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2016, Vol., No.98

  • 1.

    Consideration of Shin, Seok-cho’s Goryeo Gayo-Accepting Poetry

    Kim, Ki-young | 2016, (98) | pp.7~28 | number of Cited : 1
    Shin, Seok-chol was well-read in the classics of both East and West, and had profound knowledge of Confucianism, Buddhism, especially the thought of Lao-tzu & Chung-tzu. In addition, influenced by Paul Valery’s emotional aim and poetic style, Shin, Seok-cho paid more attention to our classical poetry, such as Goryeo Gayo, arriving at reflecting it in his poetic works. Shin, Seok-cho published five complete poetic works in total. Also, he published two copies of translation with note, and translated The Books of Songs around 1975. In 1985 after his death, complete poetic works and complete books of prose came out Shin, Seok-cho had a tendency to adapt the initially published poetry in case he re-published, or re-included his poetic works, which he had already published, in a collection of poems for completion of absolute poetry. The poetic works, which accept Goryeo Gayo among Shin, Seok-cho’s poems, include Prelude to Bara Dance, Bara Dance, Swan Dream―after the Model of Jeonggwanjeonggok, Isanggok, November, December Love Song, Cheoyong Shaman Song, and Cheoyong says. Prelude to Bara Dance, Bara Dance and Cheoyong Shaman Dance are accepting more than two works of Goryeo Gayo, whereas the rest of his poetic works are doing re-writing targeting specific Goryeo Gayo. Goryeo gayo accepted in Shin, Seok-cho’s poems includes Cheongsanbyeolgok, Jeonggwajeong, Manjeonchun Byeolsa, Dong Dong, Isanggok, and Cheoyongga, etc. Looking into Shin, Seok-cho’s Goryeo Gayo-accepting poems, there is a case where Shin, Seok-cho used a subtitle as shown in Swan Dream-after the Model of Jeonggwajeonggok, but unlike Yoon, Gon-gang who published Goryeo Gayo-accepting poems in an almost contemporary period, Shin, Seok-cho didn’t use a line from Goryeo Gayo as a subtitle. but accepted Goryeo Gayo for the body of his poems only. In addition, Shin, Seok-cho is enhancing the degree of literary completion by borrowing the style & feelings of Goryeo Gayo, or using the right lines of Goryeo Gayo in the right position of his poems. The value of Shin, Seok-cho’s Goryeo Gayo-accepting poems is noteworthy in that his poetic works were created with ‘A Defence of Classics’, which came to the fore during the period of Japanese occupation, as the background. Such an aspect can be called succession to ‘A Defence of Homeland Poetry’ of age-long origin, and its practice in our literary history. And now, if we are to give a description of the so-called ‘Literary History of Re-Writing’, it’s possible to discover another value in that Shin, Seok-cho and his Goryeo Gayo-accepting poems become a very significant writer and works that come to garnish the beginning of such a literary history.
  • 2.

    A study on the characteristic and meaning of Painting-simcheongjeon

    Kim Jin Young | 2016, (98) | pp.29~64 | number of Cited : 0
    This thesis studied about characteristic and meaning of Paintingsimcheongjeon. For that it goes into a text aspect of Painting-simcheongjeon and a function of picture affecting enjoyment of novel. Subsequently the meaning of picture is considered. To sum up a discussion it is as follows. First, it is considered about a literature text and an aspect of picture. In this text there are ten pictures and they are arranged before the novel is narrated. However this pictures suggest maker’s thought and help readers accept novel through pictures. It is copy of mise-en-scéne. On the one hand if this picture’s scene is appreciated consecutively, an outline of simcheongjeon can be found out. It means that this picture has an systematic narrative structure. So this picture has relations with novel contents. It is a matter of course because picture tends to have a nature of storytelling. Second, it examined an enjoyment of novel and a function of picture. First of all it is a prologue and butterfly effect. To arrange a picture firstly that shows a whole novel is to show novel’s contents with picture. And it premises an effect of prologue. Meanwhile because of the novel is appreciated while recalling picture, the charge is expanded. Therefore it is expected of butterfly effect. In sequence there are meta-text and reading effect. The picture is a meta-text of simcheongjeon that has a narrative contexts. There were so many illiterate at that time, an enlargement of reader through picture promotes reading effect of simcheongjeon. Third, it is considered of picture’s literary characteristic and its meaning. This picture has different characteristic and literary meaning. The characteristic of this picture is making scene, concreteness and picture title. It is the result of gathering the ordinary things from traditional storytelling. The literary meaning of this picture is different. This text went current in the 1920s. It was the era of type-developing, so picture was juxtaposed with writing repeatedly. But the picture of Painting-simcheongjeon is different from a picture of new-style novel or an adapted story. That picture has a homogeneity with a storytelling picture of Buddhism or Confucianism. Therefore in modern-times, literary change was groped by picture, especially from the traditional storytelling picture.
  • 3.

    Approach to Turn the Points of View for New Understanding about Patterns and Genre of Hanrimbyulgok

    Na Kyung Soo | 2016, (98) | pp.65~104 | number of Cited : 0
    Hanrimbyulgok was a lyric of a song. Lyric of a song should be distinguished from the written poem. To understand the form or genre of Hanrimbyulgok, the situation to sing and perform it as well as musical aspect should be considered. Meanwhile, it was general to comprehend Hanrimbyulgok in order of foot rule with 3-foot, syllable rule of 3·3·4 syllable. However, the actual state is quite different when seeing Hanrimbyulgok music book in Dae-ak hubo or  Geumhabjabo. It is realized along with regular 4-foot, and the fact that it is restricted by the rhythm along with appearance per foot without having a specific syllable rule. Also, the position of “Wi”, cono phrase, was located in the end of the 3rd line and the 6th line on the music note, differently from being located in the front of the 4th line and the 7th line previously, functioning as the musical function to match rhythm, instead of literary function as the interjection. Also, in respect that Hanrimbyugok was a song, when aggregating the performance scene and transmission state, etc. of singing it, a characteristic that could not be belong to Gyosul genre that has been generally mentioned so far. The reason why Hanrimbyulgok could not be seen as the Gyosul that belongs to the objective description toward the external world is because the strong aim for the unity of human and world in respect that Hanrim, the main identity of singers and 8 types of Hanrim culture that they enjoyed.
  • 4.

    Study of the Legend of Ritual Theory Scholar Sindokjae Kim, Jip

    Hwang,In-Deok | 2016, (98) | pp.105~133 | number of Cited : 1
    Sindokjae is a significant scholar who made a comprehensive study on Confucianism ritual theory by offering a help for his father. A high status as a ritual theory scholar generated a character legend in history. This legend is related with his family background and also has one time personal narrative. His family background from his previous generation took deep root in the tradition of ritual theory and it had a great influence on the next generation consistently. However the legends of Shagye and Sindokjae show similarities and differences at the same time. Shagye has more folk-narratives and the number versions is greater than Sindokjae’s. The legend of Shagye has more folk-narrative like expressions.This implies that the Shagye has a higher status in history and is more commonly known. The figure characteristics of those two legends have common in a mild and humble image. They also have differences from other perspectives. Sindokjae has a humble, decent and generous image but Shagye shows a lot more decisive dignity in regard to ritual theory. The difference between them also shows an extraordinary characteristics beyond a daily life. The legend of Sindokjae has somewhat weak results in imagination and expressions. However, this implies the significance of the original folk tale in its way.
  • 5.

    Study on Impossibility of Mourning in Park Wan - seo's Novels - With Focus on the Mother - Daughter Relationship in 'The Naked Tree' -

    kim mi young | 2016, (98) | pp.135~160 | number of Cited : 3
    A primary axis which underlies the works by Park Wan-seo is “war, trauma, and mourning.” The components of the axis are interlinked with one another, with “mourning” as a destination. Especially, the death of a “brother” carries an important weight in Park Wan-seo's works. However, death is not the essence of her narratives. Rather, one should try to understand why the person having experienced a loss cannot come out of the mourning. The purpose of the present study is to examine the loss of those who survived and the impossibility for them to completely leave behind the sorrow through the relationship between mother and daughter. The mother in 'The Naked Tree' exerts a negative influence on the narrator in establishing her self-identity. In the present study, the mother's way to mourn deaths was interpreted from a Freudian approach to depression, while a reason why not only the mother but also the narrator could not end the mourning was examined from Melanie Klein's object relations theory. The mother whose mourning had not yet ended did not bring herself to take care of the narrator. And, the narrator, whose existence was ignored, was feeling ambivalent toward her mother, at the same time loving her and hating her, and resenting her, and clinging to her and rejecting her. Furthermore, the narrator was experiencing anxiety because of the “lost intimate relationship with the mother.” With her mother's death, however, the narrator realized that she was both a bad and good mother, a frustrating but at the same time fulfilling mother, and an absent and yet present mother. Consequently, the narrator came to believe that her mother was both an imperfect being and good mother, and decided to remove her ambivalent feelings toward her mother. According to Klein, the birth of a mature self, i.e., an “Subject,” begins at the very moment of loss. From a depressive position, the narrator could perceive her mother as a whole and accept her mother's imperfection. But, at the moment when the views on her mother were consolidated and an integrated, positive view emerged, the narrator found her “physical” mother was already dead. As it is already after she lost her mother, Lee Kyung, the narrator, could not end her mourning, either. Park Wan-seo started writing as a way to overcome the wound left by the Korean War. Also, we speculate that she, as a victim of the war and a witness of the history, could not help but contemplating the wound repeatedly. In the process, a loss of an object iteratively reappeared and transfigured, because the working of mourning over loss which was not completely finished underlies her works. From this perspective, Park Wan-seo's 'The Naked Tree' has significance as a prototype of death and loss motives which have constantly varied in her later works.
  • 6.

    A Reseach on Hwang, Sunwon's novel "Hak" - Focusing on meaning of Inter - textuality and the space

    Moon Young-Jin | 2016, (98) | pp.161~194 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper is about the research on novelist Hwang Soon-Won’s novel "Hak"[crane, 학 ]. Usually "Hak" has been regarded as a work of some mediocre qualities. Intellectual historical method plays a major role in this evaluation. However, allegorical method and the research on the space can be dedicated to finding some new meanings. Firstly, a method of research relys on methodology of Inter-textualiy. This method can be used to expose socail and cultural context. Also, comparasion and contrast describes affluent nets of the meanings of the novel. Secondly, the research’s main theme rely’s on the social-cultural meaning of the product’s space. Based on the research, the space does not only represent things but also socially produced. Especially "Hak" represents utopian meaning, by way of memory and space of Foucault's 'hetoropia'. Returning home motif departs on a paradoxical meaning and describes various meanings based on a space. Thirdly, “Hak" uses allegory and symbol to describe what we need to preserve humanities even during miserable war. As a result, “Hak" makes an affort to redeem nation’s starting and hopefulness in a total misery. "Hak" is a work of noteworthy quality that is two major persons narrative.
  • 7.

    A Study on Focalizer of Choe Myeongik’s 'Jangsamisa'

    Hee-Kyo Shin | 2016, (98) | pp.195~224 | number of Cited : 1
    Jangsamis'a is Choe Myeongik’s a short story. This work is the work of psychologism affiliation. This work connected to Lee Sang's works. But 'Jangsamisa is different from Lee Sang's works. Meantime a focalization study of Jangsamisa focused on external focalization. But as a stream of consciousness is cross of unconsciousness and consciousness, so focalizer(focalization) aspect of Jangsamisa is 'cross'. Namely there is cross of external focalizer and internal focalizer. In focalization object case, the cross appears, too. The cross unlike change is found in sentence unit. Meanwhile Jangsamisa shows the characters's ambivalence. A woman's ambivalence is based on a life. But a focalizer's ambivalence is based on an idea. The focalizer's ambivalence is eventually a play of idea or an idea of play. In this regard Jangsamisa is text of romantic irony. What is a cause of external focalizer and internal focalizer's cross? That is to say, It is thought that when writer produces text his consciousness is attributable to anxiety. (This anxiety appears focalizer's ambivalence in the text.) That is to say, this anxiety can only be explained by a situation of last stage of Japanese imperialism. Discontinuance of Munjang is proof of that. The focalizer of Jangsamisa have self-respect. He just shows his thoughts to implied reader(reader). In the situation of last stage of Japanese imperialism, his attitude like this have a meaning of literary history unlike pro-Japanese intellectuals. But his attitude released from life seems a undesirable thing in view of essence of novel genre. Nevertheless, the life is a life under control of Japanese imperialism. In this regard, focalizer's a play of idea or an idea of play will be reevaluated. That is to say, there was another worthy life-style as this intellectual's own way to protect himself unlike pro-Japanese intellectuals.
  • 8.

    The Ways imagining Place Identity of Overseas Cities through International Journey Novel - With novels City and Me as examples -

    Cho, Myung-Ki | 2016, (98) | pp.225~253 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This essay aims to explore the way that travel epic imagines and composes overseas spaces(cities) or mental geography constructed or reenacted through travel and imagination which fixes the location of the principal subject with novels 'City and me' as examples. Epics in the novels within the collection 'City and me', which deal with international travels, evolve along the process of recognizing place identity of unknown spaces and incorporating it into a part of knowledge. But as there is absence of the principal agent who can convert the unknown to the state of the known, they try to recognize place identity through various intersections of views, which is accompanied by the process of finding out and adjusting self-identity. discovery of the value of travel in the process of reconstruction of self-identity through newly contained place identity as the object of knowledge paradoxically disguises self-identity which used to be the unknown as the already existing and known. Emotions of characters who visit unknown places and people carry melancholy, not complete condolence. If it is the fact that melancholy arises from the lack of the possession in the first place, not from the loss of the object of possession and thus, paradoxically disguises as if it used to possess the object by deceiving lack as loss and if condolence is the process of internalizing the object of loss and making it a part of principal agent by deleting otherness, characters' self-identities are lost,not lacking and, hence, self-identity of the travelers are regarded to be recovered by controlling and devouring place identity of the destination. Characters are regarded as principal agents of the unknown and ignorance by having their roots deleted and settlement becomes space without identity by becoming a being which achieves deceptive spectacle of self-identity through place identity of destination. These epics of novels expose aspects of manifestation of modernity(post-modernity) in ambient way and reveals anxiety and horror latent in modernity(post-modernity).
  • 9.

    Disease represented in Modern and Contemporary Korean Novels and the related issues and flow

    Han Soonmi | 2016, (98) | pp.255~301 | number of Cited : 4
    Disease is a problematic subject lying between life and death. It is comparable with ‘Crisis’ which brings ‘Disconnection’ into one’s continuous life. Writers use disease which hit them all of a sudden as the base to develop their literary thinking and imagination. The metaphor and image of disease shown in literature can be a significant code we can interpret with historical-cultural and political-social situations of the time. That is, the disease represented in literature is not a matter limited to one person’s body, but a syndrome inseparable from the time context. Extended further, it can be said that the history of Korean literature can not be fully recorded without history of the long pain. Why disease emerged as a new matter of interest in modern times and where and how it’s been placed in literary works of the time? In modern times. Korean literature has shown various diseases such as smallpox, tuberculosis, venereal disease, leprosy(Hansen’s disease), cholera, etc. If we include some more pathological symptoms such as nervous breakdown, depression, schizophrenia and psychology, and further quite recent diseases such as AIDS, SARS, and MERS, the history of Korean literature may be called as a pathography full of disease experience or a chronicle of pain itself. Researches on the diseases represented in Korean literature have been conducted from various points of view. Going through the mid-late 1980s and 1990s, the scope of the study was extended to more writers and their works. Over time of the 2000s, the subject and methodology of the research on the disease in literature were more subdivided. Since 2000s, the study on the disease represented in Korean literature has extended its subject and scope by meeting with research achievements in the field of history, sociology, and medical science. In such a flow of research, the study on the disease in literature has become a key topic of discussion to read Korean modernity. Now, it’s time to review disease not only at the contact between literature and medical science, but also from a humanistic perspective.
  • 10.

    A Study on Learners’ Academic Approach Aspects through the Subject Analysis and the Direction of Writing Education - Focusing on cases of college students’ papers submitted between 2013 and 2015

    Kim Jeongsook , baek yun kyung | 2016, (98) | pp.303~326 | number of Cited : 3
    This study explored research areas and research methods of those papers through the subject analysis and key words of 134 final assignment papers that were submitted by college students who took a course of writing education, academic writing 2 that was open between 2013 and 2015. Also, this study classified and analyzed learners’ concern areas and subject approaching methods. Through this, this study aims to grasp the connectivity between learners’ concern-interest and their majors, and identify efficiency and possibility of circulating writing education centered on the process. This study attempted to appoint each analysis method and academic approach aspects and meaning by designating evaluation criteria as 1) academic research fields, 2) the core area, 3) approach methods, and 4) key words. From the results of the analysis, it is found that college student learners’ thesis subjects mainly focused on issues of the social phenomena or the social reality, and that they tried to have academic approaches in connection with learners’ own majors. Contrast to other areas, learners majoring in the humanity and the social sciences showed a low aspect, which demonstrated the decrease of interest of Korean college students in the humanity. Currently, at the point of moving into intelligence society requiring creation of converged-compound knowledge such as compound studies, it is necessary to provide various opportunities to be in contact with the knowledge of humanity. Such college education as academic writing should provide opportunities to achieve basic approaching methods to new valuable research fields, through the connection of learners’ major knowledge system with their surrounding environment.
  • 11.

    The Establishment and Educational Contents of a Derivative List for ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ for Korean Language Learners

    Lee kyeong-mi | 2016, (98) | pp.327~368 | number of Cited : 1
    This article establishes a list of derivatives applicable in Korean language education, and examines the characteristics of combinable word stems and the meanings of ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ to help foreign learners of the Korean language gain a better understanding of ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’. The second chapter extracts vocabulary featured in Korean language textbooks published by major universities, vocabulary from the TOPIK, and the frequently used vocabulary of corpus examples, and divides the level of the learners into elementary, intermediate, and advanced to suggest derivatives suitable for the learners’ level as the foundation work to establish a derivative list of ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ for Korean language learners. The third chapter classifies the combinable word stems of ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ and consolidates the meaning of ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ and their characteristics. The fourth chapter consolidates the form, common characteristics, semantic characteristics, and pragmatic characteristics of ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ and explains the educational contents that would be suggested to the learners. This article is insufficient; however, the derivative list and educational contents for ‘-답-’, ‘-롭-’ and ‘-스럽-’ suggested in the article aids in the selection of content to be taught to the Korean language learners in the hopes of contributing to derivative learning and vocabulary expansion for foreign learners.
  • 12.

    A Study on Communicative Method Education for the Developing Workplace Literacy - Focusing on the health and medical field

    LEE JAEHYOUNG | 2016, (98) | pp.369~392 | number of Cited : 6
    In the field of Korean languae education was to be a discussion about whether the Korean language education can play a role in workplace literacy and adult literacy education. In this regard, studies related to the ability to communicate within the National Competency Standards(NCS) will have greater meaning. But will to ensure that the transition of universal communication capabilities and strategies in dealing mainly in the Korean language far a particular job situation to take advantage by finding a specific job communication strategies in language training in order to develop workplace literacy, namely the situation of the communication strategy(context), it is necessary above all to the materials, and activities. When this point has been overlooked, because even if we set a "practical language" courses, even if it is difficult to deal with workplace literacy efficiently at the language teaching-learning scene. This study looked at this issue ordinances covered the SBAR communication model that is being actively discussed in the health and medical field. S(situation)-B(background)-A(assessment)-R(recommendations) are very effective method in reducing the risk of medical errors through improved communication of the decision to increase the satisfaction of the members of medical personnel and patients and it has excellent scalability. Therefore, this model seems to be able to take advantage of a variety of Korean language teaching methods and materials for literacy development and to respond to the NCS communication skills.
  • 13.

    Grade processing of novel vocabulary and evaluating text readability

    Hwang hye ran | 2016, (98) | pp.393~428 | number of Cited : 4
    This paper has selected texts of Korean literature with Korean vocabulary levels based on the quantitative analysis of the novel corpus. To select text based on vocabulary level, it gives a grade as A, B, C, D, E 5 steps to novel corpus vocabulary based on Korean Language Education Vocabulary Content Development by the National Institute of the Korean Language, and the process of measuring vocabulary difficulty is as follows. First, the short story texts were selected for analyzing . Second, it was listed by extracting the basic form of the novel vocabulary. Third, It was given a grade to the novel through automatic reprocessing after unifying the representation of the novel text list and vocabulary list of Korean vocabulary education content development. Fourth, It was measured the difficulty of novel text based on the vocabulary list graded by level by applying readability formula. Fifth, it was graded depending on the difficulty of the vocabulary of short story text. When teaching the Korea Literature, if we can determine the level of the texts by leveling vocabulary and sequential organization of the difficulty to understand, it can help not only increase of comprehension of the work, but also improve language skills. This paper is expected to provide scientific and objective criteria for the selection of literary texts for the pedagogy of Korean language and literature.