explanatory writing that described for the purpose of transferring modern knowledge. The narrative style used in such writings's is appropriation of questions and answers-style, setting of fictional characters, description of background etc. Investigation results of this paper, the narrative explanatory texts in 『So-Nyeon』 are new style's texts that difficult to find in other media of transition period to modern era, it is significant that shows new aspects of the narrative's mixture in this period. Also it was found that the combination of explanatory texts and narrative style for modern enlightening education opened up the possibility of Korean Bildungsroman(educational novel).