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2014, Vol., No.88

  • 1.

    A Study on Writing of Initial Law

    Kim Seong-ok | 2014, (88) | pp.5~27 | number of Cited : 5
    In Korean, there is a restriction that /ㄹ/ and /ㄴ/ before /i, y/ cannot be in word-initial position and this restriction is limited to Chinese characters as an initial law by the 10th clause to the 12th clause of 『Korean orthography』. Also, the principle of current orthography is formalism writing, but regulation related to initial law takes phonemic writing which reflects a phenomenon that original sounds of Chinese characters are changed by environment to the writing. This research generally discussed the problems and reexamination of writing reflection of initial law. The conclusions are brief abstraction of the discussion. First, initial law is firstly enacted by 『unification agenda』(1933), so this research examined periodical background of the period and changing process of the regulation. As the result, it confirmed that actual sounds of Chinese characters were arranged by enactment of『unification agenda』 and currently unified sounds of Chinese characters are used, so its significant is great. However, for the arrangement of Chinese character sounds, Chinese character sounds themselves changes by phonemic changes like palatalization and changing phenomenon by initial law, a kind of allophonic rule, were regulated to the writing samely. Therefore, in relation to current regulation of initial law, small and big problems for the writing are raised. Second,『Korean orthography』 , a regulation related to initial law, discussed about problems of the 10th~the 12th clauses and complication of phonemic regulation by initial law. Third, this research discussed about actual condition of actual linguistic life for writing and pronunciation of word-initial position /ㄹ/ and /ㄴ/ before /i, y/ and confirmed that writing and pronunciation of word-initial position /ㄹ/ and /ㄴ/ before /i, y/ are natural and familiar to people today. Fourth, it wrote original sounds of Chinese characters as one of solutions for the problems by initial law and set phonemic rules such as /ㄹ/-deletion, /ㄴ/-deletion and /ㄹ/→/ㄴ /-replacement. And, direct·indirect usefulness by this discussion was finally suggested for linguistic life of people.
  • 2.

    A Study on Translation Characteristics and Human-related Vocabularies of Dongguksinsoksamganghaengsildo(東國新續三綱行實圖)

    Yu Kyung-Min | 2014, (88) | pp.29~55 | number of Cited : 2
    This study will focus on the translation characteristics of the vocabularies related to human found in Dongguksinsoksamganghaengsildo(東國新續三綱行實 圖). Human is the most conservative creation in the universe and this classification does not change easily over time. Due to this characteristic, each particular period of time has many vocabularies in common. These commonalities would also contribute to the study of semantic relations or even in morphological change. Furthermore, Dongguksinsoksamganghaengsildo(東國新續三綱行實圖) covers thorough literal translation during its time. This study will investigate the problem cited above, specifically the frequency of the translated words. The research will also explain why Dongguksinsoksamganghaengsildo(東國新續 三綱行實圖) is not a word-for-word translated text.
  • 3.

    A study on Lee Jae(頤齋) Hwang Yoon Seok's Gi(記)

    Do hyoung Kim | 2014, (88) | pp.57~80 | number of Cited : 2
    This article attempts to study Hwang Yun-seok(黃胤錫)’s gi(記) and understand his ideas and literary characteristics found from his works. His collection of works contains 16 pieces of gi(記). There is no yugi(遊記), and most of the works deal with structures. And in terms of the period that the works were written, many were created in his advanced age when he lived in his hometown after withdrawing from his office. Gi(記) that deals with private buildings all has almost no narration in it but is strongly characterized by discussion. A structure plays roles as representation or symbol that supports and expresses internalized values externally. Based on the names of the structures that were already named or the deeds of landlords, Hwang Yun-seok took the narrative method that drew discussion through Dangho(堂號) that had been named. The ground of that discussion or the criteria to judge the value are always from Chu His’ teachings or Confucian scriptures like 『Juyeok』, 『Sigyeong』,『Seogyeong』, or 『Maengja』 unexceptionally. And the keywords used to explain the meaning of Dangho(堂號) in his works such as Bunsu(分守), Cheonmyeong(天 命), Gyeongui(敬義), Jungjeongsiui(中正時義), Bakyak(博約), Dokhaeng(篤行), and Jilsil(質實) also fall into the category of neo-Confucianism. He starts from structures and landlords and then develops his logic while explaining the meaning of Dangho and the point of pursuit, and the criteria to judge the value are in the category of neo-Confucianism associated with mind. Overall, he suggests the ideal human being, and in the end, it is concluded into concrete asceticism for practice. Also, he embodies the topic using such things as the catechetic method, rhetorical questions, irony, antithesis, and syncrisis. This was not meant to pursue aesthetics of the sentence itself but was just a means to highlight the gist of discussion. In his gi(記), too, Hwang Yun-seok sticks to conservative theory of literature faithful to Chu His’ teachings.
  • 4.

    A Study on Historical Consciousness and Literary Imagination of <Yuguwangsejaoejeon>

    Kim,Su-Jung | 2014, (88) | pp.81~100 | number of Cited : 5
    Kim Ryeo took the basis of <Yuguwangsejaoejeon>, a story about Crown Prince Yugu, from folk tales and transmissions. Around 200 years ago, a party with crown prince Yugu drifted ashore on Jeju Island, and officials including a Jeju minister killed the crown prince and hundreds of foreigners to plunder precious treasure from the ship. So, a rumor that Yugu Country would cross the sea for revenge spread. Folk records such as 『Taekriji』 recorded the plunder based on the transmitted record. Kim Ryeo reflected the history based on the written record and expressed the future-oriented hope to revive the relationship with Yugu Country in his book. However, according to 『Joseon Silrok』, an official national record, the government tended to conceal the attack to the Yugu people, showing a vague attitude toward it. When political change happened, they would approach it according to the situations of the officers. The Jeju minister, who was the person concerned, was appointed to a higher position. Kim Ryeo disclosed the minister's wrongdoing specifically and criticized the corrupted power the evil people enjoyed. His historical consciousness was dramatically delivered to readers through his literary imagination. He made fantastic lists of treasures officers were fascinated with and increased indignation and pathos by describing that the crown prince wrote a poem of death with his blood. He weakened the logic the Jeju minister excused himself with by changing his real name and showed that an evil person with an imaginary name can be the subject of harsh judgement. As well, feeling sorry about the position of Yugu Country which could not obtain revenge as it is a small country, he cast a sad question on what could be done if they would cross the sea on a battleship. Kim Ryeo's literary mind based on stern historical lessons and understanding of the common people raised the problems consciousness in this work.
  • 5.

    Analysis of the Characteristics and Implications of ‘Dongmong-si’

    손앵화 | 2014, (88) | pp.101~126 | number of Cited : 5
    This study is to make the frame that analyzes Dongmong-si as the children's self-expression literature in traditional society and recognize children as the subject of literature creation and enjoyment. The true meaning that the classic exists is to develop right personality and inculcate the historical consciousness for children. Recently many problems have arisen by the destruction of children's personality, which have been serious social issue. Considering such a problem context, Dongmong-si can play a role as humanistic education text that gives children healthy perspective on the world and the wisdom about their lives. The modern children write a poem. The poem is represented by childhood sense of children. Likewise the children in traditional society expressed innocent feeling and affectionate interest about nature and things through Chinese poetry. It's true that they didn't care much about the creative expression of pure childhood sense because the Zhu Xi school of Neo-Confucianism education considered right personality and personal moral important. But the children's beautiful mind is expressed 'Yet' or 'Still'. The aim of this dissertation is to study the both sides of the children's 'childlikeness' and 'mimicking adults' in traditional society through Dongmong-si text analysis. There is a difference according to the children's age despite the same kinds of poems. There is a little difference in the way of expressing of emotion or representing of subject. It is related with the process of thinking of the children closely. This dissertation is to make the frame that analyzes Dongmong-si as the self-expression literature of children in traditional society. Dongmong-si is the result that children's individuality is expressed in literature. Not only the mind and moral that the older generation demands to children but also inartificial childhood sense that only children have are represented through the catch of things and unique thought. This paper can be wrapped up like this. First, all the things that children encounter in their daily life are the subject to arouse curiosity in Dongmong-si. The children don't have any aspect to add sophisticated expression and use splendid technique like adults. They just embody the daily things that they see with innocence of childhood unartfully. Second, the grand aspiration and ambition for success is represented in Dongmong-si. According to the rank of children's writer, the academic desire and the learning-oriented attitude is represented in the work, which is interpreted as the desire of self-realization or the result of reality awareness. Third, The children's innocent personality that are not influenced by the real world is represented in Dongmong-si. Consequentially It's the basis to infer children's fate as the projection of children's inborn spirit. Fourth, the conventional form of Chinese poetry is the way that children in traditional society acquire the principle to represent things and incidents of the world surrounding them. Likewise there is the process that children learn the formal technique of Chinese poetry in Dongmong-si. The children in traditional society acquired the principle to represent things and incidents of the world by conventional style of Chinese poetry. They caught and represented the characteristics of the things with the interest and affectionate eyes about them. The children didn't make up or exaggerate like adults. Sometimes aspiration and ambition is represented for the success in Dongmong-si. It is the expression of ego and the result of consciousness of reality.
  • 6.

    Shin Wi(申緯)’s Reinstatement and Aspect of Poems in Retirement Period

    Shin, Il-kwun | 2014, (88) | pp.127~164 | number of Cited : 1
    The period of Shin Wi(申緯:1769~1847)’s reinstatement and retirement starts mainly from when he was discharged from his exile in Pyeongsan by the special Royal order in April 26, 1834 until he passed away in December, 1847. During the period, Shin Wi discussed the direction of learning poetry with his pupils. The students he personally mentioned in “Gyeongsudangjeongo” were Geumryeong Park Yeong Bo(錦舲 朴永輔), Changgyeo Lee Gyeo Seung(昌溪 李啓承), Mooknong Lee Yoo Won(默農 李裕元), Hasang Cho Woon Gyeong(荷裳 趙雲卿) who was the grandson of Cho Si Wi(趙時偉), Yeorim Cho Woongeung(汝臨 趙雲兢)(brother of Hasang), Rhochang (Dosan) Cho Woon Yeong(蘆窓(陶山) 趙雲永, cousin of Hasang), Sosan Lee Yoo Shin(小山 李裕新), Hwang Ji Soo(黃之銹), and Gookin Cho Yeong Hwa(菊人 趙永和). The nature theory(性情論) was widespread among the writers, starting from Kim Chang Hyeop and Kim Chang Heup, who was at the center of the literary world from the late 17th century to the early 18thcentury. It was inherited to the Yonam Group after the 18th century and Shin Wi also adopted the theory following the Yonam Group. Shin Wi proposed nature(性情) as the direction of learning poetry to his students. He criticized the trend of ‘only imitative of itself’ of Wang Se Jung(王世貞) and Lee Ban Ryong(李攀龍), opposed mimicking, imitating and following without much thought by emphasizing writing poetry that exposes writer’s nature. The aesthetic property of Shin Wi’s poems during the period from reinstatement to retirement is the style of tranquility like his personal life.
  • 7.

    Aspects of Development and Genealogical Features of Self-elegies in Chosun Dynasty

    Lim Jun Chul | 2014, (88) | pp.165~198 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This article is focues on aspects of developtment and genealogical features of Self-elegies in Chosun Dynasty. Development of self-elegy in Chosun dynasty can be devided into two aspects: one is early and middle Chosun, the other is late Chosun. From the perspective of form, the ancient form were dominet in early and middle Chosun, while Jueju and Lushi became more popular in late Chosun. And in late Chosun, we can find new forms, like one person creating two or more works of self-elegy, a son writing self-elegy after his father. Self-elegy in the form of serial poetry also appeared. Through these aspects, we can suppose, in late Chosun, more poets created and got interested in self-elegy. Some poet even used Tu Fu's works as his self-elegy, and some wrote self-elegy for the imperial examination. From the point of genealogy, self-elegy in Chosun dynasty generally represents Confucian ideas on life and death, reflecting one's own life and calmly taking one's death. And many works relate death with the matter ancestors, so Confucian moral of filial duty is highlighted.
  • 8.

    Self-compassion and Mindfulness in Baek suk’s Poetry

    Myeoung-Suk Kwak | 2014, (88) | pp.199~224 | number of Cited : 2
    The compassion for the poor and the marginalized consistently appears in Baek suk’s poetry and is an important feature of his poetry. He emphasized the basic attitudes and feelings as a poet for whom the world and was the sorrow and compassion. Deer, his first collection of poems divided into his poetry. The early poems contained in deer are well exposed to the utmost compassion and in the later poems Baek Suk feels compassion towards yourself drawn. In this paper, by this time appearing to uncover patterns in relation to the speakers analyzed for compassion. After Deer, the internal speakers is projected to appear more, unlike during early childhood is gone. The persona and speaker match the poet, the poet appeared to the speaker. Thus, at the same time as changing the shape of the speaker when the speaker reviews the feelings of compassion toward gradually developed his own, and this aspect of self-compassion is transformed over time to go. First, it seems to lament the his own poverty and plight, but he generously understands about the positive aspects of world and himself, that is ‘self-kindness’. The persona admitted to another destination with a deep love and sympathy and compassion, solidarity, it is said soon realize that the poet’s vocation to be aware of a common humanity. And with respect to their situation as painful by accepting what mindfulness reaches out to realize it. Eventually without falling into negative ‘self-pity’ suffer from the negative as reaching out to rescue his will. These self-compassion and mindfulness of Baek suk can project a positive attitude of spiritual maturity and we need to revaluate such important qualities.
  • 9.

    Dynamics of the Free Love, Culture Capital and Reformation of Korean Modern Gender ― Focusing on Jaesaeng by Lee Kwang-su

    Yun Youngok | 2014, (88) | pp.225~248 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Free love was the cultural symbol of Korean modern intellectual class. Literary representations of free love had relation with power functions which adjusted public images of intellectuals. By cultural tastes, modern fictions described the process that free love in individual privacy had entered into marriage in public space. And cultural tastes were featured through mutual accumulations of economic capital, social capital, symbolic capital. ‘Free love-marriage’ plots of modern fictions including Jaesaeng were involved in interactions among men intellectuals’ capitals and women intellectuals’ that. Specially ‘free love-marriage’ plots were unveiled inflection process of women gender. At Jaesaeng, women intellectuals and men intellectuals met by similar culture tastes. The cultural capitals of women intellectuals were isolated and could not be expanded reproduction. But the cultural capitals of men intellectuals which combined with economic and social, symbolic capitals reproduced and spread. These representations of free love with capitals accentuated mens’ supremacy and aggravated women’s social inequality. ‘Free love-marriage’ plots coordinated hierarchy of gender symbols through reconstitution on daily life. Because women intellectuals had no economic capital and social capital, they could not take part in the public social system and were exposed to symbolic violence which damaged their social reputations.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Diary Literature of Garam Lee Byungki

    Lee Kyeong ae | 2014, (88) | pp.249~279 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this study is to confirm the ‘recognition’ of writer as important as the ‘reality’ and define the aspect of existence and the character of Garam’s diary literature expressed the reproduced feeling through Garam’s diary as the independent subject of literature study. In his diary, Garam described the changes of the society and culture in modern turbulent half a century, the changes of the Korean language and literature, and the text of various personal experiences. Garam’s consciousness as the writer and the importance of his diary literature are as follows. First, the establishment of writing course beginning with the passion for New Literature and the social changes of national consciousness in Garam’s diary became the background and motive of his diary and his self-realization, desire for study and national consciousness had not been changed all his life and became the continuous power. Second, his diary was the experiment for Korean writing and spoken sentences in the unification of the written and spoken language, and it showed the various style of etude and experiment. Third, compared the ways of expression through the common subject matter, ‘Orchid’, in his diary, essay, and shijo, the esthetics in Garam’s diary literature was the truth of subject matter while the esthetics of language arts was showed in his shijo and essay. The massive amount of Garam’s diary was produced by the social changes and the desire for expression of a personal consciousness. Also, he expanded the range of Korean literature, importing the letters, diaries, and miscellany into the history of literature, and recognized and included the literature value of these works positively, so Korean literature history of today had became more abundant.
  • 11.

    Literary Path of Fairy Tale Writer, Jeong Tae-Byeong

    Lee dong soon | 2014, (88) | pp.281~298 | number of Cited : 0
    In overall history of Korean literature, there is few evaluations on writers who had defected or had been abducted to North Korea. Since the nation is divided into South and North Korea, there are many writers whose presence have been forgotten by most of people. And Jeong, Tae-Byeong is one of them. Even though he had left a lot of accomplishments regarding juvenile literature, his name has not been remembered by people not only due to lack of materials but also due to idleness of researchers. Therefore, this thesis covers the life and literal accomplishments of Jeong, Tae-Byeong in South Korea since there are no records of him after his defect to North Korea. Jeong, Tae-Byeong had grown up by being affected by anti-Japanese movement in Yeongkwang, Jeonnam which had been named as 'Utopia of Honam area'. Therefore, he naturally participated in anti-Japanese movement and also served time in prison as well. He had lived his whole life in his home town, Yeongkwang. In this sense, Yeongkwang was his literary nutrients as well as his source of creativity. Jeong, Tae-Byeong dreamed of the world without discrimination where the innocence of childhood is intact. Therefore, various sides of his activities in juvenile literary world confirms his overall literary status. He started his literacy career as a fairy-tale writer as his work, 'The picture of Ilnam' was ranked the 1st place in <Maeil Sinbo> in January 1939. He was the first writer who started his literacy career with juvenile literature in Gwangju and Jeonnam area. After that, his had left a lot of stories until liberation period and also translated Korean children's songs into Japanese. After independence, he compiled the Children's songs of Chosun to recover the innocence of childhood while writing Chosun creative folktales(novels) and critiques. He was also a member of Children's literature branch in Korea Writers Alliance. These facts confirm that he was not only Korean fairy-tale writer but also a writer who has devoted himself to development of juvenile literary world, furthermore a writer who has greatly contributed to the development of Korean juvenile literature. In this sense, the children's stories in Gwangju and Jeonnam area during the Japanese colonial period that have been recognized as the blank period can now be included as part of history of literature in Gwangju and Jeonnam area. Not only that, literary status of Jeong, Tae-Byeong could be included as part of history of Korean juvenile literature. Based on this perspective, the detailed analysis of Jeong, Tae-Byeong's children's stories will be covered in the next thesis.
  • 12.

    The aspects of the existence presented in Yu Chi-Hwan’s early poetry

    Ji-won,Lee | 2014, (88) | pp.299~331 | number of Cited : 0
    In order to explain schematically about diverse aspects of the existence that Yu Chi-Hwan’s early poetry shows, this paper utilized the concept of Grenzsituation and transcendental being as a methodological framework which are main ideas of Karl Jaspers. The focuses of this writing were what types of aspects as a response or reaction of the poet to Grenzsituation and transcendence were presented in his poetry and what were the ultimate meanings of these aspects. Although the Grenzsituation of death and mental pain is what left the poet in deep anguish, ironically, it performed a critical role that made him live as an existentialist with transcending himself. This paper examined concretely his poetic responses to this Grenzsituation and tried to interpret the relationship between the anguish such as compassion, futility, and sorrow which were the poetic subjects revealing those responses and the existence as the consciousness of existence. Also, the contradiction which many disputants have indicated as the feelings between love and hate or the collisions between compassion and volition in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry was explained in a new way as it was a phenomena caused by collision between the present existence in Grenzsituation and the self being conscious of existence. It was examined that the self-torture in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry, a poetic response or reaction to feelings of guilt and Grenzsituation of struggle, appeared as poetic practice toward the existence. Especially it was a distinct feature that the self-torture in his poetry took a method of self-experimentation. The poet adopted ordeal as a main expedient to give a jump up to the existence to unstable himself under Grenzsituation. Noting that there were some metaphysical feelings of guilt in the root of his self-torture, the seeking of existence in this paper was used to explain that the texts of self-torture are results of inner conflict between becoming free from guilt and attempting the existence. This writing took a notice that the self-transcendence in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry was aimed at becoming the existence through transcending Grenzsituation of the present existence. The existence of Yu Chi-Hwan appeared as one returning back to the purest and true self. Therefore, the direction of the transcendence in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry moving toward the most original self had an introversion characteristic. Then Yu Chi-Hwan revealed symbolically the secret code of transcendental being in his poetry. Interpreting these symbols, this paper tried to explain the relation between the self-transcendence and the existence as the return to the self-transcendence and the original self. The aspects of the existence examined in this paper became a basic framework to know his sense and method of the existence. Those aspects examined as the anguish of the present existence and the consciousness of the existence, the seeking of the existence through self-torture, and the return to the self-transcendence and the original self are the results of his continuous searching for ultimate intention point of self existence.
  • 13.

    The ecology geomorphology of the mud flat shown up in the Korean modern poem

    ChangYoung Jang | 2014, (88) | pp.333~352 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research handles the space recognition aspect about the mud flat of the Korean modern poem and unfolding method. So far, in the modern premiere, the discussion on the mud flat was restrictive. It had been being sketchily progressed. If the mud flat sees from the bionomics aspect, it is the very important object. However, the mud flat embraces the blind spot which relatively the discussion was not nearly comprised in comparison with the other natural object. In the eagle, the awareness of the approvals about the mud flat was naturally classified into the view, win-win and healing point of view, and stork about the damage from development point of view and it grasped. As shown in 「aloeswood」 of Seo Jeongju, the harmonization of the subject of nature which the foreshore carries and attribute looks back on the origin of the life to us. In addition, the primitive vitality of the mud flat and restoring force contemplates the meaning which the win-win and healing has for the hard-hearted peoples. As shown in ham minbok and jeon gyang, this energy checks the reason for living a life to us used to the development competition and speed logic with the meaning of the existence. Finally, there is the approval paid attention to the situation progressed in the extreme opposition of the development and maintenance. It which the deep insight gives Bak yeonggeun, Bak namjun, and Bak seongwoo provides the power watching our future in the win-win view of the subject of nature in general. The eagle looking into the aspect of the mud flat shown up in the Korean modern poem can prompt the discussion which is active in the various side abouts the mud flat. It will contribute in extending the vista of the Korean modern poem which the naked bud was put at the blind spot of the discussion about the mud flat so far. Besides, the potential resources which the mud flat carries is utilized and it can link with the spot of education. If the theory and field learning is gone side by side to the students and it links with the environmental education and ecological education, the meaningful effectiveness of education will be able to be expected.
  • 14.

    A Study on Relevence and Utterence Aspect of Auxiliary Verb of Mother and Children in Multicultural Families

    eun jung park | 2014, (88) | pp.353~378 | number of Cited : 2
    This paper aims to study in focus on the auxility verb, the interrelationship between the maternal linguistic input and language development of children in multicultural families. Children in multicultural families have acquired beginning auxiliary verb ‘-아/어 주다’ and their language development phases like the children of general Korean families. But children in multicultural families combined only with limited verbs when they combined the 'verb+auxiliary verb'. they used limited verbs and they didn`t utter various auxiliary words that children of general Korean families usually do.. In addition, when they combined 'verb+auxiliary verb' they made faulty mistakes through maternal linguistic input. Korean language education of married women immigrants is important because of language education of children in multicultural families. On the basis of the results from this paper, omission and error connective endings of combined auxiliary verb in actual education fields must be treated significantly
  • 15.

    Constructing Contents of the Field of Grammar to Enhance Korean Languague Activity Skill

    Yang Young Hee | 2014, (88) | pp.379~403 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to examine possibility of the integration between fields from the positive perspective, especially for the field of Grammar. From this point of view, the conclusion of this study is that the integration between the Korean Language activity field of “Writing” and “Listening and Speaking” is significant if the contents of “Grammar” are established well. This conclusion is drawn from the process as follows. Firstly, the contents and the standard of accomplishment of “Writing”, “Listening and Speaking” and “Grammar” were examined positively for the possible connection of those fields in current education curriculum system. The integrated educational contents of “Writing and Grammar” and “Listening, Speaking and Grammar” are constructed based on the standard of accomplishment which can be connected. During this process, the units of Grammar are categorized as ‘Phoneme, Words, Sentence and Discourse’ and educational contents which should be connected with the field of Grammar are selected so that the standard of “Writing” and “Listening and Speaking” can be achieved. As a result, the integration of the Writing field is possible with the units sated above, except phoneme. In addition, the integration of the “Listening and Writing” is possible with all of the units.
  • 16.

    A Study on Korean Argument Structure to Improve Literacy for Multicultural-family Children

    Lee Hyo In | Jo KyungSun | 2014, (88) | pp.405~434 | number of Cited : 2
    This study were made to find a solution to improve the literacy for children of multicultural-family. Sentences are combination of information that the predicate describe. when we Analyze the writing works of multicultural-family children it is very easy to find an grammatical errors. And many of these errors are caused from lack of understanding about the argument structure. If the children can understand about argument structure their literacy will be improved. This study classified Korean sentence as four basic argument structure patterns and some extended argument structure patterns. And present effective teaching methods for describing the structure by using the vocabulary cards.