Korean | English

pISSN : 1229-1730 / eISSN : 2733-8738

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.38
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2013, Vol., No.87

  • 1.

    The Study of ‘-go’ Integrated Auxiliary Verbs in Aspectual Viewpoint

    Koo Jong Nam | 2013, (87) | pp.5~35 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to examine the aspectual properties of auxiliary verbs which are integrated into ‘-go(connective ending)’. There are several claims that ‘-go malda(-고 말다)’, ‘-go boda(-고 보다)’, ‘-go nada (-고 나다)’ are perfective/perfect aspect forms. I examined the concepts of perfective/perfect aspect depending on Smith(1991). Judging from the concept of perfective/perfect aspects, ‘-go boda’, ‘-go malda’ do not have the meanings of perfective/perfect aspects. ‘-Go nada’ has the meaning of the aspect, but the meaning(function) is not same as perfective/perfect aspect, ‘-go nada’ focuses on the time lapse posterior to termination and completion of events. This form originated from coordination construction. ‘-Go’ connects situations sequentially and termination or completion of events are due to this. The characteristic aspectual viewpoint of ‘-go nada’ is due to the lexical meaning of ‘nada’ which means ‘come out’. The grammaticalization of ‘-go nada’ was possible because of the properties of its meaning (come out) which can be redundant in certain connective constructions. I argued that the aspectual property of ‘-go nada’ was originated from the image schema of ‘nada’.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Comparative Analysis of the Korean ‘nop-ta’ and Chinese ‘gao’

    Kim, Jin Soo | 오금희 | 2013, (87) | pp.35~63 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    This paper has a purpose to analyze the common and the difference between the Korean ‘nop-ta(高)’ and the Chinese ‘gao’ with cognitive theory. ‘nop-ta(高)’ and ‘gao(高)’ which are ones of the spatial adjectives are both Korean and Chinese as a basic vocabulary and are used very often. The words have a basic meaning such as ‘the length from top to bottom is long’, but those have many extended meaning. The extended meaning shows the process ‘spatial> temporal >abstract’ and this process is not the individual phenomena of language but it is cross linguistic phenomena. ‘nop-ta(高)’ and ‘gao(高)’ both have the same meaning in Korean and Chinese. Also extended meanings of the words have many similarities. However, in Chinese, when expressing the height of human body Chinese use the word ‘gao(高)’, but in Korean, ‘khɨda(大)’ is used instead of ‘nop-ta(高)’. The main objective of this research is to clearly show the different reason and situation between ‘nop-ta(高)’ and ‘gao(高)’ with cognitive approach. This kind of research can help people who is Chinese learning Korean and Korean who is learning Chinese. It can also help the actual teachers to give explanation to their students when teaching the difference between ‘nop-ta(高)’ and ‘gao(高)’. Korean ‘nop-ta(高)’ and Chinese ‘gao(高)’ have many similarities. This is due to the cognition of spatial ‘nop-ta(高)’ is very similar in both countries. The main difference is the cognition in ‘height’. Koreans realize ‘height’ in three dimension but Chinese realize ‘height’ in two dimension. Humans recognize and experience the spatial in one dimension, two dimension and three dimension at the same time. This experience is also applied in language. Even when describing in one dimension adjective it not only expresses in one dimension adjective but with other dimension adjectives it express varieties of meanings. This paper discusses the process of expansion meaning from ‘nop-ta(高)’ to ‘khɨda(大)’ and in Korean and ‘gao(高)’ and ‘ta(大)’ in Chinese. And it shows the similarity and the difference recognition during the expansion process. This paper could be helpful to explain the common and the difference ‘nop-ta’ and ‘gao’.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Syntactic Patterns and Meanings of Korean Tautology

    Lee, Jeong-Ae | 2013, (87) | pp.65~93 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This paper aims to describe syntactic patterns and meanings of tautology in Korean. It has been explained tautology by focusing upon two essential aspects. The first aspect is related to philosophical and classic semantic views of tautology focused on logic and meanings. The second is related to viewpoints associated with radical pragmatics, radical semantics and non-radicals. This paper takes radical semantic position. Furthermore, this paper classifies tautological utterances of Korean into three syntactic patterns; equatives, conditionals and adverb clauses to express time. Equatives are used in sentences following this format (‘X nun X’, ‘X ga X’, ‘X mo X’, ‘X nun X, Y nun Y’), conditionals in this format (‘p (u)myen p’, ‘p ramyen p’, ‘p eya p’, ‘p (i)myen p’) and adverb clauses to express time in this format (‘p ttay p’). Thus, this paper shows that tautological utterances of Korean have certain language-specific syntactic constructions that consistently contribute to the meaning of tautology.
  • 4.

    Struggles and Humorous Nature as a Way of Understanding Modern Proverbs

    kwak Eun Hee | 2013, (87) | pp.95~119 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The aim of this research is to examine the process by which modern proverbs are struggles and humorous nature formed and to analyze examples, using interpretation as a means of understanding them. Proverbs are explicated in theoretical terms through Wittgenstein’s concept of “language play” and Saussure’s concepts of the “signifier” and “signified.” In Wittgenstein’s formulation, language play is bound by rules, which vary between societies and subjects and thus do not possess any fixed truth. Saussure also viewed the signified as not being fixed, with the signifier viewed as the traditional concept and the signified as its modern transformation. For this study, the theoretical approach involves interpreting the ways in which prominent traditional Korean beliefs about “filial piety,” “mother­in­law/ daughter­in­law conflict,” and “the chaste woman” have been transformed by modern values. Chapter 3 examines the establishment of modern proverbs on these themes in terms of three categories:“Daughters ride in airplanes, sons ride the train,” “Why Korean apartments are given English names,” and “The first thing you pack when you move.” These were chosen because they were perceived to have a strong likelihood of fixation due to “chains of meaning.” Close literary analysis of the proverbs is used to examine the popular philosophical thinking that shaped them. In the case of filial piety, the focus is seen to have shifted from the son to the daughter. Possibly originating with the traditional story of Shimcheong, the idea has undergone a transformation that reflects other beliefs about a woman losing status as a member of her own family after marriage. For mother­in­law/daughter­in­law conflict, agency has shifted from the former to the latter, a phenomenon that is interpreted in light of the concept of the “dutiful daughter­in­law.” Finally, the “chaste woman” concept has shifted its focus from the male to the female­centered household, a change that is interpreted as a possible reaction against the traditional practice of abandoning “transgressive” wives. Chapter 4 interprets these modern proverbs in relation to the humor of Korea’s traditional talnori (mask play) rather than the inherent conflict. The roles and characteristics of the talnori style are used to explain the roles of the characters in the proverbs, with the personalities of modern characters compared to those of figures in the mask performance. A basis for interpreting and analyzing proverbs is adapted from the characteristics of the performance style, in which joy and sorrow are seen as undivided and addressed through humor. The results show a change from traditional values to more modern ones, with a shift in focus from the male to the female and from society to the family. The apparent structure of conflict is also found to lend itself to interpretation vis­à­vis the caricature structure in the talnori form. The modern proverb is seen as a way for the public to use humor to resolve feelings equating conflict with reconciliation and joy with sorrow within transformed versions of traditional regarding filial piety, mother­in­law/ daughter­in­law conflict, and female chastity. This quality is interpreted in terms of the characteristics of the modern proverbs.
  • 5.

    An Aspect of the Description of Background in 「ChoisaengUjingi」 and the Function

    Kim, Hyun-Hwa | 2013, (87) | pp.121~148 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    「ChoisaengUjingi」 is a well-made work by the description of background. The description of background of this work showed as the aspects such a type of long distance view, a type of characterizing a certain rear scene and a type of solving mazes. First, a type of long distance view can be found in the description of background for the introduction of this work. It is a view that the narrator’s eyes on the hither side were looking around widely the majestic scenery extending into the distance. The place was taken view of the place of the real world referring as Dutasan, but it was incubating the secret fantasy world referring as the place of Taoist hermit with miraculous powers. A type of long distance view contributed to show the whole character of work. Second, the description of characterizing a certain rear scene on the heroine’s back has given an impression of being closer to the character on the reader’s side. It was the scene of autumn when Choisaeng decided to go to find the fantasy world firstly, on the other hand, the moment when he returned from the fantasy world and the moment when he went down into the yard of a temple in the real world was described to be characterized pedagogism. Moreover, when he entered to the real world, as it was characterized the certain scenes such as gold and a white chair of jade, it symbolized that he finally arrived at another world. The way of description of background gave a clue for present situation of Choisaeng. Third, the author set the description of background of a type of solving mazes in the work for Choisaeng’s adventurous character. It is the description of background that was built newly from that moment when the heroine fell down a cliff. Even if it could not be seen with the eyes of the real world, there was definitely the mazes of the fantasy, it is a way of describing that presented more realistic Choisaeng’s exploration and showed concretely the heroine’s character. Such description of background has a novelistic function from reinforcement of the character’s superman consciousness. First, even if Choisaeng entered to the fantasy world and was for just one day, the time of real world went by 70days. Moreover, it was depicted the change of time as the change of background. The narration was progressed differently in the passage of time for revenge, respectively, which are ‘the time when the fall foliage was beautiful’ and ‘the time when the light snowfall was end and the new moon was bright’. The change of narration for revenge was done by indirect experience of another character, not a heroine. It is the scene to show the search process of JeungGong who had ever been there before Choisaeng searched the fantasy world. The reason why the change of narration for revenge could visually touch our heart and arouse our interest is the function of the description of background. Second, while Choisaeng overcame wild nature, he became a superman. Finally when he entered the cave where was a path for the fantasy world, sat face to face with a superman and discussed about the philosophical principles of universe, his consciousness of a superman could revive as consciousness of subject in which this work sought. 「ChoisaengUjingi」 has been showing the author’s creative consciousness, who concentrated to make the background that linked organically the work. It is a well-made novel because he was interested in the creation technique, which was immersed in the plot of a novel different with the earlier years.
  • 6.

    A Genealogical Study on the Sijo’s Term and Prospect

    Yeom Chang Gwon | 2013, (87) | pp.149~174 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The contents and purposes of this study are following;At first, the historical process of using ‘Sijo’ as a term of genre was examined. Lyrics associated with Sijo-song were sung to the varies musical tunes since the late Koryo dynasty, and Sijo melody was originated around the reign of king Youngjo’s era musical. The Sijo, the term itself means one aspect of melody with the words of a song. Next, the method of progressive succession of Sijo ganre was found in the 3 Jang concept of formality, based on its modern meanings. This study said that If 3 Jang form is used as a smallest unit of the text construction, the cohesion and completion of the meaning can be expressed.
  • 7.

    A Study on Individual Awareness in ‘Daejak’ and ‘Myeongjak’ Written by Nogye

    오선주 | 2013, (87) | pp.175~199 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Nogye Park, Inro have a lot of ‘Daejak’(works that he wrote instead) and ‘Myeongjak’(works that he wrote by order). Daejak and Myeongjak have been understood as works that spoke for situation and awareness of needer. However, Daejak and Myeongjak are reborned through the language system of Nogye who is a deputy. Therefore, it is highly possible that awareness of needer but also of Nogye was projected in Daejak and Myeongjak. This study is about search awareness of Nogye. In this study, “Ipamisipgugok”, written by Nogye has considered because Yeoheon Jang, Hyeon-gwang who is a needer also wrote “Ipam”. Yeoheon and Nogye share awareness of Sung Confucianism that ‘Ipam’ is the subject of Self-discipline. And both “Ipamisipgugok” and “Ipam” are the image of ‘Ipam’ in comparison of other object. But Yeoheon compared unchanging 'Ipam' and varied nature in “Ipam”, Nogye compared constant ‘Ipam’ and a person who has no constancy in “Ipamsipsu”. This difference of compared object is difference of awareness. While Yeoheon focus on searching principles of Sung Confucianism of ‘Ipam’, Nogye focus on making ‘Ipam’ itself practical morality.
  • 8.

    On 『Maneonsa』(『만언사』) from the Literary View of Self-expression Writing

    ki-cheol jung | 2013, (87) | pp.201~226 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Everybody wants to live happily. According to Abraham H. Maslows, everyone has a dream of self-realization, thus, trying to fulfil it through his/her life. Maneonsa is a literary work which shows the developmental stages of transitions from self-expression to self-understanding and finally to self-realization. The writer describes realistically and concretely his/her painful and cruelly harsh recollections about the locations of his exile. How he was able to do it was because he admitted and confessed that he himself was the cause of the exile. If anyone can accept and admit that he himself is the cause of the trouble, this fact says that he has a crystal clear understanding of himself at the moment; he has such characteristic traits of self-introversion as to search the roots of the trouble from the internal causes rather than the external elements. Self-introversion helps the author achieve his self-understanding and self-realization, ultimately leading to his enlightenment. Therefore, the most important thing is how to practice self-expressive ways of writings through which the author can reveal frankly all feelings & thoughts from his/her own experiences and also from the writing process of them.
  • 9.

    A Study on Limits Shown in Characters in Legends and Overcoming Aspects -Focusing on the character legend of Baekho Lim Je-

    Han Jeong-hoon | 2013, (87) | pp.227~262 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Lim Je left various literary works and many episodes with his eccentric behaviors. However, he is not easily found in historic records, and there is no biography or chronicle containing evaluations of descendants. Fortunately, there are many legends of oral tradition related to Lim Je. Lim Je is depicted in legends focusing on eccentric and interesting factors because he lived a very short life without success in career although he had great literary talents. Lim Je in the legend has strong mobility and experiences various events in boundary positions, overcomes risks with his remarkable talents, and gets love of Gisaeng who has high pride. However, Lim Je showed different behaviors according to the status of his counterparts. His remarkable literary talents were used as media to show his generous masculinity and his love was temporary and ephemeral although he won the heart of various women including shamans and Gisaengs. Although the character of Lim Je in the legend shows interesting and amusing characteristics, it shows his limitations behind of it. Those who enjoy the legends wanted to describe failure of Lim Je who fought against the world. Nevertheless, they wanted to overcome the limits. The character who could overcome imitations of Lim Je was He Mok, the grandson of Lim Je. Remarkability of Lim Je shown in the legends is changed into eccentricity (異人性) in the tales related to Heo Mok. In several legends, Lim Je and Heo Mok were overlapped. In character legends, Heo Mok is described as a character with eccentricity and shows people‐friendly characteristics unlike historical evaluation. The character of Heo Mok was made based on the eccentricity of Lim Je, and limitations of Lim Je are overcome through Heo Mok. In other words, Heo Mok with strong eccentricity in tales can be Heo Mok himself but at the same time character of Lim Je who overcomes his limitations. Those who enjoy such legends show their will to overcome the limitations although they perceive the limitations themselves.
  • 10.

    The Archetypal Symbol and the Unconsciousness of Reality Confrontation of Korean Contemporary Poems -Focused on the Pomes of Shin, Seok-Jeong, Park, Yong-Rae,and We, Sun-Whan-

    HEEAHN KANG | 2013, (87) | pp.263~282 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper was to explain the reality consciousness of the archetypal symbol ‘water’, ‘sky’, and ‘bird’ and the structural order related with it. To reveal reality-oriented consciousness related with the symbols in contemporary poems coincides with examining in what kind of perceptual way the symbols poets have chosen are reveled. Especially, the prototype of Korean contemporary poems is revealed as characteristics commonly perceived depending on the directions of moving upward and downward and the place of objects. This is because the prototype borrowed in comtemporary poems is the conscious mechanism of self-unconsciousness trying to cope with the reality. ‘Water’, the source of imagination in Korean poems acts as inner dynamic of poets which strokes the dark reality with bright and smooth attributes. It is the point where reflective perception is made in an attitude of self-disruption related with tragic reality in the ‘imagination of flow’. In contrast, ‘static imagination’ exists as an unconscious reality trying to sink deeply away from earthly existence. Like this, ‘water’ functions as the story mechanism inspires the energy into the detached self from reality. In contrast, ‘sky’ is the prototype of an ideal world where the poetic self stares at the world in impoverished reality. The poetic self perceiving the lack and absence oppressed by the reality considers the life of sky as his or her inner source. Sky is an ideal world of the poetic self regressed from the earthly limit and the place which embodies the dream world of fairy and the fulfillment of wishes. This imagination of ‘sky’ shows the inner order of power trying to reach the life of Korean contemporary poems and the prototype of revival. Further, it was ‘bird’ which is revealed as the hope for freedom of Korean contemporary poets. The image of ‘bird’ in lyric poetry appears as the symbol of freedom which moves from ‘sky’ and ‘earth’. And the life excluding the something artificial is the world pursued by the contemporary lyric poets. Therfore, ‘bird’ destroys the confronting structure of the stubborn ideal world and reveals the reality of ‘sky’. Studies as above, the prototype of Korean contemporary poems is the product of intellectual consciousness rivaling the poor reality which realizes the metaphysical aesthetics. The consciousness of the Korean contemporary poets putting all the symbolic mechanisms have the depth and the width which covers the surface and the depth at the same time in the revealing the power into the new life and the new world, not the escape or the regression from the reality. The prototype they have chosen underlies the expression of the individual emotions but this is because it is possible revelation of the outer response of the self-unconsciousness trying to confront the reality of human things.
  • 11.

    Baek Cheol's Cultural Capital and Social Capital -Focusing on 'Habitus', 'Distinction' and 'Reliability'-

    Kim Hye-won | 2013, (87) | pp.283~312 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In this report, I examined the literary life of Baek Cheol and its fruit using the theories and issues of culture theory; ‘cultural capital’ and ‘social capital’. In terms of ‘capital’ throughout his life, first, his ‘economic capital’ was low as a middle class of petty bourgeois, with parent of tenant farmer. However, his ‘embodied cultural capital’ as quite a lot thanks to his eldest brother, Baek Se-myoung, who had realized modern thoughts. Furthermore his ‘capital of academic background’ had been powerful since he studied in Dokyo College of Education, Japan in 1927. Those ‘institutionalized cultural capital’ made it possible that he built his ‘social capital’ as a journalism critic in the literary world after colonization after he came back to Korea. And he went through the KAPF Arrest while he was involved in KAPF, and was transformed into pro-Japanese with his announcement of conversion. Thereafter he built his ‘cultural capital’ and ‘social capital’ as a critic of literary history with keeping himself away from journalism in the literary world after liberation. He called himself ‘neutralist’ while the literary world was divided into two worlds; left and right ideology, and he built his ‘objectified cultural capital’ publishing 『Introduction to Literature』 in 1947 and 『Research of History of Chosun New Literature』 in 1948. In the literary world after division, he built his ‘cultural capital’ and ‘social capital’ as a university professor. In 1957, he became exchange professor with invitation of the U.S. State Department and in 1959 he became a pioneer of new criticism translating 『Theory of Literature』 of R. Wellek and A. Warren. It was his ‘habitus’, ‘distinction’ and ‘reliability’ that made it possible that he obtained and held his enormous ‘capital’. His timeserving․opportunistic 'habitus' made him convert to pro-Japanese, ‘welcomism’ and defector to the South, for the sake of success and fame. And he took a strategy of ‘distinction’ by choosing neutral, aloof from Im-hwa and Kim dong-ri, and academic criticism, new criticism, aloof from journalism. Finally he obtained the enormous prestige as one of literary power holders on the basis of ‘connections’ and ‘reliability’ in his human relationship. However it deserves criticism that his career as a critic played a part in creating the coloniality of Korean modern literature while he was building his ‘symbolic capital’ and holding a hegemony of literary power as a critic, critic of literary history and professor.
  • 12.

    Representation of the Half-breeds in Novels of Korean Division

    Byun, Hwayeong | 2013, (87) | pp.313~338 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This article explores and examines how the half-breed, who born after the Korean war, represented in novels of Korean division , that is, <Legacy of the Sun>, <The Half-Breed>, <Royal Tomb and Occupation Forces>, <Black Joe>, <Sseggimi(Half-Breed)>, and <Odd Pairs of Socks>. The body of half-breeds indicates the absence of her/his father, ie. USA army, and the existence of their mother as a foreigner's whore. And it was treated as a kind of disease as a metaphor. Thus we can explain the half-breed who was born as a symbol of modernity and objectified by ‘our’ public or powerful gaze, only though his/her mother who are subordinate subject or subaltern.
  • 13.

    Biographical Study of Jeongju Seo’s Poetry -With a focus on 『Hwa Sa Jib』-

    안현심 | 2013, (87) | pp.339~357 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study is aimed to inquire the Seo’s poetry biographically. Only the period of 『hwa sa jip』 has been studied because it is not strong enough to comment on every step of his lifetime on this essay. In looking at 24 pieces of poetry in 『hwa sa jip』, it could be divided into three parts like; self-portraits of a struggling young man, works changed mythologically from folktales and stories, and works embodying the sensuous corporeality. Works embodying a self-portrait of young man lived in Japanese colonial period indicate hopeless despair, and representative works are like 「A self-portrait」, 「Wall」, and 「Sea」. “My father was servant” the first line of 「A self-portrait」 reflects the biographical fact; however, considering the poet's life was relatively wealthy, it could be seen that it embodies the sense of shame as people of ruined country during the Japanese occupation. Meanwhile, the young colonist's anger is more straightforwardly and passionately shown on 「Sea」 than the one on 「A self-portrait」. A work 「Legend of a tile-roofed house」 reminiscing girls of JILMAJAE is the work which embodies the ‘SEOWUNNI’ whom Seo Jeongju used to call her as ‘teacher flower’. ‘SEOWUNNI’ is the person who made Seo's childhood enrich in taking the children to the mountains and fields. Huge shock which had been gotten from her acts as material for stimulating the imagnation of Seo Jeongju during his lifetime. If 「Legend of a tile-roofed house」 embodies the image of ‘SEOWUNNI’, 「Door」 is the work added with poet's imagination to the story heard from ‘SEOWUNNI’. The door been embodied on the work is a boundary between life and death. At the starting point of creation of poetry, Seo Jeong Ju showed irresistible vitality and energy with active attitude. In this way, it would be showing antinomical form that the life is more beautiful light than hatred and captivation, and disgust and colorful daenim. Therefore, 「Hwasa」 seemed as embodying the voluptuous pleasure could be the work been visualized the attitude to make the life get better. A fact to lead the 「Midday」 is the road; “pick and eat, man can be dying like sleeping/the road between ruddy flower beds”. Sensual image is included in the embodiment of “dying like sleeping” without defiance. As the image of ruddy flowers from “the road between ruddy flower beds” also express the passion, it has strong sensuality. Notions like corporeality or sensuality are deeply related with the human finitude. Human might feels fears and threats because of their finitude. The fact that the corporeality appeared on Seo's intial poetry works many times can be interpreted like this; during the Japanese occupation people's uneasy mentalities, living in ruined country, were spreaded to the human finitude and the fear of disconnection, and shown.
  • 14.

    A Study on Conceptual Blending and Ethnic Cognitive Constitution in Arirang

    Yun Youngok | 2013, (87) | pp.359~389 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study tried to investigate the constitutive mechanism of Arirang and its communicative process. The plot of Arirang connected with ethnic publicity and it's narrative strategies appealed to cognitive structure of national characteristics and invited readers into sympathy through them. The conceptual blending is the important means by what we can understand the structure of text and signaling pathway of text meanings. Namely, it connected the structure and meaning of text with socio-cultural contexts. The plot of Arirang depends on the effects of public image which the song ‘Arirang’ had created. By trying dynamic composition of spaces and times, of visual and acoustic images, metaphors and metonymies, it depends on the image effects that a synthesis of the ethnic experiences and cognitions creates. The conceptual blending at Arirang is a significant process that connects the images of song ‘Arirang’ between the cultural and historical experiences of Koreans. The conceptual blending at the text molds a song ‘Arirang’ into the Koreans' symbol of hardships, endurances, survivals, disseminations. This process related with narrative publicity, as the shaping images and giving rise to sympathies relied on Korean social contexts of historical experiences and ethnic memories.
  • 15.

    Wound Healing through Writing the Epic of Self -focusing on Park Wan-seo’s novels-

    Mounkwo Jeong | Lee Nae-kwan | 2013, (87) | pp.391~414 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose of the research is Wound healing through writing the epic of self keep in mind that the only definitive focusing on Park Wan-seo’s novel. Park Wan-seo’s novel feature is individual’s day-to-day rather than age or aspiring democratic history. Section2 discussed in talking to a private confession with the appearance of the speaker, the speaker is a series of steps leading to self-purification. Confession is penitent believers being baptized sins. Park Wan-seo’s 「My latest possession」 is the grief of his son’s death in extreme listeners through the medium of the telephone ‘Brother’ to say the mono drama unilaterally is a novel type of enemy. Also Diary format novel 「Pray only one word」 is shown in his narrative describes that the problem of pain. The speaker has a self-purification through tears in both works. Section3 describes the healing through confessional writing said. Autobiographical novel is a writer and hero of the contents described in the text is a similarity. Confessional writing directly to the authors describe their own stories, as well as the artist’s style as is the autobiographical narrative experience, including the type. Everydayness of these women can be represented as a novel feature point can be seen as the Park Wan-seo literature. Park Wan-seo is such a private chat to start writing a confessional manner reaches self-purification through tears. After all personal belongings of the community away from the tendency to treat the individual’s position at the center of social life began to speak one-sided way of speaking of the inner wound up writing the author is intended to receive healing.
  • 16.

    Study of the Critical Reading Strategy on Lookism Commercial though the Group Investigative Study

    Kang, Yeon-hee | 이상우 | 2013, (87) | pp.415~439 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Counteracting strategy on the skyrocketed amounts of information in 21st century is improvement of these lf directed learning capability of the learners. Along with the trend, one of the methods is “group investig ative study.”Group investigative study accounts learners’ investigative study while each individual conducts their learning by making into small groups not by studying individually. Because learners were made into groups, they can reduce faults and imposes, letting them be more cooperative with their common tasks, and making them possible to get help from each other’s learning. This study aims for the learners to have critical reading on commercials related to ‘Lookism’ by using group activity model. This study figures out the critical reading strategies by using various symbols and advertisement featured in Lookism commercial advertisements in order to achieve the aim.
  • 17.

    A Study on the Integration Between Reading and Other Language Skills in the Korean Language Textbooks

    Bai, A-rong | Youngjoo Kim | 2013, (87) | pp.441~462 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This research observed the relevance between reading and other language skills in Korean language teaching, especially analyze the relevance between post-reading activities and other activities in currently used teaching materials. Analysis result pointed out that post-reading task in currently used teaching material did not show much relevance with other teaching skills. To begin with, the teaching activities in the intermediate teaching materials varied a lot, however, in the beginning level and the advanced level materials there were much fewer. Furthermore, the teaching activities were all of single kind in general. Finally, post-reading activities were mainly related to oral practice. This study found out that Korean language textbooks did not practice language skill integration much although many post-reading activities were developed and skill integration was recommended. It also claimed that in order to achieve a more efficient integrated teaching purpose, various reading practice and relevant activities should be employed in the textbooks.
  • 18.

    A Practice and Effect of the Culture Education by the Essay

    YOUNGJO LEE | 2013, (87) | pp.463~482 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Finding an another way of Korean language teaching through the culture education by the instrumental use of the literature is the purpose of this thesis. There have been many theories but few practices. So, I made it the core of this research that it shows the practices of the Korean language and culture education through the literature. Comparing with other literary genres, the essay has distinguished characteristics of instrument for Korean language teaching because it has words melted with everyday life and abundant cultural elements, and therefore can contribute to the thinking activation and the perception of the cultural differences. Here, selecting the essay named “Waterfall and Fountain” written by Lee eo-ryeong, the thesis suggests an experimental reading education model, which can be helpful for widening the perspective of comparative culture and understanding mutually other cultures. Finally, it could be confirmed that the effective value of the Korean language teaching by use of the essay literature is sufficient and we may have positive awareness about that value. Looking forward to developing more various teaching models beside this one.
  • 19.

    The Educational Awareness of the Classical Poetry in NAEA

    Choi, Hongwon | 2013, (87) | pp.483~516 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims at drawing the educational awareness and attitude about classical poetry, focusing on that the NAEA(National Assessment of Educational Achievement) is the criteria-referenced evaluation which measures whether the achievement standards are reached or not, based on the national curriculum. I tried to grasp the truth of common understanding and awareness which is the classical poetry is the contents of Korean education in the questions of the NAEA. This shows that the process of checkup and review about the educational significance of the classical poetry is insufficient as people are overwhelmed with the academic tradition. In the questions of the NAEA, the classical poetry was taken as the biased materials for certain achievement standards such as the esthetic organization or the section of the work, the expression and creation of the literature, and the acceptance of tradition and thought. I could find the trend of emphasizing the analytical view about the components of the work and the phenomenon that the critical acceptance of the tradition is transformed to the understanding of the theme and contents. In addition, as the set pattern of Sijo is stressed, I could observe the tendency which is focused upon the formal aspects. If the analysis based on evaluation is added, along with the achievement standards which are not utilized in the classical poetry, the educational awareness which is drawn from this study will get more concreteness and objectivity.
  • 20.

    A Study of the School System and Textbooks before the Introduction of the Modern School System(1880~1894) in Korea

    Heo Jae-young | 2013, (87) | pp.517~545 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to provide a description on the school system and textbooks before the introduction of the modern school system in Korea. Some people have studied this theme, but they were not focused on the textbooks and knowledge information circulation. I gathered 50 materials on the school system and textbooks for these times. I focused on MUNBUSEONG SO HAL MOKROK(文部省所轄目錄, the report written by Jo Jun-hyeong in 1882), HANSEONGSUNBO(漢城旬報), HANSEONGJUBO(漢城週報, the newspaper published by BAKMUNKUK) and other textbooks. I realized that the first information regarding school systems had been introduced by Jo Jun-hyeong(조준형). This report contained the Japanese school and subject systems. I found many textbooks named in this report. But these textbooks were not found until now. So I concluded this report had not affected in Korea's education. But 10 modern schools were established in this time, for example DONGMUNHAK(同文學) etc. I found many books which were published in China, and were used in Korea at this time. I think that Korea's knowledge information circulation was affected by China at that time.